How to start a worm farm in 4 steps: vermiculture made easy

So you want to start a worm farm. Worm farming
is a great way to reduce the waste you’re throwing out to landfill and can help you create homemade soil
conditioners for your garden. Did you know that the average Aussie bin is made of up to
forty percent food why not get some new down to earth friends
who’ll appreciate the food more than the tip will. We will talk you through
all four steps unless you already know where you want to
go and then you can just jump straight to that section how do you become a worm farmer first source a worm farm and some composting
worms. When figuring out how big your worm farm needs to be and how many worms you need, think about how
much food you throw away per day. Worms can eat about half their body weight
worth of food so if you throw away two apple cores and
a carrot you need this many worms to consume it. If you’re unsure about how
much food you throw away just buy a large box of worms to get you
started. Choose a well-constructed worm farm so pests can’t get in. remember it’s not a pest farm it’s a worm farm. Next set up your worm farm. What materials do you need? Grab a pair
of gloves and an apron, so you don’t get too dirty. Then source two sheets of newspaper, a hessian cloth that is as wide and as long
as your worm farm, grab a large bowl or bucket, your worm farm, worms and the coco fiber brick that
came with the kit. Place the coco fiber brick in the bowl and
cover with water and wait two hours for it to expand. While you’re waiting for your cocoa fiber brick to expand move your worm farm into a cool, dark, dry area away from the hot sun. Place your newspaper on the base of your first working tray.
Once your coco fiber brick has expanded grab it out of the bowl and layer it over the
newspaper it should still be quite wet. Add the
worms on top of the coco fiber and newspaper keeping any bedding that came with them
then cover with the worm blanket. A worm blanket can be made out of any old fabric,
today we’re using hessian. And now, let your worms settle in for a week. Then dig a shallow trench on top of the bedding place a handful of food scraps and cover with the bedding. Replace the blanket. And the lid. and voila, you’re all set up. You only need one tray until it fills up. to learn how to add other trays or how
to rotate them visit So your worms are settled and happy in their
new home let’s find out the best way to feed them.
Make sure you feed them regularly. If you feed them huge amounts every week or so
the worms cant get through it fast enough and the food waste goes sour and starts to smell. When you lift the
blanket and there’s still lots of food scraps remaining move the food to compost or rubbish to
prevent overfeeding or smell. To add more food dig a new trench next the
previous one. Continue this until you reach the end of the farm. then jump back to where you started. There
are a lot of different food scraps in the average Aussie kitchen. Here is a list of some you can
feed them. Raw and cooked food vegetable scraps coffee grinds, tea bags, and
little bits of paper and cardboard Here are some you should try and avoid:
dairy, bread, meat and egg shells (but you can if you crush them up). Here are some you just can’t put in: onions, garlic, uncooked potato skins, and citrus peel. Click below a free
printable label for your worm farm of the full list of foods they like or don’t like.
Make sure you tear the food up into small pieces because worms have small mouths. And finally, make sure to check the water
levels. The bedding and food scraps should have the same level of moisture as a wet
kitchen sponge. If worms get too dry they stop moving
and eating. Worm farm not going so well? Looks like we’ve got some
troubleshooting to do. If your worms aren’t eating everything it’s probably because
you’re feeding them too much. Before you put in more food check that there aren’t too many food
scraps remaining. Because remember worms can only eat half their body weight each day.
Maybe you need a bigger farm or maybe you should feed them less. Flies turning up uninvited? Make sure
you cover the food with the worm blanket and then they’ll understand they’re crashing
a party. Also ensure that the worm farm is tightly closed with no cracks this will keep the other pests out too. Your worm farm stinks? Maybe because you’re not
covering the worm farm probably. Are you burying it in a trench, covering it with the hessian blanket ensuring the lid is tightly closed?
Remember we said don’t feed them meat, bread, dairy? It’s not because they’re gluten intolerant lacto-vegitarians it’s because it makes for stinky farm.
Thanks for watching! If you want to recap anything, click on the
links to my left or right, or for any questions head to Happy worm farming! Feedback? Let us know what you think in the comments below!

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