How to Save Seeds from 10 Vegetables in Your Garden

Alright! This is John Kohler with
Today we have another exciting episode for you, and I’m coming at you from my back
yard garden. And my back yard garden is lush and beautiful here in the winter, growing
all my amazing leafy greens. Over on this side, I don’t know if you guys could see,
we got tatsoi, we got different collard greens and kale and cauliflower over there. Over
here we have a nice bed of spinach, behind me here we have arugula, behind me there we
have bok choy, and behind me there we have collard greens and cabbage and brussel sprouts.
All kinds of cool stuff growing on. Now as much as I plant new crops, one of the
things I like to do besides harvest my crops to eat, is I love to harvest and save my seeds.
And I get questions all the time, ‘John, how do I save seeds?’ And saving seeds people
is not rocket science. It’s really easy. Just let nature do all the work. And that’s
what I do. So seed saving is really good for lazy gardeners because half the time if you’re
a lazy gardener, like I can be sometimes, because it’s all about priorities in the
garden, you know, your plants are just going to grow and grow until they’re going to
reach the end of their life cycle. And then they will produce seeds automatically. You
don’t have to tell them, plant you need to make some seeds for me. They’re just
going to do it. If I get in bed with a girl, my girlfriend, I don’t do, we’re going
to make some babies, you know what I’m saying. And I don’t need to be told what to do,
right. And that’s how plants are. So you guys just need to like let the plants go through
their motions and have their fun in life. And then collect and save their seeds. So in this episode, what I thought I’d so
with you guys here in the winter, because after the summer season, you know, things
generally go for the season on annual crops. They basically go through their baby stage,
you know, like we have baby spinach, it grows up into a bigger spinach. Then as it gets
larger, it actually goes into it’s reproductive stages and makes the flower. Like if you eat
broccoli, the broccoli flower is what we eat. But then actually if you let that broccoli
flower grow up and get bigger, it actually turns into the little individual flowers,
which then get pollinated, which then turns into the seeds. And actually that’s what
my tatsoi over here, some of my plants are actually doing early, so I’ve been eating
a lot of that stuff lately. And they’re going to be making some seeds for me. But
I thought I’d share with you guys like 10 different seeds and how easy it is to share
without any kind of rocket science, without any kind of mumbo jumbo. And seed saving is
pretty easy. And all these situations, it’s pretty much just being a lazy gardener, like
I am. Well, not naturally, but I’m just so busy so that I can’t do everything in
my garden, you know. I try and do as much as I can. But anyways. So let’s get into the fundamentals of seed
saving, right. So here we go in my little containers here. And my containers are these
pots, I basically planted the dandelion greens. So instead of planting dandelion greens in
a raised bed, I don’t want to waste the space, these guys grow really well in a small
contained space but also they provide me dandelions to eat year round. Dandelions are an amazing
food. And I want to encourage you guys to grow them as a food. These ones came in wild
and they just started growing themselves and I just would pluck them up and put them in
my pots. And even if they come up from my raised beds these days, I pluck them and then
put then in pots and repopulate the pots so I could have year round dandelions. Because
they are so good for your liver. The whole plant is edible, the leaves, the roots, the
stems, the stalks, the flowers, it’s all amazing. And you guys could go out to nature
and harvest your own dandelion seeds. How it happens is actually basically is that
it makes these, the flowers here, and when these flowers open up, you guys could see
at the bottom or the base, now this is not a ready flower so I’m harvesting this a
bit early, but these guys open up and they make the little things that you’ll want
to blow. And at the bottom of these things, you blow, if you look carefully, now these
are not fully developed, you know, on they attach to these little blower puffy things.
They’re not blowing right now. But these are the little seeds. So if you just go out
to any dandelions, you could just collect the flower when it’s fully open, not closed
like this because these are a little bit immature, Collect the seeds and take them and put them
in your garden, take them in a pot to grow them yourself, you know. I believe wild, cultivated
wild foods are the best foods. So what does that mean? You want to harvest foods from
the wild that have just been growing wild and then cultivate them under optimal conditions
with the best soil practices. So good compost, rock dust, you know, worm castings and highly
nutritious soil. And then you’re going to have the best of both worlds. The best of
wild genetics and the best of high nutrient dense foods. And so yeah that’s how you
would collect your dandelion seeds. Let’s go ahead and move on to 9 other crops
that are now waiting for me in my garden for their seeds to be collected. So in this next raised bed, actually it’s
one of the beds that I haven’t really replanted yet for the new winter season. It’s still
kind of has the summer stuff, which includes lots of different herbs, hot and spicy oregano,
parsley along the bottoms, some roo 5:03, some tree collards, some celery, some swiss
chard. But it has a few things that haven’t cleaned up yet and collected the seeds for.
So I thought I’d share with you guys collecting seeds on these 3 crops here, mostly herbs
actually. So right here what we have left is we have left of what’s left of my basil
plants. And the basils, you know, will grow the leaves that we eat. But people don’t
know you could also eat the basil flowers, which are actually quite good and delicious.
But then once it goes to flower, it creates seeds. So the seeds, if we take a look, we’ll
go ahead and snip this guy off, are basically right here. You could see this is like the
stem and then it makes the flowers and these seeds are contained inside these little sacs.
It’s like a nut sac. But basically we pull off one of these sacs, and then carefully
we could open this sac up and squeeze them. And I don’t know if you guys could see that
in my hand there, but now we have these little tiny black seeds. And it’s these seeds are
the basil seeds that now you could grow out for next season. So we got a bunch of these.
So yeah I’m just going to spread it in my garden and let them grow next year if they
decide to come up or not. You know, a lot of times I may collect the seeds, share them
with others, plant them in specific places, plant them out, you know, in my green houses
before the season starts, get them going strong and then transplant them out. But many times
if I don’t really feel like collecting the seeds or in this case I don’t have too many
left, I’ll just basically spread them out, tear open the plants in their place and spread
the seeds so I’m helping the plant out spreading seeds. And let me tell you, one of the things
I like to do is spread my seeds. Alright. So also in this bed we got a couple more things.
So let me go ahead and reposition the camera and show you guys some seeds that I actually
will be saving this year. So the next seeds I’ll be sharing with you
guys on how to save is onion seeds. Like seed saving is super easy. You just have to open
your eyes and look for little seeds or black things or whatever color they come in or any
shape, and collect them. So what we’re looking at here is my onion plant. They send up these
nice beautiful flowers. They make those small little bouquets of flowers. And those flowers
are edible. I love them, whether they are, you know, from garlic or onions, they’re
all amazing. And in this bouquet of flowers here, I don’t know if you guys could see
here, let’s see a lot of these seeds have actually dropped out, I think this one’s
pretty good. I’m going to go ahead and pluck this stem off. And this is a little bouquet
of flowers. And each one of the flowers, I don’t know if you guys could see that, but
they open up and they create little black specks or little black seeds inside each flower.
So it’s our job to come in afterwards, and you could blow them out and sift them in your
garden so you have onions coming up wild. And, you know, one of my goals as a gardener
and as a, I’m trying to do hands off gardening, which I’m not quite fully there yet, is
to have systems in place where the plants will go to seed, they’ll drop seed, and
they’ll just continue to grow on their own without me having to do any intervention.
So I have a few raised beds that actually that does occur where the plants just keep
coming up on their own. I don’t have to keep, you know, re-planting them. But most
of my beds actually I re-plant year after year. So we’re going to go ahead and save
these seeds. So I just have a little plastic container here that I’m re-using. And we’re
just going to go ahead and take these and just rub it out, and shake them and just with
a little bit of force and cajoling, come out of there seeds. All the seeds, you know, come
out of here. And now I have some seeds in my container here. So we’re just going to
go ahead and do that to the rest of these plants and these dried up flowers to get all
the seeds. Alright, so looks like we got a bunch of the seeds collected. And, you know,
I have used things like a kitchen of, you know, sieves and what not to strain out my
seeds and what not. And maybe in an upcoming episode I’ll show you the tools I use to
actually strain out all the chaff, and, you know, sort out the seeds. One of the things
I like to do, because generally seeds are heavier than the chaff and all the plant parts
is gently rotate this and blow. And sometimes you’ll blow up a lot of the smaller stuff. I do recommend, you know, when you guys are
saving your seeds, bagging them up, try not to save them with any kind of extra, you know,
plant material, just seeds, because the plant material might be diseased or decayed and
there may be issues in this climate here because it’s so dry. That’s not really an issue
but I just want to save the seeds without all the extra stuff in it. Next in this bed, let’s go ahead and show
you guys how to save some parsley seed. So now I’m going to share with you guys how
to harvest the next seed that I’ll be harvesting today. And it’s about actually a little
bit taller than I am, parsley. Parsley, you may think of it like an herb that, you know,
it goes on the side of your stake or something at the Stake house or something. But to me
it’s actually one of my vegetables. I don’t even consider it an herb, because I just basically
come out, cut a whole bunch of parsley, chop it up with some avocados, some sprouted buckwheat
and some garlic that’s like crushed up. And that’s a little salad to me. I mean,
around the world they make tabouli salads and stuff, which is based around parsley.
And I want to encourage you guys to eat copious amounts of parsley because it is such a nutritious
food that unfortunately in America is often only seen as a garnish. But to me it’s like
the main part of my salad many times. And I really love the flavor of the parsley. Anyways. If you let your parsley grow, no
longer does it stay, you know, a foot tall or something, it grows 8 feet, no this is
not quite 8 feet, this is about 6 feet tall here. And it’s gone to it’s flower stage. So, you know, generally when plants go to
the flower stage on the greens, they send up a shoot that grows really tall. Now why
would they do this? Have you ever thought about that? Well, I was thinking about that
the other day. I was like the reason why they send up their shoots very tall is so that
they could get as high as they can so that they could look out amongst all the other
plants. Well, no. They want to get as tall as they can because they produce the seeds,
and when the winds come, right, it will blow their seeds further than if they’re closer
to the ground. And this will, you know, basically provide them a better chance of survival and
spreading their seeds. And after all, that’s what every plant and every creature on earth
wants to do. It wants to reproduce. So anyways, this thing is quite tall. And now because
it is so tall, I don’t have to crouch down, duck down, kneel down. I could just stand
up and literally just have a little, once again another container, another bin, and
just go over the top and literally just squeeze the seeds right off. And I’m going to collect
some seeds and I’m going to collect some plant matter. But I mean, really it’s this
easy. Now here’s one of the caveats, I mean, in my climate here which is a nice arid, dry
climate, it’s amazing for collecting seeds, right. Because we don’t get a lot of rain
and i it does rain it dries out very fast. In some climates like if you live in, in the
North-East and what not and it snows and it rains and gets cold, you know, you better
collect your seeds and stuff before it gets rained on and all this stuff because you could
have your seeds go bad on you, which is not fun. So in that case what you want to do is
you probably want to harvest, you know, I would just basically cut off pieces of the
plants here, probably like this near the top with all the seed area, and just take like
these big bouquets inside kind of like this, and give them to your wife. Here, honey, I
got you some flowers, I mean some seeds. And you could take them inside when they’re
still, you know, fully mature. So you want to make sure there’s, they are
browned out and there’s seeds on there. You don’t want to harvest stuff too early
because if the seeds not fully mature, you know, they may not grow into plants, which
is the desired outcome. I know when these guys are fully mature because they’re totally
brown and the seeds are just blowing off in the wind like they’re supposed to. But now
I’m just going to go ahead and collect them. But anyways, you’re going to want to cut
these off, bring them inside, you know, put them in a sunny greenhouse where the moisture
could evaporate off and then save your seeds when they are fully dry. If you save your
seeds when they’re still wet, they could mould inside the bag. It’s not fun and they’re
going to go bad. So it’s not good. You want them fully dry. So you could also dehydrate,
dry them in a dehydrator if they’re not fully dry. But I like to let them dry in nature
as they would naturally whenever possible. So we’re just going to go ahead and get
the rest of these seeds by taking my hand and just putting this over the container.
And letting these go down and get caught in a container. And of course, you know, if you’re
lazy like I am many times and you don’t even want to save your seeds but you do want
to save your seeds, right. You don’t want to save your seeds in little bags, in envelopes.
The best way to save your seeds is just take it over the raised bed you want to have celery
next year, and go like this. And then once I got the stalks, then this just goes in to
the compost. Super simple, super easy, and next year I’m going to have a lot of parsley
in this bed and I’ll be looking forward to it. So you guys just saw me harvest the mature
parsley and now what I want to show you guys is actually lower on the plant. It’s not
fully done with this flowering cycle. Depending on the plant, certain parts of the plant,
the seeds may be ripe and ready to be harvested and other parts of the plant it may not be
ready. So, you know, unlike conventional agriculture when they go in and just wipe out a whole
fruit orchard and take down all the fruits, they’re not all ripe and perfect at the
right time. And that’s why I encourage you guys to selectively harvest your fruits at
their peak ripeness and also your vegetables at their peak ripeness. But also your seeds. So I wouldn’t just go through here and harvest
and cut down the whole plant unless of course maybe a frost was impending and it was going
to get too cold and hurt this plant or something. But here this thing will grow year round because
we don’t get too cold. But in any case, on this plant here, you know, there’s some,
this is the same plant that I just harvested from at a lower point, you know. There’s
still areas of the plant and, you know, this is an area where it’s actually still just
about going to flower if you guys could see that. I don’t know if you guys could see
that. But this is in the same family as the celery and carrots and what not. And up over in this area, it looks like they
have not only gone from the flower stage but now they’re forming their little seeds.
And we don’t want to harvest these immature seeds yet, you know, just much like, you know,
a baby when a baby is being born. It needs to be in the womb, you know, human baby, for
9 months. And sometimes they have to deliver the baby prematurely and a lot of times, you
know, the baby will alright if it’s a little bit premature. But if it’s too much premature
it’s not going to make it. Same things with the seeds. If the seeds are harvested too
early, they’re too premature and they will never turn in and be able to reproduce, you
know. So we want to wait as long as we can and leave it on the plant to let it fully
develop properly. And like the question is, ‘John how do you know when a seed is fully
developed?’ Well the thing is if you take the plant and you could just blow it and you
see seeds dropping off, guess what? The plant is ready to give you it’s seeds and it’s
ready to share it’s seeds with you. And you could help it in nature to spread its
seeds and do it a favor. And we could all work in unity on this planet instead of fighting
each other, right. So work in harmony with your plants, save your seeds and help them
out by spreading their message. So now I’m going to share with you guys
how to save a seed of an uncommon vegetable that you guys can easily grow and eat the
roots. And what this is called right here, I don’t know if you guys could see this
whole patch here basically. But it was so strong that it actually shoved out one of
my raised bed blocks that was holding the raised bed. So it actually, actually could
grow out. This is probably been one of the most productive easiest to take care of food
sources that I’m growing here in the desert. This is known as Canna edulis or Achira. And
this grows like these leaves here, this one most of it was affected by the frost but these
low hanging ones that were protected by all the stems and stalks that didn’t make it.
Here’s another one, kind of frost damaged. But they don’t like the cold weather but
they’ll, the roots stay alive during the winter due to the high sugar content. And
then they’re going to actually start to come back in the spring. And they grow nice
banana like foliage or leaves. The part that’s edible is down here. It’s these like little,
the root area. And they’re basically a high source of starch. So these starches, unlike
most starches that are roots, can be eaten either raw or cooked, and you know, I can’t
say I’ve eaten a lot of them, I maybe ate it once. But I hope to have an episode soon
where I actually cook these guys up because I have so many. It’s been so prolific here.
I really grow this mostly for the decoration, because this does look like an ornamental
crop. So if you’re trying to like fit in ornamental but have edibles at the same time,
this would be something probably you could easily grow in your front yard and it would
just look like a decorative plant. But little does this city know that you’re growing
food. So that’s why I like it. Now saving the seeds, they grow up into these
nice long tall stalks. Some of them were about 10 feet tall this year. And at the top they
make these little flowers and then they make the little seeds. So I don’t have any fresh
ones to show you guys, but I have the dried ones here. And this is kind of what they look
like at the top ones they are dried out. So, you know, once again, you know when the seed’s
ready when it’s dried out. And basically it makes these like, little like, I don’t
know if you guys know what a durian is, a durian fruit. These are like little durian
things. They got like these little spikes. But they’re not really sharp. Here’s one
that looks pretty good. And then what happens is, inside these little pods or fruits, they
make a little seed. So I don’t know if you guys could see the little black seed in there.
But we’ll go ahead and pop that under my hand here. Well there’s a few in there.
Oops, that one fell. There’s one. Oh, they keep falling out my hand. Alright, there’s
another one. I keep dropping them. Alright, so let’s go ahead and pick these guys up. So these are little seeds of the canna edulis.
I got 3 seeds there. They look like little black BBs to me. And one of the cool things
I want to get like a little BB gun that will take these kind of BBs and go out into nature
and just fire them out off into nature and I’ll be spreading seeds. That would be really
cool. I like these seeds a lot and then these will actually grow into the canna, which is
mostly propagated. And if you’re propagating and you guys actually buy the roots, actually,
you know, buy root divisions and not necessarily seeds, but the seeds are something easy to
save and I really like them because they could probably be used for art work and all kinds
of cool stuff. I think they remind me of like little cannon balls or something. Anyways,
that’s how you save the canna edulis seeds. Lets go ahead and move on to a couple more
crops in this bed that I haven’t yet prepared, you know, and transitioned over to my winter
crops yet. Got two more seeds that I’ll show you guys how to save. So now I’m going to go ahead and get into
sharing some more seeds with you guys on crops that you may not know about. And that in my
opinion should be up and comers that you might want to grow in your garden and that should
be known about. But these principles that I’m sharing with you guys, I mean, as you
guys could see, like when I harvest seeds, they’re like always brown, they’re dry
and they’re ready to fall off on their own. I mean, seed saving, once again it’s not
rocket science. Don’t be scared of saving seeds. The worst thing that’s going to happen
if you save seeds that are immature, you save them and then you try to plant them out, they
don’t grow, you know, into plants for next year. And that’s alright, you’ve learned
something. Now also be aware that some plants you must call what do what’s called stratify.
So what that means is in nature, you know, plants go through cycles. And the weather
goes trough cycles, it goes from hot to cold to hot again. And the plants know when, you
know, the seeds know when it’s the temperature out there, you know. They have built in thermometers
and they know it it’s been cold or hot and what not. And some seeds actually need to
be stratified. And what that means is they need to go from the hot weather to the cold
weather to like freezing weather and then back to the warm weather, and that’s when
they know they should germinate and start growing. So, you know, whether you want to
be lazy like I am and leave the seeds outside to stratify on their own outside. Or whether
you want to take the seeds, harvest them, and then, you know, for example put them in
your refrigerator to, you know, give them some cold weather to make them think it’s
cold and then grow those out. You could also do that as well. So the next seed I want to collect is actually
right here. I don’t know if you guys could see this plant behind me. But this is known
as my Ashitaba plant. And if you look on there closely like John those seeds aren’t ready
to be harvested man, they’re still green. So yes, you’re right, those seeds are green
and I’m not really going to harvest those guys. But on this little section right here
for some reason some of the seeds are actually fallen off. So what I do then is I just go
ahead and shake that plant lightly and see which ones fall off into my hands, and then
those are the ripe ones ready to be harvested. So these ones, they’re still fallen off
but they’re still green so they may or may not be fully mature. So I do have another
video where actually I’ll post a link down below where I really harvest ripe and ready
Astibaba seeds that are ready to be harvested because they are brown. Also they should be
of the proper size as well. And Ashitaba is one of my favorite medicinal vegetables because
it has so many healing properties and I believe every American should be growing and eating
some of this on a regular basis for it’s rich, yellow chalcones, which have been shown
to be anti-disease like anti-cancer and all this stuff. Today well I’m just going to go ahead and
spread these guys out since, you know, they’re not fully ready to be harvested. And if I
get some coming up in this bed that would be great because this is my bed dedicated
to growing some Ashitaba. Here in the desert it does fine. This is growing in part shade
and they grow amazingly. And the next plant I want to harvest the seeds
from is right next door. But I’m going to go ahead and move over to an area where I
have a lot more of these seeds. They’re actually known as the water pepper. So the next plant I want to harvest seeds
from is right here. This is known as the water pepper. And it’s called water pepper because
I guess it likes to grow in moist areas and it tastes like hot pepper. And it doesn’t
make any kind of fruits or anything like that. But these leaves here, when they’re fresh,
they’re no longer fresh they’re dried now naturally, they’re actually quite hot
and spicy. And it reminds you of eating hot peppers. I don’t know I’ve never tried
a dried leaf. Let’s make sure there’s no bugs in this dried leaf. Alright, it looks
clean. So this is a dry leaf left on the plant. You know if I want to save it for harvesting,
I would have harvested them when they are green and then dehydrated them. Just eating
the leaf like this, I do feel a hotness in my mouth. So some of that hangs out in the
plant. It’s kind of cool. My mouth is almost a little bit on fire right now. But this is
a really good way to, you know, get more, once again, those protective plant properties,
the plant, you know, phytochemicals and phytonutrients in you. Because who knows what that thing
that heats up my mouth, what that does inside you body, is it anti-cancer, is it anti-diabetes,
is it anti-inflammatory, I don’t know. And maybe one day there will be research on all
the different plants on what exactly they have been used for or what they can be used
for. But what I do know is that, you know, many cultures throughout history have used
many plants for many different situations. I haven’t actually looked up to see what
this was used for traditionally because this is before we had drugs and medicine, they’d
go to a pharmacy to get, p-h-a-r-m-a-c-y, you’d go out to your farm, f-a-r-m-a-c-y,
to harvest the plants. So that’s what I want to encourage you guys to do. Anyways. Harvesting the seeds on these guys
are really easy. You know, I grew this, I grew one plant two years ago and it just,
it went to seed and I didn’t really even see the seeds. And then next year this whole
bed was like overgrown with these guys and I’m like I’ll just let them grow. But
if I let these seeds drop, and I’m sure plenty of them have dropped already, you know,
next year this bed will probably just be entirely water pepper because it is, you know, it grows
like a weed. And those are the things that you want to grow, you know, not weed, you
want to grow plants that grow like weeds so you could harvest them and eat them and then
share the seeds. Specially plants that are kind of rare like this that you don’t see
too often. So, you know, once again, what I’m going
to do in this situation is just, is I’m going to go ahead and cut it off to demonstrate.
But I could just do with the plants sitting here. We’d cut this guy off, and I don’t
know if you guys could see here on the ends, all these little things here, that’s the
seeds. So I just got a little bin here. And I’m going to go over the bin and just take
my fingers and, you know, brush out the seeds. And they’re just going to fall into my bin.
And now I could collect the seeds and save them. Now all the rest of the plant parts
get composted and I will be composting, these will turn into soil to feed these seeds. So
yes, this is the water pepper. Once again, really easy to save the seeds. Just go here
and twist them all off. And yeah, I see a bunch of the seeds in there. Alright! Next let’s go to the last few crops.
And I’m going to share with you guys how to save the seeds. The next one is actually
a fruit. So the next kind of seed I want to show you
guys how to save is super simple, super easy. it’s pepper seeds. So this bed was my summer
pepper bed. And I since actually cut it down, left all the roots of the plants in the ground.
I haven’t gotten yet to re-amend and then re-plant this for the winter time. But you
could see here we just got some random peppers that have been on the ground outside dehydrating
on the ground here. And so that’s one of them right here. So to save pepper seeds is
really easy. You could even go to the grocery store and get full, fully developed ripe peppers.
And once again, we want to make sure they’re ripe peppers. You can’t really save the
seeds off green peppers because they’re not fully developed. Green peppers are simply
red, orange or yellow peppers that are not fully ripe. So I encourage you guys to eat
ripe peppers. Anyways, here’s a little pepper that we got. And we’re just going to go
ahead and tear this guy open. And look at that, on the inside there’s all these seeds.
And it’s the fruit that protects the seeds, right. And so we could just take these seeds
out and we could just spread them out into the garden and have pepper plants next year.
You know, inside the pepper these seeds are a tad bit moist. I might want to like just
put them inside the greenhouse for a couple of days to dry out. But these are ready to
be saved. So like if I have damaged pepper seeds or damaged peppers that are not able
to be eaten by me, say there’s bug holes or they look kind of messed up, they’re
mouldy, I will use those to save those ones for seeds and save the good ones for me to
eat. Of course, you know, one of the things when you eat the peppers, you could also take
out the seeds to save them, you know. So you could eat them and save the seeds. A lot of
times I like to just actually grind up the seeds and get the nutrition from the seeds
into me. Plus they add a nice hot flavor to things like my, you know, pizzas and sauces
that I make. So yeah, super simple, super easy to save seeds. Open up the fruits, get
the seeds out, make sure they’re fully mature and then actually make sure they’re dry
if you are going to be saving them. So the next seeds I’m going to save are
from another fruit that I grew in the summer, that has since gone the way of the west, it’s
these guys right here. There’s a bunch of them right here. I don’t know if you guys
could see that. Here’s some more right here. This is okra. So I love okra, it’s one of
my favorite summer vegetables. It grows really well here in the hot desert climate, loves
the temperatures, makes lots of pods. I like to harvest the pods when they’re in their
baby and young stage. And that’s when I just eat them raw, you know, put them into
salads, add them to soups. I’ve even pickled okra this past year. Picked okra man, the
baby stuff, not when it’s too mature, it’s like so delicious, right. And so what we’re
going to do is now we’re going to go ahead and save the seeds. So we’re just going
to cut off one of these pods here. And if you look, the okra actually will even start
to split on you. So if you guys could see that, like it’s starting to split, you could
see all the seeds lined up in there. It’s kind of like a little factory. I mean this
is a seed pod, it’s a seed factory, it’s making seeds. So what we’re going to go
ahead and do is we’re just going to go ahead and open this guy up very carefully over a
little bin. And as you guys could see, all the seeds are dropping out. And when we’re
done with that, we’re left with the okra pod that now gets composted. But before it
gets composted, you could use this as special toys in the bedroom. Alright, witches claw.
Ahh my pretty. Alright. So yeah, that saving the okra seeds. Super simple, super easy. I have massive amounts of okra seeds, just
mixed varieties, you know. Some of the things I like to label, the varieties and so I know
what variety it is. A lot of times I don’t really care about the varieties for me personally
because I’m not trying to like keep this genetic diversity. I want to create new diversity.
So by allowing my seeds and different varieties that I grow here to pollinate and mix, I’m
coming up with, you know, different and new genetic varieties that have adapted to my
climate here. So that’s what I enjoy doing. Although I know there’s some die hard seed
savers out there preserving certain genetics. And hey I think that’s cool too. But of
course, making new ones is, you know, the funnest for me. Plus I don’t I’m not really
into labeling and all this stuff. You know, I just like to just have seeds to grow and
as long as it makes edible food, I’m happy with that. So the next seeds I’m going to save are
these guys right here. This is known to me originally as leaf ginseng, and then later
I looked it up and it’s known as the surinam spinach. And what these guys are, I don’t
know if you guys could see that but it’s like it almost blends in with the background,
since this is not a really best shot. But it’s right here. You guys could see this
is just basically the stalk of the plants and they have these little balls on the end.
And it’s inside these little balls are the seeds. And each one of these balls is actually
a little seed pod. So we’re going to go ahead and take one of these balls out very
carefully. And what I’m going to do is I’m going to go ahead and take my hand and crush
it. And watch my hand here. So you see on my hand now there’s these little tiny itsy
bitsy seeds. If you guys are familiar with the grain teff, like these seeds are probably
about as small or even smaller than teff seeds, which are actually quite small on their own.
So we’re just going to go ahead and carefully save these guys in a little container. These
guys will be really easy to sift out because they’ll fit through like a, you know, sieve
from my kitchen, to get rid of all the chaff and all the seed pods and all this kind of
stuff. So the leaf ginseng or surinam spinach is
actually another really good heat-tolerant leafy green to grow in the summer time here
in LasVegas. And it grows really easy. Like I bought these plants once from a seller down
in San Diego at Vista Farmers Market in San Diego area. And I took it home and I grew
it. And it grew, I put it in my greenhouse and it just grew there, and then actually
went to seed and sprouted in an unheated greenhouse, and grew year round. It went to seed, it dropped
seeds, and some of my potted plants in my greenhouse, I brought some of those plants
here. i planted them and then randomly I’d have the leaf ginseng or surinam spinach come
up on me. So like this right here is a 100% volunteer plant. I did not plant it. I don’t
even know how the seed got here. but now I’m happy to be saving seeds off this so I could
grow this in a much larger way in this upcoming year. Because this is another heat tolerant
crop. So if you live in the tropics or if you live in a place where it’s really hot
in the summer, South Florida, you know, places that you have problems growing lettuce, you
want to grow the surinam spinach as well as the next seed that I’ll be harvesting right
behind me. So actually let me go ahead and show you guys the last seed I’ll be harvesting
in my garden today. So the last seed I’ll be harvesting today
in this episode is this guy right here. And I don’t know if you guys could see that
on the video, I don’t know what it look like for you in HD, but basically you could
see there’s all these like little seed pod things hanging from the plant. There’s like,
there’s just so many of them. This thing is like just so prolific in the seed pods
and in the summer time it was also very prolific in the greens that it produced. This is known
as the red stem malabar spinach. And it makes delicious edible leaves that are really mild
flavored, that have a nice red stem. This is, this was beautiful over the summer. It
filled this trellis, it’s only like a 4 feet tall trellis, really nicely and even
went to grow taller. So next year I’ll have to even get a taller trellis for it to grow
because I’m sure it will fill that too. And at the end of this season I was blessed
with all these berries to eat. I’ll post a link down below to a video where actually
I juiced the really anti-oxidant rich berry juice and drank that. And it was an amazing
drink, lots of anti-oxidants, and I’m sure it did my body a lot of good. But now that
the seasons over and the plants dried out and I didn’t harvest all the berries, it
made also tons of seed pods. And so all these on a stem are just like all seeds. And I could
now take these off and grow these for next year or share those with you guys. I mean,
seed saving is really easy, you know. If you are into really seed saving I do recommend
living in an arid climate, it makes seed saving significantly easier, you don’t have to
worry about mould and dampness and wetness and all this kind of stuff. But even in a,
you know, a moist climate where you get a lot more moisture and humidity, you could
still do seed saving. You just got to maybe, you know, dry the seeds out a little bit and
wait till the weather is nice to harvest your seeds and not when it’s all wet and all
this kind of stuff. Alright. So once again, seed saving is not
rocket science. If you could go out and you could see oh those are seeds, oh they’re
dry, oh they’re ready, you know, you could save seeds too. And of course, yes there’s
some seeds that are more difficult to save than others. But I think the main message
of this video is that I want you guys to save your seeds and share your seeds with others
so that they could grow, you know, healthy crops so you guys could eat out of your gardens
instead of out of the grocery store. Now the final thing I’d like to say in this
episode, I don’t have a lot of some of the seeds that i shared with you guys today on
how to harvest, to share with you guys. But I do have actually a lot of the malabar spinach
seeds. I’ve been harvesting a whole bunch with some help here today. And these are all
the seeds I’ve got so far and I still got like half the trellis to harvest out. So if
you want to get some of my seeds that I grew with the rock dust, with the good soil here
that’s more climatized to the hot desert than other varieties of malabar spinach that
you just may be mail ordering, be sure to check that link down below. I’m going to
put this on my fiverr campaign. So, you know, for $5 I’ll ship you some malabar spinach
seeds and then you’ll be able to grow them yourself and the $5 that you give me for the
seeds, I will not take a penny out of that, I will use all that money to get my videos
transcribed so that people that are hearing impaired or that live in foreign countries
that don’t understand English, can get that automatically transcribed into their language
so that they could have access to my very important videos in this day and age. So once
again, check the link down below, you know, for that. So pretty much brings me to the end of this
episode. If you guys liked this episode, saw how to save 10 different varieties of seeds,
hey please give me a thumbs up to let me know. I’ll be doing more seed saving episodes
in the future when I have different seeds to harvest because it happens like all the
time here. And also be sure to click that Subscribe button right down below to be notified
of my new and upcoming episodes. I have new and upcoming episodes coming out about every
3 to 4 days. And of course, be sure to check my past episodes. I have over 1100 episodes
at this time to share with you guys how you guys could grow your own food at home. And
I also travel all over to visit all kinds of farms and cool places all around the country
and around the world. So once again, my name is John Kohler with
. We’ll see you next time and until then remember- keep on growing.

100 thoughts on “How to Save Seeds from 10 Vegetables in Your Garden

  1. The sexual frustration in this video makes it hard to watch, which is a shame cause it's actually really useful. Maybe tone it down on the seamen jokes.

  2. It would be really helpful if you had links in your videos – Such as:
    Dandelion – 02:42
    Basil – 04:50
    Onion – 07:01
    Parsley – 09:49
    Achira – 16:22
    Ashitaba – 21:30
    Water Pepper – 23:00
    Hot or Sweet Pepper – 26:55
    Okra – 28:55
    Surinam Spinach – 31:28
    Malabar Spinach – 33:58

  3. What about the consumption of water how does that compare to the amount of greens you eat? Do you have to consume more water? I don't see you mention consumption water on any of your shows, just curious.

  4. Might you be able to include another link to getting the malabar spinach seeds here please?

  5. I had no idea cannas were edible! You said you wanted a bb gun to spread the seeds out into nature…I think I will get some canna seeds and give them to my boys to use in their sling-shots!

  6. Must we let the Okra pods dry out completely on the vine like that (just let them be, no watering)? We are concern because if it does, that means that okra raised bed will be occupied for a long long time and we won't be able to start a fall garden…

  7. Hello John ,i will follow your channel for long time i can say, you are one of my best one gardener and i got in the way to grow my food,but i know you are so busy ..i make same questions you never answer ,is ok i live in Nevada my question today is i will be in Las Vegas after October 13 and i will like to see your garden and to chat about the plants is my b_day on that week and my husband is taken me to Texas and on the way back we going to be 3 days in Vegas ,i will like to know you and have same advises for my garden,i live in Laughlin NV.

  8. Hi John, do you have any seeds still available. I would love to get my hands on some to plant here in my garden that is similar to your planting zone. I can definitly donate to your channel. Thanks!

  9. When can we buy in your seed store the colored beens .you did s show with them they had all different color bean seeds. And pepper ?

  10. We live in northern Canada and to make swiss chard seeds we have to dig up the plants, bring them inside for the winter and then replant in the spring, same for beets. Can you imagine being stored for 8 months in the dark then brought outside to your girlfriend in the bright sun, how difficult that would be to find her, lol.

  11. John, you should do a clip about goji and if it's really good for you or if what one guy on here is saying that it's a myth that it's really bad for you..

  12. when collecting dandelion seed I first wait till the flowers are open and the white parachutes are waiting to be carried by the wind. I then flick my bic to burn the parachutes off and knock the seeds into an envelope where they stay until I am ready to plant or sprout them!

  13. Info please on how you store seeds for the next growing season?

    Also any info on growing seasons in the Philippines at sea level where the temp ranges from 20 C to 40 C all year round.

  14. Normally i love your videos. But lately you seem to be doing what the trashy younger tubers are doing to get subs. It's actually getting unprofessional and disgusting. You will probably start losing subs. All because you want to talk trashy. You are a wealth of knowledge and i love your vids. But not so much lately.

  15. Now maybe it's different or maybe I am dead wrong, but here in Georgia I have always been told by my elders "if you want an apple tree plant the whole apple". Any truth to that??

  16. John you blow my mind. You should have your own gardening show on PBS or whatever. I've learned so so much from all of your wonderful videos,,, can't thank you enough. Plus I love the way you sound like everybody's best buddy. Keep up the good work My Man you are greatly appreciated. Big Green Love!

  17. Ask all the restaurant Oweners who grow their own gardens if they are being search or stop from growing their vegetables

  18. hey John them dam dandelions grow like crazy in my garden  don't get my wrong I love greens and I love them raw but my garden it that small you would have to go into the house to change your mind . Love your dog

  19. Your videos are informative yet go off the point so many times. Stick to teaching what you know about the natural world and shorten the amount of superfluous talk. Time is short for most people. There is a legitimate need for straight forward, educational, fact based information that is insightful to the general population. Share your knowledge in a more succinct, fact based way. I agree with some of the audience that your comments are sexually oriented and have no place in this so very important arena- saving seeds is critical to our future. Stick to the point! On several occasions, I have stopped listening because of your tangential points and verbosity. Again, stick with the point. If you do this, your audience will grow because your message and experience is valuable.

  20. Awesome Video John! I like how you save a lot of weed seed. I do that, too, on my Rocky Mountain Homestead….Weeds make the best green drink…tastes a lot sweeter than things like lacinato kale….It is hubby approved….

  21. Sometimes you get really lucky.

    Last year, a neighbor of mine tried to grow yellow summer squash, but was forced to move, due to reasons I'm not going to discuss here. Anyways, my aunt got the place, and said that I could do whatever I wanted to do to the garden bed this summer. I had a bunch of bagged soil, compost, manure, and vermiculite, so it would have been no problem to fill the bed, (which was originally fertilized with goat manure, but that had broken down by then, and needed a serious topping off) but there was a lot of weeds. So, I got a small sickle, and started to hack down the weeds, when I located the squash gourds. I broke the one open, saw the seeds, and on the spur of the moment, decided to scatter them around the garden, along with those of a few other gourds I found. Got a lot of squash as a result, which can be shown in my videos. Trying to do something similar for next year, although I don't know if it will work.

  22. Have you had any trouble growing this year at all? I'm hearing things about it getting harder to grow in the usa as of late, wanted to ask you and see if its true.

  23. Like your videos. A long time Cannabis grower, but reading the comments people need to lighten up. This video is ultimately about reproduction.

  24. Man, you got some trolls commenting!! Could you tell more about the canna varieties that are edible? You said canna Dallas or something. BTW you do a great job educating and inspiring.

  25. John has anyone ever told you that you sort of resemble Lionel Messi? The thumbnail to this video showed up under one of his, and I was blown away! :-O

  26. Gardening IS sexy!  and WHY are so many people so afraid to talk about the sexual aspect of plants or people?  We'd starve if the plants quit getting it on!   😉   I found it refreshing!  Be YOU!   Always!

  27. Wow! Intentionally growing dandelions? In Kentucky, those things are a nuisance, in the yard. I've never eaten a dandelion.

  28. excellent teaching THANK-YOU, I almost can't see some of the video as I us closed caption. Raise things a tad higher please:)-old age I want to make sure I hear you right so CC works

  29. You're awesome dude! I am hearing impaired (wearing hearing aids), when I heard you (thru headphones on full blast) and "saw" what you said about what the fiverr is about, I was blown away. Totally awesome!! Sadly, the captions aren't up to par…sometimes you have to try and decipher what is meant to be said and what is shown…once the caption literally changed one word that was said three times, into three different words. Sad…real sad. But it's cool what you're doing. Keep on growing (and sharing seeds). Gonna look and see if we have any of those seed libraries in my area, that'd be awesome. Used to live in Vegas (Nevada) but now in Jefferson, Texas…

  30. I think ants will eat the seeds you spread in the soil. Do you having ants in your garden? What you think they eat?

  31. John, do you think that your Malabar Spinach would grow in eastern Florida near Space Center? Have a lot of trouble growing lettuce that bolts on me on spring and fall plantings. Who knows what the weather will be here.

  32. Native americans ate the dandelion flowers, pan fried in butter or oil, leaves and roots were eater raw or boiled. it is rich in calcium. used for infections. if leaves are bitter add cider vinegar and sugar dressing, all parts of the plant can be dried and stored for a year.

  33. John, would you please send me or post your link to when and how to plant these seeds beyond harvesting seeds? Thanks, always enjoy your tutorials, thanks much, Dwayne

  34. I've watched so many videos on seeding because I want to know how to do it but every video just didn't teach me how to do it. This is the first video that explains how to seed with ease and humor. I actually learned!!! Thank you for the time you put into this video 🙂

  35. So much talk without mentioning how to store your seeds CDD=Cold Dry Dark

    HOW COLD is the question for various seeds?

    My preferred temperature is -18C = -0.4F. Not all seeds can be stored so cold.

  36. I live in swampy conditions. I spread the seeds out on a plate inside the house for a few days (depending on how large they are). I tape used silica packets, from jerky or new clothes or where ever I can find them, to the lids of tiny jars I recycle (but putting them in bags would also be just fine I reckon.

  37. I planted in my house's bow window Giant Russian Cabbage and a coup;e seedlings got taller but thick, healthy and grew a blossom head!! Did they bolt? I planted out now in a raised bed 2' apart but will those produce heads and do they need to bloom first to produce heads or not?

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