How to make compost at home

Hello my name is Katie Rushworth, and today
I am going to show you how to make homemade compost. Now this is my compost bin and it
is fantastic, it has been made with pallets. There is an online video on how to build this
as well by Craig Phillips.I am going to show you what can go into your
compost bin to make the most wonderful compost that you can use all over your garden for
free. So, first things first, as this has got large holes in the side of it and ultimately
when all the material is in here I want to block out all of the light, so I am going
to use this weed membrane to hold in the material and also create a cover to block out the light.
So I want excess here. Now I am just going to tack that in place with a few nails. OK,
so that should stay in place now. And then this will effectively be my lid which will
then fold over whatever goes in there. Now compost is about a mixture of two things,
you want both carbon in there and vegetation. Um, so I have a huge variety of things that
will go in. Firstly all the cut flowers from the house instead of throwing them away in
the bin as usual these can now all go in the compost. I also have things like this willow,
which can go in but first of all I am going to snap it and break it up because I wouldn’t
necessarily put anything in that was thicker than this. This is around pencil thickness.
Anything thicker than that and twiggy will take far too long to decompose, so to help
this speed up I am going to break it up. I have got more flowers. And then any vegetable
peelings whatsoever. I would kind of limit the amount of citrus fruit that goes in but
apart from that anything else, so I have got some lettuce, some cucumber, I think over
here I have got some more bits and pieces. I have got potato peelings, carrot peelings
so nothing will go to waste. Banana skin. I also have here some lawn clippings, now
lawn clippings are great and you want to kind of sprinkle them evenly over the pile if possible
rather than just putting them in a heap in the middle. And you don’t want too many of
these because once the bacteria get in and this hole thing starts warming up, if there
are too many grass clippings in there it will just turn to sludge, and that is not what
we want. We want lots of air to be reaching everywhere in the compost bin and thats why
the sides have been left open. This is an anaerobic process so it is all about how much
air will get in and therefor that oxygen will feed the bacteria and therefore that will
speed up the decomposition. That is all my flower tops from the garden. Another things
that can go in is eggshells, and these are brilliant and even the cardboard from the
egg container. And this is the carbon factor. Another carbon option is paper, this has all
been shredded which is wonderful if you have a shredder at home and you can shred paper
then all the better because again it will just speed up the hole process. And the bizarrely
enough, you can also put in anything that is 100% wool or 100% cotton. So any old jumpers
you have got lying around, any old t-shirts that the kids have outgrown they can also
go in. And I am going to chop this one up. Now to speed up the whole process. Every week
or so you should just come out and check how moist your compost heap is, you don’t want
it too moist because the you will get that sludge but you do want to add some moisture
to just kind of keep things moving along. It is also a really good idea if you have
a garden fork if you shove that in a wiggle it around and then again it gets more air
and oxygen in to the pile. And before you know it there
will be worms that come up from the ground and help speed the whole process along and
within the space of 6 months I reckon you can easily have something that looks similar
to this. Which is beautiful rich organic matter, there is no better thing you can give your
garden. And the best way to use this stuff is either when potting up containers, hanging
baskets, you can mulch your garden with it so in the spring time if you use this to lay
on all of your borders in and around all your plants um it is just fabulous stuff. The worms
will come up, bring it down into where the roots need it the most, do all the hard work
for you. It locks in moisture, suppresses weeds and feed plants and it has cost nothing.
It is wonderful stuff, for more videos visit

24 thoughts on “How to make compost at home

  1. Hello Katie, We have been composting for the last three years oak tree leaves, coffee grounds, paper and cardboard. My husband does not want to add food scraps in case it attracks animals and pests. Is there a way to avoid this problem? Thank you, regards, Lucy

  2. Looks like you have a rainy climate…you want to cover the pile with something waterproof as without the pile will become waterlogged after heavy rains. To get compost in six months the piles needs to be fully turned which is much easier if one side of the enclosure can open for access.

  3. I don't know why, I find your videos so relaxing and peaceful and out of this world. You inspire me to make a garden. I will. Great job 🙂

  4. 3:45, you meant to say "aerobic process". In my experience, you don't need a bin at all. Where I live, we often get high winds, but the compost never blows away. As long as it stays moist, it locks itself down. Although the bins look nice and tidy. I also like to mix some straw in with the compost. The straw creates more air pockets and circulation and does not flatten out like leaves and grass. With straw you are not subjected to turning the pile over as often and get a much faster decomposition.

  5. hello maam why are closed the one side and why are nyou not close the other sides any reason of that if yes please guide me

  6. Hello Katie. If you can get your hands on some seaweed you may want to give this a go. This is how I add 'organic spark' to my soil that I use in raised beds and buckets, year after year.

  7. So many people say don't compost meat and dairy I've developed a way you can without adding to the compost pile and without attracting rodents!

  8. Katie reminds me of the character Ygritte from Game of Thrones; the fierce & wonderful wildling.
    Thank you for your knowledge shared.

  9. You can compost most things even road kill stay clear of those pine trees and leylandi hedge apparently they don’t break down quick but it can decompose

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