How To Do Soil Testing (माती परीक्षण) | Marathi

Soil Testing Friends, greetings from Chaturrao and Chatura. You must be aware that the soil that has more organic carbon has higher water storage capacity. Hence, no matter whether rainfall is good or poor, such soil performs the function
of water conservation effectively. Our crops benefit immensely from this. The procedure to determine how much of
this valuable organic carbon the soil holds is known as soil testing. To share with us more information on soil testing, we have with us today our friend,
Agriculture Officer, Mr. Mohite. Sir, a warm welcome to you
from us and our farmer friends. Hello my friends.
Soil testing is a simple, easy and inexpensive procedure. The most important question for soil testing is where one can do it. Every district has government-run laboratories for soil testing. If we take a sample of the soil
to any of these district laboratories, you can get your sample tested for just Rs. 35. But what if a farmer lives in a remote village
and cannot travel so far? What should he do? No worries. There are private soil testing labs in talukas as well. The fees of such a lab in the taluka
might be relatively a little higher. For instance, to get a sample of the soil tested, you will be charged Rs. 150. In this way, be it at taluka or district level, whatever is convenient, we can get our sample of the soil tested. Sir, if the field size is very large, from which part of this land
should a soil sample be tested? It’s very easy. However, first, it is important to understand which part of the land or soil should ‘not’ be tested. If the sample is incorrectly selected, the subsequent report could be inaccurate. Firstly, if there are trees on the boundary of the farm, do not collect the soil from around those trees. Secondly, if there are flood irrigation channels in your field, do not collect the soil from around such channels. Thirdly, there are usually bunds in the field. Never collect the soil attached
to the sides of these bunds. Point number 4. Sometimes, we add fertilisers to the soil and make heaps of fertilisers in the field. If we take a sample of the soil from below such heaps, it will result in a misleading positive report. Therefore, the soil from such a heap
should not be used. Fifth and a most important point: Never take a sample from the place
where we tie our livestock. Another important point to note: If the ground is wet and the soil is wet,
do not collect that soil for testing. Sir, please tell us how to collect this sample. Let us first assume that I have one acre of land. How to collect a sample from one acre of land? There is a simple method to collect
a sample from one acre of land. Avoiding the places I earlier mentioned, mark six points in a zig zag
pattern on the rest of the field. We have thus marked six points in one acre of land. Let us now go to one point. At the first point out of the six, remove two to three inches of the top layer of loose soil. After that, dig a V-shaped hole, nine inches deep. Then remove the soil from it. Scrape the edges of this V-shaped cone. But if you do it using a sickle or an iron spade, the soil collected tends to have more iron content and the report could be inaccurate. Hence, do not use any iron tools. Use a wooden stick or a spatula instead just as we scoop rice. If we scrape the sides of the conical hole like this, we get the soil from all the layers. You’ll get one kg soil from one such hole. We have a total of six holes. So we’ll get six kg soil from them. Lay a gunny sack in your farm
and pour this six kg soil onto it. Then mix it well. Once mixed, spread it out in a circle, as shown here. Once spread out in a circle, divide it into four parts. Draw a plus sign to make four parts. Throw away two diagonally opposite parts and mix the remaining two parts with each other. Once mixed properly, repeat the first process by
spreading the soil on the sack in a circle. Once spread out, divide it again into four parts. Throw away two diagonally opposite parts and mix the soil from the other two parts again. Continue this process until only half a kilogram of soil remains. This remaining 1/2 kg of soil is our sample for testing. Pack it in a plastic bag. Put a label inside the plastic bag to inform the laboratory to whom this sample belongs. What should you write on the label? Firstly, the name of the farmer. Secondly, the name of the village, taluka and district. Then the survey number of the plot from
which soil samples were taken. Fourth point, the area of that land plot. For instance, one acre, two acres, etc. In our instance, it is one acre. After that, the name of the crop
that was grown last in that field. After that, the name of the crop you plan to grow next. What for? So that the laboratory knows which crop the farmer intends to grow so that specific kinds of fertilisers
can be recommended to the farmer. The next point: Date on which the sample was obtained. With all this information, put the label into the bag. This is how ideally the soil sample
should be collected and submitted to the laboratory. Agriculture Department Laboratory for Soil Testing Amazing!
It is so easy. But sir, once the soil has been tested, what information will our farmers get for 35 rupees? The organic carbon of the soil. We learn how much organic carbon our soil contains. If the organic carbon is less than 1%, at around 0.4% or 0.5%, we can surmise that our land is sick and needs treatment. What kind of treatment? I don’t mean medicines or injections. The field needs a dose of organic fertilisers. What are these organic fertilisers? Vermicompost, cow dung,
organic compost, green manure, etc. By using these fertilisers as much as we can, we can raise the percentage of the organic carbon. Sir, what more information can we get from soil testing? Every crop needs three essential nutrients. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. N, P and K. We learn whether our land
has these nutrients in abundance or whether these nutrients are deficient
or are moderately present. This helps us choose the right fertilisers. This report mentions clearly
the amount of fertilisers needed, if deficient or whether they are needed, if present in abundance. One more important factor we learn from this is Electrical Conductivity. It defines how efficiently nutrients get transported through the soil. We get an idea about this. Another important factor is the ‘pH.’ The pH level indicates whether
the land is acidic or basic. For instance, if the pH level of the soil is seven, the crops can easily absorb the nutrients present in the soil. If the pH of the soil is a lot less or more than seven, it is not a favourable condition. It means it is difficult for the crops
to absorb nutrients. The reports recommends to us the steps to be taken to improve this. So, just for 35 rupees, we learn so many important things
about the health of our land. Brilliant, sir! Few would have thought so much about their land. I have, Ms. Chatura. That’s why, I am now going to tell our friends some important points about soil testing. When do we get the soil tested? When the land is left fallow and is not wet. It is best to get the soil tested once a year but if that’s not possible, you should get the soil tested
at least once in three years. Because through this testing, we come to know how much organic carbon our land contains. We also come to know what we can do
to increase the water storage capacity and the fertility of the land along with improving the soil organic carbon content. So, my dear farmer friends, just like we look after the health of our family, do look after the soil of your land and get the soil tested, no matter what!

32 thoughts on “How To Do Soil Testing (माती परीक्षण) | Marathi

  1. अतिशय उपयुक्त माहिती….पाणी फाऊंडेशन चे खूप खूप आभार…!!!

  2. अतिशय उपयुक्त माहिती मिळाली आहे पाणी फाउंडेशन चे खुप खुप आभार

  3. सर माझी जमिन औरंगाबाद जिल्ह्यात अगदी शहरापासून अगदी जवळ आहे
    मला अद्रक या पिकाच उत्पादन 2 ऐकर मध्ये घ्यायचं आहे
    मला 2ऐकर साठी माती परिक्षण करायचे आहे तरी मला हे परिक्षण कुठे करता येईल

  4. DL Mohite, you are a Rockstar! We need a thousand more people like you both inside & outside of government! Thank you for your positive attitude & your easy to understand explanations!

  5. उपयुक्त माहिती आहे… धन्यवाद…ही माहिती अधिक लोकांपर्यंत पोहचवा

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