Construction of Vermi Compost unit Kannada BAIF Karnataka

Vermicompost Unit Construction Farmer’s Name: Kashavva Akkisagar, Village Mugalihal, Savadathi Block, Belguam, Karnataka. Namaste! My name is Mahantesh Kudal. I work with BAIF
as a location in-charge under SGSY project. Facilitator: We see that, our farmers usually make compost, using crop residue. Facilitator: This method of composting takes roughly 6
months to one year to decompose. Facilitator: This method of composting takes roughly 6
months to one year to decompose. Facilitator: We have a different method of composting, known as Vermicompost.
This takes shorter time span and is more efficient. Facilitator: Let us learn the steps involved in producing vermicompost, including
the basic layout of the structure and temperature regulation. Facilitator: This will be demonstrated to us by our farmer from Mugalihal village. Namaste! Please introduce yourself to our farmers. Namaste! My name is Kashavva. My husband’s name is
Chennappa Akkisagar. I am from Mugalihal village. Facilitator: How much land holding do you have?
What have you availed from our project? Farmer: I have 9 acres of land. Through the project I have planted
20 saplings each of mango and sapota (a kind of fruit). Facilitator: How many livestock do you own? Farmer: I own 2 bulls, 2 buffaloes and 1 goat. Facilitator: Can you please share with our farmers, the composting
method employed by you, prior to vermicomposting? Farmer: Before being introduced to vermicomposting, I produced manure through simple decomposition method. Facilitator: That means, you dug a pit and dumped all the
crop residue into it and allowed it to decompose. Farmer: Yes Facilitator: This is the basic structure of a vermicompost unit, under construction. Facilitator: Our farmer will walk you through the steps
of constructing vermicompost unit, while I explain. Facilitator: Step 1, Mark 10 X 6 feet on the ground. Facilitator: Step 2. Dig a 3 feet deep pit, along the marked
lines, in order to lay flat stone blocks. Facilitator: Step 3. Once the outline is dug, lay
the stone blocks along these lines. Each stone block need to be 2 feet long and 2 feet wide. Facilitator: You now see the basic layout of a vermicompost unit. This structure is
10 feet long and 6 feet wide, as you see here. Facilitator: One will require 5 stone blocks along length and
3 stone blocks along the width sides. Facilitator: Hence in order to create a divide between 6 feet width, and cover 10 feet
long edges, we will require 15 stone blocks having a dimension of 2X2 each. Facilitator: We have two edges, measuring 6 feet each. To have a stone lining along these
edges, we will require 6 stone blocks having a dimension of 2X2 feet each. Facilitator: Hence to have the basic structure with stone block
lining, we will need totally 21 stone blocks. Laying the center line’s stone blocks, to create a divide. Facilitator: You now see how a basic structure of vermicompost unit looks like. Facilitator: we will now learn what residual waste can be used in
producing vermicompost and way to fill crop residue, in layers. Facilitator: unlike in a common composting pit, there is a systematic
way of filling crop residue into the vermicompost pit. Farmer: now the vermicomposting structure is laid out. Can you
please let me know how to use this structure? Facilitator: There is a systematic way of filling
the vermicompost structure with crop residue. Facilitator: firstly one should put those residue at the bottom of the structure which
take longest time to decompose. Such as sorghum and maize stalks. Farmer: Kashavva now collects all the crop residue that takes longest time to decompose
and fills it as the first layer of the vermicompost unit. Note: care should be taken to ensure that 1st layer of crop residue should essentially
consist that which takes longest time to decompose. Like dry, thick stalks, shelled cobs. Followed by this, sprinkle dung slurry on the
1st layer of crop residue filling. Facilitator: you now sprinkled dung slurry on the 1st layer of crop residue. This is necessary to
accelerate decomposition process. Especially for those crop residues that decompose at a slower rate. Facilitator: the second layer of crop residue may contain those crop
residues, that take relatively lesser time to decompose. Second layer of crop residue needs to be minimum of 1 feet height. Facilitator: after you fill the second layer of crop residue,
add copious amount (minimum 2 inches) of dung. Facilitator: cow dung helps in decomposition as well as serves as food
to earth worms and hastens the process of producing vermicompost. After all the layers are filled, add upto 6 inches cow dung. Facilitator: after vermicompost unit is filled with crop residue and cow dung in layers, water
the structures at least once a day, for the next 8 days. Facilitator: water helps maintaining moisture level in the structure and
thus facilitates easy and quicker feeding by earth worms. Facilitator: water helps maintaining moisture level in the structure and
thus facilitates easy and quicker feeding by earth worms. Ensure watering vermicomposting structure immediately after filling it
with crop residue and cow dung. Facilitator: Ensure watering vermicomposting structure everyday for 8 days, prior introducing earth worms into the
structure. It is important to maintain the moisture levels in this structure. Sprinkle water once a day, for next 8 days. Farmer: the structure is ready, filled with crop residue for 8 days. Is this a
right time to introduce earthworms to this structure? How do these worms look? Facilitator: sure! I have got the worms. Will show them to you. These are earthworms, used in producing vermicompost. Facilitator: you were asking about earthworms. Here it is. These are earthworms. Facilitator: now we will introduce these earthworms to the structure.
You may randomly spread these worms on the surface. To keep the moisture levels optimum, keep sprinkling water
once in every 2 or 3 days. Farmer: so, now we have essentially completed the structure and have
also introduced earthworms. Please explain how is the manure produced? Facilitator: earthworms will feed on cow dung and crop residue. In the
process producing worm castings. This is nothing but vermicompost. Facilitator: this is how vermicompost looks like. It more or
less resembles tea powder in texture and granularity. Farmer: how long does it take to produce vermicompost? Facilitator: if we use 1 Kg worms, it will take
approximately 75 to 90 days to produce manure. Facilitator: if we use 2 Kgs of worms, vermicompost
will be produced in about 45 days. Farmer: how to use vermicompost? Facilitator: we can use vermicompost while sowing seeds, add to
plantation crops or incorporate it in fields. Facilitator: vermiconpost is organic manure and helps in plant growth and supplies plant
nutrition. It not only increases productivity, but also improves soil health. Facilitator: adding vermicompost to soil, helps improve soil moisture holding capacity. Farmer: what are the benefits of producing vermicompost? Facilitator: so, now we constructed the structure, filled crop residue in
layers, watered it and introduced earthworms to it. Facilitator: in about 2 to 3 months, you may expect approximately 3 to 4 quintal
vermicompost. Hence 3 cycles of vermicompost production can be undertaken in a year. Facilitator: this implies that in a year, atleast 10 quintals (100 kg). This
ensures an earning of 3000 Rs a year, without much investment. Facilitator: you can use crop residue, which is otherwise a waste to produce vermicompost and use it in fields.
Thus this will cut back on use of chemical fertilizers and save on high input costs. Facilitator: Continuous use of this organic manure in the form of vermicompost
increases productivity of land, improves soil health and texture. Farmer: what is the use of this thatched roof? Facilitator: this thatched roof helps in avoiding expose of vermicompost unit to direct sunlight, conserve
moisture content. It also prevents killing of worms due to direct sunlight. Facilitator: once such a permanent structure is made, it helps to produce vermicompost, year after year.
It thus ensures a steady income of Rs. 3000 per year, without any investment. Facilitator: I urge every farmer to construct vermicomposting structures, adopt
vermicomposting technique and reap the benefits of vermicompost Facilitator: with this message, I conclude this interaction. On behalf of BAIF and Digital
Green, I extend my gratitude to Kashavva, for her time. Thank you

19 thoughts on “Construction of Vermi Compost unit Kannada BAIF Karnataka

  1. ಗೊಬ್ಬರ ಬಳಸಲು ತೆಗೇಯುವಾಗ ಏರೆಹುಳ ಹೆಗೆ ಕಾಪಾಡಬೇಕು plz ans

  2. Earth worm avilability not clear 2) how to separate the worms from the manure is not clear 3)baif guidance availability pl inform

  3. 1st ಎರೆ ಹೂಳಾ ಎಲ್ಲಿ ಸಿಗುತ್ತದೆ ಎಲ್ಲಿಂದ ತರ್ ಬೇಕು ಕಾಮೆಂಟ್ ಮುಖಾಂತರ ತಿಳಿಸಿ ನಿಮ್ಮ ಮೊಬೈಲ್ ನಂಬರ್ ಸೆಂಡ ಮಾಡಿ

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