Organic Farming for Sustainable Agricultural Production by Prof Dillip Kumar Swain


Good morning. I welcome you all to the subject organic farming
for sustainable agricultural productions. As you know, intriguing concerns on environmental
issue coupled with the food security, food quality and human health has motivated many
people to raise voice since on the effect of the conventional farming or the chemical
farming. As you know, we are showing the organic sweet
corn and the organic food has a better quality as compared to the conventional food and this
sweet corn you can see the green filling are much better and taste is also very good as
compared to the chemical products. As you see the diameter and the length of
the crop and these are the well filled crop and you can take it as a base or you can have
a boiling or steaming for that we can have consumptions. And you can see the fillings of this crop,
this is a very excellent filling in this seasons. And this is produced using vermicompost as
organic fertilizers with the vermiwash as a pesticide. Here there is no use of any chemical pesticides
for this production and it is very, very healthy rich in antioxidants. You can have a look at this sweet corn crop,
this variety is sugar 75 and you can see the grain quality and the grain size. This is the well filled grains and this is
grown completely on organic farming using organic fertilizer vermicompost and the organic
pesticides. Here there is no use of any chemical pesticides. This is good for health, rich in antioxidants. I can show you other crops also if you are
growing the other set of crops like rice . You can have the organic farming, you can use
the organic fertilizers and the organic pesticides to have rice crop too. So in this subject organic farming for sustainable
agricultural productions, we are including the concepts and the principles of organic
farming, nutrient managements in organic farming, vermicompost production, processing, biopesticide
productions, use of biopesticides, biocontrol agents to get us to control the pest and this
is the organic farming and the harvesting process. In addition to that we include that the effect
of organic farming on climate, how it can minimize the global warming as a mitigation
to climate change well how we can minimize the emission of the greenhouse gases. Also, we are calculating the global warming
potentials due to organic farming and another concept we are dealing with the effect of
the organic farming on human health. How the food quality can maintain, can improve
the human health using the organic foods. This course is intended for undergraduates
in the final year levels and the postgraduates in agricultural science and agricultural engineering. So students after successful completion of
the course they can able to design farming systems as integrated farming system we can
say in the organic way or organic farming systems. So this is a whole concept as a zero emission
concept or the zero waste concepts so there is no waste in case of organic farming. The input of one is a output of one that is
the input of other components. So the whole system can be integrated in the
organic concept as zero emission concept or zero waste concepts and they can make such
a system which can be economically buyable for the small and marginal farmers. The students can become entrepreneurs. In this organic farming, they can make a vermicomposting
and they can design farming systems, which can meet the requirement of the society meeting
the food quality in a sustainable environment. Thank you.

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