Potting Soil For Your Backyard Nursery

Hey, it’s Jason here at Fraser Valley rose farm. Let’s say you wanted to start your own backyard nursery That’s what I did I had a little suburban yard out in Abbotsford And I started by growing cuttings and seedlings in a couple of little trays in my backyard and filling up little pots and selling them on Craigslist and at the farmers market and Later on. I got this farm But I’m still relatively small-scale as far as farms go so I still have to think about my costs and about my soil If you’re starting your own backyard nursery It’s one of the first things – the very first things that I think you should consider is where you get your soil What’s the appropriate soil to use and how much is costing you. I’m going to go through all that in this video I’ll go through the different soil types and talk about what you should use both for propagation and for for growing on in larger pots but the first thing I wanted to do is circle back to that cost thing because it can be a big deal when you’re Doing a small nursery. Let’s say you started out buying in a bag like this This is the the 18 liter bags that you can buy commonly in the little hardware stores Now that alone only cost me seven bucks So it seems like a pretty easy way to get started and that’s how I did start I got little little bags like this or the next size up Which is the bale like this and and I started potting that way So this one here the most common size of pot that I start my plants in is this This is a nine centimeter pot or in the States, they might call it a quart pot and a little bag like this that’s gonna fill something in the range of 23 Pots like this, right Your cost per pot actually comes out to about 31 cents per pot Does it not gonna break the bank if you’re selling your plants for two or three dollars? But remember you also have to buy the plastic And you also have to put a plant in it so that can really take a bite out if you bought it Your soil in the larger size up. This one here actually holds somewhere in the range of 20 times the amount of soil in this Bale uncompressed as this does here and that gets your cost for that nine centimeter pot Down into the rain of about 12 cents a pot which is way more acceptable But I’ll tell you something else. If you start looking around and you go to your landscape supply stores and you get bulk soil And get a decent deal on it You can probably cut even that cost down in half to somewhere around Six cents a pot or less depending on how much you shop around for So I would definitely recommend you do that likewise the costs on this size pot Which is a nursery gallon pot actually holds about in Canada about three and a half liters something like that and the cost in This bag of soil is about a dollar thirty to fill this pot in this bag of soil. It’s about 53 cents a pot and If you buy it Bulk, you’d probably get it down to half that amount. So 26 cents or something along those lines Now those are Canadian prices and Canadian volumes and everything else But I think it probably holds true in in every market that the larger the volume of soil you can purchase at a time The more money you’re gonna save and that’s gonna give you a real head start into your nursery business So next I want to show you The different types of soil and what you should be looking for when you choose that? Especially when you have to make that decision of buying your own bulk soil Okay, so I thought I might start out by talking about what goes into soil potting soil that is now potting soil is actually not the same thing as top soil or soil that’s in your yard for a number of reasons one is that it’s a lot lighter the second is that it’s sterile or intended to be made of sterile ingredients and the third thing is That it’s usually intended to drain a lot better than the soil that you find in a yard, so it’s not the same thing and typically they make it out of Three common ingredients. One is peat moss. The second one is I’m gonna call it “wood products”. It may be Composted wood bark or bark chips might be composted wood chips or shredded wood of some sort but that’s the second category and the third one that they sometimes use although less commonly in this market is Coconut fiber. So those are the basic ones and there are some other amendments that they put into those to adjust their qualities So let’s start by looking at peat moss, which is if you look at the two bags that I showed you before these guys here are made out of Primarily peat moss that has been improved. So this here I’m gonna see if I can get a good shot on this is Peat moss now You can see about it that the peat moss is very very fine and texture it’s light it holds a lot of moisture and If I wanted to say some some good things about it, that’s what I would say. The negative things I would say about peat moss is that it sometimes holds a little too much moisture it’s also a little bit acidic in nature and it’s Hard to wet and what I mean by that is sometimes you’ll see pots that have dried out and then you try to water them but the water just so rolls off the top and down the sides of the pot and Doesn’t and doesn’t absorb into the material That’s because when peat moss becomes very dry, it becomes hydrophobic So you have to give it a bunch of little small short waterings to try to get the water back into the peat moss So it has some positive qualities. It’s sterile. It’s light again It holds a good amount of moisture and actually holds a fair amount of air in it as well With the downsides that it can stay a little bit too wet and it’s become hydrophobic as well. So Now let me show you what’s in this bag here and excuse me while I go a little bit savage here Okay, so this here then is The the mix that you find in that bale, and this is actually sunshine mix Although there’s a couple of different brands out there and what I’ll show you about This is it’s a lot like the peat moss Very fine textured you can see that what they’ve added in here. You can see the white in there That’s perlite and that’s another amendment that they add both to increase the air holding capacity and improve the drainage. Well, they also add in here is a wetting agent which is intended to break that hydrophobic Quality I talked about and they also put a little bit of lime in there to get rid of that acidity So it’s basically peat but corrected for growing situations This is actually a fairly good medium sterile and all that for doing Propagation. So if you are starting in propagation and you want to get a bunch of soil and you can fill a bunch of pots with this It’s actually not a bad way to start but as I say as you go a little bit further you start growing into larger containers and you also You know your costs you start getting concerned about your costs. You might start looking at additional types of soil this one here is a soil that I Purchased in bulk and you can see what they’ve done here is they’ve got some finer pieces in here so it’s got some finer soil, but it also has these chunks and These are chunks of composted bark and chips ups of wood that have been composted and Those help, just like the perlite does, in this mix here to improve the drainage qualities of this soil it also Costs a lot less. So this as I say it costs basically half as much as the soil in the Bale and I have it what I can use it for because it has both the finer Pieces in it and the chunkier pieces in there I can use this general-purpose So this last year when I did my propagation I propagated in this. last year when I put it into bigger pots. I potted it into this Now you’ll find that some growers Swear off the “fines”. These are like the really fine textured Bits that go into your your potting mix and what they prefer is Just to go with these chunky bits of bark mulch and all that and if you went that way, that’s fine just Be careful of the balance, right? because if your soil is too fine, then it’s gonna hold too much water and If it’s too chunky then it’s going to release the water too quickly, and then you wind up having to water Quite a bit more often So for me a mixture of the fine components and the coarser components end up being the right mix that I can use across all growing situations and Like I say for you if you’re looking for this locally and this is the hard part about sourcing soil is This you can find in the hardware store this you can find in the mass merchants store. You can’t find always this specific mix in your local area so what you have to do is I would suggest you go down to your Your landscape supply stores your local garden center and look at what they’re carrying for a composted bark mulch Or composted they might call it, you know potting soil or potting mix and see what they sell in bulk. And if it has a mixture of fine material in it and coarser material if you can pour water into it You can see it drain out relatively easily. That might be a Mix worth trying out. Okay a couple of final notes. I wouldn’t mind making here Is that when selecting for your bulk soil? You should be looking for something. That is well composted if you’re looking for something and it includes a lot of wood products in it And it looks like to fresher color almost like it’s a it’s uncomposted chips or or that kind of thing what will happen is it will continue to break down and as a compost it may even rob nutrients from your potting mix so Look for something that is well composted and you can ask the people at the soil yard about that the second thing I wouldn’t mind covering off is I’ve been asked questions about About what to use for propagating roses and and for propagation in general and I Mentioned that a good amount of fines in the soil would be good and well draining and all that but another thing you need to look at is this here on this potting mix you’re gonna see that this has NPK or has the the nutrients listed in it. You are actually looking for something that is Unfertilized so this bag here. I wouldn’t be recommending it even though the levels are fairly low It’s not something I’d recommend is getting something that’s pre fertilized. If you use something like in the bag here, that would be fine It’s unfertilized or this bulk mix that I got is completely unfertilized so both of those would be appropriate for propagation but stick away from anything that has Fertilizer added to it. Alright, that should cover off all my points for your potting soils or your potting mix So if you have any other questions or comments, please leave them below the video Thanks

5 thoughts on “Potting Soil For Your Backyard Nursery

  1. Where do u get the bulk soil? What term do u search for. Im in the middle of noplace usa.

    Do u use soil blockers..and if so what mix do u use for those.

  2. A suggestion on a very helpful video…or three

    Rose diseases upclose…diagnosis sort of not cure…my daughter moved into a house and it had wonderful roses and one climber just LITERALLY turned brown…UP QND DOWN…DUSTY LIGHT BROWN NOT A MOLD BUT LIGHT BROWN… and IT died ALMOST over night. …she was gone for a week so it may of died over a week long time…but Still FAST…I HAVE NEVER SEEN NOR HEARD OF SUCH A THING. IT WAS AN OLDER ROSE..NOT IN as mUCH SUN AS IT SHOULD BE…but it had been there sbout 7 years… Luckily it isnt NEAR THE OTHER ROSES…if it is a.virus…not bugs…no chewing ect.

    in another video u said something about u had a virus and were.getting rid of a rose…..what do they look like…ive seen black spot..and basically just cleaned up the rose andneaited fornrains to stop …ive seen aphids and thrips…but other than those i wouldnt know ..

    Idea number 2…Also id like to.see your rose arbor…tying roses to it over thr season.

    Idea three…dang…i forgot….oh well

    Oh I remembered…i love cut flowers…how can i get longer stems on my roses for vases. Is it how u prune them ? Type of rose?

  3. I watched a few of your vids, and was very impressed. I have roughly 15 kilos of mushroom mulch, 25 of cottage mulch, 30 of potting mix, a small bag of garden lime, a small bag of blood and bone, and maybe 5 kgs of perlite.
    A) what should i mix with the perlite to grow rose cuttings, and what mix ratio?
    B) of all those products i listed, should any be kept away from roses?
    Ive only been gardening in the past few years since I smashed up both legs in separate incidents and cant pave or lay retaining walls, so any advice you can give is greatly appreciated. Im an aussie, so all our measurements are the same too, conveniently. Cheers mate.

  4. Is there any well composted types bark mulches to avoid …As example Ceder …I'm thinking of using composted Fir mulches .I'm in M.R.

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