Composting Made Fast & Easy with an Insulated Compost Tumbler


Alright! This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com
! I have another exciting episode for you. And this is going to be a fun one. What you
guys are looking at now is my compost alley in HD. This is another video in HD. I don’t
want to guys’ hopes up, you know, I will have a lot of videos still not in HD. Sometimes,
whenever possible, I’ll try to film these videos in HD so you guys could get the, ‘the
real McCoy’. Anyways. This is my compost alley. As you could see kind of behind my
garden in the back yard. And, you know, I grow a lot of food in the back yard, and you
know growing you food is probably the most important thing you can do to increase the
health of yourself and the health of the planet at large. But besides that, think about the
health of your plants. What can you do for the health of your plants?
Well, the number one thing that you can do for the health of your plants is to make your
own compost, you know. Depending on where you live in the country, you may be able to
get, you know, really poor quality compost. It may be alright, average compost, or really
good compost. Unfortunately, it’s been far and few in between that I find place where
I could go in the country and find, you know, a high quality compost that you could buy
for affordably. Most of the time, high quality compost costs a lot of money, man, it’s
just out there in the sky and, you know, many of you guys can’t afford it. So the best
thing you can do with some extra space you have, and I would encourage you guys to use
the most non-desirable space, you know. For growing, this is shaded alley here and not
too good for growing, but I could produce the compost. It’s going to go in my raised
beds in the sunny area to make my plants even happier and have them grow really well. You know, compost is the key, organic matter
is the key, the humus is the key to growing healthy plants, besides the rock dust of course.
And, you know, most places may not have the highest quality soil. You might have a sandy
soil, you might have a clay soil. And there may not be a lot of organic matter in the
soil unless you’re out in the middle of a forest, in which case your gold and you
don’t have to watch this episode. But for the rest of us that are in residential lots
or maybe have, you know, a depleted acreage that’s been, you know, strip farmed for
years, you know, this is definitely the video for you. We want to create a good compost, and that’s
why I have this whole section dedicated to making my own compost. Now, you know, today
what I’m going to specifically talk about is actually making compost in a tumbling compost
bin. Why do I recommend this? Well, for the average person that has no experience composting
and for the homeowner that lives in a residential area that, you know, can’t have rats and
bugs and all this kind of stuff in their compost, this, this is why I am using this. In addition,
depending on where you live, the weather, the climate, can be a condition. And, you
know, a standard compost pile is great and I like those a lot in the right situation.
In this personal situation, we’re in the residential neighborhood, can’t attract
rats, can’t attract the rodents, can’t attract the bugs because the neighbors would
get upset. And also, you know, it can’t be smelling too bad. And in addition, you
know, it’s really dry here. So the climate here is really hot and it’s an arid climate,
not too humid. And piles tend to, you know, all the moisture comes off of it. So, you
know, you don’t have the quite moisture, the right moisture level in your pile. With
this method in the tumbling composters, I have found just adding the volume of food
scraps that I produce with their high moisture content is enough to keep the pile wet enough
to work optimally. So I don’t have to add an external input of water, which is also,
can be a hard thing to come by in the desert here. So that’s why I am using this particular
system. You know, I recommend any way you can compost is a good way. This is the way
I’m doing it in this particular environment. Now if I had a farm and had 50 acres, would
I be using these things? You know, I might have one for fun but probably not, I’d be
having windrows and you know pallet piles and all kinds of other cool stuff. But once
again, this is for people, dedicated to people in a residential area that don’t have a
lot of space. Maybe even in an apartment complex you could do one of these because it’s just
going to keep it nice and simple, keep everything contained. Plus based on my experience, you
know, the tumblers work significantly faster. This is specially true if you’re not experienced.
Now if you’re an experienced composter, you know, you could make a pile and you guys
could kick ass at it. But I’m not an experienced composter by any means. I’m a pretty good
gardener. My composting skills I’m still building on. And one of the things I want
to say is that, you know, using the tumbling composter, the one that I’m specifically
going to recommend in a little bit, has really, you know, got me excited about composting.
You know I used to compost and like oh the stuff’s rotted, it’s really not working
that good and stuff. And, you know, I’d be like oh but I got to do it, you know, you’re
supposed to compost and it’s good for the environment, all this stuff. And it was cool
and I was happy. But now with the brand new composter that I am using, you know, it really
kicks some butt. What we’re going to do today is go over
the different composters that I have. We got the Lifetime 80 gallon composter. Picked this
guy up about 50 bucks on clearance at Costco. It was normally selling for about a 100. At
the present time they have a 250 gallon set right now. So it’s a 100 gallon total for
about 150 at your local Costco. And I like the Lifetime brand composter. Actually aside
from the hinges busting out and getting all deformed one time because I over filled it,
it kind of popped back into shape and I had to like hammer back the little clips to work
properly. And I guess about week ago I was spinning it and it actually opened up in mid
rift in mid spin and dumped all the stuff on the ground, which is a pain in the ass
and I don’t like that. So I’m letting you guys know that could be a potential problem
with this guy. It’s a good deal for the price, nonetheless. The next one right here, if you guys could
see it, 55 gallon barrel composter. I got this free, actually free is good, from my
brother. So he won it in some contest and he doesn’t compost, give me a break. But
you guys should. And, you know, I got it for free, so I have a video assembling actually
the Lifetime and this guy on YouTube. It was actually a pretty good episode. And that guy
actually is working fairly well. Once I got it dialed in, you know. The main thing is
at least this guy has little handles you could put your fingers in and spin this guy around.
Let’s see if I could do it with one hand while I’m sitting down. So, you know, that’s a good workout, I don’t
go to the gym, I just come and spin my compost pile. But, you know, this can be hard for
a lady to spin. Now this guy, even for me to spin without the handles, that’s definitely
a workout. So, you know, that, I don’t like it so much although it works. So I definitely
like the ones that are kind of go on the, you know, the horizontal direction versus
the vertical direction. So if you’re going to make one of those, make it the horizontal
way. The next guy back is the Joraform 270 composter,
that’s 270 liters, approximately 70 gallons. That’s the composter that got me really
excited about composting. I mean, it’s insulated, it’s made out of metal, it sits higher than
the others. You could, you know, put a wheelbarrow underneath it and pull all the compost out
once it’s finished. It works faster, it’s just more efficient and it’s a good design.
So that’s the one I really like a lot. And then the last one I got is a Sun-Mar 400.
It’s touted as, you know, a really good composter, continuous cycle and all this stuff.
And I found that basically it’s just not generating the high level of heat. So if I
had to rate these guys in order, I’d say number 1 is the Joraform. Number 2 actually
I like the Lifetime. Number 3, considering the price and all the factors, actually I
like the barrel composter. Number 4, the Sun-Mar is my least favorite because it’s just so
high priced and it’s just not really working that well. That being said, I still got compost issues,
man. I eat lots of fruits and vegetables and have a lot of food, you know, scraps and yard
clippings and waste from my garden that I got to put somewhere. And, you know, for a
while I didn’t have my composters dialed in so they didn’t have the right carbon
and nitrogen ratio and they weren’t working well. But now the Joraform got me really excited
about composting. And now I’m actually just about to empty one of my sides of the Joraform,
so stay tuned for that episode on that. But all these guys, believe it or not, are full,
despite all their capacities. And I still have actually piles and piles and piles of
yard clippings that need to go somewhere. I guess I might start a pile, but I’ve done
that before and it just doesn’t really work because it dries out. And I don’t want to
waste the extra water on watering my pile when I could have one of these guys. So we got a new solution today. And the new
solution today is another composter. And you’re going go John you got another composter, you
got one, two, three, four there, and then I got another one over there you can’t see
in the shot, it’s just a standard plastic square bin, which I don’t recommend at all.
It would be better just to get some, you know, free wood pallets and nail them together into
like 4 different things, you know, and use one like that instead of just some bin. But
I need more space. And you know, so I got a new composter. And the new composter I got,
well, let me go ahead and show you guys that. This is going to be the build episode and
to share with you guys the quality of the composter and show you the build make out
and actually should be pointed out to. So now I’m going to share with you guys
my favorite composter. As you guys just heard, the Joraform really got me excited about composting.
And, you know, my, it’s my mission to get you guys excited about gardening and composting
and whatever. So that’s why I like some of these tools that allow you to get into
it. I mean, if I really didn’t get the Joraform, I would have not really been so excited about
composting as I am now. Because I just really like the tools that work well. I mean, you
know, one of these days I’ll get one of them Tesla cars and I’ll be probably excited
about driving it. But right now I’m driving a bio-diesel fuel jeep, which is still cool.
But the Tesla, man, I think is going to be fast and be energy efficient, it’s just
going to kick ass. And you’re going to get excited about driving again. But anyways,
the composters get me excited about composting. So it’s no surprise that I got yet another
Joraform composter. So here’s the box here. And this is the website for the Joraform company,
this is from Sweden, so it’s joraform.sv . They have a website joraform.com which also
I think is the UK website or compostingwarehouse.com is the US distributor of the Joraform. Now this model is not the same model I got.
I got the 270 over there. And the 270 is 270 liters, which is about 70 gallons. This one’s
actually the Joraform 400. So the 400 liters and I think it’s around 105 gallons or so.
So this is definitely going to be a lot larger, and hopefully this will put all my composting
needs to rest. Now, you know, I would encourage you guys to get the largest composter size
you can. You know, now the Joraform 400 definitely will set you back a pretty penny. But, you
know, what they say is that because of a larger mass and the larger literally pile going to
be contained inside the tumbler, it will be able to generate a hotter heat ball like,
you know, a sun that’s larger is going to get hotter than a sun that’s smaller. So,
and hopefully it will turn the composter over faster. I have seen that my standard Joraform
over there probably turns compost, I don’t know, maybe 4 to 6 weeks for sure. But it’s
kind of tough because this is gone actually a little bit longer than that, because I had
a friend staying with me and she added things to the compost when I was supposed to just
be tumbling it and not adding stuff. But it’s all good, you know. Get to experiment more
with that later, specially with my new one I could do side by side trials to see which
one’s going to be working faster. Anyways, this guy is actually, you know, will
set you back a pretty penny. I, you know, depending on the price, you know, it would
actually be a probably better investment to buy two of the 270s and one of the 400s, because
that will actually hold more material than just the 400. But the 400 may work faster.
So I don’t know about that. We’re going, we’re going to see. So what we’re going to do today in this
video is we’re going to set this guy up. This is the JK400, and that’s my initials,
JK. But it comes in 3 boxes and these boxes are heavy. I mean, you guys, you guys should
know you guys get what you pay for. This is an expensive composter and you guys get something
really good. Let’s see, it comes in 3 boxes. Like 2 of the boxes are like 75 lbs each,
so that’s 150 lbs of composter right there. And this box is really light, you know. In
my opinion what they should do is probably, you know, put 3 even size boxes, about the
same size, about the same weight. So instead of like 75 in two boxes and I don’t know
like 5 lbs in one box, they could put like 50 lbs in each box thereby it’d be easier
to lift it and to manage. This way maybe also maybe not get damaged in shipping. That was
one of the issues I had with the other Joraform that I got. There were some small damages
in the shipping. So hopefully this one won’t be damaged. I guess the next thing is I’m
going to go ahead and unload these boxes and just lay it all out here and show you what
it looks like and start building. Alright, so I got everything out of the box.
As you could see, there is definitely a lot of parts. You know one of the reasons why
the box was so heavy is seriously this stuff, all made out of metal, man. This is like heavy
duty stuff. I think the only things that are plastic are some of the fasteners inside.
You got the polyethylene foam here, which is the insulation. This is the same material
that they make the plastic bags out of that don’t decay in the landfill. But this will
definitely keep your compost warm. This is probably the number one reason why I like
the joraform. With the insulation, it keeps a higher sustained heat and can get up to
160 degrees inside, which means your compost is going to happen sooner rather than later. Lets see, the other thing, they have a few
plastic pieces that kind of go in between the polyethylene, ldpe stuff. And other than
that, man, it’s like all seriously metal. So you guys get what you for. I mean, seriously
you guys buy one of these, it’s probably the last composter you’re going to have
to buy. Let’s see here. So the instructions, pretty
much similar to the instructions on the JK 270 that I’ve built. They’re European
instructions. So kind of just straight direct to the point. I would rather have like maybe
like the pictures better in the back here, which I’m just going to work off, I don’t
need to read the directions, I just look at the pictures. I don’t know if they have
each picture next to each direction, you know, it’s all labelled out here with like a large
picture and just a little bit of a text next to it. That’s more of the easy way to assemble
stuff. But if you’re good at figuring stuff out, this should not be an issue. And I assembled
this, no problem last time, no problems. See, they also got a little booklet here that didn’t
come in my last one. So this must be pretty new. This booklet actually I read through.
I usually don’t read the instructions. But this is actually very useful to read through.
My one comment is that some of the, the text is in color and it’s actually quite hard
to read. I’d probably make all the text just black so people could read it a little
bit better. But yeah, lots of good information in here, you know, trouble shooting, you know,
and just tips on getting the best from your composter. Now one of the things I do want to go over,
is that in here they recommend Suitable for composting: food scraps, raw, cooked, fried
and non-smoked meat and bones, bones will be cleaned but not composted, fish and bones
will compost, shell fish, vegetables raw and cooked, eggs and egg shells, breads and biscuits,
fruits, coffee grounds and filters, tea bags a tea leaves, paper crushed shredded or torn
up into small pieces, egg cartons torn up into small pieces, let’s see..bedding from
hamster guinea pig cages, wood pellets, wood pellet cat littler used or unused, soiled,
plant waste. So in this composter, they actually advocate
the use of composting meat, which is what many composters are say are a big no-no. So
why do they do this? Well, I could only, you know, make an assumption of why they’re
doing this because with the high heat levels in here, basically it breaks down al the bad
stuff that could be contained in the meat. Of course, I’m not going to be composting
any meat or meat products in my composter. But if you want to do that, you can definitely
do that in the Joraform. They also have talked about putting the bedding
and if the bedding from the hamsters and guinea pigs or even your cats like the wood based
pellets are going in the composter, the, maybe the poop will too. Now I can’t necessarily
advocate poop, putting any kind of animal poop in your Joraform. That being said, if
you can compost meat, it’s hot enough to kill the bacteria in the meat, it should also
be alright killing the bacteria in any manure compost from any animals or maybe even yourself. So with that, I guess, I got to take a break,
man. It’s hot in the sun, and what I’m drinking today is some fresh made watermelon
cucumber juice. Mmmm, definitely good, will cool you off on a hot day. I think next I’m
going to go ahead and get to work. Very simple to assemble this. All you’re going to need
really is a screwdriver, just a a fill up screwdriver with a couple adjustable end wrenches
or wrenches. And I guess what we’re going to so, what I’m going to go ahead and time
the process and how long this takes and we’ll come back at you, probably at different points
and let you know how it’s going. So before I get into on building the unit,
I have a few more comments about the, you know, the packing of the unit. I had to unpack
it and, you know, some of these panels here actually, you know, once again, like last
time I got one of these units, they’re dinged on the corners and some of these are kind
of dinged and maybe have a little bit of rust, which is really curious for me. You know,
they definitely need to pack these better. They come in like these little like bubble
wrap things that are really like small bubbles. I don’t know if they could increase the
bubble size or make little bit of corners to put on these out of some material so that,
like cardboard, so that they don’t just bent out and stuff. Because I mean, buying
an expensive product just shouldn’t be coming damaged like that. It’s just, just not acceptable. Another thing that probably wasn’t, was
okay but not super acceptable to me was this little hardware pack here. This is all the
different nuts and bolts and screws and everything that, that you’re going to need to assemble
the unit. And it’d be much better if each type of screw or nut was individually packed
in it’s own little bag with like the number or the part number, so that it’s more easily
identifiable. I mean, I’ll figure this stuff out but it would just be more clean to do
it that way. Maybe have it in a little box. I think I assembled recently at a friend’s
place, the Lifetime composter, similar to the one right there, but it’s the 250 gallons
and actually they, they had it laid out really well and like nice cardboard and plastic blister
packed with all the different part numbers labelled for all the different parts. Plus
they could also easily determine if all the parts are included, because I know sometimes
when there are just throwing a bag, you might be missing screws. And that’s definitely
not going to be fun. So hopefully I’m not missing any screws today. I guess with that, I guess next what I’m
going to do is I’m going to go ahead and time the assembly process. This is supposed
to take about an hour they say to assemble this guy. And I’ll probably come back at
you at different, different points at my, the assembly process, to let you guys know
how it’s going. As you could see, I’m in to the install
here. And it’s pretty much pretty basic. You’re taking some, you know, wrenches here,
tighten up some bolts and just getting this assembled. I’m pretty much assembling the
frame first, and now we’re doing the main part of the composter. So the main thing is
to, some of the tips I want to give you is number one, I’ve pretty much ripped up the
assembly manual into separate sheets. So I have like one diagram has the parts, one diagram
has the written directions that I’m looking through, and one diagram has actually the
picture. So I could look at all those at the same time instead of keep having to flip back
and forth. Now I know you’re not supposed to rip books apart, but this is your instruction
book, you could do whatever you want. The other thing I have done to assembling
it a little bit easier is I did lay some cardboard, the cardboard that actually the product came
in, on the ground to protect it, you know, protect it’s finish while I’m building
it. So that’s kind of smart. So I guess I’m just going to go ahead and line up the
different components. Basically now we’re putting on the, the sides, the foam, this
piece of plastic, some foam and then we’re just going to build it all up. And this will
assemble the main body unit. This is probably the most important step to make sure all the
things are lined up properly when you’re assembling this. I mean it’s just all pretty
easy, just take a little bit of time. And, you know, once again take your time and assemble
it right the first time so you don’t have to redo it. I’m going to get back to work
and, you know, continue the assembling. So I’m continuing to assemble this unit
here, and there’s a few things happening. Number one, we got the nice hot sun today.
Now guess what? Metal in the hot sun..oww! Starts to get hot! So, you know, it has slowed
me down a little bit. I’ve even had to put on some little, some gloves here so that my
fingers wouldn’t burn literally. I mean, this is one of the benefits to a metal composter
is that it heats up very fast. Oww! You could probably cook your eggs on here. And also,
because of the insulation, it will keep inside warmer as well. Which means your compost is
going to happen faster. So I’ve pretty much got most of this together. I had one point
where I needed help from a friend to hold this guy so I could tighten the guy up right
here. But otherwise, as you could see, I’m using like a shovel basically propped up against
this, the handle here which is nice. This model has four handles to spin the composter,
in addition to the handles on the unit itself. So I’m using a shovel so that it wouldn’t
like spin around while I’m assembling it. Because I am doing this pretty much virtually
with one person. Except for that one part to tighten one of these guys, which I probably
could have finagled and done it myself if I had a couple pipes or something. So what I’m doing now is basically screwing
in each one of these panels here. So the first thing I like to do is I like to use a standard
screwdriver. Align these guys up and just make sure they’re in place, and thread the
screw out. Then I’ll just screw it in, kind of get it right past the point where it starts
to dig in because these are self tapping screws. I’ll get one and then I’ll get the second
one. And once they start getting tapped, which sometimes could use some wrist strength. I
like there’s other ways that I could strengthen my wrists besides doing things inside the
house, like I could be building a composter. And let’s see here, once I got it in past
that point, I’ll use the candy ryobi 21:52. And for those of you guys that have one, this
is basically on a clutch number 12 setting, so I don’t strip these guys out. It will
stop it and it looks to about right. And now I just got to do the other side and keep putting
these panels on, and I’ll come back at you when I’m almost done. Alright! I’m popped out of the composter
here. This thing is totally ginormous. So I’m really excited about this. Almost done
building it actually. I got one more panel to put in and then I’ll be done constructing
it. I want to quickly go over just some of the
features that I really like about the Jora composter here. Number one feature overall,
nice metal construction here. Now while this does get hot when you try to build it, you
know, it’s definitely going to be durable. It’s galvanized and with powder coating.
So that’s really cool. The next thing that’s really cool- insulation.
This is the polyethylene insulation, food safe. So your compost can come in contact
with this and it’s not going to make your compost toxic or nothing like that. This is
also going to insulate your compost so that the bacteria in your compost tumbler can work
much quicker. So this compost tumbler can get a sustained temperature that I’ve experienced
of about 150. They say it can get up to 160, which it might have. But I definitely have
seen this composter, the other one I got maintains a much higher temperature than my other composers
here. This one due to the larger mass in here, hopefully the pile will even get hotter and
I’ll see even hotter temperatures, which means this one is going to actually even work
much quicker. Another thing about the Joraform that I like,
number one, rodent and pest proof. So I mean, I don’t know any rat that can chew through
steel, you know. And so this is going to keep the vermin away. So you know, that’s definitely
a big problem I have had with standard compost piles before attracting rodents. And you don’t
like them and your neighbors like them even less than you do. So that will keep them away. In addition, I like the height of this. You
don’t have to bend over to fill it. And it’s actually nice and tall so you could
actually slide and wheelbarrow under when you’re going to dump it out. I mean, I think
those are the main features I like. I guess I got to go into, you know, getting the few
last panels on. Then I’ll show you guys how to load it, because even if you have the
best composter, if you don’t use it properly, it’s just still not going to work for you. So now we’re on the last screw to screw
in, and we’re done with this Jora composter. Let’s go ahead and do that. Alright! All
done building the Jora composter. Now I want to comment on how this guy was
assembled. Now this is my second Jora composter to assemble. I did assemble the JK 270 over
there, and this is my second one, the JK 400. Only difference mainly is the larger capacity.
This one also has the little turn handles that makes it easier to turn. Otherwise, the
assembly is actually fairly similar on both units. Now this unit, you know, they say it
takes about an hour to put together. It took me about 2 hours to put this guy together
from start to finish. And yeah I had to take couple breaks, maybe slow down a little bit
because of the hot sun on the panels that I mentioned about earlier. And, you know,
I just like taking my time and instructions weren’t totally exactly clear on how to
do it. Got to read a couple things and maybe could have been better explained. But I figured
it out. Went together without a problem. So no problem in the assembly. Now the next thing I want to go over is, you
know, I do have, and significantly more shipping damage occurred with this unit. And it’s
no surprise, two the boxes were 75 lbs each, and when they’re that heavy probably the
delivery drivers whether they’re UPS or FedEx or whatever, probably just throw the
box instead of taking care of them. So a lot of these corners actually were dinged up and
unrounded and, you know, not too good. And there’s actually even some, you know, some
minor damage to some parts of the metal here that were actually scratched or whatever.
So I definitely believe that they definitely do need to package these guys. I mean, if
you’re buying a $700 composter, there should be zero damage. You shouldn’t have to worry
about pieces that are bent and this kind of stuff. That’s just petty stuff. I mean,
you know, it’s just ridiculous that they can’t put some extra cardboard or some more
bubble wrap or do something so that the damage does not occur because, in my opinion, that’s
just simply not acceptable. Nonetheless, that is a cosmetic thing that’s definitely not
going to affect the functionality of this. Maybe if they’re selling damaged ones, if
they actually have a scratch and dents there, then for every one that’s damaged they should
knock off a 100 bucks. Hey then I’d be alright with it. But nonetheless, now that we have this assembled,
we’re going to go ahead and fill it up. So next I’m going to go ahead and show you
my secret recipe on how to get successful results in the Joraform composter or any other
composter that you might be using. Alright! You guys caught me. I’m making
some compost. Yep, that’s right, shredding some paper. They actually, here’s a really
good use of the Joraform instructions. They weren’t that good, I didn’t like them,
so guess what? They’re getting shredded through my shredder to go into the Joraform
composter. Let’s go ahead and shut this guy off. Now, you know, the thing I’m making
right now is actually the paper component. And paper is from trees so paper is a carbonaceous
source. You need to have a carbon and nitrogen in order to compost successfully. So if you’re
going to add paper, you definitely need to shred it up into the smallest pieces possible,
like the, like small cross cut or even like confetti shreds would be totally the best.
You can, you know, shred up things like newspaper, you know, garbage bags and things like that.
I do shred some printed paper but I prefer not to because it may be bleached and what
not. And I don’t prefer to put like, you know, a toner, you know, or a color, you know,
inks or whatever that are not soy based into my compost pile. Because that may not be so
good. But nonetheless, you can compost these things, they have a nice carbon source, because,
you know, in a small residential area you might not have a carbon source. Say you live
in an apartment, you know, you might not have any trees to get the leaves, which is a carbon
source or anything like that. So the, the paper can be useful. Although that being said,
you need to generate a lot of paper to make up a good amount of carbon. So with that, I want to share some more carbon
sources with you guys, besides the paper we got here. Let’s put that to the side. Got
your standard tree leaves. So the tree leaves are an excellent carbon source. I’m going
to go ahead and put that aside. Now one that you may not know is right here. This guys
is actually called coconut coir. So this is actually coconut coir which is used for the
bedding. I bought it to grow some microgreens here and still has got all the roots and everything
in there. So this will actually be a nice carbon source for my compost pile, but also,
you know, the roots will decompose and make more nutrition for my compost. Now let’s talk about the carbon-nitrogen
ratio. You need the right ratio for your compost to work properly. And if you’re like one
of them scientific minds, you know, go google do a google search on the exact ratio. I like
to keep things simple, KISS, Keep It Simple Silly. Oh hey, I think it’s something else.
Anyways. You want to keep it simple and, you know, my simple program is simply this, you
know, you want to put like a 5 gallon bucket of the greens and we got nitrogenous waste
products here. Some of the orange peels and mango and things from the kitchen, plus a
lot of the, you know, other greens from the yard clippings and stuff like that. You need
to have the right ratio. So what I like to do is like one bucket of this, one bucket
of that. Now, you know, that will get you going, you know. Technically you want to put
actually probably two times as much carbon to nitrogen, so you really need a lot of this
stuff. And the problem is many people may not have it. So what I like to use instead
is this stuff right here. This stuff makes it really simple. This is actually called
the Dry Den Soil Bedding. So you could get this at a feed store. Basically what this
is, this is compressed sawdust into little pellets which they use for horse bedding.
And I have shown this before. But the other thing that’s really cool about this particular
product, the Dry Den, I don’t know if you could see that right here, it says ‘organic
zeolites added’. So what are zeolites and why are they added? Is it good for my compost,
can I put it in there? Because normally the horse bedding I get is the 100% wood chips.
So this has a small percentage of the zeolites. The zeolites are basically minerals and I
have actually put them into my garden beds with zeolites before. And I think they’re
definitely a good thing to add. And I have a video, you know, in the past about zeolites.
But the reason for the zeolites in here is because the zeolites will absorb the ammonia
from the horse horses gets less ammonia, that’s the horse pee. So on the same token, when
your compost is composting, right, if the mix is really hot and it’s working really
well, it may have a funky smell, you know, which may not be desirable. So that’s a
good reason to have this product with the added zeolites that will reduce the odors
coming from your compost pile. In addition, the zeolites are really good for your garden
because they add, you know, the minerals. Some of the minerals but more importantly,
they hold water, release water and also are good for the occasion for moving water in
and out. So your plants are definitely going to grow better. So that’s this stuff. And, I mean, other than that, we just got
to, you know, mix only 10% of this stuff in with my kitchen scraps. And I produce far
more kitchen scraps than I do the yard waste here. I eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
So this can be a significant issue. And that’s why I’ve pretty much been running out of
compost to like create. This is actually just one 5 gallon bucket in a day besides juicing
and blending and all this kind of stuff. I have a lot of food scraps. So when you get the 10% of the pine pellets
into your kitchen scraps, what I like to do is I like to take an empty bucket here, this
is just one of my compost buckets. I like to take the bucket and then just dump it and
10% of the pellets on the bottom of the bucket. Now I’m going to go ahead and take
this inside and fill this up with kitchen scraps and then when I dump this whole bin
into my composter, it already has got the proper amount of the
pine pellets in there with the added zeolite. And then I just get to dump it in there. So
what we’re going to do next is actually just going to go ahead and dump this stuff
in the composter, spin it a few times, and we’ll be off and composting. Alright! Now the moment you’ve been waiting
for. We’re going to go ahead and fill up this Jora composter. Let’s go ahead and
open this guy up. Wow, brand new. I’m going to get this thing soiled. I like getting things
soiled, not only in my composters but my clothes too! Hey, wait a second, oh I like to do that
when at moms. Now I got to wash my own clothes, I better not do that. Anyways, we’re going to soil up this Joraform
with the new compost I got. Let’s see, first we’re going to go ahead and put in all that
yard clippings here. Oh, man I like this barrel! 5 gallon bucket fits directly in this. The
opening’s a little bit larger than the other Jora I got. Put that in there next. So this
was our greens, a lot of old parsley and grass and weeds. Now it’s always best to, you
know, cut up the compost or whatever you’re composting into the smallest pieces whenever
possible for best results. I get lazy sometimes. So sometimes big pieces of stuff go in there.
Next, we’re going to go ahead and put in our browns, the leaves. Alright. Right in
there, nice and easy. Nice big opening here makes it real simpler to feed the compost
in. Next, need some more browns. We got some of the paper shreds and of, course, that coconut
coir, right in there. Alright, we’re going to make some good compost with this mix. Throw
that in there. Alright. Next, we got the food scraps. This is the, this is the reason why
I have so many composters because I generate a lot of food scraps and I produce it a lot
faster than these composters could work. Hopefully now with this Joraform 400, it will definitely
take care of all my needs. So let’s go ahead, and this guy is heavy, kitchen scraps right
here going on in. Alright! Check it out, man. Right in there,
pre-mixed, got mango skins, orange skins, lemon skins, avocado peels. Oh, I’ve been
eating some cactus fruits, man, this stuff’s the bomb. All kinds of stuff, all kinds of
skins and peels including some of my recycled paper towels here, going right in. It’s
better if these guys are chopped up a little bit but they’ll still break down. Right
in there. The cool thing is because I did line the bottom with those little pellets,
it’s clean on the bottom so you don’t have to wipe this out. And a lot of it has
actually started to disintegrate already back into the sawdust. Now you might think I’m done there, but
there’s two more things we need to add, really important. Number one, you want to
add some pre-existing compost. So this is some compost and I’ll put that in. That
will inoculate it with the right microbes. Now if you don’t do that, this step, it’s
alright, it will still happen. But if you do this, it’s just going to happen much
better. Next thing you want to put in – the rock dust.
This is the Gaia Green Glacial Rock Dust we’re adding here. The rock dust adds the trace
minerals to your compost so that when you’re done with your compost, you put them in your
garden, it’s pre-inoculated with the trace minerals. Plus this makes the microbes go
crazy. So I’m going to go ahead and put that in there very carefully. It can get a
bit dusty there. And those are normally the two things I recommend, but I’m going to
add one more thing, not totally needed. Or this actually next item can take the place
of the compost, fresh made compost from my other Jora that’s currently working. Actually
this stuff’s almost about done. We’re going to go ahead and add this and make sure
we got this thing pre-inoculated, Because I know that this stuff’s going to probably
heat up within a day or two for sure, and already start breaking down to make more compost
for my garden. Let’s go ahead and throw that in there. So we added everything. Now all we got to do is spin. Alright, man,
look at that. Now this Jora actually has handles on it so it makes it significantly easier
to spin around. Man, it makes it really easy. I personally still like using these handles
here. But, you know, if you’re a woman you need better leverage or you may be a man that
doesn’t have a lot of strength, upper body strength, these handles make it a breeze. So I definitely enjoyed building my new Jora
composter, sharing the experience with you, and letting you guys know more about it. You
know, once again, the Jora composter has got me really excited about composting because
it’s just a tool that allows you to compost more effectively and more efficiently and
faster than anything else I’ve ever tried. And I’ll be continuing to try new and different
composters whenever I can. So I get this situation under control. Now, making your compost is by far the best
thing you could do with your food scraps. I mean if you send them to the landfill, they
create more methane gas, and it’s not good. But if you use your food scraps and yard clippings
to make your own compost, you’re going to make the best stuff on earth because, you
know, big industrial composting companies can’t do it as good as you are. I mean,
and I, and I bet you a lot of money that they’re not using the rock dust like I want you guys
to. In addition it will save you guys a lot of money. Because some compost can cost actually,
you know, 5 bucks a cubic foot. And making this in the Jora will happen really fast so
that it could save you money. So you could put the food scraps and yard clippings back
into your garden to enrich your plants, which will in turn enrich you. Alright! So we’re back! Hopefully you guys
enjoyed that episode. It’s been probably a little bit over a month at this point, and
I wanted to share with you guys the update on the Jora 400 that I got. The first thing
is I want to tell you guys that man, this guy is like really heavy. It’s like this
is definitely a good workout. I got to like dig in and pull and turn this thing. So if
you’re a young little lady and single, email me, I mean, then you might not want to get
this big Jora because it’s actually quite heavy to turn. You can use these handles.
You can also use the handles on here. But definitely it does take some, some strength
to turn it because it is so large. So now what I want to do is actually show
you guys the inside. You guys saw me fill it up. And check this out, both sides, man,
I got some nice finished compost. I filled it up almost to the top, and now inside you
could see nice, dark, rich compost. Go ahead and smell that. Wow! Just a nice neutral smell.
Now yes, there’s, you know, still some sticks in here and some mango pits that I could go
ahead and break open, one of my favorite pastimes. And literally, this is cooking from the inside.
This is actually still quite warm. Wow! Smells like cooked mango. Alright! So, yeah, the Jora has been a complete
success, you know. The Jora remains, at this point, my number one favorite composter. I
mean, mainly just because it’s just so well built and works really well. I mean, it’s
made out of solid metal, insulated, you know. While I do like the large one because compost
may happen fast because there’s a lot larger compost and pile mass which may cause it to
heat up quicker, you know. Unless you’re an institution or produce a lot of compost
like I do, I wouldn’t necessarily recommend it because it is actually quite heavy to turn.
I’d much rather get two of the smaller Jora composters, the JK 270 , instead of one large
one. But, you know, the large one does have a place. And I’ve learned to like it because
I could stuff a lot of stuff in here. And with all the different composter lined up
here, I finally got in to controlling the amount of food scraps and yard clippings I’m
generating to fill this up, and it’s working nice and fast. So hopefully I won’t have
to bring any new composters in. So hopefully you guys enjoyed this episode
learning more about the Joraform 400, JK400 composter. Once again, my name is John Kohler
with growingyourgreens.com . We’ll see you next time, and remember- keep on composting.

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