How Compost & Worm Castings are Made with Food Scraps & Wood Chips


This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com
today with have another exciting episode for you and I’m coming at you on a field trip
from all the way in Averdeen, Maryland and we are about a half hour away from Baltimore
right now, on the field trip today and I’m excited to show you guys is actually we’re
here at Veteran Compost, so Veteran Compost is a facility that composts food scraps to
make compost for people that live in the local area, so that I’m really excited to be here.
We are going to get to show you guys there whole facility, how they make standard composts.
Also how they make the worm composts, but more importantly how they’re taking a bite
out of all the waste that would normally go to the land fill. So I guess without further
ado, actually lets head up on to the facility here and show you guys what they are doing.
Now we are here at the Veteran Compost facility and the first place the compost starts is
actually with the truck here. They make actually regular pick-ups six days a week of the input
material, so this is basically the food scraps and food waste with the small amounts of cardboard
that they are actually going to turn into the compost. Now they have just done a pick-up,
so actually I’m going to unload a green bin which is full of the compost.
But why is it important that you reuse the food scraps and make it into compost instead
of letting it just go to the landfill? Well if you put food scraps in the landfill it
basically just rots. It does not make any compost. It creates methane gas which is not
good and we want to try to remove things and not put that much stuff in the landfill.
There is so many different things going in the landfill, that does not necessarily have
to be there, like the food scraps, like yard waste trimmings, like cardboards, like many
plastics, can be recycled, but many places in the country don’t actually have program
to do this, so I’m glad that a place like Veteran Compost is filling the void, or filling
the niche and more importantly than just filling the niche, it’s actually an American owned
business. It’s actually a Veteran owned business. So actually this owner, Justin came back from
overseas after his stint in the Military and didn’t have a job. Instead of trying to go
find a job because finding a job could be tough in this day and age for Military or
Vets or anybody, he created his own job to fill a need to make a successful business
doing the right thing, by removing food scraps out of land fill, but by also enabling farmers,
especially organic farmers to grow more nutrient-dense crops by using compost and even the worm castings.
So anyways let’s go on a journey of how the food scraps come off the truck, through the
composting facility, to make compost and actually also feed worms to make worm castings.
So now we are on the back of the truck and these are all the different bins that they
get in like six days a week to take out into the field and compost. Now you guys might
think that composting is really easy. But it all starts with the source material so
you got contamination in your source material including plastic straws, utensils and all
that kind of stuff, it’s not going to work. So I really like that Veteran Compost here
does education with the institutions from Pre-Schools to Supermarkets and large Businesses
to take the ways to train them properly so that they only get a good input. Now if you’re
composting in the home It’s really easy to sort and sift through all the different things
you’re going to compost, but when they’re dealing with tons of bins coming in every
day to compost, it can be quite challenging. We are just literally going take one of these
off the truck now, and take it up and dump it to show you guys what they mix the food
scraps with to make some of the best compost in Maryland.
Alright so we are going take a ride on this lift gate down and dump this guy out.
So this is composting on an industrial scale. This wind row or row of compost which is really
about half the size of a foot ball field, it totally huge they got a all kinds of stuff
composting on top, i don’t know if you guys can see it but its steaming off the top because
it’s so hot, its obtaining like a hundred and fifty degrees and we about to dump this
on to the pile to feed the compost pile. A good compost pile is always going to have
some good inputs and lets go ahead and put this nitrogen input on the compost pile and
we will share with you some other inputs you’ll need for a successful compost pile in an industrial
setting like this or even at home. So before we dumped our toke here on to the
massive compost pile, I want to share with you guys the two essential elements to composting.
When your are composting on a small household scale like hopefully many of you guys are
or will after this video, or whether you are composting on a large industrial scale, like
we are here at Veteran Compost, Two agreements: Number one – you need the food scraps or other
yard and waste clippings which is the source of the nitrogen. The nitrogen is very important
so that compost will happen effectively. Aside from that,
Number two – you need what is behind me and what they’re getting free from the local tree
service company and what that is, that’s the wood chips, so you can see the pile of wood
chips behind me, this is the carbon element, so when you mix the appropriate amount of
carbon with the appropriate amount of nitrogen inputs you’re going to get some compost happening.
Which is what you can use to rebuild you soil. So next, looks like they are piling up all
the wood chips here and they are actually mixing the wood chips off on the pile and
I’m going to show you guys next with the food scraps so that makes a complete system so
next we are going move the bin over and dump it on their pile.
Now I’m ready to dump this bin here with all the food scraps on to the large wind row with
all kinds of wood chips and food scraps sitting here composting down. But before that, I’ve
actually been saving my own compost for the last couple of days here, so we going to go
ahead and make a contribution. All my organic food scraps. Now I always encourage you guys
to eat a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables where you’ll generate a good amount of compost
to go back in to the soil to grow your plants, and next lets go ahead and open this guy up
only food waste and let’s see what we got inside. We’re rich! We’re rich in oranges!
So orange juice is definitely one of my favorite things to consume and it looks like this is
a whole tote of oranges we are going to go ahead and mix this up with the wood chip and
then pre lay it down and then we will share more with you guys about how this specific
composting is working here at Veteran Compost. Alright lets dump it over. Aaah! Best work
out I’ve had all week. Alright got all of those guys out, now the cool thing that sets
Veteran Compost apart from other companies that pick up compost or food waste is that
every time after they pick up the food waste, they actually take the bins and clean them
out. So when you get your bin back you get a nice clean bin. I don’t know how many times
I compost my own bins at home and they’re just kind of funky and they smell bad. They
literally take the smell out of composting by cleaning the bins and they are running
a really clean operation here. When I drove up I smelled no funky smells even though all
this composting is happening. Next let’s take a look at the mixture and what they have been
dumping on their compost piles. So you guys can now see all the oranges that
I’ve dumped here and besides the oranges they’ve got to add the wood chips in here. What’s
the ratio of wood chips to food scraps? Well in general they use about three parts of wood
chips to one part of the food scraps. So since I’ve dumped like one whole bin of the oranges,
they’ll put like three bins of the wood chips approximately. And they adjust this, depending
on the load they are getting in. Now besides just the oranges they could be
getting things in like different paper towels and different things like that or even things
like the green stripe and this is actually a eco-compostable cup made out of the PLA
material which is corn based. So these guys will compost down if you have
a hot enough pile. Unfortunately most people do not have a really hot pile and what we
are going to talk about next is how they maintain a hot temperature of a hundred and fifty degrees
in this pile so that it all breaks down faster and sooner rather than later. I know many
of you guys out there may have a compost pile that’s been sitting there for years and you
haven’t got any compost out of it. That’s because it’s not active. So next we are going
to show you the two most essential components to ensure you have an active compost pile
that’s going to work sooner, so you can make compost now rather than later.
One of my favorite mottos is that compost happens, but it only happens if you do it
right. Because I know many of people including myself, back in the days had compost problems.
It just wasn’t working properly. So beside the carbon to the nitrogen ratio and it generally
always needs more carbon than the nitrogen inputs. You also need a few other things.
You need the right moisture percentage. So it can’t be too wet. It can’t be too dry.
They can adjust this by adding more. Something like a dry material like the wood chips instead
of a wet material like a wet food scraps and they could also adjust this by maybe watering
the pile if it gets too dry. The other thing that’s very critical, that’s missing from
most piles from what I’ve seen is air. We need some air, the oxygen which is going to
encourage the breakdown of the waste inside there. So how they’re doing that here is that
they got these perforating tubes going through the bottom of the pile out on every ten feet
or so, and they’ve got these blowers here that will blow oxygen through. now if you
don’t have a big industrial pile like this you may not need a blower, you just simple
put in some perforated tubes to the bottom, to get some air flow is definitely a good
thing you could also do a similar thing by actually turning your compost pile I’m lazy
these days so I don’t like turning my pile instead I like the compost tumblers So be
sure to check my past videos on videos on how to use a compost tumbler properly, for
the best results in mixing compost, in just about a month or so, from what I’ve experienced.
So after the compost mix in for about one or two months it’s ready to be sifted out.
What the sifting does is remove all the large fragments and all large materials, including
the trash that may have gotten into the compost. They are taking a loader here. They are loading
up and putting into the Compost Sifter. It’s going to sift out all the bad stuff and only
keep the good stuff. Let’s take a close up look on some of that fresh compost coming
out. As you can see, the compost is coming off
the top of the conveyor there, into another pile. Now making a good compost is like making
a fine wine. It gets better in most cases with time. So after this is sifted once it
actually sits there for a little more period of time until it is ready to be sold. But
before it is sold each batch is individually tested to ensure seeds will germinate in it
so that definitely a good thing you want to look for that when buying compost or making
compost for yourself before harvesting it, test some. Make sure some seed will germinate
before you harvest it or you might need to let it go a little bit longer or do something
else to it. After the compost have been aged for the appropriate
amount of time it’s all ready to go, now they do sell the compost by the cubic yard here,
but the loader drive up your truck and go fill you truck with it or more conveniently
for you guys who don’t have trucks you can actually buy it by the bag, so they just been
bagging it up here with a scoop and the bag and you just take this and scoop and fill
up the bag, one scoop full at a time. Now just before I came up to this trip I was actually
sifting my own compost for the three good large bags of compost. Now I want to encourage
you guys always to use compost as your primary source of nutrition to add it back into your
garden. That’s of course along with things like the rock dust and the trace which provide
your plant with trace minerals. But the organic matter in the compost is imperative in my
opinion to having a healthy garden. So as I continue to fill up this bag and the
one thing I want to share with you guys is that before you buy any compost you want to
take a whiff. Wow! It should have a nice neutral smell, I mean if smells too strong, like gross
or something, it’s probably not a good compost. Besides that, you want to ask or find out
what’s in the compost that you’re buying. I see the stock they are using here. They’re
using the wood chips and the food waste, which is my favorite inputs to use in a compost.
Many composts may use high amounts of animal manure or other things going in the compost.
I think the food waste and the wood chip and other yard clippings is some of the best compost
you can make. I definitely would agree that this is some of the best compost that I have
seen here on the East Coast. So far it’s very similar to the compost I’ve used on the West
Coast. Now I always encourage you guys to source your compost locally. You know, it’s
almost a waste to ship compost throughout the country, I think I should be made locally
and there should be a business such as Veteran Compost in every city. Hopefully run by Veterans
to make compost distribute to the local area and more importantly to keep food and other
things that can be composted out of the land fill and back into people yards that they
can grow some food in their front yard, instead of having to be dependent on the grocery store.
So I’m just about done bagging up this bag of compost, we’re going ahead and tie this
bag off here. And now next I’m going to do something special. We’re going to sign the
bag. It’s going to get my autograph. This is the growing the green bag and we’re going
to autograph it. So one lucky viewer that comes that visit Veteran Compost, maybe the
next one, is going to get to buy the bag that I filled myself. And you guys have seen on
this very episode. You got to Veteran Compost, if you live anywhere near the area, even if
you’re not the first one to pick up this bag, I can definitely say if I lived in the area
this is the compost I’d be using to fill my garden.
Now one of the reasons why I like them here at Veteran Compost, is that they are always
thinking now beside just making the compost there are going to actually turn this compost
into another kind of compost that you’ve heard about many times on my show. It’s actually
happening over in the barns, so let’s go ahead and show you guys what they are doing to this
compost, to make a whole different kind of compost that in my opinion ??? more beneficial
in your garden than the standard hemophilic compost that we just saw.
Now we are going to get to show you guys the last part of the compost facility here and
we are literally in an old barn, and inside this old barn they’re making some more compost
and actually here is one of the cool composters they have, they have at least three composters
on site, you got to see the big one, you got the smaller one then you got this other cool
one they have all kind of cool gadgets that I’ve just been geeking out on here. Anyways,
let’s go into this barn and show you guys the other kind of compost that they are making
here at Veteran Compost. The other way they make compost is they make
vermicompost or worm compost. With their finished compost, this is really cool, most people
will use food scraps and other things to feed their worms to make compost, but when you
use food scraps you could attract bugs and different things and can be all messy.
This is one of the cleanest worm composting facilities that I’ve ever seen ‘I mean’ they
are using their finished compost which provide the worms rich organic matter, and there is
really no bugs or no flies and nothing happening. And now what they do they simply put their
screen finished compost down here. They make sure the moisture level is right. They need
to be like eighty percent moisture and they literally let the worms compost the compost
they already generated that was made from food scraps and wood chips. This is probably
the finest worm compost or worm casting you’ve ever seen anywhere. Man it looks awesome!
Oh and there is a worm stuck on me! And once again, smelling this stuff, there is no odor!
It smells totally neutral. That’s definitely a good sign of some definitely healthy worm
castings. I personally believe worm castings are actually more important to your garden
than just the standard compost so I would recommend adding as much worm casting or vermicompost
to your garden as you possibly can. And if I was starting a garden I would probable use
like one bag of the worm casting to like six bag of the regular stuff, to fill a nice raised
bag to grow some delicious food. So the last thing that we are going to do
in this episode today is that we are going to sit down with Justin, the owner of Veteran
Compost here who started the business, because he was a Vet that came back and didn’t have
a job, and he’s really excited about the composting, the vermiculture and I’ve shared with him
a lot of ideas that hopefully he’ll implement soon in the future, to create even a better
product for local gardeners and people here in Maryland and the East Coast.
Now we are here with Justin, the founder of Veteran Compost. Glad he could share a minute
out of his busy day with me. John: Justin, so why did you start Veteran
Compost? Justin: I got home from being an Active Duty
Service Member, for five year I was a Competent Engineer
Officer so my day to day job was construction and explosives, however there’s just not that
many jobs for guys that dynamite on the outside, so I had to find something else to do ??? is
a field and as I looked at different recycling business models I came across Composting.
A lot of potential material, two thirds of what gets thrown out every day is compostable
and the day I opened in Maryland with a shovel on my hand and mud in my pocket I was number
three, so I got a bronze medal just for showing up. So how can you beat that? It’s a business. John: Wow that’s great! So currently like
what a hundred percent of your work force is either
Veterans or families of Veterans, is that correct? Justin: Correct, several. When we hire, we
have preferential hiring for Veterans or immediate family
members of Veterans, since typically, anyone in the family that can support a veteran is
good by us. John: Awesome, awesome. You know so another
part of this is so I want to teach others to do what you are doing. I mean other veterans
and other states and far off places could do what you’re doing, literally start a company
and use the food wastes and wood chips in their area to create a business like you’ve
done. So would you recommend this as a course of action for other Veterans or other people
out there that want to do something productive and help the earth and help people and make
a living at the same time. .Justin: Sure! I mean I think that if you
have a bucket and a shovel you’re pretty much in the compost business, so it does have low
barriers to entry. It’s not like watching the next face book, so I think there is a
lot of potential benefits or opportunities, I mean it tends to be very specific to your
local area, so I think if it’s something you’re interested in you need to pay attention to
what are the local rules, or permits that that might apply to this. What are the market
conditions? Is this something that people around me are interested in? Is there enough
people that want food scraps collected or enough people that want to purchase compost?
You know, just like any business I would look at just a general kinda’ what’s going on,
the lay of the land and then just try to get smart on compost. You know it’s a little bit
of leap from the back yard to the commercial side but at the same time I think it’s pretty
straight forward. There is a lot of materials out there. You know, places like Cornell University
have free resources on the Web. So you can go and find a lot of material out there on
how to duplicate things like this if you’re willing to do all the leg work. John: So Justin let’s talk more about your
input that you just mentioned. Your inputs are food scraps and wood chips. And so why
don’t you use yard waste and things, ’cause this is pretty much yard waste free right. Justin: Yeah I think compost is a lot like
the food that you eat. If you use the right ingredients and good ingredients, then you
know where they came from, you’re going to have good results, So what we try to do is
stick to food scraps that we collect so we know all the sources that provide it to us
and typically we only use wood chips because it’s chemical free. Yard waste in this State
comes in plastic bag so to remove it from the plastic bag is nearly impossible and then
just the concerns about everyday insecticides and pesticides and fertilizers that are available,
I mean you can walk into places, large box stores and you can buy scary amounts of long
named chemicals then apply them to your yard, then mow your grass and then put those grass
clippings in the green bin at the end of your drive way. So we just have a lot of concerns
about keeping chemicals out and that why we’ve chosen to only use the ingredients that we
do. John: Wow! So if somebody is not in the local
Maryland or surrounding areas and come here and pick up some compost from you guys what
would you say you recommend they look for when they are buying some compost and make
sure they are getting some good stuff and not just some wood chip that are lightly composted
in a bag. Justin: It is, the definition of compost is
very vague, depending on what State you are in. A lot of the labeling is strict in some
States and vague in other States. So what I would just look at, is when you flip a bag
of any product over, it’s going to say derived from what the ingredients are. So i would
look at what materials went into that product, what chemicals, if any, were added, what types
of materials were used in the making of that. I would also look and see where it was made
or who made it, a lot of times the most popular labels whether they be the store brand or
other very popular brand names, didn’t actually make the product. so if you could do, depends
on how much research you want to do, but understand that what may be on the front of the bag may
not the person who made it. So I think it’s important to look at what was in it and also
just basic chemical analysis. Any compost should be a neutral ph so there are other
things out there that’s the best, easiest way. Either looking at the ph or smelling
the product or touching it, if you could find an open bag just to get a feel for what’s
in it in, it should smell earthy it should look like soil and touching it, smelling it,
the product will also help. John: I definitely agree, I have smelled the
stuff that he’s making here. The compost, it’s excellent stuff. I wish I lived in this
area because I would probably buy a whole bunch of this stuff to have in my garden,
and I have an amazing garden. Plus I’ve been talking to Justin throughout the day. Maybe
give him some more tips and tricks on what he might be doing in the future. Hopefully
he’ll be adding some rock dust in with his compost to make it a one stop shop with the
rock dust with the compost built in already. Justin if someone wants to purchase you compost,
from you, your worm castings, let my viewers know how they can get a hold of you so they
can do that. Justin: Sure,they can go to our website at
veterancompost.com, we are on our facebook page facebook.com/veterancompost. You can
order stuff and pick it up all the way from Philadelphia, to Northern Virginia, we also
do sell worms and compost teabags and vermicompost through the internet and ship it to 48 States
in the Caribbean. If you go to the website we are pretty flexible guys, so if you have
a problems we have to compost. John: Awesome, If you guys come out, Justin
has a special offer for you our growningyourgreens viewers, if you come out ti pick up compost
here you get a free compost tea bag so you will be growing your own compost tea from
the worm casting that they actually made here plus to be the first viewer to get that signed
bag. Justin: If I don’t frame it. John: If he doesn’t frame it. So in any case
I hope you guys really enjoyed this episode about how compost can be made. There are two
points that I want you guys to remember is 1. If you’re not already, make your own compost
2. if you’re not making compost you need to buy compost. Make sure you know what’s going
in the bag, what’s in the compost. Try to visit the facility and hopefully they will
have an open door policy to show you guys what’s going in it so there is nothing going
on behind closed doors. I like that Justin was able to show me the whole facility here.
He has nothing to hide and he is always doing great work. Final thing is I want to reduce the amount
of things that are going to the land fill, so composting and recycling is the primary
ways to doing that and try to use things that are already on site, in your garden, reuse
things instead of even recycling them. so hope you guys enjoyed this episode once again
my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. I’ll see you next time and remember keep on
growing.

100 thoughts on “How Compost & Worm Castings are Made with Food Scraps & Wood Chips

  1. John, You should check out my setup in MD while you are here (if you are still here). I've modeled it a lot from your setup in your yard with raised beds and irrigation. I'm also using wood from my 1 acre suburban lot just outside Washington, DC. I'm also using some permaculture concepts- using Hairy Vetch and channeling rainwater. If you are interested, I'm actually not sure how you can contact me through You Tube.

  2. John thanks for this very inspiring and awesome story. We will include it on Southeast Green too! Keep up the great work.

  3. hi hear is question I think of start a worm farm using 5 gal pails in the feeding pail when the worm have eat the first 3'' why don't you just put 3more inch on top of what they all
    ready have eating and so on and so on until the pail is full instead of change ever time
    thy have eating 3=4 in

  4. Hey, Jason, where in MD are you? I'm hoping to buy some land in the next couple years where I can do a whole permaculture/food forest/homestead set up but that's not too far from the city. I know a couple who have something going near Kensington but they've been hassled a bit about their compost pile. :/

  5. too much food will make the worms want to leave…they will be crawling up the sides of your container wanting to get out. Also it is not recommended to use a tall container because there is less surface area for heat to dissipate….worms need a long container because they like to be cool not hot.

  6. I found an acre just East of DC in PG County. It was a LOT less expensive than Montgomery County. I drive to work in about 40 min. or by metro from New Carrolton in about 50 min. I am a mile outside the Beltway. If I had to do it again, I would look a couple miles further. A mile is not quite far enough from the noise depending on how the wind is blowing.

  7. anyone else notice the giant white grub trying to get up the hill? 12:50 – 15:40 .. poor thing didn't get very far..

  8. It's nice to see John's been visiting my area. I've bought worms and compost from these guys and was very happy. The number of worms was very generous and the compost was as good as I've seen anywhere. Thanks John and Veteran Compost!!

  9. Ah, thanks! Yeah, MoCo is crazy expensive and, while I haven't looked into it, I imagine there are a number of building codes that wouldn't allow the type of home I want to build. Like I said, I know a couple who's making it work in Kensington, though. Haven't thought about looking in PG, though, I'll look into it. I've also started looking in NoVa. We'll see…I gotta get the money first, lol.

  10. I have several cats and it bothers me that there doesn't seem to be a green way of dealing with the used litter. Any suggestions in choice of litter and / or composting techniques? I would use it only for non-food gardening just to be safe.

  11. This is a great concept. My city and the surrounding cities are big on composting !! I have mine set up to bring te worms in! They do it so well 🙂 I was able even to start rebuilding my soil using this method

  12. I ordered a pound of worms from this company after watching this video…they came in the mail a few days ago….they are healthy and very active….thanks John and Veteran Compost

  13. I live in the area and bought a set up worm bin form Veterans and was very happy my bin. Thank you John for doing a video on these guys it is my go to place for compost.

  14. Ay!  I strongly encourage you to use gloves.  You just touched garbage with your bare hands, compost material or not, tsk tsk tsk.   You don't know the people this "garbage/compost material" is coming from.  Thank you for the video, I learned a lot.

  15. Great Video John…thank you very much.  As a veteran I really appreciate the efforts of Veteran Compost.  I logged onto their excellent website and have already found a product or two that I'll be ordering.  They have a very easy to use website full of great products…give them a look. 

  16. Lol I keep getting distracted by the little bug crawling behind John! Lol he keeps rolling back down, go little bug, go!!!

  17. John: You should be on TED talks! Wish I could travel around to places like this, permaculture sites, etc., like you!

  18. lol, that poor little grub at 12:53 just wanted to climb up the compost pile. Why did you not aid him John? 😀 haha just kidding, great episode!

  19. It sure is a pleasure to have people like Justen right up the highway 20 minutes and the infamous John travel from the West Coast to show the apprieciation and keep us aware like you do.
    Veteran Compost will have my business from now own.

  20. Hi John, I was wondering what your thought are on my garden plan. I  have. a second year garden that needs to be built up. I  don't have a lot of money to spend. I plan on tilling news paper into my garden. . They say it will help feed earthworms = worm castings. I am going to pave my walk ways with cardboard. What are your thoughts? Linda

  21. I have a 100 gallon raisedbed smartpot. Im using kellogs blue ribbon, should I add wormcastings if so how much per bed .Thanks!

  22. I've watched a few of his videos and he's really long winded and I can't finish watching them cos I get bored with his nonstop yakking. Just get to the point and show us instead of talking the cows to the moon.

  23. I've  gotten several truckloads of compost from Veteran Compost, and it is great stuff. You can really tell that they take pride in their work and their product. Love their service, love their mission, and LOVE their compost!

  24. catterpillar from 12:40 in the back of his back grabbed my attention.. :p look at the little fella go! go cattepillar Go!

  25. Feed the food scraps to Chickens first. They shorten the process making a better compost and give you protein. The remaining can be processed as done here. You can just leave the chickens run around they find their food.

  26. So happy you did an episode on this, John! I've been buying from Veteran Compost since last year! Great compost.

  27. there was a huge compost pile north of town that spontaneous combusted due to the high heat produced. took over a month to put it out.

  28. I love seeing these places 🙂 We have a big community composting site near me 🙂 Doesn't take food waste I don't think but people from all around take their garden waste there and its piled up in piles like 20 foot high and turned into compost that folk can buy for £2 a bag 🙂 They sell wood chip as well. 3 wagon loads of wood too thick to put through the chipper go to the local power station each week apparently to make electricity 🙂

  29. Excellent informative video. Yes, we need more Veteran Compost in each State. This will help our Veteran having jobs at the same time enrich our environment with high nutrition soil for our gardeners and farmers. Cheers to our Veterans and Thank you for your Service!.

  30. I like how you show how composting and worm composting can be used in two steps. I've been doing both, not realizing I should join the two to make kick ass super compost. Thanks John!

  31. I appreciate your videos. They are helpful. However there is a lot of fluff that one has to wade through to get to the point.

  32. you know that's a problem with a lot of people in America all you people are negative saying he long-winded and hand suggestion why don't you people just let people be people let people be who they are not everybody can be like you that's why everybody's different in color and race and hair and styles of clothes they wear and the way they talk everybody is different I love to see some of you people that stand in front of God sake and I'm just get to the point you talk too much I love to see him that you like a bug in a light people wear something else

  33. Here in Southern Connecticut I love to walk in the woods and notice the "blooms" of worm castings along the paths and the large patches of worm casting where the skunk cabbage grows. I love earthworms and I'm fascinated by the cycle of growth where the worms eat up vegetation that dies to fertilize new growth.

  34. 5 seconds of a Growing Your Greens episode:

    "Now the next thing we're going to do is we're going to see X and I personally believe X is important so we're going to show you X and by the way X is important so that's the next thing we're going to show you. [jump cut] Okay so here we are where they X and remember I believe X personally, that's my personal belief that X is important, and so here is where they do X and that's what we're going to see now. And remember X is important in my belief, it's one of the best things you can do. And remember growing and eating your own greens, that's why we're called grow your greens, because it's really important and X is one of the most important things you can do which is why we're here showing you how they do X so you can maybe implement some of these ideas in your own home garden, and grow some of your own greens, however you do it, I personally believe that X is really important, but however you do it, whether you do X which I believe is really important or some other way, the important thing whether you do X or not, and personally I believe X is important, is that you are growing and eating some of your own, healthy delicious greens *thumbs up smile*."

  35. CORN MEAL MAKES EARTH WORMS BIGGER AND KILLS PLANT DISEASES,EPSOM SALTS AND BAKING SODA KILLS SLUGS AND SNAILS,DISHSOAP AND BEER THEY ALL KILL SLUGS AND SNAILS.TOBACCO KILLS RODENTS

  36. I would really love to set something like this up on our property in central PA. I would need some more information. How did they start getting all their material just start asking people for their waste?

  37. There is a residential organic waste pick up in Toronto, so why not make it in the States? Oh,…look at the three little guys going up hill…how darling!🐛🐛🐛

  38. Hi John. I  cannot have a large compost pile in my yard and have it heat up the neighbors are very pesky where I live. If I just layer leaves and  used coffee grounds with a layer of wood chips on top about 3 or 4 inches will this eventually turn into compost? I cannot add food, like I said I have pesky neighbors. I could water it frequently as well. What are your thoughts on this?

  39. Veteran Compost, you ever think about franchising your product? I think it would be awesome to open and run a place like this, but am unsure how to do it.

  40. Was just a customer, Now I'm a full-time employee there. I love my job. Woish the screener still looked like that, we just had to rebuild it

  41. Who else noticed the little white creature just above Johns right shoulder climbing up and down the compost pile starting at 13:17 and goes until 15:40? It is quite entertaining watching the little bugger, but I wonder what type of creature it is?
    Thanks for the video and info and thumbs up as always.
    God bless.

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