A better way to fertilize

Agriculture is responsible for about one quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions. So, to stop the planet from getting substantially
warmer, we need breakthroughs in many sectors of our
economy, including how we grow food. Pivot Bio has a clean alternative to chemical
fertilizer that could help transform farming and reduce climate change. It takes four things to grow a plant: sun, water, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen. A plant is really good at getting the first
three of those. But it can’t make its own nitrogen. Fertilizer is primarily nitrogen. And it’s really what fuels and makes our
food system possible. It’s because nitrogen is ultimately a building
block of life. Fertilizer’s done all these great things, but it also has a lot of negative side effects. Making fertilizer creates a lot of pollution and using fertilizer creates a lot of pollution
as well. One of those forms of pollution is nitrous
oxide, a gas that’s 300 times more potent as a
greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. If we stopped using fertilizer tomorrow, we wouldn’t be able to produce half of the
world’s food supply. But there’s a possible replacement and it lies in the soil beneath our feet. Microbes in the soil can also produce nitrogen
for the crop. Before we had fertilizer, microbes played
that role. So, when we started breeding plants so that every harvest would produce more yield, we needed more nitrogen than the microbe in
the soil could provide. And so, we invented fertilizer and we’ve caused those microbes in the soil
to go into hibernation. We founded Pivot Bio with one mission in mind: how do we reinvent what it means to provide
nitrogen to our crops? So, if you pull a seedling out of the ground, attached to the roots are thousands and thousands
of microbes. We can extract the microbes off the roots, sequence their DNA and understand which ones have baked into
their genome this ability to produce nitrogen for the plant. We know how to turn those genes back on and these microbes can start making nitrogen
again. If we can start drawing down fertilizer use, little by little we’ll make an entire switch
away from fertilizer. And that’s just the kind of new solution
we need in the face of a changing climate.

100 thoughts on “A better way to fertilize

  1. Too step forward but the problem is that we don't only need nitrogen for crops….
    We need also phosphorus, potassium, copper etc…

  2. Please contact Dr Elaine Ingham. She’ll tell you how all this and more can be done without needing to “sequence DNA” and “switch genes back on”!

  3. Super bacteria gets out of lab and is unstoppable. Creates gas that kills humans then explodes the entire world's surface over and over until it kills itself. Nothing survives, even the wales. Good luck with the new tech.

  4. So this is just a gradual shift to organic farming? Decent crop rotation will ensure nitrogen is fixed by nitrogen giving plants like beans and legumes, but industrial scale farming wants the freedom to plant what pays, not what is best for the earth or long term productivity. I guess that is where the overly complicated suction offered here comes in.

  5. Our R&D developed a new technology to extract higher percentage NPK(up to 15%) from naturally occurring microbes, which can be used as both foliar and root feeding fertilizer.

  6. If we stopped using nitrogen fertilizer tomorrow we would end climate change and produce more than enough food for the world. It's all in finding methods for growing food that build soil carbon. There are already many ways it can be done. We don't need another biotechnology

  7. This is garbage…. nitrogen is 78.9% of the air you breath… has been for a long time and nitrogen is responsible for climate change??? No I think bill gates thinks he isn’t rich enough and wants to make more money 💰

  8. I’m using less nitrogen now to raise my crops than I did 20 and even less than I did 40 years ago…. why? Because it’s expensive and hybrid plants have become better at utilizing the n I apply… if farmers quit applying nitrogen even with microbial activity increases the crops we raise would be cut in half…. then what happens to food prices???? Not to mention “smart” people in a lab in a controlled environment is nothing like real world applications….

  9. Microbes provided nitrogen before we used fertilizer yes… at that time the world population was 1/3 what it is today and agriculture wasn’t keeping up… not to mention people demanded more for less and still do… so as a result small more efficient farms went out of business… aka farms that had livestock that were sold locally that were fed crops that were grown locally… instead we have large farms that have nothing to do with a local economy… this is less efficient and more costly to everyone and everything involved… who got us here? Government and people testing things in a lab… what’s the solution? Government and people testing things in a lab??? Sound like insanity??? Well yes it is… what this is really about is control and money not for farmers but for corporations and billionaires like bill…

  10. I have grown up being told by my PARENTS, Teachers That Bill Gates is so much busy that he dont have time pick up 1000$ beacause he can earn more in that time. Now i know my life is a lie

  11. Big Agri shill: nature used to produce enough nitrogen but doesn't anymore because we destroyed it.

    Me: nitrogen fixing plants.

    Big Agri shill: poppycock, patented technology is the only way to save us! All hail the free market!

  12. Wait, so you want to turn on genes forcibly of the microbes? By what method? If you add new microbes to the soil, aren’t you contaminating the normal fauna of the ecosystem? And if you are editing genes and re inserting them into the soil, the resultant cDNA will be absorbed by other microbes. I know on paper it sounds great, but please be careful before you mess up the system. I don’t think the problem is that we don’t have enough food, the problem is that we aren’t using the world’s resources corrrectly and there is an imbalance. Surplus in some areas and massive deficit in others. In America alone, we waste a lot the food and land.

  13. After each harvest, farmers in India plant banana plants. Sometimes they plant vegetables and banana plant simultaneously with a ratio of 2:1.
    Because banana is a nitrogen fixating plant. When they grow they attracts microbes in their roots which help to fixate nitrogen in the soil and in turn helps in decreasing dependence on fertilizers. This happened before invention of industrial fertilizers.

  14. Bonjour, moi aussi j ai beaucoup de projet mes pas de fond pour les réalisé, comme par exemple avoir plusieurs magasin d alimentation avec des panneau solaire qui ferait beaucoup d économie d énergie et les prix seront encore moins chère pour que les gents peuvent acheter encore moins chère ou encore ouvrir des compagne de taxi électrique.

  15. Curious to know how you'll apply this.

    use ammonia rich water (from fish farms?) and other water waste (human and animal waste) – run it to the soil where its broken down by this genetically modified nitrobacter specie which converts at a acceptable rate for commercial farming?

    Or.. large facilities where it's isolated in biomedia where wastewater is turned to ready to use fertiliser?

    What's the catch?

  16. You'd do better to back people like Geoff Lawton, the late Peter Andrews, etc. Permaculture and natural sequence farming need the funding more. It's basically the teach a man to fish philosophy: Teach a person the basics of good stewardship and they'll pass it on. Permaculture is really not that difficult to grasp and it makes huge improvements in people's lives. Think market garden incomes, more bees, more & varied wildlife, and on and on and on. GMOs should be a last resort…

  17. ….
    birini seçmek yada birileri ile fikir yada paylaşım yapmak için öncelikle aynı duygu ve düşüncelere sahip olmak gerektiği belli oluyor
    şunu demek istiyorum
    nasa nın araştırması vardı mor gezegen 9 uydusu olan bir gezegenin bir uydusunda mor renkte olduğu ve gezegenin yüzeyinin vadilerden oluştuğu vede bu vadilerin oluşması için akan sıvı maddenin su gibi bir madde ancak bu maddenin renginin mor olduğu ve -3000 derece soğuk olduğu söylendi
    ben nasa olsam bu araştırma yapmak için ne kadar maliyet harcamam gerekir
    yada ordan aldığım bilgiyi yada enerji kaynağını kimle paylaşırım
    8 yıllık yolculuk sonunda bu bilgiye erişildi!
    8 yıl boyunca çalışan mühendislerin işletmenin elektrik su ve diğer giderlerini kimse hesaplamıyor
    kimse düşünmüyor!
    ben o insanlara en çok kimin faydası olacaksa bir daha ki seçimde onun gelmesini desteklemeyi tercih ederim
    haber ne kadar doğru ne kadar yalan bilmiyorum
    ancak doğruluk oranının yüksek olduğunu biliyorum…

  18. Legumes like peas, beans, peanuts, soy or clover engage in a symbiosis with Rhizobium bacteria, which do exactly that.
    Usually they don't require any additional nitrogen at all.

    modern techniques like CRISPR/Cas9 might be the right tool, to enable other plants to harness the potential of this natural process.

  19. Wait, Billygoat loves pesticides, he loves sterilizing vaccines, he loves the Clinton machine and you think he wants to help humanity 😂😂😂😂😂

  20. Hi Bill! this is a game changer and revolutionary in Agriculture. This can be about sustainable development and deal with food security in Countries like Zambia especially in the Southern aspect. Hope this will soon be replicated.

  21. It doesn't have to be this technical, there are a lot of underappreciated old ways of farming to increase bio-activity in the soil to help pull out nutrients. There needs to be wide-scale composting of restaurant/store wasted food. There can be harvesting of the asian carp that's destroying some rivers.

  22. Make sure your fertilizer is made from all the dead ppl from harmful vaccinations gotta depopulate the world before gardening huh

  23. See Alan Savory on fighting desertification. There are ( in soils not "fertilized") more microbes in one teaspoonful than people on earth. European farming techniques killed the soil and the answer was petroleum based fertilizer which is sort of like chemotherapy. The good news is …over 10 million acres have been returned to no till methods and the process is completed ultimately with no fertilizer. Cover crops (legumes) provide all the needed nitrogen. Interested..see Dave Brandt et Al.

  24. Sometimes tech is the answer.
    Sometimes is money.
    Here, it's simply a return to nature, we need to use natural methods that worked for centuries.
    Feed the soil not the plant

  25. Once again, humanity screws natures perfectly calibrated system up, and then rediscovers that natures solution was the best all along, and then tries to bring it back.. Hope to see a day where this loop is no more, greed is blinding

  26. Yeah but then we will go back to the ages where we only used regular soil. Unless you can sequence those genes and insert them into the plant giving the plant it’s own ability to fixate it’s nitrogen like the bacteria can, you are not gonna get the same results as industrial fertiliser.

  27. Make CHON widestream ! Only need Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen to be happy. (And to cook a french apple pie)

  28. Monsanto is going to fight this, and I hope they lose. If we stop using chemicals on our food, we'll get sick less and cancer from fertilizer use will decrease.

  29. GM crops , now GM microbes, what's next? No need to remake the wheel guys, the production cycle still works. The issue perhaps is what we farm and where we farm it. Greed has enabled us to become probably the least adaptable we have ever been. The world isn't broken – we are. Can't we try to fix the problem at the root?

  30. It's a very interesting perspective, also it's not totally incompatible to think about the primitive ways … Air, soil, vegetation, animals, they work so well together.

  31. человеческие мысли тоже сохнут если не довать им задачи. Климату наверно стало скучно и он решил изменяться, что поделать она тоже мыслит, но не как мы а маштабней. Спасибо.. .

  32. But will you provide that technology at a low cost to the world? We can make all these good things but the problem is in the distribution to countries that need this technology but can not afford it.

  33. I hope you’re watching I heard you give a lot of charity.
    Help me start my property development business.
    Need £500,000
    I will give it back.
    I Literally know how things runs in London just don’t have the money.

  34. Im just going two say and explain this we got 5 inches of snow in totall for 5 years this year we got 10 feet in totall so explain this if the world is getting hotter then how did it become colder then this year 5 degrees exzacht i would like two understand that

    And farmers buy them selves haft two work a full time job while farming two even survive so do you just plan on killing the little farmers?

  35. Nobody:
    GatesNotes: Lets genetically engineer plants DNA for them to produce their own Nitrogen so that we don't use fertilizers anymore.

  36. Thanks a lot , really I appreciate your effort. Beyond imagination.
    You all will really bring revolution in growing crops. I will pray for your success. Namh shivay.

  37. 我只不过是借住到死,有钱,但是最后都是习明泽的,她命里有,你们命里已经花光了,又不肯积福德 !!!无福之人,消受不了这么多 !!!

  38. because fertilizer can be easily bought for tthe profit of some companies, we have turned lazy in finding other source of alternatives. thank you for this awareness

  39. Fertilizer is generally not just Nitrogen it is all the other elements like Phosphorus and Potassium and trace elements. When people make this about Nitrogen dioxide release then you know the climate police have infiltrated the science. You would be barely able to measure NO2 in the atmosphere or methane it's in parts per billion. So go figure how much heat that will absorb – next to zero. That is why water/water vapour is the main mover when it comes to heat absorption. As for food production organic is the best way to go and that means putting compost on the soil which also improves soil structure and allows the plant to receive a better balance of nutrients. If Bill focused less on the climate which is just fine and more on the pesticides used in horticulture and agricultural it would be more beneficial. And for those people who think plants don't produce CO2 then you need to think that anything that lives and respires produces CO2. Burning/ oxidizing sugars to produce energy makes CO2 and when plants/ animals die they release all the CO2 back to the atmosphere it is a great Carbon Cycle ..

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