Start Your Garden from Seed or Buy Transplants? & More Garden Q&A

All right this is John Kohler with
today with another exciting episode for you. I’m so glad to be back actually in my garden,
after being gone travelling so much lately. I’m so glad that I’m back, and everything
even without me being here is growing well. And that’s a first lesson I want to give you
guys, is you know what plants grow without us. If they have proper sunlight and water and
you set up a good soil system and they have good soil to grow in, they’re going to grow
even without you being there. I was not here for several weeks and check
it out man, these guys when I left, they were not really harvestable size, but now that
I’m back and now that they’ve been growing, you know I’m going to actually after this
video, I’m going to go ahead and harvest like maybe one or two leaves off every plant all
the way down. And I’m going to make some kale chips. It’s going to be quite delicious. In any case this episode today, imma do a
Q and A for you guys. I haven’t done one of these in so long and
I missed doing them. And I’m glad I could answer some of your guys’
questions. Now first I do want to apologize and say that
you know I have over three hundred sixty thousand subscribers now, which is totally insane and
boggles my mind. And I get lots of questions from every different
place on-line, e-mails, this that, comments, Facebook. And I apologize my policy is to not answer
anybody because I can just literally sit there and spend my life answering everybody’s questions. As much as I’d like to do, that I have a lot
of other things in life to do unfortunately. Including you know continuing to make educational
videos for you guys. But I do like to you know answer some questions
when I do have the time, like today. So, I do call through any questions that come
through me through the YouTube e-mail or messaging system, and also through the You Tube discussion
tab on my channel page at And also, if you do have a question, that
you really want to get answered from me, you can definitely do that for just five dollars. Of that, I get four dollars of that. I actually keep zero, you can do my Fiverr
campaigns. So, I still have my Fiverr campaigns running,
where for five bucks you can talk to me for ten minutes and of that I keep none of the
money, the money goes back actually into the Fiverr community, to help get my videos transcribed,
to make my videos, the content in my videos available to people that don’t hear, so they’re
transcribed or people living in foreign countries. So, I want to thank you guys in advance for
those you of guys that have contributed to my Fiverr campaign and those are guys that
will in the future. Any case without further ado, let’s go ahead
and get in today’s questions. We’ve got a bunch, and the sun’s setting pretty
soon. First question is from Michael [name] DEAR
JOHN, I love another Dear John letter. Do you recommend a hydroponic solution for
the aero garden that is organic and made with love? Also, what is the brand of sea minerals? Thank you and God Bless. All right Michael so organic hydroponic solutions,
I mean that almost in a sense is like an oxymoron because if you using organics in a hydroponic
system, then there’s going to be bacteria and it’s not going to be just pure nutrition
or nutrients. And then you know algae and you get growth
and things will get kind of funky really fast right. So, I would encourage you on a aeroponic system
like the Aero Garden. Use their nutrients, that’s what they’ve tested
it with, but spike their nutrients to make it even better. And that’s what I showed in the video that
I did with my girlfriend back when I set up an Aero Garden for her. I would recommend the trace mineral nutrients
known as gropal, G-R-O-P-A-L. And that’s basically ocean solid, trace minerals
with the sodium removed, so it’s much safer than using an ocean solid product or an ocean
minerals product, without the sodium removed. And likewise, that could be used in an Aero
Garden or just actually just sprayed in your lawn or your garden, or any other kind of
system where’s there is plants and not enough foil or feed. So, put in a bottle, mix to the proper dilution
ratio, and just spray it on the leaves both the top and bottom of the leaves and also
you know, put that into your reservoir. And if I was spraying it here I just sprayed
all my plants, which I actually I should probably be doing soon, with a trace mineral solution
the ocean solids, and then I’ll soak it into the ground a little bit. After feeding you know I wouldn’t feed that
depending on the dilution ratio, I wouldn’t feed it too often because that one has the
salt removed. You can do it more often than not, if you
are using one with the salt, sea salt based one. I would maybe recommend that only once every
two weeks, but that one, feel free to do it like once every week, no problem. Alright, next question is from plants, here
that’s the username. If you don’t, if you haven’t already done
so could you do a video on your success as a YouTuber, over three hundred sixty-seven
thousand followers is amazing. Do you think someone could start in an apartment,
so many people are moving to cities and living in smaller spaces? All right my success as a YouTuber. I mean I’ve talked about it a little bit before
in past videos but I mean mainly the thing is I’m just passionate about what I do you
know. Did I ever think my videos would be getting
viewed this much, or I’d be the most popular You Tube gardener online like I didn’t ever
think that. I just, you know what, really started me on
making this journey and starting this growingyourgreens channel for those of you guys who don’t know
is that before I started my channel, I researched like, OK I’m going to – I had a gardener sage,
my buddy who’s living with me, at the time in my place. He’s like he always kept telling me, John
you got to convert your front lawn, because I grow on the periphery of the lawn and I’d
grow in the backyard, but not the front lawn. You’ve got to have a lawn, is what I thought. And he’d just drill it into me every day,
John get rid of your lawn, get rid of your lawn and finally I’m like oh alright man,
I’m going to get rid of my lawn, it’s stupid. And it’s going to serve me more to grow food,
which I got to eat every day and I don’t really eat my lawn, and I don’t really have kids
to play on the lawn and I mean as much as I bought a volleyball or badminton set to
set up on the lawn and play you know in my nice lawn, I’ve never really done it, you
know, never really used it. As I’m like why do I got to conform to everybody
else, let’s be different. So, I researched like how are people growing
food in their yards, so I just found these people: the Dervaes family in Pasadena, and
like they had in their backyard, what I wanted to do in my front yard and I’m like This is
great but they had no videos on like how to do what they did, they just showed what they’re
doing and they really didn’t teach people how to do it. And I mean that’s great if you want to just
show off your stuff but I really wanted to figure out how to do it, so I actually had
to figure out how to do it. At the same time I decided I’m like hey I’m
going to make a video showing people what I’m doing so if other people want to follow
and do this too you know I’m making it easy for them, you know and that’s what I still
do to this day, whether I’m building a raised bed for a friend or family or whether I’m
enriching my gardener plans with some plants, I just show how to do it. So, a lot of my videos are how-to videos of
course, I’m glad when I get to visit other farmers and gardeners and share what they’re
doing and also interview many of the different experts that I get to talk to on my You Tube
channel. But yeah that’s how I started, and like, just
because I felt the injustice. That we need to be able to grow our food and
nobody really knows how and I wanted to share this with people. And so, yes, it is long as you’ve got some
passion and you’re authentic and real in your videos, I think that’s really pretty much
it, you know. I mean I was talking to my girlfriend actually
the other day about this because she’s maybe debating starting a You Tube channel. She’s like and we basically came up with this,
like I talk to the camera and you guys are watching, as if you were one of my buddy friends
and I’m excited about the topic. And that’s pretty much it, you know this is
not acting. If you see me shopping in a store, I’m a really
quiet guy. But if you see me with a friend or talking
to somebody that I know and we’re both really into the topic, man I’ll get really excited,
like I do in my videos. I mean it’s for reals but my girlfriend doesn’t
normally see that side of me. And my girlfriend actually doesn’t really
like that side, the guy talk side of me. She likes the maybe more mellow side of me. Let’s just put it that way. But yes, so I would just say start, number
one. And start making unique and different content
and focus on a niche, very important. What is a niche? A niche is like a very specific topic, so
like you know, apartment gardening would be an amazing topic. You know there need to be more videos on apartment
gardening and I would encourage you to have videos specifically on growing sprouts and
microgreens. Those are the best two things that grow in
apartments, that you could actually grow sufficient quantities of in my opinion. Yeah definitely encourage you to do that. Let’s see, the next question is from Ella
Bad. Hi, where should I buy the organic compost
I need to start growing organic food and should I buy seeds or already grown plants? Thanks. Alright so Eli bad, if you’re just starting
out, where do you get organic compost. That’s a good question, well so it depends
on where you live, right. I always encourage you guys to find out if
in your area, there’s like a garbage company, in many areas not all areas. They may collect different bins like some
places they’ll collect garbage, some places also collect recyclables and in some places
also collect green rate waste. You want to find out where that green waste
goes, and what happens to it. Because generally that green waste is processed
into compost and you want to go to that municipal facility that’s creating the compost out of
the green waste and buy that back from them. That’s probably the easiest way that I would
recommend to get compost. Also, that’s going to be the most cost effective
and cheapest way to do it also. Of course, you also want to ask for testing
on the green waste compost. It’s being produced unfortunately in some
cities around the country, they’re also actually putting a bio solids in there, which that’s
something that I wouldn’t want to purchase myself. Other than that, you know I would encourage
you guys to check out like local nurseries or soil supply, you know stores. Those are probably the best places I mean
you could buy things by the bag, at a big box store, or a nursery but that gets like,
quite expensive. I mean the other thing I do is if you’ve got
a lot of land, make it yourself right. Start getting you know a chip, wood chips
from tree trimmers and have them dump it on your property and mix it up with organic matter,
whether that’s you know lawn clippings from your neighbors, leaves, even go to a local
juice bars, or even grocery stores and ask them what they do with their produce that’s
going bad. You can see if you can get that and you can
compost all the stuff yourself. So, I mean I think making it yourself is always
the best, but sometimes when you’re starting out, you want to get you know a lot of good
organic matter in there. And even if you can’t get all the organic
compost to grow, you know provided you don’t live in the desert like I do, you know there
is some organic matter in the soil, you know it’s just a process of building your soil. Oh, and then should I buy seeds or already
grown plants. So, I would encourage you to do both, see
what happens right. I travel so much, I’m not able to start all
my seeds, I should’ve started my seeds like a month ago, for my upcoming season. And I haven’t been able to do that. I’ve been travelling so much. So, I buy healthy plant starts. And as you guys can see, works pretty well. I may lose one or two here and there, but
I always have some extras to pop in but that allows me to garden much more simpler and
I kind of feel it’s like cheating. That being said I do start making my own seeds,
but I actually don’t do it. Nature does. Actually, sometimes I just broadcast seeds
out and then the rain will hit and the moisture and the sun will come, and the seeds will
sprout up on their own. And so, I let actually a lot of my plants
go to seed, they drop their own seeds and they come up on their own. So, that’s another way but if you’re not established
won’t be doing them. But anyways seed starting, can be challenging
is what I’m saying. It’s not too hard but especially if you’re
new, you’re going to want to tend to over water and then you know you might not have
enough light on as the plants might get leggy and then you’re not really going to be eating
if you know you’re not too successful starting on seeds. So, I would encourage you to do a combination,
I mean for beginners I would maybe recommend like a fifty-fifty, buying fifty percent of
your plants if you’re able to afford it and then start fifty percent of your plants from
seed, as you’re learning. And later on, you could expand that to a one
hundred percent of the plants you’re growing are from seeds, and zero percent are from
starts. Or like me, if you travel so much, ninety
percent of the plants I am growing are from you know plant starts, and ten percent are
from seeds, or you know things that I started. I got onions that are sprouted from last year. I just put those in the ground so I guess
that counts. I really grew it from a plant that I bought. But yeah, I mean, try an experiment, see what
happens, right. And at all costs I just want you guys to be
successful whatever that takes. [00:13:11.28] {name} Patel. Can you help me how to grow my garden on a
deck in Boston Mass. I want to be able to grow my own greens. I have auto immune disease and I treat it
with greens, not taking any traditional medications. All right so let’s see here. What would I say for growing greens on a patio
in Boston. I would say certain times a year it’s not
going to be too effective, cause it’s snowing outside or it’s too cold. But I would say definitely, a container gardening
would probably be a really good way to do it. And I’d grow really some more valuable greens. So, I like the lot of the Brassica family
plants. They grow really well. And you know, just in like one container,
you know you could have maybe up to a half dozen plants, depending on how big you’re
going to let them, and how close you’re growing them. The other thing I would encourage you to do,
besides just thinking about growing your deck right, I would encourage you to grow indoors. Very important, right. You could grow indoors year-round. And the microgreens are one of the most beneficial
green foods on the entire planet, as well as the sprouts. They’re actually more in my opinion anti-disease,
then some of the larger plants in many cases. You know they’ve been testing with broccoli
sprouts, broccoli sprouts have higher anti-cancer compound content per weight compared to you
know larger Brassica plants. So, yeah and the other thing is just to check
my other videos, I have a whole lot of videos. Let’s see Rob McGuire. Hi John. I love your channel you share great information. I’m a D.I.Y. kind of guy, and one of your
videos, urban farming using wood chips to create the best organic fertilizer, you talked
about aeration in the compost. I had an idea to build a compost bin this
year. If I took four, two-inch plastic P.V.C. pipes
and drilled holes around them and horizontally inserted two into the bottom of the compost
bin and two halfway up the compost bin, okay, left both the pipes open, sticking out of
the bins for open air flow. Do you think that might work for the aeration
of the compost? Yes, any aeration is good aeration whether
you can flip your compost regularly, or whether you want to put in some pipes. Instead of just a maybe two inch P.V.C. pipes,
I’d get the largest diameter you guys can because there are going to be infinitely more
airflow, but definitely a two inch P.V.C. pipe is better than nothing. And the next level up, is actually you know
getting some kind of blower right to blow the air through those pipes, and that will
help with the aeration a lot. I think that’s a lot better than just putting
static pipes in there, but both will work, really you don’t even need the pipes, you
just got to remember to flip your compost. I’m kind of lazy so I’d like to set up actually
when I do set up a pile, because I have tumblers now that I’ve got to tumble every day to aerate
as it tumbles, but one day I would have a nice big large pile, that actually have on
with pipes perforated pipes with holes in them and they don’t have a blower that’s all
set up and to run off the sun. So, it runs on solar so my blower works when
the sun’s on, it blows air through without me having to pay for any electricity to get
my compost pile aerated. Alright, hope that helps you out. Next question is from Gilbert Bigelow. In the video, how to till your garden without
a rotor tiller, you mention a filter used on the hose for chlorine. Do you know of anything that can be placed
in line with a home irrigation system, three quarter-inch P.V.C. and controller? Alright Gilbert. So, yes you could do a D.I.Y. set up. You can use actually one of those screw on
pipes with the proper fittings. To do that, that being said, that probably
wouldn’t be my first route, what I would recommend for you know a three-quarter inch system where
we’re flowing a lot more water, I’d recommend it’s actually called a big blue water filter. So, this is just basically a big filter housing
that you could actually put different kind of filters in whether you’re putting in a
sediment filter, whether you’re putting in a carbon filter, but what I would recommend
specifically is probably a KDF filter, if you’re trying to remove the chlorine as the
number one goal. And the big blue filters are actually quite
large. Hopefully I have an upcoming episode, you
know installing one here. But they filter a lot of water before you
actually have to change them. They’re also, they kind of get up there in
price too. If I remember, I’ll upload the links down
below, to like the one I recommend. Alright, next question is from Crystal Christianson. I love watching your videos they are inspiring;
do you sell your seeds? If so what is the website I would love to
buy some from you. Alright Crystal, I technically don’t sell
my seeds. I collect I technically harvest, and collect
my seeds and then give it to my girlfriend who then does the selling right. I don’t want to do any selling, I travel too
much, it’s too hard for me to keep up with shipping stuff out on time and it’s not important
to me to make money selling seeds, it’s important for me to save the seeds and spread them out
to people, so that people could grow the seeds and of course my girlfriend now is in between
jobs, so that kind of helps her out. If you want to buy some my seeds and support
my girlfriend, or help me to support my girlfriend, visit the website,
I’ll put a link to this video if you missed it. Alright next question is from Ellen Reuben. Found this ad, what do you think? So, basically there’s a long ad underneath
that and I’m not going to read the whole ad, but basically the ad goes on to say that like
well I’ll read on. Most worm castings use newspaper, cardboard
and G.M.O. grain. Most animal manure has other undesirables;
this ad brings out a lot of thought. Thanks. So, the ad she’s referring to is basically
an ad for a worm composting company, that makes worm castings, and they say oh yeah,
our worm castings are holier than thou, because we don’t use G.M.O. grain, we don’t use newspaper,
we don’t use manure, we don’t use cardboard and all this kind of stuff. So, I mean basically it kind of looks like
a marketing schmear kind of, like to make our product look better than other products. You know, that being said there’s truth and
there’s false to the marketing. It’s being used to promote to you, so as in
a general rule, you know I do not necessarily recommend single sourced worm castings, they’re
definitely not as nutritious as a broad-spectrum worm casting, and where the worms were fed
many different ingredients, that’s number one. And number two I always encourage you guys
to feed your own worms or get worm castings that are fed clean sources of food, whatever
they may be. So, this includes I don’t like to feed G.M.O.
grains, you know I would not feed my worms, animal manure and unfortunately a lot of castings
out there are basically hundred percent manure based diets. And these are not the castings that I would
recommend for you guys right. These are not the best kind, they could also
have contaminated in there, you know besides the GMO grains running through the cow or
other animals, there could also be antibiotics, heavy metals and other things. And these will get end up in the castings
that you guys are adding to your garden. So, there is some truth to that. That being said I think you know some good
cardboard with nontoxic inks and nontoxic glues, or even newspaper once again nontoxic
inks, nontoxic, well nontoxic inks, are a good thing to feed to worms or other high
cellulose sources, which would maybe include things like sawdust, right. We want to feed worms these cellulose, so
that the worms have to, we force the worms to digest it because when we force the worms
to digest cellulose, they create cellulose enzymes, cellulose degrading enzymes, and
cellulose degraders and they put them into their castings. So, this when the castings then go into your
garden, then those cellulose degraders can go to work to digest organic matter, to turn
into nutrients for your plants, right. In addition, there’s other nutrients that
can be valuable to put into the worm castings as well right and there’s so many different
things you know. I would rather put a finished, you know, plant
based compost made from fruit and vegetable scraps, to feed my worms instead of the fruits
and vegetables because of fruits and vegetables you can create a lot of bugs in different
things and all kinds of stuff. But when you compost that stuff first, you
know the worm could already take something that’s pretty concentrated and digest that
down further and make something even better out of it than just digestion you know fruit
and vegetable scraps from the Alco. So, those are some of my opinions. I do have some other videos on castings and
making them if I remember all put a link down below to one of them that I did. Let’s see next question is from Justin [name]
I live in Northern California. How can I stop pest rats, squirrels, bugs
etc. from eating my veggie garden? Do I have to build a little glasshouse to
keep them out? I bet you get this question a lot, so sorry
for asking you to repeat yourself. By the way my garden is small, I think ten
by fifteen feet, [00:22:25.00] House court yard. Alright Justin, so yeah, keeping rats and
rodents and other things out. I mean the main thing is exclude them, so
put a cage over them and a cage could be something as simple as this little bin here I have right. If you have you know some plants you could
I could just put this over the plants over the top, and now the rats can’t get in over
this cage. I mean that would be not an ideal thing to
use, but maybe make a frame out of P.V.C. or this kind of like this stuff right here. I got some E.M.T. conduit to make a frame
that of that and then just put chicken wire or maybe if you have to prevent smaller things
you know get some, welded wire that’s a lot more closer mesh. And that’s how I would do it. You know it’s probably easiest way to do it
other than that. You know that’s to prevent the rodents in
the first place. The other thing is of course you know set
traps get a cat. Those would be some other good methods now,
to prevent bugs. You know you could not only put the mesh on
there at the chicken wire mesh, you could also put some remade fabric cloth. So, that will not let the bugs through to
get your garden right. We can’t prevent all nature, but we can prevent
as much as we can and I mean as you guys can see none of my stuff is covered here I don’t
have too many pests, but then the thing is I like to over plant, right. Sometimes snug slugs or snails will get to
my plants and right, if I have one hundred plants and I lose ten percent to slugs and
snails, I still got ninety percent right. So, I always plant extra and encourage you
guys to also plant more than you need. It’s always better to have a little bit too
much than not enough from what I’ve learned. Alright so I hope that helps you out a little
bit. Let’s see. The next question is from Trevor Dodge or
Doug, do you think it is worth it to have a personal greenhouse in Florida to grow tropical
fruit trees indefinitely? I mean Florida is warm but some higher zone
trees could use a little help. I want to build a geodesic greenhouse in Florida
someday, and have a H-vac in it. Alright Trevor, my personal opinion is that
I would not waste your time or energy to keep trees in an artificial environment. It’s a lot more energy and work involved and
I mean if you’re like wealthy and have like a million dollars and you can afford all this
stuff and to run an H-vac, I think it’s just not a good use of energy, both your own and
power to heat it up or cool it down. So, I would encourage you to actually grow
cool tropical fruit trees or sub-tropical trees in your area, that you’re able to, you
know. Even if you get too cold, right, persimmons
one of my favorites you know in many parts of Florida, you could probably also grow some
of my other favorites, jujubes, or pawpaw’s. These are very unique and different fruits,
that are actually quite good and tasty, but they’re not tropical. Figs, another one of my favorites, to grow. Sub-tropical trio: pineapple, guavas, keep
going man. Unger berries, right. Unger berries are amazing. Oh loquats. Oh, I love loquats man, they’re so good. But there’s so many unique and different varieties
of fruit trees that I would encourage you to grow first, before you tried to grow tropical
and grow one tree to have you know a couple dozen fruits, but you’ve got to air condition
it and baby it, right. It’s no fun to do that. Now, on the other hand I would encourage you
to put up a greenhouse right, and have a greenhouse, unheated greenhouse, and use passive heating
if you set it up properly. And even use unlike the ground to like a regulate
the temperature and thermal mass in there. And grow things maybe a little bit more, you
know, out of bounds to your normal climate zone with an unheated greenhouse. I would agree with that one. So, like I grow PahaQue fruit which is tropical,
or upland papaya. It’s not super sweet but in the greenhouse,
my unheated greenhouse it grows year-round without any issues. I mean I’m able to grow my peppers in my greenhouse
year-round also you know with unheated. You know of course certain varieties of peppers
such as the Marzano do the best and also some of the hotter ones. But yeah, I mean, those are my personal opinions
on that and maybe you’ll do it and maybe you won’t, right. Let’s see next question is from Joshua Barbary. How many years do you compost your food scraps
for? Alright so back when I started gardening they
might have composted for like, two years because I just kept throwing it all in a pile and
it really didn’t compost it. It just kind of broke down, the bugs got in
there, because I really didn’t add enough carbon matter. And it just didn’t really work. Nowadays if I got my system going and my tumblers,
my jar form compost tumbler and I’m adding proper amounts of greens and browns or carbon
and nitrogen ratio. You know my compost could compost for one
twelfth of a year yeah about a month. I could be done in about a month with my compost
if I’m here to spin it every day and all this kind of stuff. Normally, you know I’m not able to keep up
on it like I’m supposed to, cause I’m travelling so much. So, you know maybe like two months, I think
a month and a half, two months is normally how fast I turn the compost, but then I have
like a lot of compost. I got to pull out and see if that I have another
time for, because it’s lower on the priority list. But I hope that helps you out and be sure
to check my other videos on composting properly. That will definitely help you out to speed
it up for you. So, last question today is from Michelle Philly
girl 228. John, can you do a video on how you take your
compost from your bid to prepare it for your garden? Also for worm bins I have a rubber made tote
that I use for worm bin. It’s been a year but I can’t figure out how
to separate the worms. I’ve tried putting food on one side, but that
doesn’t work. Also, how to finish off the compost from the
bin because it’s very moist. Do I dry it, sift it? Help. Alright Michelle, so let’s see. Few questions, so you have a video on how
you take your compost from your bid to prepare it for your garden. I don’t know if that’s bin or not. But anyways, the compost from my bins that
I take out on my compost tumblers, I pull those out, when they’re at the proper moisture
level, and here in Las Vegas, it’s arid climate, so it dries out into a nice moisture
level. If it’s still too wet that tells me that the
compost may not be ready and I might add some additional dry stuff that could compost down
further. Like my wood chips, they’re good. My wood pellets, and the light came on. And then I want to have the compost out, I
don’t generally add that compost straight into my raised beds, the top them off every
year. What I’ll do, is I’ll take that compost plus
maybe like two other kinds of compost, you know maybe some doctor earth compost and whatever
else I picked up for free or cheap lately, I’ll mix those couple different kinds of compost
together, I’ll also add things like the rock dust, worm castings like insect [00:29:15.10]
like John Bob’s organic fertilizer products like some Z.A lights and maybe some kelp. When basically I have like a whole collection
of things that I’ll add in to make an – actually the bins right here it’s kind of like flooded
out, but I’ll add a whole bunch of things and then mix it all up and then I’ll top off
my beds with it after every season, before I plant the new season stuff. So, that’s kind of like the process I go through. As for worm bins, actually I don’t presently
keep worm bins, I had some worms a long time ago and I killed them in the bin. So, I vowed pretty much not really try to
do that again, so instead I just direct seed from either seeds, or eggs the worms into
my bed so all the beds behind me I’ve seeded either in live worms. Or worm eggs to it to put it in there so that
they could just leave it in my beds and make the compost where I need it and I think by
far this is maybe the better way to do it than having a worm bin. That being said having a worm bin is better
than, you know not having any worms at all. And also, some places worms will not live
outside in your garden year-round like they will here. So, OK so you’re trying to separate out your
worms in your rubber-made tote. So, number one thing is I see most people
doing worm bins, it gets way too moist. Big problem, right? Worms like a nice moisture level, they don’t
want it too dry, they don’t want it too moist. Unfortunately, many bins including mine, when
I had one, was way too moist. You need to cut down that moisture level by
adding something like horse bedding pellets, that are available at a local feed store. And if you can’t find those, then you go to
a local pet shop and get like compressed pine pellets which are used for kitty litter. Those ones are like maybe two times or even
three times the price of the horse bedding from a feed store, but those will work. Or you can even use the shredded newspaper,
like with some soy ink, or actually even better yet, micro shredded, I like to use the micro
shredder, paper shredder. I like to use the cardboard or I’m sorry the
craft bag, so brown paper bags usually have minimal printing on there. I would shred that up and that’s what I add
to my compost balls but you could add that to your worm bins, and that won’t be as effective
at sucking up all the moisture as the compressed wood pellets for horse bedding and you want
to get some of that moisture to the right level, right. And once you do that, then it should be fairly
dry cause it shouldn’t be glopping wet. You should also have a drain on your worm
bin right, so that the liquid is not accumulating. Liquid should totally drain out and you just
want it just to be more moist. If you could take the soil and take it and
wring it out with your hand, it’s definitely too moist. So, then the next part is you want to somehow
separate the worms out, so you could harvest your compost. What I would do then, is you would get a bin
with holes in the bottom and then you’d basically like only put new food into that new bin and
put it on top of your – So, here’s an example right. Here’s a bin with holes in it. If this would fit inside your rubber made
tote, put all the new food inside this bin maybe like layer in some coconut core which
is a nice bedding for the worms, maybe a layer of coconut core, maybe like the new food where
they’re using scraps, or finished compost, shredded paper or whatnot, put in here. And set this whole bin inside your rubber
made tote. What’s going to happen is the worms will go
up to the bottom of these, the holes here when they’re fully done with their – all the
food in the tote, they’re going to go into this one right. And then hopefully once they’re in this one,
then you take and move this out and then you could go ahead and sift out the worm castings
out of the other one, because now the worms are you know, in a new place. And if you don’t have one of these the handy
dandy things you know look outside produce markets, they ship like things from Mexico
like tomatoes, cactus fruits generally in bins like this. And so, that’s probably what I would do. Oh, the other thing you can do, you can use
light to your advantage. So, worms hate light, so this is another way
you could do it in in addition or separate to this. What you want to do first, is actually before
you even put this bin in, is you want to get some bright lights, right. Shine that into the top of your worm bin,
right. Worms they hate light, much like vampires
hate light. They’re not going to like turn into dust,
if light hits them, but they don’t like light because then they’re scared that a bird or
predator is going to get to them and they could be seen. So, then if you shine a really bright light
in there then they’re going to want to burrow down to the bottom to get away from the light. Then what you do is you simply scratch off
the top a little bit at a time and this is even more time-intensive, scratch off a little
bit of the top at a time and then you know separate that out, and then you can harvest
your castings, as all the worms are going to the bottom. And only maybe a harvest off maybe half an
inch or something or inch at a time depending on how deep they are and then shine the lights
on there. Leave the lights on for a couple hours, and
then come back and then shave off some more. That will give them time to go a little bit
deeper right. And then at that point, then I would do another
bin technique to get them to move into the new bin, so that you could harvest all the
old stuff. But of course, you do want to leave them some
new bedding whether you’re getting a coconut core, or you know the old castings and what
not they’re living in. Yeah, so once you get it out right, it should
be fairly dry, it should be super moist. But super moist once again, you’re not doing
a good job, feeding your worms cause you’re feeding them far too many scraps. What I would also encourage you guys to do
before you even feed food scraps to your worms, is drying them out a little bit. Maybe put them in a dehydrator, maybe like
put it in your oven on like low temperature, just to like get some of that moisture out. It’ll make it a lot easier. I mean they have produce dryers or you know
dryers now. Actually, I had it in one of my videos, but
I’m going to do a dedicated video with it one of these days when I have some time. But you have added another good thing to make
sure you control the temperature and control the moisture levels in your worm bin. It’s also important to control your temperature
levels in your worm bin, because they don’t like it freezing, so maybe like inside your
house, you know that nice temperatures cause they like to live in the temperatures that
we do. So, hopefully that helps you out a little
bit. Gave you guys a few tips along the way and
you guys learned a few things. It’s getting dark. I actually got to harvest my kale and my other
leafy greens to make my kale chips before it gets too dark here. But in any case, if you guys enjoyed this
Q and A session, hey please be sure to give me a thumbs up. Let me know. If I get a lot of thumbs up, so I’ll be sure
to do more Q and A’s in the future. I love to do these guys because literally
I just sit down talk to you guys for a little bit also be sure to click that subscribe so
you don’t miss out on any of my new episodes coming out about every three to four days
on this channel and also be sure to check out my past episodes. My past episodes are a wealth of knowledge
over twelve hundred videos on this You Tube channel, dedicated to teaching guys and sharing
with you guys all the different ways you guys can grow your food at home to be more sustainable
and to be healthier. So, with that, my name is John Kohler with We’ll see you next time. Until then remember keep on growing.

37 thoughts on “Start Your Garden from Seed or Buy Transplants? & More Garden Q&A

  1. I grow 90% from seeds using the Winter Sow method. Live in MD and recently it's been abnormally warm. Soil is warmer and I am able get a kick start on direct sowing. However if someone is just starting to grow seedlings are easier to handle, because you will know that you will have a crop. That is what we did our first two years. Great video's John and Keep on Growing?

  2. for compost air try 4" perforated black pipe with a sock on it, dirt cheap and just face it to the prevailing wind. I have been using this for 2 years and it works well I use pallets for my walls and add another layer of pipes every 12" til it's filled up then start another.

  3. For Ali bad (sp?) John referred to Dr. Earth's Pot of Gold as one of the best bagged soil products he'd ever used. Its on clearance at Home Depot this week for 1/2 off. Good luck!

  4. I'm surprised you didn't tell the viewers to add rock dust and crustacean shell to worm bins. Those are as important as any in my opinion.

  5. I do my compost aeration by using layers of bushy branches in big piles with mostly grass clippings, gets loads of insects living in it and worms. its a lazy method and I only turn it after months to get more planting room. just using bushy branches allows me to get a pretty vertical pile too, up to about 4 feet high by 3 feet wide by 6 feet long. method is good if short on time and long on space and stuff to compost.

  6. Comfrey I find works on a multilevel, fertilizer & fodder for people and animals and the worms love it and you only need a few plants to get started it's also easy just chop and drop for plants and also it's a compost helper.

  7. Seed starting is ez and cheapest. For price of a single starter, u can usually buy like 100+ seeds, depending on the plant. Or, buy your fruit or vegetable from market, eat the fruit and save the seeds and spend nothing extra. Only time i buy starter is if i can't get the plant through prev mentioned means.

  8. I'll be honest, I tend to buy my plants live from nurseries and such – which is practical for raspberries and such that I grow, although other family members also grow tomatoes and peppers.

    In my situation, as my videos show, I grow my plants along the edges of my property – one would be surprised at the amount of space one can find, just by growing along the edges of their lawn, and still have a good-sized lawn for the kids to play in.

  9. e use the Youngevity blooming minerals, (along side earthworm castings, and rock dust, or woodstive ash) and was happy to see the video where you suggested the minerals 🙂

  10. you live in the desert so u dont have slugs eating everything so you should probabably just like shut up cause you dont know me ok why do you think you know me you dont no me bro.. lol

  11. It's February and I have a bunch of Ashitaba plants, Brussels Sprouts, and other large plants. John is right about getting a headstart by planting seedlings early- they've been started in winter in a heated greenhouse and are weeks or months ahead of schedule- this is especially important for peppers and other "late bloomers". Nothing sucks more than raising pepper plants and reaching fall harvest and your peppers aren't quite ripe yet. I've also sowed seeds and started seeds- but those are just an inch tall. John is also right about buying plant starts even if you plant from seed- do both and you'll be assured that you'll get plenty of produce throughout the season.

  12. 1) 2:44 – Recommend organic hydroponic solution for Aerogarden; What is the brand of seed minerals?
    2) 4:54 – Can you do a video on your success as a YouTuber?
    3) 9:04 – Where should I buy organic compost; Buy seeds or transplants?
    4) 13:10 – How can I grow a garden on a deck in the northeast?
    5) 14:30 – PVC aeration tubes in compost bin?
    6) 16:15 – Inline 3/4" irrigation tube filter?
    7) 17:26 – Do you sell your seeds?
    8) 18:22 – GMO grain in vermicompost?
    9) 22:02 – How to keep rats/rodents out of garden?
    10) 24:00 – Greenhouse in Florida for permanent tropical fruit trees?
    11) 26:35 – How many years do you compost your food scraps for?
    12) 27:46 – How to take compost from bin to prepare for garden; trouble with separating worms from compost in bin; compost too moist when removed?

  13. I also found the Dervaes with their site Urban Homestead as you mentioned. That gave me the inspiration to search for ways to grow organically. I found your site which I check constantly for info. Your site is very informative. What I want is to grow the best healthy food at the least cost as I am on SS , my sources of supplies are limited. Your site is very informative.

  14. I wish I had taken pics of how polluted this area looked and how good it looks 1 year later after I've been following your advice. 1000 thanks! I've been trying for so long to failure but you made it so possible for once for success. It's so exciting!

  15. we are somewhere in the middle on this topic.. Starting from Seed in the Greenhouse, then Transplant to the Garden! thanks for the video John.

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