How To Grow Organic Sunflowers


Hi I’m Tricia an organic gardener. I grow
organically for a healthy and safe food supply, for clean and sustainable
environment, for an enjoyable and rewarding experience. Sunflowers are a beautiful flower native
to the US and they’re harvest for seed snacks, oil, bird seed and cut flowers.
They’re called sunflowers because their heads follow the motion of the Sun.
Sunflowers are a composite flower made up of hundreds of little flowers. The petals
are actually a special type of flower called a ray flower. Growing sunflowers
can be very rewarding you can eat the seeds, you can make a sunflower house for kids, you can feed the wildlife and the birds and they make a beautiful addition
to your yard and garden. Choose the sunflower variety for your purpose. For
cut flowers choose varieties that branch and have multiple flowers like Autumn Beauty,
Velvet Queen, Taiko, and Lemon Queen. For a blend of all, try the Harlequin
mix. Some more great options include Teddy Bear, Moonshadow, Bright Bandolier
Cinnamon Son, Sun Samba, Valentine and the pollen free Van Gogh. Most of the
ornamental varieties are the black seeded oil varieties you can eat the
seeds but mainly they provide great nutrition for wild birds. If you want to
eat the seeds or feed the birds, choose varieties like Russian Mammoth, Titan,
Sunzilla and Skyscraper. You can even grow small sunflowers like Knee-high
Music Box, Junior and Dwarf Sunspot in containers. You can even grow the
original wild sunflower. Sunflowers are not picky flowers they just need full
Sun, adequate moisture and enough space. Start your seeds outdoors after the last
frost. The large snack seed varieties need to be planted about three feet apart, and
about an inch and a half deep. The smaller varieties about a foot apart
about an inch deep. One of the only major problems that some flowers have are wilt
and mold so practice good crop rotation. Rotate your crops about every three years. When cutting sunflowers, to have them last the longest, be sure and have a bucket of water with you and some sharp pruners. Cut the flowers in early morning and place them immediately in the water. Sunflowers are perfect for brightening
up any room. If you’re harvesting your sunflowers for seeds, make sure that the
back of the flower is starting to turn a little bit yellow. This would be the
green part, you want to see some yellow. And then to protect it from birds who might
want to eat the seeds before you get to them, you can just cover it up with a
little bit of cheesecloth or mesh bag. Rub the seed heads together to dislodge the seeds or you can rub the seeds loose with your hands and then store the seeds
in a breathable bag. If you use an airtight container seeds may mold. You
can roast sunflower seeds by putting them on a baking sheet and then roasting them at 300 degrees for about 15 to 25 minutes. For salted sunflower seeds you are going to do an overnight soak before roasting. Just put two tablespoons of salt in with a cup
of water. Let is soak over night. The next morning bring the seeds to a
boil and let them boil for a few minutes. So after they’ve boiled for a few minutes we’ll just drain them. And we’re going to roast them for 200 degrees for three hours. Sunflowers. Natives of many faces. Grow some sunflowers and grow organic for life. Thank you for watching. Please
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