Make Your Best Compost, Here’s How

– So you are wondering what’s
the best way to make compost, this stuff in here. She loves compost, I love compost. I’m gonna show you how to
make the best compost, ready! Are you ready? Here we go. Garden Fork making things, making food. If I can do it, you can do it. This is my compost here,
this is a pallet compost bin I built stick around
to the end of the video I’ll have a link right here
to watch that video here. My theory on compost is much
like my theory on the world which is use what you got. And what we got is garden waste
from our vegetable garden, lawn waste from the yard,
leaf waste here and then twigs and debris and stuff like that. And you can take all of
that and you can make some amazing compost. But the whole thing about
wondering whether you’ve done it right or not let go of that. Because what your making compost from
is what you have on hand. The big question is how
fast will that break down into a compost that you can
use in your garden or in your yard or something right. So in my world this is the daily carry, this is compost from the kitchen. We’ve got banana peels some cauliflower coffee grounds, very high
in nitrogen coffee grounds, egg shells calcium,
potatoes those potatoes might even sprout who knows. That goes into that pile there and that goes back into the fridge. And this will slowly break down. I’m not like really paying attention to layering this I just kinda drop this and whatever I have goes on top. You can see there is straw
and stuff I dumped in, this is mainly garden waste. No, I mean kitchen waste
you can use cardboard and stuff in here. I don’t know if you can see over there, well I’ll just zoom in how’s that. There is some paper waste
there is a coffee cup in here, don’t put coffee cups in there. Coffee cups have a wax
waterproof coating around the inside so the coffee doesn’t
leak out through the paper, see you learned something there. But you can see here
this is kinda what I call a chaos compost, which
is totally okay with me. Then over here we’ve got
some stuff we pulled out of the garden, which I’m
not quite sure if I’m gonna add it in the regular compost. I also have what I call
my long term piles and I think my neighbor calls them
Johnny piles or something. But piles like this a bunch of debris from pruning out garden beds and stuff. And it is, it’s leaves it’s old flowers, it’s small limbs. This is some forsythia,
this will probably start sprouting knowing forsythia. But this is just kind of a big messy pile, and that’s okay with me. This to me is more a rabbit warren or a chipmunk warren then a compost pile. But I can pull out my chipper shredder, we have a video about that too and I can chip and shred
all of that as my leisure. In the mean time it’s
breaking down and it’s going to become some really nice compost. Over here is some more of these piles, and the remnants of a d.i.y yeah this is a d.i.y. chicken wire compost bin that I haven’t
put up yet this year. It’s my secret leaf composter
again that video as well will be at the end, so stick
around for the end here. But these are some straw
that I used on a project that’s an old straw bale
from I think like a Halloween decoration or something like that. But this is stuff that is
kind of in a to-do pile kind of in a holding pile
or if I just forget about it it will become some nice compost
here so that would be nice. The thing if you really
wanna romp up your compost if you want it to be like cooking. You know like you see those
compost thermometers and you’re like oh I can get it up to 120, 140 degrees or something. You need the right carbon
and nitrogen ratio and like the ratio is ideally I
think it’s 60% nitrogen to 40% carbon or it might be
60% carbon to 40% nitrogen. You will let me know in the comments what you think about that. And the other key thing you
need is mass and that is a tricky thing to do for
a lot of home gardeners. You basically need
something like this pallet which is a cubic yard basically. You need something along
that line to get your compost really cooking and a lot of
home gardeners lack that mass. I could probably chew up a
bunch of that, oh look at this this is another project
that bale back there. But you could do it the
problem people run into is the carbon, they usually have
too much carbon vs nitrogen. Nitrogen you would get from
green materials like grass clippings and stuff like that. And a early spring well
there’s a little bit of grass here but we haven’t cut it yet. It’s mainly brown materials things like leaves or like these um wood chips here. Big on the wood chip gardening/ That’s actually kind of a
big thing with me now is the back to Eden gardening, garlic is coming up really nicely here. But you need that mass and
you need the right carbon to nitrogen ratio. But here’s the thing, I
don’t worry about that I don’t worry about the
ratios I just use what I got. And Garden Fork is all about
hey lets try this and see what happens and that’s
what happens with compost, we could have a shirt that
says “Compost Happens” what do you think. Yeah it is, what it is. Whatever you have you should
use in your compost but don’t expect it to be that amazing
stuff that they always talk about in the gardening
magazines or the videos are like oh I’m cooking my
compost at 140 degrees. I’ve worked on projects like
that in community gardens in Brooklyn with the Park Slope
Food Co-op and we had stuff cooking at 160 degrees. But we had a micro brewery
giving us spent grain we had wood shavings from a
woodworker that wasn’t plywood, didn’t have glue in it
and then we had a ton of vegetable greens from the food co-op. So we could make, And we had horse manure
from the police precinct horse stable, I would go get that. Man what a mix and boom
that stuff would pop. But again mass remember
the compost bin over there a cubic yard, air is another
key thing you need and went to the point where
we took PVC pipe and drove holes in the pipes and would
layer them in the pile. You know as you build the
pile we would put these pipes with holes in them to
get air into the pile, or you can put a grate at the bottom. So a grate at the bottom of that, I don’t know is that
gonna work you tell me. So the thing here is use
what you got and patience. Patience is another key
thing here because it’s not going to break down into
some amazing stuff right away because you don’t have that 60/40 ratio, and you don’t have the mass. But you do have this great
stuff now if you were to chop this up like in a chipper shredder that would help it move along faster. And adding some air pipes
in here as well would help. By the way this is here
because the Labradors eat compost, where are they. Charlie, come here. Their waiting for you
know who to come back, the camera operator is
not here as you can tell she is hopefully coming back soon. But a mass take that shred it up and also people are big on turning compost,
which works yeah again I think you need a certain
amount of mass for that. They make these tools that
you can put in and pull out and boom it works really well. What also works really
well is a garden fork, got that Garden Fork the
name of the show and see how well I weaved that in, is that a word? Yeah that’s a word. I actually really like this
compost bin I’ve built probably six different kinds. I like this and I like
the wire bin over here, the wire bin is perfect
for at the end of the year with leaves. Of course we have a video about that. And I just rake up all
the leaves I run them over with the mower a little bit,
and then I put this back up to standing. I fill it chock full of chopped up leaves and let it go and then a year later it is like super bueno compost. That could be the name of
our compost company the super bueno compost company. That again, what are the
name of these kind of piles. I’m in new England I thought
they were called Johnny piles or Yankee piles or something. But a lot of times I don’t
have time right away to deal with the material we’re
cleaning up and we just make it a pile and the
chipmunks go in there. And that’s fine because
chipmunks you know they need a place to hide. And then eventually I’ll
pull this into here, the chipper/shredder is
really helpful for that but you can manually clip it all up. The thicker that material, well that’s not really thick
let’s find a thick one. Yeah this is great, the thicker
the material is the longer it takes to break down and
the bigger it is the longer it takes to break down. So the smaller you can get
it the faster its going to break down in that or in there, that was kinda neat wasn’t it. There’s a lot more to learn
about with making compost, you can overthink it you can
make it really complicated or you could make it
really, really simple. And I talk about that in
the next video right here. So lets continue our
conversation by you clicking right here move onto the next video, and we’ll make compost together. How’s that for a thing? You could share your Compost
with me, I could share there is kind of a bio
thing to that as well. Anyway next video talk more
about that, right there.

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