AVOCADO | How Does it Grow?

Almost everything you’ve been told about
how to choose an avocado, how to ripen it and how to cut it is – wrong. But we’ve
come straight to the source: a Californian family that’s been farming avocados for
decades. And they are about to school us on America’s trendiest fruit. Avocados are an ancient Mexican fruit. They weren’t even grown in California until the 1900s, and it took generations for American eaters to really embrace them. First, there was the name: the Aztecs called them “AHUACATL”, which means “testicle fruit”. American farmers tried “alligator pear” and “butter pear”. Finally, they went with
“Avocado”. The second issue was sweetness. Whoever liked a fruit that wasn’t
sweet? Avocados are like olives – they get their flavor from natural oils – not sugars.
In fact, the first person to ever eat an avocado was a brave soul. These things
are rock solid on the tree, and they will never ever soften until they come off. By
California law avocados are not allowed to be picked until they reach at least 8
percent oil content. If they’re picked before that, they’ll never soften. [Spanish] (Nicole): Okay…and kuish…Yeah? Yeah? Okay? Alright! I did it! Okay it’s really…it’s difficult to see these, because they’re green, right? [Spanish] The leaves are green, and the avocados are green… I have to keep up. How long does it take to do a whole tree? [Spanish] [Spanish] So it would take him
30 minutes to do this whole tree. It would take me 90 minutes to do this tree…I think…Okay, so you put the blade against the…the stem and then you cut, and it falls into the
bag. Okay…okay…that looks like it…it’s difficult! (Nicole): Did it work? Did I get anything? Where is the fruit? Ahh yeah! I did it!! This would take me a year to do…they would fire me in a heartbeat…The curve of these blades go right across the top of the avocado, so
they’re perfect – perfectly designed for this, especially for collectors like me. Alright, let’s go… That was the easiest part of the job…thank you! The Holtz family has been farming this land for over 40 years, and the oldest trees are over 40 feet tall. they grow Hass avocados, also Fuertes, Bacons and Reeds… I’m on my way to meet Mimi Holtz, to get
all her avocado tips and tricks. (Nicole): Mimi, this is beautiful! (Mimi): I’m glad you like that. First off, busting the big myth on how to choose an avocado. (Nicole): Okay Mimi, there are hacks all over the internet – that you can tell a ripe avocado by
picking out this little nub…is that true? (Mimi): No, that’s not true…This little nub, or the “button”, is actually a piece of the stem, and the stem and the skin protect
the fruit. Once you remove either the stem or the skin, then the air (the oxygen)
can get into the avocado, and turn it brown. This part will probably get riper
quicker, and when they get it home, they’re going to be mad, because they’ll
have to cut this end off, and eat the rest of it. (Nicole): Yeah, so don’t do that! Don’t ruin
my avocado! So the only way of telling if they’re ripe is to feel it – and you’re looking for… (Mimi): Just to barely give…okay…not be mushy… (Nicole): Then it’s over-ripe… (Mimi): But not rock-hard either. (Nicole): Okay…alright…it’s that perfect, perfect moment… The best way to
choose an avocado, Mimi says, is to buy a firm green one, and ripen it yourself on
the kitchen counter. Avocados should never go in the fridge – the cold changes
their flavor. You wouldn’t put your olive oil in the fridge, would you? Then Mimi
gave me the skinny on how to best remove the flesh. (Mimi): Okay so some people think that
you should just take a spoon, and scoop it out. (Nicole): That’s what I do! (Mimi): Yeah, and it’s
okay if you want to eat it that way… But, if you want to get all the nutrients,
and make sure that you don’t get any of the bad spots, it’s better to just peel
it…away from the (flesh), and then you get a beautiful piece of fruit. (Nicole): That was amazing…it came
off so easily! I rarely see this darker green color because it usually comes
away with the peel! It’s so good…it’s creamy…it’s bright…it’s…it’s almost fruity…you know you forget that avocado is a fruit, like an apple, like a pear…it’s always like
put this other category. (Mimi): I’m tempted to dig right in…let’s have a… (Nicole): Then do it, come on! After you… An avocado farm is like no other farm I’ve ever been to – the mature trees have grown so big it’s like walking through a magical forest. The
ground is thick with fallen leaves. I have to duck around in under branches. In March, the trees are laden with mature fruit, but there are also buds – lots of tiny buds – ready to bloom and become next year’s crop. 99% of what Mimi’s family
now grows is Hass – why? Because that’s what the market demands. The California
avocado industry started with the Fuerte, but it’s got a very thin skin, so it’s
more easily bruised. The bumpier thicker skinned Hass can take a lot more knocks
without showing blemishes, and since we want avocados no matter where we live,
these can be shipped from California or Mexico, without much loss. Back on the
farm, the Holtz family faces all kinds of challenges – from insects to strong
winter winds that knock the fruit off the tree. But the biggest issue is
keeping their trees hydrated. Extended drought has caused the state to ration water to farmers, who say it’s nearly impossible for them to care for their
trees with that little water. Some, like the Holtzes, have drilled their
own wells, others have had to stump their trees. It’s a heartbreaking sight, to see
these once lush beautiful trees cut down to the stump. As stumps, they require much less water. It’s a tough decision for farmers, it means shrinking their profits
for several years. But the amazing thing about avocado trees, is that they can
recover – they can grow back – and the ones that regrow from old stumps grow more
vigorously! It’s inspiring – new hope grown from old roots.

100 thoughts on “AVOCADO | How Does it Grow?

  1. My dad used to hit me with young avocado all the time when I was little. he broke my head once. after that incident my aunt reported him to child services and he lost my custody. now I live with my foster parents and they are really good to me, but they are trump supporters that's why I am plaining to go back to my father, because I rather to get hit by an avocado than sharing home with trump supporters or Ivanka trump admirers or gerad keworushner worshipers.

  2. watched your video 1st time.. wow .. you are a great speaker… final words.. new hope from old roots…👏

  3. I love avocados but i heard the high demand of avocados is causing deforestation as ppl plant these more profitable crops :/ i dont eat them that often anyways bc they are expensive compared to most fruits

  4. I grew up eating these. When I found out and realized how much harm they cause though, I cut back on them.

    It’s not the fruit itself. It’s part of my culture. It’s part of many cultures. It was part of my ancestor’s culture.

    The amount of water, the deforestation, the drug related business behind some farms, it makes me mad. I don’t blame one country or one race. I blame greed.

    I’m also not saying to stop eating them, to each their own, but inform and educate yourself. 🙂

  5. If anyone want to buy this tree around age of 3 months, with size of 30 cm you can catch me by message… i multiplicate them many
    From indonesia

  6. Thinking about going into agriculture. Been looking for a channel like hers that was in english. Thank you

  7. In the refrigerator: I used to not put them in, but since they ripen so quickley, I tried it; they stay much longer. Too long is not good; it was hard and did not taste good, but it is better than having to rush to use them or throwing them out. In process of finding a usable time.

  8. But you didn’t say how to ripen them best (in a bag, in a bowl, in the dark) or what tells you when they are exactly ripe enough?? What’s too soft or over ripe, what’s still to firm?

    Other than ‘don’t put them in the fridge’ you didn’t tell us anything!!!

  9. My mother in law has a little over 5000 avacado tree's in Mexico….she also has Mango & Guava tree's….

  10. Avocados do get soften on tree. My family in Vietnam plant and sell them for a living. Maybe because of the warmth and high humidity in VN the avocados get ripen on tree, idk. But I'm sure they do.

  11. Surely DJ Trump would never eat 🥑 again, bcz fruit picker is immigrant and spanish speaker 😉😉

  12. As a Mexican I can tell you that you even use the leaves as condiment, there are many types of “aguacate”, the one with the thin skin is good too but more difficult to ship, there’s another variety that you can even eat the skin, and in the southeast part of Mexico they have a larger one with a much sweeter taste

  13. Your videos, are wonderfully educational! You're exuberant, innocent jubilance,… Bubbles over spontaneously and is wildly contagious!

  14. It's a shame you didn't show the problematic side of the avocado plantations like all the neighboring farms that get robbed of the water so huge plantations can make more profit

  15. The way she interacts with Latino workers is so contagious. Dear viewers , have you hugged your Mexican lately? And she so bubbly, she oozes enthusiasm.

    The best thing about this feature videos is that if you care about what you eat and care about “from farm to fork” , and clean eating , these videos are the ticket. In the age of Monsanto and commodity crops, these videos shed a new light on how to value agricultural work.

  16. 7:11 – 7:23..thats deep..gives me hope and inspiration…something i can relate to at the current stage in my life…. Thank you for your words..you dont know how much they touched me..

  17. Stumping a tree that can survive it can actually double its lifespan so although it hurts now those stumped groves will actually last longer than the unstumped ones.

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