How to Grow a MicroGreens Vegetable Garden Year Round Inside Your Home

Alright, this is John Kohler with
Today I have another exciting episode for you. I’m glad to be sharing this with you.
I’m actually on a field trip; I’m here in a business park in front of a warehouse building,
and what we’re going to do today is were going to go into this place right here. It’s actually
called ‘Urban Hydro Greens, your local hydroponic farm.’ So what they’re doing here inside this
warehouse building is growing the most nutrient dense food in all of Las Vegas. They’re growing
little microgreens, and if they can grow microgreens in a warehouse, you can surely do it in your
home, but just think about the application of microgreens. They can grow microgreens
in skyscrapers! I mean, wherever there’s some light, you can grow some microgreens, and
today we’re going to show you exactly how they do it here and actually share with you
guys how you can grow it at home as well. So, let’s head in to Urban Hydro Greens and
show you guys how they’re growin’. So, now we’re inside the Urban Hydro Greens and we’re
going to check out their warehouse, which is where they’re growing all the microgreens.
I mean, this is a production facility. They produce a thousand trays a month. That’s a
lot of microgreens out to the local Las Vegas area, farmers markets, you know, they go to
the fresh 52 farmers markets. They also sell directly to some restaurants in town. So,
they grow a lot of nutrient dense food here in this warehouse and we’re going to check
it out in a second. So, now is the moment you guys have been waiting for, let’s check
out this warehouse and see how they’re growing inside. If they can do it in a warehouse,
you can do it in your own kitchen. Alright, so now this is the warehouse and as you can
see they just have a whole bunch of lights, and I might be blinded form the camera for
a second but they have a light cycle of 19 hours on and, you know, 5 hours off, so these
guys get a lot of light so that they can grow really fast. As you can see, there’s just
racks and racks and racks of different microgreens growing. Now, this warehouse is only about
1000 square feet, so this is like the perfect size to keep the temperature ideal without
even using air conditioning here in Las Vegas. They have a cooler they use in the summer
time to keep it cool and in the wintertime it’s pretty much an unheated warehouse except
for small amounts of heat put out by the lights. Let’s talk about the lighting for a second.
They’re actually using the full spectrum of lights. This is the 6500K lights, or T8 in
standard fixtures. So, you know you don’t have to get any special kind of lights. Just
go down to your local home depot and get some standards shop lights and, you know, get some
really good lights there and save some money instead of trying to buy some expensive lights
that, you know, may grow a little bit better and faster but, you know, its definitely good
to save some money too. So, any old light will work. As you can see they just got the
4 foot lights and they just got the wooden shelves made out of 2×4’s and plywood here,
which are available at any home depot or Lowes, so you could literally build a setup like
this anywhere you live, and they’re just deep enough to have these flats and one section
here, and each 8 foot section of light can hold about 8 flats, and this will produce
a lot of microgreens. Right here we’re looking at some beautiful amaranth microgreens. So,
yes, you can grow that in you garden to eat, but when growing the microgreens one of the
cool things is, when you grow ’em in the microgreen seed, they’re even more nutritious than eating
the regular vegetables. Now, you know that I always promote you guys eat your greens,
after all my channel is growyourgreens, but how about growing some microgreens? These
guys can be four times, minimum four times, more nutritious, but up to 40 times more nutritious
than the big ones. That being said, you eat a lot more to get even a sufficient amount
of calories in you, but they are great to spice up your salad, add to soups and add
to other recipes in your kitchen to ramp up the nutrition in them. Next, I want to show
you guys how they’re growing here. This is the secondary stage where they’re actually
growing them to fruition, or to microsproutition, and it actually only takes 10-14 days, and
this is the second half. The first half is actually when they’re sprouting the seeds,
and let’s show you the area where they’re sprouting the seeds in compete darkness. Alright,
so now we’re going to look at stage number one for how these microgreens turn in to microgreens.
Before they’re microgreens they’re actually sprouts, and I know what you guys might be
thinking, ‘hey, John aren’t sprouts good for us?’ Well, that’s as long as they’re safe
to eat, there have been recently recalls with sprouts, and I don’t know exactly why that
happens, but it’s probably because the seed stock is infested, but here with the microgreens
you’re not going to have the same problems with the microgreens grown hydroponically,
because a lot of the challenges with sprouts is that you’re eating the roots, the seeds,
and all, and in the microgreens you’re actually clipping the tops off, so there’s no bacteria
in the roots. So, the first stage is right over here. You can see we have al these flats
like you just saw, but the flats are now covered. There’s actually 2 flats. The top of the flat
is actually providing the darkness for the bottom. It’s also keeping the humidity in
the proper range for the sprouts that are now starting to germinate. So, these sprouts
are seeded on the growing medium, and then they’re watered, and then as you see they’re
starting to sprouts already. Now, what happens then is these are covered because that’s what
in nature, plants need to be covered, they need to be in the dark, to sprout properly,
and so they cover these guys, and what they do after they’ve got the medium seeded, they
water it, and not too much water, because if it gets mold, if it gets too wet it wants
to be just moist, not sopping wet, no standing water, then they plant it and then they’re
going to basically mist it and spray it like twice a day, maybe 2 sprays on the tray and
2 sprays on the top. Now, they’re spraying the top actually to keep the moisture level
proper, because, you know, you don’t want these seeds drying out because they’re not
going to produce. Once again, this place is producing like 1000 trays a month, and each
tray on average produces about 4 ounces of the microgreens. So, that’s definitely a lot
of microgreens. 250 pounds are coming out of this small 1000 square foot warehouse,
so if they’re doing it here in large volumes you can easily grow just a few trays in your
home to supplement the green you’re eating at home, to have some of the best greens you
can eat. So, next we’re going to set these guys back down, and what they do to keep track
of all these cause they have so many different flats growing, they have a piece of tape on
here. So, they have the abbreviation on here and the date it was started. So, RG stands
for red giant and that’s red giant mushroom and that was started on the seventh. Today
it is currently the 11th so this is going to be in here for maybe a coupe more days
before maybe they are ready to take out and put into lighting, so then they will start
growing more and start to green up and start producing chlorophyll. I guess next I want
to take a look more at the different varieties of microgreens that they’re growing here.
So, you guys saw how the seeds sprout. Once they’re sprouted, they get to go in the light,
under the light, so they can start to green up, and once again these guys take about 10-14
days on average, and you know, some things take a lot longer, but on average that’s how
long they take. I want to show you guys the variety of the microgreens that you can grow.
There’s so many different kinds. As a matter of fact, here, they’re in production on 24
different kinds of different microgreens throughout the year. At this time, though, they have
15 different varieties, so I’m going to actually share with you some of those. Here’s some
microgreen boc choi, maybe I’ll even try a little bit and show you guys how they taste.
Now, I love boc choi. Boc choi is one of my favorite Asian greens. Wow, and you’ll notice
when eating the microgreens, the flavor is much more intense than any boc choi that you
will have ever tasted, and that’s one of the things they work on here is to, you know,
get the maximum taste sensation in your mouth, but also when there’s more taste sensation,
guess what? There’s also more nutrition in it for you. So, I mean, a lot of the chefs
that buy from the Urban Hydro Greens here, they want the best flavor and with the microgreen
you’re going to get eh best flavor, so those boc choi microgreens were really good. Next,
we’re going to go to the next tray here. This is the broccoli, and the broccoli microgreens
are probably one of the most nutrient microgreens you’re growing here. If you’re only going
to grow one microgreen, I suggest you guys grow broccoli. It grows very fast, it grows
really full, and also there’s a lot of research on the broccoli sprouts, and if it’s in the
sprouts, guess what? It’s in the microgreens and it probably in higher concentrations.
These organo-sulfur compounds that they have shown to be helpful in fighting things like
cancer. So, you know, why wait until you get cancer to start growing broccoli sprouts?
Why don’t you eat it now and disease-proof yourself? So, besides broccoli, they have
whole bunch growing, they have something like this stuff right here. They have the blue
curly kale. So, here’s some kale microgreens here. Literally what you’re going to see that
most of the cruciferous vegetables, you know, the broccoli, the kale, the cauliflower, korabi,
those guys actually do really well in the microgreens climate or situation because they’re
generally fast growers. Over here we’ve got another good microgreen. This is actually
the beets, and I want to show you guys actually the cool colors of the beets. So, check out
these cool pink red, it’s almost like a fluorescent color if you’re seeing this in person. I don’t
know if you can see that on your camera, but I want to encourage you guys to always eat
your foods of color. Every different color are going to be different vital chemicals
in there for you that are going to, you know, be nutritious for you and feed all the trillions
of cells in your body. Over here we’ve got another cool one. This is actually the mustard
greens. You can kind of see they got the purple tops on there. Here we’ve got some broccoli,
and I want to show you guys the comparison in broccoli. So, they’re using 2 primary growing
mediums here. They got these guys here which is the sterile grow pads, and you can see
the roots here basically growing through he grow pads to the bottom, and you can see how
much water is actually in here, and check it out, there’s no pooling water. You want
it moist, but you don’t want too much water. Too much water will cause too much mold, and
guess what? If your plants don’t have enough water, they’re not going to be living too
much longer, and these guys were started one the 31st and these guys were started, broccoli,
on the 4th, but instead of using sterile grow pads, they’re using a coconut core medium,
and you can see the difference in how much fuller at his is and how much more vibrant
these guys are in actually less time in growth. Now, the reason why they use 2 different growing
mediums is that they like to do a lot of experimentation here and find out which id going to grow the
best under different situations. The reason for the sterile growing pads is that it makes
harvesting a lot easier. With the coconut core, you’ve got to get the core off the microgreens
when you’re going to sell it, but if you growing at home, it may be really good to use the
coconut core, which is going to grow a lot more vibrant, plus the coconut more is more
of a renewable resource. Once you’re done using it for your microgreens once, you want
to take it out and put it in your garden. You do not want to be reusing your growing
mediums. Unfortunately on the sterile growing pads, you’re going to have to basically toss
these out. They’re not really recyclable. The next thing I want to talk about it the
temperature. You can see we got a thermometer here, and a humidity meter here, and it’s
very important to have the right temperature for you babies that are growing. If you don’t
have the right temperature, they’re either going to stop growth, like at 90 degrees,
if they don’t like the hot weather too much they pretty much stop growth and not too much
happens, or if it’s too cold, they’re not going to be growing well. The optimal rate
is probably between, like, I don’t know, 70-80 degrees would probably be a really nice range
that your microgreens are going to have to be growing the best, and guess what? Most
of you guys are going to be keeping your house between 70 and 80 in the winter time, so that’s
a perfect temperature to be growing your microgreens in the same climate, or the same temperature,
that you guys like. Now, the humidity, mainly, most humidity’s will be fine. The main thing
is with high humitidies it may cause mold growth, because, you know, it’s too wet. So,
you don’t really have to control your humidity, but you want to pay attention to it and if
you’re in a high humidify area, you might want to add a few fans to get some air circulation
because air circulation will actually lower insistences of mold growth, but guess what?
If there’s too much water, there’s going to be mold grow no matte how many fans you put
on it. The next thing I want to show you, they have a lot of timers set up here. They
just got a lot of these appliance timers. These are the same appliance timers that you’ll
use like if you’re on vacation during Christmas, to flip your Christmas tree light on and off.
I mean, these are available for like $5-10, and they have the cycle, 19 hours on and 5
hours off. So, it’s really simple, they have all these plugged into the strip here, all
the identical setting, and all these lights come on and come off every single day, because
the plants need the light to photosynthesize to create the nutrition in the plant. Now,
one of the next things I want to talk to you guys about is very important, is actually,
you know, when to harvest your microgreens, because you know, what happens is, how these
microgreens are able to grow is because the seeds, the seeds are packets, they’re little
packets of nutrition, and they have enough nutrition in itself to prolong and grow the
seed for a certain amount of time. After that time, you get nutrient degradation and also
plant degradation because now the plants are mature enough that they want o send their
roots out and nutrition with the roots, and in the hydro plants here, you know, without
any nutrition, it’s just literally in water and the seeds basically, so the plants aren’t
able to uptake any nutrients. So, I’m going to show you guys what happens if you let your
microgreens go on and grow too long without harvesting them. So, here’s some radish that
has been planted and started on the 23rd, so these are about 3 weeks old, and as you
can see, these are not looking too healthy. They’re kind of getting yellowish, you know,
leaves, and they’re kind of tuning a lighter green color, and that’s because these plants
are so mature after 3 weeks that they’re wanting to pull up nutrients, you know from the ground,
if they’re in the ground, but they’re not able to because they’re only getting the water.
So, at this point for the commercial purposes, this tray is going to be composted, it’s out
of here; it’s not a viable product to sell. So, you want to be sure to harvest tour microgreens
and the right stage. Let’s take a look next door. These radishes, believe it or not, are
the same radishes, and I want to show you guys the difference in color. Look at the
difference in color. These are nice and green; the nutrients are still being pulled up from
the seed and not from the roots. These are also getting their second set of leaves here,
so you want to harvest your microgreens before your second set of leaves for the most nutrition.
One of the interesting things about microgreens is that, you know, they contain more nutrients
in the plants themselves. So, take for example broccoli. One ounce of microgreens is said
to have the equivalent of nutrition in 1.5 pounds of the broccoli florets. So, you know,
I want to encourage you guys to eat the most nutrition dense foods as possible and by growing
your own microgreens or by buying at a place like Urban Hydro Greens, you’ll be assured
some of the most nutrient-dense foods on the planet, because after all, I hope you’re eating
for the nutrients, and not just eh calories, because if, you know, most people eat empty
calories, or what I consider junk food. Things like McDonalds and packaged foods. If you
look on the nutrition label, it’ll be very high in calories, but also on the nutrition
like the vitamins, the mineral, and the vital chemicals, they’re all zero or next to zero.
It’s these guys, it’s very low calories but the most nutrition, and I think that’s what
we need in our society is to be eating nutrient dense foods instead of calorie dense foods.
It’ll be a lot healthier and also, you know, a proper weight. So, you guys might be wondering,
you know, ‘is it really easy to grow these microgreens?’ I mean, it sounds really good,
and think you guys should grow them literally in your house and you know, it’s really easy
to get set up and start growing these things. So, the next thing we’re going to cover is
actually how you guys grow it at home. The first step, really important is the lighting.
It’s really important you get the proper lighting, and guess what? This lighting is not expensive,
people. This is a ‘lights of America’ shop light, from Wal-Mart, it’s about $12, and
you can see here it’s got 2 4-foot florescent tubes, and if you’re asking, ‘John, what kind
of tubes do I get?’ Well, guess what? I got ’em right here so you guys could see. This
is the ‘Sylvania Daylight 6500K, 2700 lumens, 32 watts, 7000 hours, 75 CRI,’ and 6500K 34
inch 32 watts. So, these are the light you’re going to want to get, and you can get these
a local Lowes or home depot store. You know, you buy em in this pack here, and you’ll save
a little money than buying buy the singles. So, that’s the lighting. So, the lighting
is one of the things you’re going to need. The next thing your going to need is you’re
going to need all the proper equipment. SO, what I’m going to do next is actually give
you guys a lesson on how you can get this kit that has the seeds and everything you
need to grow to start growing your own microgreens at home. So, let’s go ahead and show you guys
the kit, and show you guys how to grow some microgreens. So, now we’re in the area of
Urban Hydro Greens where they give classes to teach people how to grow the microgreens.
They usually do 2 classes a month, and they have small class sizes. From 6 to 8 people,
where you can learn how to grow your own microgreens at home. If you’re anywhere in the Las Vegas
area. Now, you’ll get a tour, and they’ll even set you up with a little grow kit, and
show you guys how to use it. If you’re not able to come to Urban Hydro Greens to get
your own personal class, I will share with you guys, actually, a kit that you can buy
online that comes in this box here, so you can start growing some microgreens in your
home. So, let’s go ahead and open up this box and sow you guys what this kit includes.
So, this is a kit that you’ll get actually sent to you. So, the first thing when you
open the kit, you’re going to get some laminated instructions. So, this first one is very valuable.
One the front is ‘microgreen growing kit,’ on the back; this is what’s really important.
This is actually, all these different pictures here, 7 different pictures, show you day by
day what your seeds should look like when they’re germinating. This is very important
when you’re starting so that you can know exactly what you’re doing is right or not,
and if not, guess what? You guys need to make some adjustments. The main thing is when germinating
your seeds is not to put too much water, and not to put too little water. The water needs
to be just right, like goldilocks porridge. So, the next thing you’re going to get in
this kit here is some printed instructions with some definitions, materials, and 7 simple
step by step instruction that will explain to you guys how to grow the microgreens in
this kit. In addition it has troubleshooting and tips, and this is actually very important
if you’re not doing something right, you need to figure out what’s going on and correct
that so you’re microgreens can grow and feed your body. Let’s see here. There’s standard
trouble shooting tips that may help you and also it shows you some uses on how you can
use some of the microgreens, and at the end of this video, I’m going to show you guys
some of my uses of the microgreens the next thing you’re going to get, these guys right
here, these are pH test strips. These are actually very important component of the kit.
I didn’t talk about it earlier, but it’s very important that the water you’re using for
growing the microgreens are in the proper pH range. If your water isn’t in the proper
range, your microgreens will not flourish and grow as quickly or grow as well as you’d
like them or how they’re growing here. So, the pH that they recommend for growing the
microgreens is around a 6 on the pH scale. Most standard city water is around 8, so you’re
going to have to adjust that down, and I’ll talk about that in a sec, but with the pH
papers, you can assure yourself that you have the right pH in the water. The next thing
you’re going to get is a little squirt bottle, or a little spray bottle, and this is actually
very important to mist your microgreens while they’re in the germination stage you need
to give ’em just the right amount of water. So, with this, you’re going to be able to
mist ’em and not provide too much water for your microgreens. In addition, you’re going
to get the seeds, and normally, this kit would come 4 different kinds of seeds, but since
you guys are growingyourgreens viewers, I’ve had them include an extra seed packet here.
So, each of these seed packet, in this size, will grow 2 half-size trays. In the near future,
they will just give you individual packets and each packet will seed one tray. So, this
kit will see a total of 10 trays. Normally it only seeds 9 trays. So, the seeds included
with this kit are the blue curl kale, the tot soi, and besides using these for microgreens,
you can hold a few seeds back and actually plant ’em out in your garden as well, because
they will grow. Next we have the crimson Thai mustard, and this is the mustard I showed
you guys earlier. It has a nice purple color to it. In addition, we’ve got the broccoli
seeds, which is my favorite microgreen, the most nutritionally dense, and finally we’ve
got a radish blend, and this is a blend that I encourage you guys to start with first,
because radishes actually grow really fast. Aside from that, you’ve got the sterile growing
mediums. So, you have enough to do 10 half trays. You’re also going to get 10 growing
mediums to get you’re growing in. Finally the last 2 components of the kit are the half-sixe
trays. These are the trays that come with the kit. You can also purpose trays, sterile
growing mediums, and seeds as well from the Urban Hydro Greens, and the full-size trays
will be this size, but in this case we’re just doing the half-size trays, because that’s
the best way to start out with if you’re new at growing microgreens. So, next I want to
show you guys how to set up and start growing some of these microgreens. Alright, so now
we’re going to use this kit to grow some microgreens. So, it’s really easy. You’re not going to
need too much more than what supplied in the kit. The number one thing, of course, to start
any seed, is some standard tap water here. Now, I recommend you guys let your tap water
hang out overnight to maybe dissipate some of the chlorine off, or maybe use some filtered
water if you’re concerned about it, although that’s not a requirement at all. Besides the
water, we need to make sure the pH of the water is proper. So, what you’re going to
do instead of buying some expensive pH adjuster at a hydroponic store, you get this stuff
here that you may already have in your kitchen. It’s just distilled white vinegar. You don’t
have to get a particular brand or anything; it’s just some white vinegar. This stuff is
very acidic, so by just adding a little bit, and here in Las Vegas we need to add about
1 teaspoon to 1 gallon of water to get the pH to the level we want. So, once you’ve added
a teaspoon, which we already have done, we’re going to go ahead and take the pH test strips
to ensure the pH is correct. So, I’m going to go ahead and stick that in the water. pH
test strips are also really useful. You can actually check you’re pH, and there’s a range
where we want to be as well. Anyways, we’ve got this and we’re going to go ahead and match
up the colors and check it out. That’s just about a 6 so this is going to work for us
just fine. The next step is, now that we’ve got our pH adjusted water, we’re going to
take our sterile growing pad right here, and all you need to do is just soak this. So,
to do that we’re just going to dunk it in the water and the very important thing is
don’t just pull it out and say, ‘okay, John, I got it soaked.’ Look at that, that is dripping,
that is soaked. We don’t want it that wet, we want it just moist. Guess what? More water
creates mold, not going to be good. So, we’re just going to go ahead and wring that out.
You don’t want to wring it out too dry; you just want it enough so that it’s no longer
dripping. SO, I think that’s a pretty good moisture. You can kind of feel the moisture
in there, it’s not dripping, good enough. Lay it in your little half tray here. I mean,
this is pretty simple stuff. Anybody can do it. I’m going to go ahead and move that water
aside. The next thing is we’re going to need our seeds because that’s what we’re growing.
Go ahead and take a plastic cup. We’ve got a standard clear plastic cup here. I wish
I had a red solo cup, but this is not, and we’ve got the seeds here. Now, if you get
this size seed packet, this contains enough for 2 half flats. If you get a smaller size
Ziploc bag, then that’s enough for 1 flat. So, how will you know? If you get 10 individual
packets, then you’re going to put all of the seeds in one packet into the half flat. If
you get 5 of these guys, then you’re only going to use half the seeds. So, what I’ve
done is I’ve put all these seeds down at the bottom here and, you know, it’s pretty even,
and I’m going to take my hand and hold half of it, about half, and I’m going to go ahead
and open the top here so that only half the seeds come out of this and we’re going to
dump them in the cup. Alright, so once you’ve got your seeds all poured out in your cup
here, this is your seed dispersement tool. So, it’s easier to pour them out of a cup
than the little baggie there. So, what we’re going to do is just go around and just shake
these out, and a very important thing to do, you want an even distribution. You don’t want
them all bunched up. If you get your seeds bunched up then that may cause, guess what?
The big M, the mold, and we don’t want the mold. So, very important to evenly space your
seeds out, and you don’t want too many seeds by the edges, too, cause that’s not a good
thing either. So, you want to try to get them mostly in the center and evenly distributed
throughout this whole little tray. So, just take your time and, you know, they’re going
to bounce a little when they go in there, so if you kind of go a little bit closer they’re
not going to bounce as much and go all over, but remember you ay want to get your seeds
distributed evenly throughout this whole little tray. And yes, there is an art form to dispersing
your seeds, and you’ll get better at it over time. I’m just going back to fill in different
parts where there’s not enough seeds and just shake out a few seeds so we get a nice even
dispersal. Now, if you’re OCD this might take you about a half hour, if you’re not, it might
take about 5 minutes. Maybe just 2 minutes. I’m a little bit OCD, so it’s taking me a
but longer than normal. Don’t drop your cup. Okay, so we’ve got a coupe more seeds in the
cup here. Going right down. Now, I’m a bad seed spreader, man, I got a couple near the
edges, so if that happens, all you’re going to do is take it and flick it like you’re
flicking your loved ones ear. Alright, so we got the seeds pretty well on the little
growing medium here, and the next thing is you’re going o take a little spray bottle
and you want to a give your seeds some water. So, just spray it a little bit, and once again,
you just want it moist, you don’t want to drench them. The next thing you’re going to
do is just spray the inside. Just a little bit of moisture. You don’t want it sopping
wet. If you put this upside down is it dripping rain on you? Guess what? Too much water, don’t
do it. And next you’re just going to put this on, and once you’ve got this on you’re going
to set it in a cool place, you know, not too hot, and obviously it doesn’t need to be in
the sun because it’s in this darkness stage, and you’re just going to basically lift this
up and check out your little babies twice a day, and at the same time you’re checking
them out, you also want to give them the required nutrients, water. So, once again you’re going
to take 2 sprays, 2 sprays, and you may need to us a bit more, maybe less, but not too
much. I like that they give you the spray bottle so that can ensure you don’t give them
too much water. So, every 12 hours, twice a day, spray them and just let it do it’s
thing and guess what? In 4 days, let me show you guys what you’re going to get. So, after
4 days it’s going to look like this. You can see there, we’ve got these guys growing, and,
you know, they’re not quite green yet but that’s alright, because these seeds are still
germinating. Some barely germinated some have already been growing and some of these actually,
the tallest one’s like an inch. So, after 4 days, it’s going to look like this, and
guess what you’re going to continue to do this. You’re going to mist it in the tray
and in the top and u tit back and you’re going to leave this hanging out a couple more days
until it’s ready to be moved on to the next stage. So, you’re going to keep it like this
until 1 of 2 things, or both of these things happens. You’re going to take it off and you’re
going to see all the seeds that your germinated are about an inch tall, and don’t be concerned
if they’re all still yellow because, guess what? They’re in complete darkness. You would
be yellow, too, if you were in darkness. But, when they get under the light, they’re going
to have a nice tan color. Well, not actually tan. They’re going to be green! So, don’t
worry if they’re still yellow at this stage. How do you know when to take them out of the
darkness? Well, they need to be all 1 inch tall or if you pull up the matting a little
bit, you’ll see that there’s good root in there, and obviously right not there’s not
good roots because we pulled that up and all the seeds are flopping all over the place.
So, make sure those 2 things happen, and we’ll show you the next stage with some camera magic.
So, after a total of 8 or 9 days, so in less than 2 weeks, this is what you’re going to
get with this kit. You’re going to get your own microgreens to eat at home. It’s going
to green up because after it gets tall enough you’re going to out it under your lighting
you got, and make sure you use the lighting. If you don’t use the lighting I recommended,
you try to do it in the window or something, things aren’t going to grow as fast and it
ay take longer, so get the proper tools to grow the foods and eat more of it instead
of waiting longer, and the lights are not a huge investment. So, yes, these guys are
going to grow up really well and really good, and once they’re at this stage you can actually
just take some scissors and cut them off, and use the microgreens, because the whole
purpose on why you’re growing them is to use them, and when I say use them I mean eat hem
and get them into your body. If you are eating microgreens what you’re going to find it that
they’re much more digestible than the hard greens. Now, I don’t know if you guys eat
radish greens. I are some for dinner last night actually, bit they’re very hard tasting,
like better tasting because they don’t have a strong flavor. These guys are actually a
nice delectable delicious flavor and these guys are much more nutrient packed with nutrients,
even more than the baby greens that I always encourage you guys to harvest out of your
garden. Now, how else can you use these besides making a little salad out of the microgreens?
You know, you can add these to your salad. So, you know, I like to make a nice salad
out of green form your garden if you’re growing them, and then put dressing on it and then
out some of these on top. You can do the same with other cooked dishes, but the one thing
you want to remember is you do not want to cook your microgreens. These are baby plants.
If you were a baby you wouldn’t like to be cooked either. They will wilt very fast and
then they’ll no longer look attractive and guess what? When you’re heating your food,
you’re lowering the nutrition in your food as well. So, these are best eaten raw. So,
besides the salads, you can also add them to soup. So, I make uncooked soups in my vitamix
by literally blending up different vegetable juices, and you can blend up your microgreens
in there as well. Another thing you can do is called green smoothies. I highly encourage
you guys to drink green smoothies, whether they’re made with the greens out of your garden
or microgreens, and I have a few videos on that. Basically what you’re going to do is
you’re going to take some purified water and like 4 bananas, maybe 1 or 2 frozen bananas,
and a whole bunch of microgreens. You know, I’d put maybe one half this whole tray in
one smoothie, and just blend it up and drink it on up. The microgreens will get blended
up into smaller particle size and have even better absorption out of the nutrient in here
rather than just chewing them because most people just take 2 chews and swallow. It’s
very important, whatever you’re eating whether microgreens or not, is to chew your food adequately
into a mush because think about it, why do we feed babies baby food? Because they don’t
have any teeth and they need a mush, but because we have teeth were supposed to chew our food
into a mush every mouthful before swallowing. With that being said, these guys are very
tender, and they don’t need to be chewed as much as the larger adult leaves of the same
plants. So, another way I like to use microgreens especially is in wraps. Whether you’re making
a collard wrap or using some nori or some sushi, take some greens and fill it up in
the wrap. I mean, use literally, and I like to fill I up with other ingredients, and then
roll it up and just eat it. This is a great to go food, and you can just take these as
your lunch, and sometimes I’ll just eat these for dinner. Another reason for the microgreens
are to add flavor elements to whatever you’re eating. So, instead of using, say, mustard
in a jar, you can get some mustard microgreens and get the same mustard bite. So, what I
do with the mustard greens is actually add those to a salad dressing and get a nice mustard
flavor. Imagine a honey mustard dressing made with your own fresh microgreens, wow, that’s
going to be delicious. Those are just some of the uses of microgreens, and I’m sure you
can come up with a lot more, but before you get to use your microgreens, you got to start
growing them yourself. So, you want to visit the Facebook page or Urban Hydro Greens and
you can order this kit, this very kit that I showed you. Once again, the growingyourgreens
only kit, normally the kit only includes enough for 8 half tray. The growing your greens kit
is going to include the seeds you saw, enough for 10 full half trays, and you can also order
additional seeds, and, you know, the pads from Urban Hydro Greens, but once you run
out of the standard pad, what I encourage you guys to use is this stuff right here.
Some kind of coconut core, they actually are for the wondersoild here, and you can use
the coconut core rather than the sterile growing pads. It makes harvesting a little bit more
difficult You may get some coconut core you have to weed out but once again the coconut
core is more renewable because once you’re done using it one time, don’t reuse this stuff,
once you’re done using it to grow your microgreens, you’re going to use this stuff in your garden,
which will actually help hold the water in your garden. So, you’re going to mix this
in with your compost and your soil mediums. This is especially good for a container garden.
So, don’t waste any of these valuable nutrients at home. Especially all the base of this stuff
you can compost as well. So, I hope you guys enjoyed this episode of Urban Hydro Greens.
If you’re anywhere in Las Vegas you want to definitely come buy and take one of their
classes to learn in detail and actually get a factory tour and show guys how they’re growing
here. I highly recommend their classes. If you don’t want to grow your own, you can visit
them at the farmers markets or give them a call or contact them through the Facebook
page to order the microgreens yourself to get some of the highest nutrient dense foods
grown anywhere in the Las Vegas valley, and finally you want to visit their Facebook page
so you can order your own microgreens growing kit, and make sure you get the growingyourgreens
special. I’ll put a link down for their Facebook page right below this video so you guys can
do just that. So, after watching this video you are fully prepared to start growing microgreen
in your kitchen or in your home any time of the year. So, not longer can you say, ‘John,
I can’t grow, it’s winter time it’s freezing.’ You can grow these guys inside all year long.
They love the temperature we live, and after you grow them at eat them, you’re going to
feel a lot better about it as well. So, once again, my name is John Kohler with
and remember, keep on growing.

100 thoughts on “How to Grow a MicroGreens Vegetable Garden Year Round Inside Your Home

  1. Okay John, once you buy the kit, how much does it cost to grow a half tray of greens? If you use the pad, or if you use that coconut stuff?  I think it is cheaper to grow sprouts, you don't have to deal with buying growing medium, which I will bet is costly! And a whole half of a tray for one little 'ol smoothie? 10 days to grow, and it's gone in 2 smoothies? I'll bet it adds 2 dollars to the cost of that smoothie, since we have to buy that growing medium. Isn't there a more cost effective way?  I would have to have 10 half trays going if I wanted to eat one half tray  a day, right? But I would have to start a new one each day, in 10 days, eat the first tray, the next day eat the second tray that I would have started the day after the first, and so on. Right?

  2. Cut your electricity bill in half with LED lighting, Capex is a bitch and methodology may need to change, but worth it long run.

  3. Great video. I want to start to grow some micro greens myself in my extra closet maybe. I will be doing a Keto diet with micro greens. I feel so great just eating fat and protein and restricting carbs but I think adding nutrient dense greens would benefit me as well

  4. Appreciate the info but i had to start and stop this video and always had to watch an ad for it to start midpoint. Too many ads.

  5. You should have ended the video with the store manager coming up, shouting at you "Hey, who are you? How did you get in here? Martha, call the cops."

  6. John … 4 ounces a flat … that doesn't pencil … I'm current estimating about 12 ounces per flat, on average. More weight with something like sunflower.

  7. Can you give the economics of your videos so we know what the cost per growth and what the end product is worth? This would be a better video for people wondering what the economics of organic farming is…I appreciate "how" it's grown but teach me why I might want to other that my own food…

  8. You kept putting your stupid fingers in your stupid mouth to taste them and kept touching those greens in a commercial operation. Have you ever heard of hygeine? That's nasty stuff, man.

  9. You have some good info, but why does it always take you half an hour or more to say what just as (if not more) knowledgeable people can say in 5-15 mins?

  10. The guy is just trying to help people do this. Why do people always have to complain and criticize. If you don't like it then don't watch it and grow up. He was awesome and shared some really good info.

  11. Hi John, I really want to grow microgreens without plastic. I do not like the idea of chemicals leaching into my organic food. This goes for everything in my garden. Is it necessary to have drain holes? I'd really like to use a bamboo, porcelain or glass tray instead. I can't find any non plastic trays made specifically for microgreens. thanks!

  12. john, I have found your videos very useful. thanks for making them. I just moved to the mountains outside los angeles and am deciding whether to do this outside or inside with lights. las vegas has a similar climate, doesn't it? would you comment on why a facility like this doesn't use natural light in a greenhouse?

  13. Great info John, thanks for sharing. To answer some questions from the past. LED's could be used, but that's a lot of overkill just to grow micro greens (as opposed to seedlings or plants). They do appear to be 1020 trays. I'm going to try growing them on unbleached paper towels instead of pads or soilless mixes.

  14. THANK YOU SOOOO much John. that was awesome. Exactly what I need. Also, do you have an update on the Aerogarden and other one you bought for your Girlfriend? Why did you not continue the Aerogarden ? Is the other one better and how? I bought an Aerogarden and it did great for a while but the basil started a bit yellow at very top leaves and parsley started yellow leaves at bottom. Maybe the nutrient level or ph not ideal. I dont know how to fix that. Also the water in tank is now getting too warm I think. I love your video on it and want to add the liquid trace minerals. I used to take concentrate ionic . Don't know if that 'll work. It is easier for me to get at the vitamin store than the one you suggest. Although I would rather get the one you suggest, its just cost more with shipping and have to wait for delivery. Please let me know what you think. Hopefully you'll see this and respond today (4/3/17) as I'm in the process of trashing the plants and starting over again. I've had the aerogarden for about 3 months now and have enjoyed the basil and thyme much. But Ive added parsley a few weeks ago and tomato (maybe theyre using too much nutrients) and they don't seem to be doing good, unsure whether my apartment is too warm now, Texas is very warn now. Thank you for a quick response.

  15. I know he means well and I am grateful for all the incredibly useful info, but seeing him wave that "thumbs up" gesture around on every other sentence makes me want to snap his finger off.

  16. Stop growing microgreens. It's a cruel practice of killing young plants in their infancy: People for the Ethical Treatment of Seedlings (PETS)

  17. I am maximizing the outer areas of my indoor light space to grow microgreens. In a couple weeks I will be in full production. Not many other crops turn a harvest as quickly!

  18. I have a question; would you recommend using any nutrient solution? If not, why?
    And another question; how do you produce your own seeds from microgreens?

  19. John where did you get your nutrition info? I'm curious because I'm trying to find out nutrition in sprouted seeds and legumes. Also, what do you know about sprouted legumes? You think it's healthy to eat lentils, mung or garbanzo sprouted (0.5-1" sprouts, thats 2-3 days of sprouting).

  20. you keep telling me to save money and im spending money on alot of plants dirt and stuff. im addicted this is fun

  21. john can you give me the guys number who teaches and sells the trays lights racks to grow microgreens the guy takes inturns for 2 days to teach people to start growing for profit out of your own home . my cell is 937 892 0164 can you text me Larrys number so i can make arangments to go up and stay a couple days.

  22. Hi John, I have a growing tent with growing lights and use sprouter  Fresh life (FL 3000). I have trouble with every seed except wheatgrass which sprouts very well. The seeds are fermenting instead of sprouting. What mistake do I make? Thanks

  23. Way to go John. For all those negative comments. It is better to be passionate about something good …than dead and boring but if thats what floats your boat good for you! John is awesome indepth knowledgeable he not only does the research he takes us on the journey. I am sure I know more than I did yesterday just watching Johns video. So if you have anything negative to say go elsewhere with it or put up shut up! And take what you can learn.I learn early in my life I cant please everyone and not everyone is going to like me. I am sure John knows that so if theres nothing here for you…go away with your criticism and negative comments. Buzz off!

  24. Hey John! Thanks for this video. I've been checking out many of your Microgreen videos! Can you or any one here clarify one question I have. Why do some people stack their trays during the germination stage, vs some use a dome or lid. Can you explain what are the benefits or cons between these two styles? Does it relate to whether you use Soil vs. Hydro? anyone

  25. John great videos mate, Like everything in this world if it was easy everyone would be doing it. Ive been growing micro greens for a while now and its taken me many months to get it right. Many factors come in to play with any type of growing, and micro greens are no different….. Cheers A Kiwi living in Aussie…

  26. Thank you again. Bro, not for nothin' but you ARE the Steve Irwin of growing!!!! Not kidding!!! I just ordered my first supplies for my hydro-microgreens after seeing your Baltimore Grow video interview. Will keep you posted. Doing mushrooms too!!!! Many thanks and blessings!!!

  27. Awesome …Thanks for info about microgreens!! Yeah. Ive got to grow some this year!! 😀😀😀

  28. is there a led growlite update? i just bot a 50 watt led ufo lite for 27$ that should blow these fluorescents away. this 5 years old vid has not accounted for advances in led's. someone can please post links to led grow room updates, i am very interested.

  29. I would like to start doing this; yet I am not seeing a link for the page and getting the extra packet of seeds; how do I do that from the Urban Hydrogreens FB page? There is a scarcity (non-existent) where i am (no farmers markets here until summer months); out in the boonies.

  30. Great video! I’m gonna start growing micro green, I know someone who makes his own spices maybe I can talk him into buying his greens from me

  31. John. After one grows the microgreens and has made a cutting of the flat, can you continue to let that flat regenerate and make a second cutting?

  32. I love how you take your videos on tours not only in your garden or kitchen. It brings things to a new dimension. It's great seeing how things are done commercially.

  33. Enjoyed that and inspired me to do something about it
    But here may be a tip to save on electricity
    Those lamps consume 32 watts each, What would the cost go down to if one used full spectrum led's ? The initial cost may be a little higher, but i'm not familiar with how long the life span of an led is.

  34. just talks soooo much. too much info being thrown in randomly to catch the important things you're looking for. be great if graphics were added to view details as well

  35. hi ive got a flat with 2 types of different seeds on each side of the flat , and the side i put the lager seeds , the nursing paper has gone a lil dark brown in some areas of the edge of paper . is that normal or contamination ?

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