Hello Friends! In today’s episode, we will look into the
basic principles and components of indoor gardening. First and foremost factor is:
1. MOISTURE: The moisture of the plant is realted
to hydration of the soil which is achieved by simply watering the plant. Here, you must take care not to commit the
mistake of overwatering or under watering. Use the finger dip method to check moisture
before watering. Watering a plant by the calendar is not recommended. The watering requirement varies from plant
to plant like for instance, succulents or xerophytes require very less frequent watering
like once in a week. 2. LIGHT: This is another major factor required
for plant photosynthesis. This can be achieved by two methods: a) Natural
Sunlight – like placing your plants in your balcony or near a window or under indirect
bright light in a bright spot in your home. b) Grow Lights – This is obviously an artificial
source of light for plant photosynthesis. These plant grow lights are actually substitutes
for sunlight and present day technology provides great quality LED grow lights emitting the
electromagnetic spectrum appropriate for photosynthesis. You can grow any plant including vegetables
and even flowering and fruiting plants under led grow lights. We will discuss this in another detailed episode
on grow lights – like choosing the right intensity, right bulb, right color and so
on. 3. SOIL: For house plants to thrive successfully
indoors, special care needs to be taken of the kind of soil they are planted in. the soil used for houseplants is different
from the natural soil that plants usually thrive in outdoors. We will discuss in detail about the indoor
plant potting mix recipes in our next episode. 4. FERTILZERS: Natural outdoor grown plants receive
nutrients from the ground soil. However, potted plants have to be feeded regularly
to meet the plant requirements and sustain growth and yield. This includes the Major NPK elements – Nitrogen,
Phosphorous and Potasssium as well as trace elements required for proper plant performance. Nitrogen provides the plant with its green
and leafy growth, Phosphorus is essential for flowering or fruiting plants. And, potassium is essential for strong roots
and increased nutrient uptake. We always prefer organic fertilizers like
vermicompost, decomposed cow dung, bone meal, neem cake powder and stuff like that for our
indoor as well as outdoor gardening. We always say “No to Chemicals”. 5. CONTAINERS: Choosing the right container for
indoor gardening is not so much important except using the right size for a particular
plant. You can use plastic, cement, ceramic or even
wooden containers for indoor planting. Plastic is commonly used as its relatively
cheaper and light weight. Make sure you have drainage holes and cover
the holes with a mesh at the bottom and also use a plate under the container. 6. OTHER FACTORS: Other important factors like
Humidity, Temperature, air circulation, Plant support are also important factors to take
care in indoor gardening. Variations in these factors can be responsible
for leaf drying, leaf drop, fungus and many other problems. So there you have it folks. Please follow this playlist titled Indoor
Gardening for more topics on successfully growing indoor plants with right techniques. Please like, share and comment below with
your feedback. Consider subscribing if you are new to this
channel. Happy Gardening!

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