How to Practice Organic Farming


How to Practice Organic Farming. Tired of not knowing where your food comes
from? Follow these steps to grow your own delicious,
organic produce. You will need Farmland Natural pesticides,
fertilizers, and fungicides Crop rotation Cover crops and a green thumb. Step 1. Understand the basics. In organic farming, the use of synthetic pesticides
or fertilizers is prohibited. Instead, farmers use natural methods to create
and maintain healthy soil, control weeds, reduce pests, and manage diseases. Any organization selling more than $5,000
of organic produce a year must be certified by the USDA. Step 2. Develop a crop rotation plan. Maximize soil efficiency and reduce pests
and diseases by planting different crops in a particular location from year to year. Step 3. Recycle plant waste, manure, and other organic
materials in a compost pile for use as fertilizer. Seed meal and mineral powders like rock phosphate
and greensand can also be used to keep soil fertile and at the right pH. Step 4. Use beneficial plants called cover crops in
the same field or garden as the main crop to keep the soil in good condition naturally,
draw pests away, and smother weeds. For more thorough weed control, pick them
by hand or use natural herbicides like corn gluten meal. Step 5. Reduce pests without using chemicals by trimming
away dying material, and housing plants in row covers or in a greenhouse. You can also encourage beneficial organisms
like birds and insects that prey on pests to live in your field or garden. Step 6. Manage disease by removing diseased or dying
plants. Use organic fungicides or cultivate good bacteria
to combat harmful bacteria. At harvest time, enjoy the fruits — and vegetables
— of your labor! Did you know Almost 70 percent of U.S. shoppers
bought at least one organic product over a three-month period.

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