The real reason behind Jallikattu ban revealed!!! (With subtitles) | Micro 1

‘Jallikattu is every Tamilian’s BIRTHRIGHT’ I am Marthandan After completing my Engineering and MBA
I am into Organic Farming And indigenous cattle I am doing Indigenous Cattle Conservation There are about 42 breeds
of indigenous cattle in India The State of Tamil Nadu alone has 6 breeds I am conserving the Pulikulam breed Understanding the quality
and advantages… …of the milk of
indigenous cattle breed I have brought Milch breeds
from North India Kankrej and Gir breeds also I own a farm in Chennai I am originally from Sivagangai To the east of Madurai If you study our district Jallikattu or Manju virattu To all the farmers The bulls used in
Jallikattu or Manju virattu …are entwined with
the lives of the farmers I come from such a district From my childhood I am exposed
to festivals, like Pongal Specifically as a thanksgiving
to our cattle who are our backbone I have been interested
in Jallikattu from then Right from when I was a 6-7 year old The eagerness I had then That basic curiosity Why is Jallikattu reveled as a sport? Why does the bull
play such a sport? I started my research
on why the bull is aggressive Now I have understood it thoroughly I have been breeding this cattle
for the past 17-18 years So I am well versed in this This breed of cattle
has an innate nature Like the Pulikulam breed The indigenous breed from
Sivagangai and Madurai This breed is used in Jallikattu Basic nature of this breed is aggressive Very ferocious It is reared like that That is why Jallikattu evolved as a sport These 2 factors are interlinked Both Pulikulam breed
and Jallikattu as a sport If you sever one from the other
like how a man walks with both his legs He will lose balance
if you chop one leg of his If you stop this game
Pulikulam will become extinct If you don’t want this to happen
Jallikattu should continue Our Tamil Nadu cattle
are mostly draught breeds They serve 3 purposes Used for farming To draw a load or cart Third is to use for sports like
Jallikattu and Rekla races In the ancient Sangam age
Jallikattu was called ‘aeru thazhuvudhal’ It is a beautiful word in Tamil The word explains the sport ‘Aeru’ means bull, ‘thazhuvu’ is embrace So by hugging its hump
and embracing the bull In the word per se this is
the meaning, self-explanatory This word changed in course
of time as ‘Manju virattu’ ‘Manju’ in Tamil means bull ‘Virattu’ is to chase So it translates as
‘Chasing the bull’ 300-400 years ago the name
‘Salli kattu’ was coined Jallikattu was initially ‘Salli-kattu’ ‘Salli’ in Tamil means
coins as in money A handful of gold r silver coins are tied
in a piece of cloth and on to the horn ‘Kattu’ is ‘to tie’ and
so it means tie the coins The participant has to
embrace the hump of the bull And untie the knotted pouch This is how the game is played This is the actual idea Not to tame the bull Or catch and subdue it Or the word ‘tame’ …has come into being
due to wrong translation! ‘Aeru Thazhuvudhal’
means hugging the bull Animal cruelty as a phrase
is very subjective Their character Those who do not
know their nature Watching a video or seeing
a photo from a distance To claim these animals
are treated cruelly Secondly if you look into this
after the initial banning of this sport State Govt passed a law
called ‘Jallikattu law’ They stipulated rules When ‘Jallikattu’ was conducted The bull has to be registered It was eligible for participation
only with an ID card Before participating in
the arena in the villages …a full veterinary check up was conducted …liquor or lemon Chilly powder The bull was not subject to any
of these and is in sound health The bull is certified
by a professional doctor Only then they released the bull
from its enclosure At this juncture
if you notice on both sides Only as and when the video was shot
the bull was untied and released Please understand only for 30 seconds
the bull participates in the game! Then it is herded
to the collection point A veterinary inspection
during the entry To guarantee no fraudulent practices
are carried out in between To check again Post event is another inspection From 2008 to 2014
these regulations were passed Jallikattu was being conducted
on and off in this time frame We have asked
Animal Welfare Board of India Not even 1 case has been recorded of
prohibited substance being used on the bull That being the case, a big question
arises why Jallikattu was banned Only the Supreme Court can answer this There are many reasons
for the banning of Jallikattu Those who want this banned
specify only 1 reason Animal cruelty They are hiding behind this reason This should be asked to those
who live with the bull on a daily basis Only they know what will hurt the bull
or if it is being treated cruelly Sitting in an armchair in the city Analyzing a video or a photo There may be many reasons behind
claiming it is cruelty to the animal Let me share a few In Indian villages, right from olden times
self sufficiency is rather high A farmer is independent
to a large extent Owning a bull or a cow
is a decided advantage for him It provides milk for his household use To draw a load or cart
To help plough the fields Its cow dung is used as
natural manure to aid farming Most houses in a village will have
either a Jallikattu bull or a temple bull They are useful for procreating If a company intends doing a particular
business they should have the control Dairy industry Cow means milk supply In dairy industry there are
changes taking place In the next level of
artificial insemination …corporates are making sure
only female calves are born …by selling segregated semen straws In the course of time
as long as we have bulls …they will never have
control over the entire market In the villages
in the natural way …for calves to be born …as long as temple bulls
and Jallikattu bulls exist …corporates will not gain control But they want to have the upper hand That is one of the reasons To stop this sport 2nd reason, as I said,
our indigenous cattle …they will graze freely
of their own accord Everybody is aware India is
the largest exporter of beef in the world In foreign countries
for beef from India It is being marketed in the category
of Free Range Cattle This is another reason The stud bull, that is
the Jallikattu bull will be sold Sold only for its beef If this sport is banned, the bulls serve
no purpose and will be sold cheap for meat Some private companies with clout …wanting to export and make a profit
is another reason for this ban The animal activists and welfare
organizations are largely responsible Unfortunately the urban youth amongst them …do not understand
the duality concept of working pets It is alien to them Animal welfare board members
have done a good job of brainwashing The urban youth would have been
compassionate and eager as kids PETA, PFA …FIAPO as in Federation of India
Animal Protection Agencies Blue Cross and Animal Welfare boards
are utilizing the youth to their advantage Their concept is to keep animals idle And not utilize them Just feed them regularly And strap them with
colored fancy collars This is what they term
as showering ‘love’ They paint an angle
of us being cruel to animals They need to understand this Birds in a cage …are pets in the true sense They serve a purpose That particular animal is healthy
as long as its purpose is served Whether, cow, bull, horse or goat Rooster, hen, dog or cat Even if looked after fondly
as pets serve a specific purpose A cat ensures there are no mice A dog guards A cow provides milk
A bull ploughs the field Horse acts as a draught animal A goat provides manure
and is used as meat At the same time it is a pet This duality concept
is an important factor Pulikulam as I mentioned earlier Its native tract Completely It is mostly an arid belt Rainfall is less in these regions The dried grass And limited supply of water …sufficient for this breed
for sustenance They are maintained as huge herds In large numbers It is called ‘Kidai maadu’ Traditional name of Pulikulam
is ‘Palingu maadu’ Palingu in Tamil means marble It has a marble sheen
Light grey in color This entire breed is not reared
in a closed enclosure or pen They are not fenced in Village to village
they keep migrating There will be only 2 or 3 cowherds
to maintain this herd of 300-400 cows To keep an eye on the cattle Graze them in the
forest or the fallow fields They are aggressive because
they have retained their wild nature They will protect themselves
from a fox or a leopard And ensure the calves
in their herds are safe In fact they protect even the cowherds
from the wild animals in the forest This is the reason for their wild spirit Its character, tenacity Aggressiveness and speed are intact That is the reason Other than Pulikulam Umblachery is a breed
used in Jallikattu They belong to Tanjore
and Nagapattinam belt In Theni district is the ‘Malai maadu’ Called Bor and is spotted Vellai is white in color
Sembor is red Karumbor is black spotted,
Mayilai is silver grey In Theni district This breed is used And Kangayam It is an easily identifiable breed From Tirupur Used to a large extent in Jallikattu Theni bulls, Umblachery
and then Kangayam There are 6 to 7 breeds in Tamil Nadu The recognized breeds
are Kangayam, Pulikulam Umblachery and Bargur Unrecognized breed is
Malai maadu of Theni district In the Kanchipuram – Thiruvallur belt Then the red and white breed
are called the Kanchipuram Kuttai In Pudukottai and Trichy
they are called ‘Naattu maadu’ They have not been named separately ‘Naatu’ as in indigenous or native Using the big specimens in
the non discriminative group …they breed the Kangayam bulls These are the 7 breeds in Tamil Nadu India has about 42 breeds Unrecognized must be an equal
number, 40 or 50 breeds So approximately we have 100 breeds
in India in the indigenous category Tamil Nadu has 6 breeds These 6 breeds are purely
draught purpose only Only for farming They work tirelessly Not only in South India This category through the years …are not bred for their milk yield Only preference is to ensure
they provide good calves Known for their thriftiness They survive on dry grass and water They are known for
their strength and virility And work well That is their focus point
So they yield less milk 1 to 1.5 liters of milk per day That is their yield quota This can be used
only for house consumption This breed is not suitable
for commercial dairying purposes We have to bring in
North western native breeds This reason of yielding less milk
is a big disadvantage for this breed In the olden days they used our breeds
from Tamil Nadu for 3 purposes For working in the fields Ploughing and drawing load Irrigate the fields
with water from the well To help in extracting oil This breed was used for all these reasons Manure was another reason
to use as natural fertilizer This is called ‘penning of cattle’ However many in a herd The cattle is penned in
the fields to sleep at night In the morning
their urine and cow dung We used manure in this manner Our basic agriculture
was organic farming 2nd purpose this breed
was put to good use For Jallikattu and rekla racing They were not bred
to yield milk Only to make tea or coffee
Limited usage 1/2 or 1 liter for curd or buttermilk They do not use the cows
to sell milk commercially Even if the quantity is less
this milk is very healthy Milk can be divided
into A1 and A2 This breed yields A1 milk They are linking this breed
to such diseases Our native cows yield A2 milk 100 % all native cows
yield A2 milk Our indigenous cattle Zoological definition
of cattle is Bos There are 2 variations in Bos
Divided into sub species Bos taurus
Bos indicus All European breeds fall under Bos taurus Indian based breed is Bos indicus Bos indicus yields A2 milk 100 % Bos taurus yields A1 milk The difference in milk is Milk has protein There is a difference in
their amino acids What researchers say
about A1 milk now is …people are susceptible to
certain diseases because of its intake Lactose intolerance Diabetes Or obesity They have linked these diseases
to this variety of milk They claim in A2 milk
the opposite is true Certain foreign organizations …have started a company called
A2 Milk Corporation Patented A2 milk Our indigenous cows
provide this variety of milk The conservation project
with Pulikulam cows At the same time implement
scientific breeding practice And improve the herd This isn’t a sole effort of mine
Many have helped me A cow costs Rs 17,000 to 18,000 They have contributed this amount Those who wish to conserve cattle Just adopt a cow If you reach out to our endeavor ‘Jallikattu is every Tamilian’s BIRTHRIGHT’ subtitled by rekhs

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