How to get started with home composting

All right, so composting – a classic plastic
compost bin is great for food waste and also your garden waste but the thing
about composting is that you need to have the right balance between carbon
and nitrogen or greens and browns, so for example your kitchen waste is your
greens, anything that’s fresh, wet and moist, consider it a green so definitely your kitchen waste is a green. Fresh lawn
clippings are another example of greens very high in nitrogen and then we have
our browns so examples of browns are fallen leaves and shredded material
from the garden, shredded newspaper or cardboard or dried off lawn clippings.
When lawn clippings are left to dry off the nitrogen gases off and they
turn into a dry brown brittle carbon. Other examples are material from the garden, green material from the garden and seaweed is a very good input into your
compost as well. So there’s a range of compost bins that you can actually get. This one
is the one that we supply through the compost collective website, which if you
do the relevant quizzes or attend a course you can get a discount on the
system. However you could make your own out of pallets or other material through
the DIY section on our web page. Basically this sort is really good for
the the novice or the beginner because it contains everything, it’s black so it
actually holds the heat of the sun, which helps the composting process and it
helps to keep out rodents, flies, maggots and keep the smells down. Okay so where
you want to place your compost bin is in the full sun and preferably on grass or
bare dirt that enables the soil life to actually infiltrate up through the
compost. So just pop your lid and what you want to do is start with a layer of
broken up twigs. This helps to let the air flow through the system. When we’re bin composting what we want
to do is have a mixture of brown and green materials. So we’ve got about 70%
of the brown to 30% of the green material or the food waste in between. Over
time as we add a sandwich of brown, green brown to the heap it will compress down
and start to compost. So we’ve actually got another sandwich of the 70% brown
to 30% green sitting through here but it’s already starting to
process, already starting to compost and down the base here it’s been
incorporated as good compost. So what we want to do is make sure that our compost
bin is nice and moist. So whenever you’re adding something to it, if it’s a bit dry
just give it a little bit of a water and if we use our 70% carbon to 30%
nitrogen ratio we want to add a little bit of carbon. Here we’ve got some
shredded newspaper and cardboard, maybe a little bit of dried off grass
clippings and then we take our food waste which is nitrogen so we want about
30 percent of that. The important thing to do with food waste into a compost bin
is to make sure that there’s no meats or cheeses or anything that’s really going
to putrefy, going into your compost bin directly like this. It’s also better to
have the material chopped up if you can. Then finally what we do is cover
that with another layer of the carbon material. So that’s composting in a
nutshell. Remember you can purchase these systems here on the website at a
discounted price or if you want to make your own system check out our DIY page
for more information. Happy composting!

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