Hello friends, Namaskar! I’m your host, Brahmdeo. Friends, by the name of Curry leaf or Sweet neem, we all are well familiar. In almost all houses of India, its leaves are used in many kind of dishes as flavoring agent. Not only in India, but in the whole Indian subcontinent, curry leaf is a popular flavoring agent. It has a lot more medicinal use and hold an important place in Ayurveda. Although it’s mainly an outdoor plant which very soon establishes as a big tree. But in today’s video, I’ll tell you how a curry leaf plant can be grown in a pot or a container, outdoor or indoor. As you can see, I’ve this container grown plant having a height of about 1.5 metre and is about 2 years old. It has become bushier and now I have kept its height in control. Later, I’ll show how you also can do the same. In addition to this plant, I also have another one which is about 5 years old. Recently I had pruned its branches and you can see this too that new sprouts are appearing. After few days, it will be full of dence leaves. Friends, Curry leaf plant mainly belongs to Indian subcontinent origin and belongs to the family to which most citrus plants belong to, that is Rutacea family. Its botanical name was Murraya Koeniggi, but now it has been changed to Burgera Koeniggi. Growing of and caring for this plant is very easy. However,before growing any plant it is always beneficial to be familiar with its growing conditions. Curry leaf plant can be grown easily in tropical or subtropical region. Being a cold sensitive plant, in temperate climate it requires a bit extra care. It needs either full or partial sunlight. However, in the months of extreem heat, it is good to save it from the afternoon sunlight. Instead of being indoor, this plant performs very well outdoor. Though you can grow this plant indoor too provided that you keep it at such a place where sufficient amount of light is available, particularly at a place where at least 2,3 hours of sunlight is available. Friends, if cury leaf plant is kept outdoor, then during its active growth period, i.e., from March to September, it needs regular watering. Its potting soil should always be in moist condition. Particularly, in hot days, the water requirement of this plant increases. Due to large number of leaves in the plant water is consumed quickly. From October to February, water supply to this plant should be kept reducing. In coldest months, it should be kept at some warm place and water supply should be optimally reduced, or else the plant may die due to root-rot. During winter, Curry leaf plants remain dormant and that’s why the water and fertilizer requirements remain very low. Friends, later I’ll tell you about fertilizing the Curry leaf plant and also tell you how it can be made bushier. Now, let me tell you how you can make a start to grow this plant. Curry leaf plant can be grown easily either by seeds or cuttings. Look at this, it has fruits like black-berries. The pulp of this fruit is edible but the seeds are poisonous.By means of wind or birds, after falling over the ground, small seedlings grow automatically. But to start, you should purchase from nursery, a plant like this. However, I’ve grown this plant by the seed of curry leaf plant. Within 4 to 6 weeks, the seeds germinate. Particularly in summer or rainy season, seeds and cutting both are successfull. So, today I’ll show you how this small plant is transplanted to a bigger pot. Friends, Curry leaf plant can be grown in land in any kind of soil. But, if it has to be grown in a pot then one should take a well drained potting mix which is rich in organic matter, which has moisture holding capacity too but shouldn’t become soggy after watering. The potting mix that I take to do this contains four ingredients in equal ratio. The first one is simple garden soil, the second one is coarse sand used in building construction, the third one is cocopeat and the fourth one is compost which may be composted cow dung manure or vermicompost or a mixture of both. By mixing all these four things, I have prepared this potting mix. If cocopeat is not available, then at that place rice-husk can be used. Curry leaf plant can be started with a 10 inch pot. It has a slow initial growth. In initial one year it is able to obtain a height of only 8 to 10 inches. Therefore, in a hurry, don’t overfertilize this plant. After completion of one year, it starts growing rapidly. So, as the size of plant increases, it should be repotted to a bigger pot. While transferring it to a bigger pot, don’t disturb its root system, as it likes to be root bounded. If the root is pruned, it will take a lot of time to re establish itself. Once the Curry leaf plant is established well, it becomes a hardy plant and particularly in tropical climate, can withstand all kind of extreme situations. So, after planting it like this, water thoroughly and place at a warm location where sunlight is available. Most favorable time to grow this plant lies between the start of Spring and the end of Summer.Months of March to August are better to grow this plant. In the initial 8 to 10 months while it is not fully established, very low amount of fertilizer should be used. During this time interval, once in a month, a foliar spray of sea-weed extract will be enough. After 8 to 10 months, when active growth starts in the plant, then a regular fertilizer should be applied. Friends, Curry leaf plant is grown for its leaf only, therefore, it requires Nitrogen rich fertilizer more. Beside this, application of magnesium and calcium in between will keep the leaves denser and greener. So, let me tell you about some highly effective fertilizers. The first fertilizer is composted manure. Its mulching layer of about 1.5 to 2 inches should be kept around the plant over the soil. It works as a slow release nitrogen-rich fertilizer to fulfil the plant’s requirement continuously. The second effective fertilizer is sea-weed extract. Besides nitrogen, it contains a lot of micronutrients. 2 ml. of this fertilizer added to 1 litre of water should be sprayed every month over the plants. The third effective fertilizer is butter-milk. It is rich in calcium. After diluting it with water, spray over the plants at an interval of every two weeks. The fourth effective fertilizer is Epsom salt or magnesium sulphate. After adding One table spoonful of it to 1 litre of water, in addition to watering the plants spray also over the foliage of the plants. Use this fertilizer in alternate months, i.e., only once in two months. In addition to this, if required, liquid dilution of compost tea can be used. Friends, this was all about fertilizr. Now one more thing which is highly important is pinching or pruning of this plant. After getting about one year old, from the start of Spring to whole summer, its branches starts growing rapidly. It acquire a height of more than 1 feet. At that time, the tips of its branches should be removed by trimming 1 to 2 inches from the top. It will result in producing 2 to 3 secondary branches. It has two benefits. The first one is a rapid growth in the number of branches so that the plants become bushier and the second one is that instead of a vertical growth, lateral growth is more, resulting in a lesser height and more lateral spread all around the plant. The pinching or pruning of the branch should be done on a regular basis as needed. This results in new growth. The most favorable time for pruning or pinching is the Spring season when the process of growth starts again. Friends, Curry leaf plant also produces small white flowers which is normally not required by us. So, whenever you see flower buds, just remove it so that the energy of the plant is not wasted. After this, I’d like to tell you that over the leaves or branches of Curry plant, there may be a pest infestation. Main among these are, Mealy Bugs, Aphids, Spider mites, scales etc. that suck the juice of leaves or branches of this plant. Due to this, plant becomes weak and the leaves starts yellowing. Beside these, the possibility of many kind of fungal infections are there. If, over the plants, there is seen a regular transmission of ants, then it should be understood that the start of pest infestation has begun. The ants transplant either the pests or their larva to different parts of the plant because they themselves are partners in the sap sucked by the pests from the leaves of the plant. To prevent this, at an interval of every two weeks, regularly over the plants, the neem oil or neem-garlic extract should ve sprayed. This will never let you face such problems. Friends, now at the end I ‘d like to remind you that Curry plant is cold sensitive. Due to the effect of cold drafts or frost, its leaves fall down after yellowing. So, in winter, in coldest months, it needs security. If you are not able to keep it indoor, then to secure it, the parts that contain leaves, should be covered with thin plastic bags so that cold draft or frost has no effect over the plant. Secondly, this plant remains dormant in winter so water sparingly and dont use any fertilizer. So, I hope the video will be helpful to you.