Welcome back to Garden Ninja today I’m going to be showing you how to lay a hedge. I’m showing you different methods different styles of plants from bare roots all the way up to pot grown plants come on let’s get cracking! So first things first you’re going to need a number of key tools before you start to plant your hedge so you’re going to need some canes so that you can measure out distances either between plants or the row of hedges that you going to lay. You also may need a trundle wheel like this which is used for measuring long distances in meters it’s really useful if you’ve got a really long run of hedging you’re probably going to need a tape measure for the smaller measurements you’ll need a strong garden fork and likewise a strong sharp hopefully cleaner than mine garden spade trusty wheelbarrow for whether you’re using bare roots or container hedging plants to move them around and also to lift off any turf or spoil from the soil that you’re going to be excavating so you need those basic tools and then we’re good to move on to plants. So here I am in my own garden and this area is brand new to be developed but the issue is it’s completely exposed so the wind rushes in through this field and will batter anything in this area so I need to put a hedge in to help protect any garden or design and I’m going to implement a bit later on so hedging is really good providing a break from the wind doesn’t stop the wind but it baffles it so rather than a fence that sends the wind over them crashing in it’s a wind pocket what the hedge will do is its wind will hit it and then it baffles rooms would help distribute the wind it’s great for the environment you get all sorts of creepy crawlies birds and other animals that we use the hedge for protection for habitat it was look really nice so that’s the reason why I fitting a hedge today so there are number different types of plants you can use for hedging I chose you at evergreen variety to give me a bit of winter color and also some interest behind me is Grisilenia behind it there’s a Hawthorn and that drops its leaves in the winter it’s lovely in the summer there’s lots of leaf are quite tricky to prune where’s with these a lot simpler to keep the color and it’s a lot easier to start off with but also used to really windy conditions they’re coastal plants so it’s going to be great for this aspect. They’re not too fast growing either so i’ve done my research I picked a plant really suitable for the site. because no matter what you if you pick something that’s unsuitable you will never get to establish properly so go with what works do your research then you’re going to be steps head when it comes to plant your hedge Use your trundle wheel to work out the distance of your hedge so you can work out how many plants you will need. After that I always use a cane to mark each meter so that you can work out the spacing of each other plants so once you’ve measured out the boundary of your hedge you then have to prepare the ground it really is king it’s a matter of measure twice cut once able to put loads of effort to making sure giving your plants the best starting now here we’ve got loads of turf basically it’s a paddock so what I need to do before I can do anything I need to take off this top layer of turf now you can do it manually which i’m going to show you and that can be quite back breaking and good cardio great if you’re not going to go to the gym but on this scale probably going to use something a little bit faster I’ll show you how to do it by hand and then I’ll move on to the heavy machine first things first you can slice through the top layer of the turf with a sharp spade like this. This is where you’ll see it’s a really good workout and this is the same for getting rid of any turf when you want to lift it so what I’m going to do is cut the outline of the turf that I’m going to remove I’ll show you with this small example cutting through to a neat rectangle Take you off top layer so most of these roots are gone you don’t want to leave too much root in the grass may just grow back So you’re only taking off a slither like so now you can either transplant that somewhere else or you can turn it into turf loam will show you next so what you can do with all those sods that you’re going to be cutting off to get your hedges this is simply lay them down somewhere out of the way upside down and what will happen is that the grass will slowly die and then start to break down with the soil that’s attached to them you’ll end up with a really nice rich loam almost a topsoil probably take a good few months but you’ve got space put it somewhere maybe the back of a border out the way leave it to rot down and then you’ve got free soil! Fantastic! So now that we finished lifting all of the turf you know where the hedge is going to go I’m going to cultivate the ground but again because there’s a lot of ground here to cultivate I don’t really fancy using a spade and a fork so thinking of something a little faster how many uses petrol-powered cultivator so I’ve just finish the third pass with the cultivator over this strip of ground as you can see here it’s broken up the ground into quite a nice tilth slike structure so that means that it’s sort of like a fine crumb, different sizes and which will help with drainage. What you don’t want to do when you’re cultivating is to over cultivate the ground what that means is that you’ve broken up the ground so much it turns into a dust and it could be far too free draining it would damage the soil structure and the plants will struggle so you don’t want that however on ground like this that’s not been cultivated in about 20 years using a petrol cultivator can save loads of time and effort so keep cultivating until you get to the depth that you want and then stop when you gets like a nice crumb structure. So now that I’ve finished removing the turf with cultivating the land it’s time for the fun part just getting all these Grisilenias in so what you’re going to need is a fork and spade we’re going to go around and measure out the distance between the plants lay them all out and then start to dig them in so the distance is really important and it will depend on the species fugly using so always check something like the RHS website which is a great resource for planting distances. So once you’ve got your hedge plants all marked out and you’ve got the distance between them which will start to plant. So I’m going to use this is an example so what you want to do is mark the position of the plant usually I just give it a good squeeze into the soil into the pot shape and then using a spade first with a sharp clean edge you want to dig out a hole twice as wide and I usually go for a depth and a half and pot as well take that out because you’re cultivated the soil this is super easy now now if you’re planting bare root you need to use in a different fashion so bare root plants planted when they’re dormant during the winter months so you plant the bear rooms closer together and there are much smaller plant so they take a bit longer to establish what the much cheaper but it’s probably best to watch that video to really understand how to plant bare root then once you’ve done that you get your spade, no you don’t get fork sorry you just want to lose up the earth. The reason you doing this so that those new roots that the plants are going to send out can easily make the way to the soil and establish if its all compacted gotta really struggle and so will your plants So take your plant tap around the edge to loosen it off we carefully ease it out you see here it’s a really good specimen you can see all the roots they’re not too root bound I watered these the night before as you should do with all new plants before you plant them so I’m going to breakup up slightly. Then pop that in as you’ll see it’s a bit too low down so what I need to do is back filll looking a little bit more. You only want to plant as deep as the top of the pot when it arrives you don’t want to bury it or the stem will rot. Breaking up any big clods if there are any left and you don’t want air pockets. You want it to be really well packed in around the base a good tip is using the back of your heel you can just carefully around the base heel it in making sure it’s got good contact with the soil and its not going to settle or drop too much that’s my first one in looks pretty level to me and another tip is not to add compost organic matter into the trench when you’re digging it because what will happen over time is compost will degrade and settle so with hedging always put them in to quality topsoil and subsoil don’t have compost to trench do mulch afterwards so i’ll show you that a bit later on but right now I’ve got 299 of these bad boys to go in so let’s get a wiggle on and if I’m going to make tea! So there we go the hedge is finally in a really long day lots of hard graft so I’ll see to do now before I go for a cup of tea is to water all this make sure its any well irrigated with any new hedge you need to make sure the first few years it’s well watered. There’s no point putting all this hard-working just let them fend for themselves so I’m probably going to do now actually is lay a seeper hose that I will lay around these hedge plants so I can just turn the tap on for half an hour every couple of days as the weather depends keep these water so I’ve been Garden Ninja, if you’d like this video why don’t subscribe to the YouTube channel plenty of other videos and how to’s, things can do around the garden on that channel so thanks for watching and happy gardening!