Composting basics. How to make compost.


There is so much stuff to do around the yard.
Weekly mowing, pruning the trees. Doing some weeding. Taking care of the chickens… So
what happens is, I keep adding stuff to the pile. More leaves, more weeds, more grass
clippings, and the pile keeps getting bigger. This could be your compost pile. Sitting behind
the back fence on your property. In order for you to make compost, you need three things.
You need moisture, you need oxygen, and also you need tons of yard waste. The way this
thing works, is you have the microbiology in the compost pile. They need the oxygen
to survive. Also they need the moisture. They need tons of food for them to eat. And also
to make compost you need to turn the pile regularly. So you have to do it two days after
you have the pile ready. Then in four days. Then it goes to one week, then after two weeks,
one month and then the second month you turn everything, and it should be finished. But
who has the time to do all that job? I found a way to make this thing way, way easier.
And you don’t have to turn the pile once. So, you can make compost this way. You can
come out every other day, Spend a few minutes with the pitch fork, and turn the pile around
introducing the oxygen, or you can do it the way I am doing it right now. I will place
a PVC pipe at the bottom of the pile, so you can get a PVC pipe like this, so it will have
holes on both sides. And you will place it on the ground. The holes are facing up. Also
I placed an elbow with an additional 2′ of PVC pipe with drilled holes on both sides.
I put a cap on to of it, and this hole pipe is on a slight angle, so all the excess water
will drain down the pipe. Some of the things you should consider, you have to make sure
your pile is accessible, so in my case I have it right next to my vegetable garden. I only
have to walk a few feet in order foe me to bring all the yard waste. Then the next step
will be to add all the browns and greens. Browns will be leaves, straw or hay, and greens
will be all the vegetables from your veggie garden, grass clippings, all the weeds, so
you can mix them all together. What I will do now, I will cover the PVC pipe with all
the leaves, all the weeds, and at the same time I want to make sure that everything I
put down is moist. This will be too dry. What I am looking for is for something like this.
There is a lot of moisture here. So this is about right. And as you can see, I am also
adding some water. The pile was very dry, and what I want to do, is I want to make sure
the pile is nice and moist. This will take me just a few minutes, and I will keep adding
more and more yard waste, adding more moisture. The reason I want to do that is because I
want to keep all those microbes in the pile moist. If the pile is too dry, they will be
dehydrated and the whole process will take much longer. And while the compost pile is
being watered I am going to get more brush. And I will show you how to make compost in
a different way, on a much bigger scale. Here we have a lot of compost. The way this thing
works, this is all horse manure and I am at a farm today. An organic farm and the way
they make this compost is by turning the pile occasionally, usually two to three times a
year. What happens is the oxygen will get in the piles. The microbiology will start
digesting all the unfinished organic matter, and within a couple of years all those piles
should be finished, and ready to be spread all over the fields. This is brand new compost
pile, roughly a month old. Mostly wood chips, hay, horse manure, a lot of yard waste, and
what happens is the microbiology already started digesting all the unfinished organic matter.
The decomposition process is creating heat. I dug a hole on the side of the pile, and
I placed a thermometer. Here you can see the temperature is already 120 degrees. Is not
hot enough to kill the pathogens. It needs to be around 135 to 145 degrees for three
days. I am just watering the pile for a few more minutes. The top was pretty dry, and
I will not have to do this anymore. Once the pile is moist I will cover it with a tarp
and the temperature will start to rise. So that’s it!

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