How to use fertilizers in your vegetable garden (自家菜园如何使用肥料)

Green in garden, fresh on table. welcome to Asiangarden2table. As the saying goes, farm manure is a treasure, from which the crops grow well. For a back yard gardener, what kind of organic fertilizers are available? 1. Commercial organic fertilizers. Made from different materials, you can buy plant compost, composted animal manures, bone meal, blood meal, see-weed manure, natural minerals etc. They are usually expensive but fertility is relatively low. 2. Home-made compost. Collect kitchen waste, garden waste and put them in composter. It is a great way to recycle your waste. After months’ decomposition, you can collect very good compost and compost tea, but it takes long time and also has low nutrients content. 3. Farm animal manure, the most effective one. Search online and look around. There are local farmers, horse riding clubs or farm animal lovers. They would love to give away the manures for free or sell them at very low price. I have been buying rabbit manure from a local farmer. It is better to compost manures before using in vegetable garden. To apply organic fertilizer, add as much as possible, evenly spread out, turn over the soil and bury the fertilizer deep underneath. There are reasons for doing this: 1. Some organic fertilizers especially manures, have high salt content. If contacted directly, young seedlings and vegetable plants will get dehydrated or burned; 2. Organic fertilizers contain very active bacteria and biota and may contaminate vegetables, especially leafy vegetables. Burying the fertilizer deep can minimize this risk; 3. The soil will provide good environment for bacteria and biota’s activities which will help to further decompose organic fertilizer and release the nutrients; 4. Prevent rain to flush fertilizer away. The best time to add organic fertilizers is before transplanting your seedlings. If your garden have a winter break because of cold weather, you can bury as much organic fertilizer
s as possible. in the soil and let them decompose over winter. I don’t suggest to use organic fertilizers for topdressing vegetables because: 1. Organic fertilizers work slowly and cannot supply nutrients peaks needed by vegetables for boosting, flowering and fruiting; 2. Burying organic fertilizer deep will damage vegetables’ leaves and roots; 3. Organic fertilizers may contaminate the vegetables which will get harvested in short time. Our garden is a dynamic ecosystem. A good soil is the strong foundation for this healthy system. Good soil takes years to build and continual work to maintain. Organic matters can improve soil’s physical and biological properties and at the same time, build up comprehensive fertility. This is chart of manure releasing nutrients by year. If we add the same amount of manure in garden every year, the nutrients available in the soil will increase year by year. But if we stop adding organic fertilizer, the soil will lose it fertility slowly. Because it takes long time to build fertility for a new garden, beginners who insist organic growing and refuse any supplement with inorganic fertilizer, are easily discouraged by unsuccessful result. Using inorganic fertilizers properly will make your vegetables grow more and better. How do you determine when and what inorganic fertilizer to add? First, you need to know your vegetables’ demand and read their signals. Here are pictures of tomatoes’ leaves when certain nutrients are deficient. This chart describes symptoms caused by nutrients deficiency. Read it carefully and check on you vegetables. The most common inorganic fertilizers usually contain Nitrogen, phosphorus and Potassium which are three primary nutrients. Usually their names indicate nutrients percentage. For example, 10-10-10 has 10% of Nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% Potassium. There are also fertilizers that supplement other nutrients, such as Magnesium, Iron, Calcium etc.. Pay attention to the nutrients content, any brand should work similar. I understand that most people have concerns of using inorganic fertilizers. The fact is the harmful effects of inorganic fertilizers are due to excessive and extended usage usage in improper and incorrect way, as well as extremely lack of organic matters. The right way to use inorganic fertilizer in your back yard is 1. Only add it when your vegetables need; 2. Add small amount each time and well mix with top soil; 3. Avoid to add inorganic fertilizer before heavy storm or it will be flushed away; 4. Keep distance from the plants and water the soil after to avoid burning the plants. Fortunately for a healthy garden, we don’t have to deal with most of the nutrients deficiency problems mentioned above. Once soil’s fertility built-up, there are plenty of comprehensive nutrients available. Also vegetables’ diversity, mix cropping and rotation also help to balance nutrients structure. There are a lot of micronutrients and trace nutrients in the nature and they are too little to measure but very important to living creature. These nutrients are leached out due to vegetation destruction and are excessive consumed due to over farming. Some of them are deficient in our foods, including some organic foods. Deficiency of some micro and trace nutrients will cause immunity and health problem. Ocean is a great source for micro and trace nutrients. That is why sea foods and products usually contain more and better nutrients and good for our health. The same things for our vegetables, well balanced nutrients help them grow healthier and stronger. Sea minerals supplements are getting more attention and people realize its value. This is sea mineral fertilizer I am using, it is minerals left from sea salt extraction process and rich with micro and trace nutrients. I have been using it in my vegetable garden. You can add some to composter, feed through your drip line, dissolve it and spray with a hose sprayer. Continue to do that and you will see improvement in your garden. Thank you for watching. I wish the best growing year in your garden. Please subscribe and stay with me. See you next time.

64 thoughts on “How to use fertilizers in your vegetable garden (自家菜园如何使用肥料)

  1. Thanks, very nice explanation, one question, we have cold, long winter, you mention you can put as much as you can to put organic fertilizer to decompose over winter, e.g. if i put not composed horse manure, is it possible to bring some side effect like over- something?

  2. Aloha our garden ohana, all is well for us hope same for your ohana, hey sista we get our own hawaiian salt, you tink we can just use our own salt straight from da off spray, from the wind that carries da salt to da rocks and cures right there on da spot should be da same huh, or does it have to be process in a speacial way mahalo sista, dis one adda good one keep up da good work sista, man da details you present is just unblieveable so again much mahalo, me and da wife big supporters of you and your ohana. Aloha. George and danyelle medeiros pacific palisades oahu hawaii 96782 way up mountain I live a minute drive to da forrest lol luck we live hawaii

  3. Order Asian vegetable seeds at

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  4. So much great info. I had no idea why the tips of my almond tree comes out strange and wrinkled, but after seeing this video, I suspect that a lack of calcium might be the problem. I will try either some crushed eggshells, or maybe a little ground up gypsum board leftovers from a previous renovation. Thank you, and keep making videos. Subscribed.

  5. I am watching all your videos as I get time. You mention in every video about burying organic fertilizer deep and top dress with 10 10 10 . How does this affect the life in your soil?Do you still have worms and other microbes in your soil? I am facing the same situation you mention. I am struggling with an organic container garden. Growth is too slow as compared to the work I put in. However since I have red wigglers in my containers I refrain from using inorganic. Do let me know about your soil life. Best wishes from Mumbai, India.

  6. I must say, this is by far the best educational video for vegetable gardens!  Your daughter is cute! By the way, I love the trellis you've created….I'm trying to make it  cheaper.

  7. hi, i'm trying to fertilize a orange tree in central Florida , i have a bag of fertilizer – i forgot what it was tipple 6 maybe, then i add some ash from wood . it this area its all sand.

  8. You made me feel work harder In my garden. I love gardening, I feel I can't give anything a go after watching your video.

  9. aloha to our garden ohana, its been a while did your new baby come yet, how your garden and ofcoirse your ohana fine I hope,, past couple months been busy with a contractor to make my new hollow tile back wall then I put up the plywood fence me and my wife still little more work for them to complete, hope to hear from you take care give your ohana 1 big huge from me and my wife aloha oh yea hows the seeds I sent you were the veggies good

  10. Hello, You have explained very clearly, slowly about how to pot the mix and how to grow the plants in the organic way.
    THANK YOU… keep going.

  11. What country do you live? The U.S. Policy do not allow another country seeds to enter the U.S. I wish they allow. But they allow fruits from Vietnam entering the U.S. Not sure why?

  12. I started watching your videos because I live and work in Taiwan however, I can't speak Chinese, every time I went to the grocery store I saw all of these beautiful vegetables and didn't know anything about them, nor did I know how to cook them. Then I found your channel it has made my life great and I thank you from the bottom of my heart for all your effort. In a few months, I plan to retire in the Philippines with my wife and become a farmer. I know there is no money in being a farmer in Asia, but it will keep me fed and take care of my needs as an old man. You have been a great help to an old school teacher. Thanks again.

  13. Your video is honest. I am a comercial farmer and I agree the importance of organic matters in growing vegetables. I used to rely heavily on chemical fertilizers but after a while I tend to rely on them lesser. My crops become better. For example no chemical fertilizers can immitate the effects of amino acids found in organuc fertilizers derived from ocean animals or seaweed. Chemical fertilizers surely will add nutrients that your soil are lacking. Giving fast nutrients absorbtion to your crop. However amino acids are the ones that makes your crop a little bit extra mile. A week longer harvesting makes difference.

  14. Thank you so much for you videos. There is so much to learn.

    I'm a little confused, please help me understand:

    On this video at around # 1.25 you suggest for us to add animal manure as much as possible, but to be sure to bury it deep into the ground because they have a high salt content…young seedlings will get dehydrated or burned.

    On your 2nd suggestion video #2.53 during winter time you say: " burying the organic fertilizer deep will damage the vegetables leaves and roots" )

    Should I buy rabbit manure, compost it and then bury it deep into the area which will be my veggie garden in the near future?

    Should I bury my veggie and fruit scraps where I will be planting my seedlings in September? I started doing this a few days ago!

    I also need allot of help because my compost does not turn out as nice as yours does.

    Then I'm also extremely frustrated because I have found an infestation of pill bugs ( rollie pollies). I have added grass clippings to get the compost to because very hot, however once the compost cools off because it is ready those pill bugs move into it quickly 🙁

    Do you think you can help me? Blessings!

  15. Foxfire Farms is the best non-organic fertilizer I've used but mostly I just like to water my plants once a week with fish fertilizer. Everything you put into your garden ends up somewhere, if not in your stomach then into your local water supply and rivers. Flooding natural ecosystems with nutrients isn't a good thing and can cause algae blooms which are sometimes toxic within themselves, but can also rob the water of oxygen when they die and decompose and kill off scores of native fish. Please don't overfertilize folks, I know you want veggies that are 7 foot tall but its important to also have fish.

  16. Your garden looks so full and healthy. Did you ever have problems with pest infestation, and did you use anything to control pest? Thank you for the informative video

  17. Hi, thank you for those lovely video. I'm curious to know what is that lovely plant with pointy bright green leaves at 5:59 in your video? Look like some kind of bean? or Chili? Look fantastically healthy 🙂
    Thank you in advance for the answer 🙂

  18. I can that you are growing so many different vegetables in the same trail. I don’t know how to do that. Your garden is growing so well. Where do you live coz the climate is I think supportive too

  19. True this is by the far, the most truth told about gardening, organic cannot make all these results and most people don’t show the inorganics used and if they were using organics they would use it for herbs only not vegetables

  20. Thank you for not villainizing non organic fertilizers. Way too many misinformed channels on youtube, thankfully they have other good information but I'm so tired of the hating on perfectly safe and helpful tools.

  21. 請問兔媽可以用中文講解這個短片嗎⋯⋯?😃😙這輯短篇論出有很有价值的種植常識和施肥選擇⋯⋯好希望以中文更清楚地了解明白你的種菜概念、與施肥選擇………謝謝兔媽的分享!!!🙏🏼🙏🏼😇

  22. So nice to see a real garderner not cooking up "fears" for chemical fertilizers. Nice channel, straight forward good gardening tips.

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