How To Use Recycled Paper In Compost


[Music playing] welcome back I’m Curtis Smith today
Albuquerque Master Gardener Laurie Katie is going to talk to us answering some of
the questions they get about winter composting Laura you do winter
composting junction -I do i compost all year around -and how do you do that -I have a compost bin that I really quit adding to about the first of November so
it’ll be ready to take out by spring and then I start trench and whole composting
you just go dig a hole out in the garden and about 8 to 14 inches deep just put
in your kitchen scraps dig it in and cover it back up -and I also know you
like to compost paper because you’ve given me some of this shredded paper and
this is mine it’s been sitting around in a pile for a year and it still looks
like it did when you gave it to me it’s nice and moist it ought to be composting
but it’s not you use this don’t you -I use that all the time I am just I love
kind of freaking people out went by composting paper because they always
think first that is the ink will poison you the ink is soybean based it breaks
right down if anything it might even add a few minerals to garden now this is my
paper that I have been composting for about a year -just compare your paper and
my paper I like your paper better [Laughing] -there Pete you can’t just put it out there and
let it compost it just sits there as you can see -right mine I’m saving mine to
use another time but it will sit and wait wont it -it will sit and wait on
you to feed it -so you mixed it into your soil -I actually didn’t have soil to mix
it into [laughing] I had caliche -ok will be precise -I tore my grass out and after
about an inch and a half I had, I thought it was rock at first but it
was caliche and I worked at lose gradually by
soaking it and digging it’s very slow took me a couple of years to do my whole
yard to break through the caliche and then you just work the paper into it or
into your soil or your sand or whatever you’re working with about which if you
want to be cautious equal parts but I actually went about three parts paper to
one part of dirt and then it’s very important that you mix nitrogen into it
if you do not mix the nitrogen into the composting paper you will have Curtis’s
paper[chuckle] -good paper stockpile and that’s what’s really wrong here is it doesn’t
have the nitrogen to feed the organisms which will do the decomposing -right -we’re in soil you’ve got a lot of organisms in the soil but you’ve got to
give them the nitrogen to feed the process -that’s correct so what I would
do is I mix my paper with my soil and then I sprinkle in not nitrogen -and this is ammonium sulfate here but you could use ammonium nitrate you could use any
lawn fertilizer that contains nitrogen -and mix it in I don’t know a cup to
a two foot square or something dig it all in together and then the other thing
is it’ll just sit there if you don’t water it in -ah New Mexico needs water -you need to water it in and keep it moist at least for the first couple weeks and
then you just let it do its thing -how about if we use this -it, this makes a great mulch a great row cover it will prevent weeds from coming up and let the
water through it also will break down but it’s much slower -right the smaller the particle of faster it will break down -right what I used was one thirty-second
million shred many banks use this and private businesses and you just get
their happy for you to take it off their hands -so that’s easy to do but remember the soil mix it in add the nitrogen and add
the water or put it down as a mulch water it down so it doesn’t blow away
and then let it slowly decompose there but you said in this one you also did
the whole composting where you dig a hole -put in my kitchen scraps I did that
over the winter and just let it go and that helps break it down first also -and do you use worms in your composting -I have worms in my compost bin if you compost
your yard well you will have earthworm -im gonna open this one up just -one of my neighbors told
me one time if you have good soil they will come and I found out they do come -well there we go and this is one that came from a compost pile and they need
the organic matter this is a compost worm or red wiggler -yes -and this is good
for adding to compost because they’ll stay in the compost pile whereas the
native earthworms run away -that’s true in the winter they you don’t see them if
you’re digging in there they seem to go down underneath into the lower layer and
hibernate and then they come out but on nice warm days you will see them out
around the compost bin in the dirt or if you’re out digging sometimes the
earthworm’s come to the top -that’s right well Lori thank you thanks for sharing
how to make paper and caliche into good soil and some of the other things you’re
doing in your compost -it just takes patience to persevere -and nitrogen and
water -and nitrogen and water -thank you -thank you [Music playing]

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