Turn Your Raw Food Scraps into Plant Fertilizer with a Compost Tumbler

This is John Kohler at okraw.com and I have
another exciting episode for you. This is going to be a special one, now that we are
here all the way in Huston, Texas at my friend Kyle’s place. I have been staying with Kyle
for the last couple of days and we built up a great friendship. We originally met at the
2012 Woodstock Fruit Festival and it was that great place to connect with a lot of people
I have met. So many people that I met there that I still stay in contact with today.
So I came down here in Huston, I saw Kyle at the local Rawfully organic produce co-hub.
And he said “Hi, John, do you have a place to stay?”, I’ m like “No, I said” and he’s
like “You know what, man, come over, man, I have an extra bedroom”.
So we have been staying in here, having fun, making juices… easy as you can see all this
bananas. I see you like bananas, I’ll tell you more about that.
But the thing I saw that…you know… this is all Kyle’s produce. Right? This is all
your produce, right Kyle? K.: yep
J.: like, how long will this last you? K.: I’d say… a week or so…maybe…
J: so, this is a week’s worth of Kyle’s produce and you know… if you are eating a healthy
diet, you are eating lots of fruits and vegetables and one of the challenges that might come
up is… not only getting your fruits and vegetables — for which he goes to the co-hub,
but the second challenge is, once you eat it… we are already eating like the healthiest
diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables and it is also better for the planet, because
fruits and vegetables take far less inputs to grow and create one pound of food, than
say animal based products… but, finally, the challenge is… once he is done eating
this… and he eats an insanely large amount of bananas, more than I’ll ever eat in my
wildest dreams. So, he gets all his peels and some of the jackfruit here, the outside
and the seeds… and if he is juicing he’s oranges, he’s got the leftover and all of
these things… like, the tomatoes, you can just eat them whole, but the carrots… you
might cut these greens… and he has a bin that we will show you in a minute, that he
actually takes out to the garbage. Some municipalities have green waste compost in… like in California,
but a lot of the other parts of the country do not. So, he is actually taking this out
and is just like a 35 pound bag a week, which is heavy. Fruit scraps are heavy… out to
the garbage and they just go to the land soil. So I got the bride idea to get them on composting…
getting the compost system set up. So, what this video specifically will be about today
is sourcing the best local composter for you… and not only that… at a good price and one
that is really large. Getting it set up and working properly. Now, the composter that
I found for Kyle at the local store — and it has a quite low price for a large composter.
But the main thing that is important to me is that it actually works. Because Kyle has
actually composted in the past, but it was a pain in the butt and it… stuff didn’t
work for him. So, I am going to ask him about that.
So, Kyle, tell me about your past composting experiences and what happened and all about
that stuff. K.: Well, I lived down the street and I was
basically just making a pile in the corner of the garden… right in the back corner
of the back yard, only about 15 feet from the back door. And I just really didn’t know
what I was doing and it just kept getting bigger and bigger… it wasn’t breaking down
fast enough. Then I would go to dig around and stir it up, but it was disgusting… I
mean it was like the worst smell I ever felt in my life. So, in a couple of months a lot
of that broke down…turned back into soil and there, but… eventually, when I moved
I had to dig a lot of it out, just to clean it up for the property owner. And for a while
I was taking stuff down to a local park where people compost, but I guess I just got kin
of burdened out… packing it all up and driving it over there and… the time when they worked
on the park was on Wednesday and I wasn’t able to help. So, I felt bad because I was
showing up with tones of stuff and filled up their containers.
So, anyway, I just kind of got out of the habit… and living, riding over the city
it can be challenging. But I think that what we have got going is going to be great.
J.: awesome, man! Yes, so I composted in my back yard when I didn’t know anything about
composting. I would just put up a pile and guess what! The compost happened. So, even
I you don’t buy the thing we are going to show you… probably one of the best was to
do it… you could start a pile in your backyard if you don’t care about… it’s just going
to be rotting and may be smelling bad. But there are certain methods and tips and techniques
you need to do to get it to work properly. Also, it might attract rats and all sort of
animals and things like that. K.: oh, yeah, that happens
J.: that is definitely not a good thing especially if you live in a big city. So, the way that
we are going to do it now is like … you are not going to get any rodent issues or
animal issues because it is completely self containing. So, Kyle, before we are actually
going to show all… some of the food scraps from some of this amazing produce you have
got… I want to ask you just a few other questions for my viewers there, so… Why
did you first get into the Raw Foods diet? K.: well, to be honest, I read this study
about 4 and a half years ago and I did some other research and really… just sort of…
intuitively I was eating less meat and stuff because I wanted to be light and fast — I
like to run. And so I went ahead and just made the switch over night. I just poured
out the milk, throw out the eggs and never looked back. So, 4 years and a half animal
product free and the best health in my life and now… so, that is when I made the initial
switch. And then I found out about this local co-hub
because I was buying a lot more produce… just making a smoothie here and there and
looking for ways to affording the matter and found Rawfully Organic here in Huston… And
then I met more people that were eating Raw Foods, doing great, looking really happy;
easy going, good people and I thought, man, this is so much simpler and… even though
I ended up… I feel like I spent more money on fruits… I spend so much less than I used
to because I am make it at home and at such high quality. I am not spending that money
at restaurants, driving at restaurants, spending the time waiting in line etc. So, anyway,
I got into eating the Raw Foods and… I guess I should conclude it… when I went vegan
I had been running a lot at that time and I noticed that my running was improving. But,
once I went Raw, after a couple of years it just became better and better. So, I kind
of engaged on my fastest time… because I just run as fast as I can and a few years
ago it was over 20 minutes. And almost every time I raced I run like a PR like I have proven
my time. So, I dropped two and a half minutes of that time. I am not like a hard core runner,
I train when I can; I am a pianist and I teach and I have a lot of other stuff. But I love
pushing myself physically and being outdoors. So, anyway, I have just been getting faster
and faster and feel good and it is great. I love it.
J.: yea.. I have jus seen so many people that just gat amazing results by this eating our
natural diet. I mean raw, not conditioned to eat things that are totally unnatural because
of marketing and stuff like that. So, no matter what else, you guys, you just include more
fruits and vegetables, you don’t have to eat all raw. Just eat one extra apple a day and
you are on your way to eating more fruits and vegetables, so you can get healthier.
So, I get some athletic performance so I just… anything, brain performance, mental performance..
by eating more plants and less of all the other processed and animal products.
All right, Kyle, so, thanks for sharing with me all your produce just for one week. Next,
let’s take a look at some of the food scraps and then we will go into how to effectively
deal with them in a quick and easy and the fastest way that I have learned over all these
years that I have been experiencing with Raw Foods and also dealing and working with my
compost. Now, what we are looking at is where Kyle
used to put all his food scraps; because it keeps it separate from the standard garbage
can, because an open garbage can will attract things like fruit flies and all this other
kind of stuff that is unsightly. So, we have this step-on can that is kind of nice. If
you step on it, it will lift up. As you can see what we have got in here today is actually
what I have juiced for breakfast. This is my juice pulp and bellow it we got… actually
he has tones of bananas… looks like a banana feast this morning; we have got some jackfruit
peel from yesterday This all thing right here, man, this is kind of heavy, that is maybe
35-40 pounds right there. So, one of the challenges you’d have… because he lined it with this
standard kitchen plastic bag… if you try to lift it out and you want to lift this out
successfully, I kind of learnt that you kind of have to wiggle it out, otherwise is just
going to tear an rip. This is kind of a pain in the butt, too.
All right, so this is a whole tone of compost, now the problem is , what are we going to
do with it? Like, Kyle has been actually just dumping this in the garbage and it gets taken
out to the landfills and didn’t really benefit anybody. Plus, there is a transportation cost
for the fuel for all the garbage trucks. It is going 35 pounds heavier… when every raw
foods dump on the block, which probably… you know, the other ones did that… that
is like 35 pounds times 20 more people and that is like thousand of pounds extra going
to the landfills… and unneeded, because a far better use to this is to compost it.
Now you have learned… Kyle used to just pile it up in a corner, which you could do,
you could dig a hole, dump it in the hole, cover up the hole… you could actually put
it in your green waste recycling for the kitchen and yard, if you have that in your area. You
could also do worm composting with it, but the way we are going to do today is something
really smart, is getting a tumbling composter. I have experimented with many different composting
methods and the tumbler composter is by far the easiest thing to do and can also be very
fast, much faster than an unaesthetic pile, in my opinion, if you do it just right.
So, what we are going to do, we are going to go out to a local store that is probably
around you, to buy the kick-ass, low priced, large composter.
*** This is a special place to get that composter
tumbler. I know many of you guys might be Costco members, but if not, join and become
a member and buy and then actually just say “Oh, I want to cancel my membership” and they
will give you full refunds. That way you can get it. Or just find a friend with a Costco
membership who could take you in there and then you can actually buy it.
Now, be aware that they only accept American Express, Debit Cards or cash. You can’t use
Visa or MasterCard. So, now we are going to head into Costco and I am going to show you
that special Raw Foods certified, approved composter.
*** Now, we are inside the Costco and this is
where you get the composter that I was telling you guys about. Check it out. It as a life
time Dual Composter Tumbler and the cool thing is the price. The price is 149.99. If you
go to the lifetime.com website it is 299.99. So, this is like half off. Now, let me show
you the composter, which is right here. This is the composter right here and the reason
why I recommend this for people into Raw Foods is because this is one large composter. I
own a predecessor to this, which a single bin, 80 gallon composter. These are 250 gallon
bins. And why is that good is because… like, Raw Foods, you guys eat an awfully lot of
produce and have a lot of banana peels and food scraps and citrus peel and trimmings
from your lettuce and kales… and this is the perfect thing to compost.
And why this is cool, is because it has two of them. You basically come here and fill
up one side with all your compost and keep filling this up every day or whenever you
take out your 5 gallons bucket; you are going to close it and spin it. And that’s it! Then
go inside, fill up pour bucket and bring it back again, the next day, two days, three
days from now. Open it up, put it in there and spin it. Keep doing that until this is
all the way full. When it is all the way full then basically you are going to go to this
other one and the start filling it up. And once again, now you are going to spin both
of them. Keep doing that until you are totally done and by that time, this one, when you
open it up, you should have compost that you can put into your garden.
So, we are going to get this one here because there is a 5 years warranty, also really cool
about this is the HDPE plastic. That is High Density Polyethylene plastic. That means it
is UV resistant, it is not going to break down in the sun, it is going to last a long
time, plus it is double-walled. Do, like you have double pane windows to keep your house
warmer. This is double pane, so it has two walls. It is going to keep an air cushion
in the middle. It is going to keep your compost just that much more warmer, so it works that
much faster. This is important whether you are in the summer time or even the winter
time when it is a little colder out. Next thing we are going to do is go ahead
take one of these composters and then check it out.
*** Kyle is calmly taking a break. We have been
building this composter here, we were about 10 minutes into it. This should get really
easy. I have the predecessor to this and it’s significantly harder to assemble. So, we are
going to go ahead and keep assembling and I am trying to stay ahead of Kyle because
I am pretty god at assembling this kind of stuff…just Kyle doesn’t think so… but
you are doing great job over there. And now he is ahead of me. I have to get back to this
and we will come back at you when we’ll have more of it assembled.
*** As you can see we have got the composters
almost fully assembled. We’ve got all the sides, except for the top… that actually
hinges on… and now we are doing some internal bracing. Now, it has taken us about 40 minutes
to get to this point and it is to of us… he’s working on that side and I’m working
on this side…it is really simple, lining up some of these things is a little bit difficult,
but be persistent and you will finally get it. All right, switch!
So, as you guys can see the night has fallen and we are done building this can together
with pretty much no hitches. You just have to read the directions and it happens. Now,
it took about 2 hours, with 2 people, so if you are a one person the job might take even
a bit longer. But we took our time to make sure that we do it right and it is fully assembled.
It went together really well and it works really great. So, stay tuned for the update
with the filling it up with some of those banana peels you saw earlier.
*** You guys saw that we finished the composter,
that was actually last night and now it’s the next day. Now we are ready to fill it
up. So, besides the composter that we have bought and the food straps you have, you will
need a few more things. Some things are mandatory and some things are optional. So, the mandatory
thing you’ll need besides the food scraps, you will have to get these or else is not
going to work as good, is this stuff. Now, I normally recommend horse-bedding, which
is available at the local feed store. It is basically compressed pine pellets that are
used for horse bedding. This is non-toxic, they don’t have any additives in there. If
you can’t get to a feed supply store, because a horse bedding in the pellets is,like, 40
pounds for, like, 7-8 bucks, so, if you can’t find a feed store in your area city you can
go to your local pet-co, Wal-Mart or whatever these pet stores are… you want to get this
stuff right here. You want to get some kind of kitty litter that is made out of pine pellets.
This is the exact same stuff that they use for horse bedding. So, if you want to save
some money and you have got cats, just get the horse bedding stuff. It’s the same stuff.
This stuff is like 40 pounds for 19.99 on sale and the other is 7.99 for 40 pounds.
So, this is going to cost you more. Now, if you do go and find a place that sells the
horse bedding, buy a bunch of bags, buy like 5 bags at once, you can save some trips and
store the bags, definitely keep them out of rain.
Now, the reason why we need to use this is because when we are composting we need what’s
called the nitrogen source and the carbon source. And the food scraps are a nitrogen
source, but they don’t have carbon. And if you have one and not the other the composting
is not going to happen as quickly. And it tends for rotting to get nasty, attract bugs
before it actually starts breaking down. So, some other carbon source, if you don’t want
to buy the pellets here, you could use shred up newspaper, shredded up paper, you could
use some leaves, like on the ground, things like that. But the reason why I am using the
pine pellets is because I want to get the fastest and quickest results and I don’t want
to screw around. The leaves will work, they will definitely work, but I found that using
pine pellets will make it work significantly faster. And also, the pine pellets, because
they are compressed, they are going to absorb all the moisture from your food scraps…which
are very moist. So, in the compost pile you need to balance
a couple of things: the number one you need to balance are carbon and nitrogen. You also
need a balance of moist and not too moist, so the moisture levels. Plus, you need air.
And that is all it takes to compost. If you have all these in the right proportions compost
is going to happen really fast. If you have some of those, or not all of them, or in non-right
proportions, then is going to happen slower… because, remember one thing, compost always
happens. So, this is by far, for composting food scraps,
the best thing I found…instead of shredded paper, collecting leaves, because they could
also be a pain in the butt. And if you are getting it by the 40 pound for 7.99, that
is not a big price to pay to make your own soil today with your own compost, which is
far better than any compost you could buy. So, this is requested.
Now, the next few things I am going to talk about are optional, but highly recommended.
The first one here that we are going to add to our mixture, besides food scraps and the
pine pellets, is this stuff right here. This is actually some organic compost. So, in this
trip I am also helping Kyle putting a nice raised bed garden and we have got some compost
here from the local landscape supply place called the ground up. They weren’t too friendly
there, but we did get the stuff. Now, this is a good vegan based compost and that’s really
good. And why you want to add this to your mixture…one little pot here per bin… when
you are starting or once you have got compost rolling, you are just going to take your old
compost that has been finished and add it to the bash. What it does? It pre-inoculates
your compost with the right bacteria so it can start breaking down. Now, this is optional,
because if you don’t add this and just put the food scraps and the carbon it will break
down. Absolutely! But with this, is kind of like a catalyst and will help it… get the
ball rolling. And the other thing to remember… it’s like 70 dollars for like one cubic yard
of this stuff. Buy the bag they sell this compost, for 10 dollars one cubic or two cubic
feet. So, that is five to ten dollars one cubic feet. And when you make your own compost,
if you’re gardening or you could give it to your friends, you are going to save a lot
of money. The saving from the compost you are going to make, which in many ways is probably
of higher quality than the compost money can buy… so, we have got to add that.
And, finally, the last thing that we are going to add and not required but very important
is this stuff here. You want to add a trace mineral. This is a product called Mineral
Plus, that we have got here in the Huston area. But I would recommend something like
Azomites or Rockdust or others… some kind of bread spectrum trace minerals to add to
your compost. Now, why is this important? Because this will basically add the trace
minerals to the compost. It is going to feed the bacteria and make the bacteria go crazy.
So you get the best results. As people that eat a highly plant based diet
have a lot of food scraps, you don’t want to be sitting in fruit scraps, swimming in
your compost in your backyard that is not breaking down. So, this is my specific formula,
that I have learned that really… if you do this right, your compost is going to happen
probably between maybe a month, a month and a half. We will have one of these bins completely
finished and ready to turn out and… keep rotating the bins… So, yeah don’t forget
the minerals there. The next thing we are going to talk about
is ratio. So, we are going to have 10% of the pine pellets to 90% of the food scraps,
to have 100%. Plus, then we are just going to add some minerals and a little pot, one
gallon of the compost. So, let’s go ahead and add that to our bin next. For this step,
add the food straps… These bags are kind of a pain because they are just going to rip
off on you. And there it is, 35 pounds of food scraps. And don’t worry if it is a little
bit wet, you know, you need some moisture, but not too much moisture. That’s why the
pine pellets are specifically good for composting wet food scraps.
Now, before I go onto another really good method you can use besides the tumbling bin,
and once again I like the tumbling bin because it aerates, it keeps it self contained, no
rodents, it also works faster than static piles that we had in the past… you can do
worm composting. Could be easier, could be harder than this. I think it is a little bit
harder because you have to keep some live worms and you have to make sure you feed them
properly. They eat one pound of waste, for one pound of worms you have. So, if you create
10 pounds of waist a day you need to have 10 pounds of worms. And, actually worms like
the juice pulp. And then you have to make sure it is not too hot for them outside and
not too cold for them in the winter time. It is kind of a pain. And that is why I like
this tumbling bin. It is just the lighter, easier… and you don’t deal with the worms
or anything like that. But worms are cool and get some if you want to.
Now that we have added this, we are going to add about 10% of the pine pellets. I just
like to take it and toss a bunch in. Now, if you are going to air it, it is always better
to air it on the side. A little pine pellets… that looks about 10% to me. The next this
is add our trace minerals, this is going to make the bacteria happy because they love
this stuff, plus the other benefit is that once you have the compost done, you have pre-inoculated
your compost with trace minerals. So then, when you grow your plants they are going to
have the trace minerals and plants grow and you eat the plants that you are growing on
your compost, you are going to eat the trace minerals in it. Because the soil of today
is devoid from trace minerals because they are eroded from constant and conventional
farming and they are not putting this trace minerals in it. So, here’s the trace minerals
going right in. And now, finally, we are going to inoculate
the compost. This is going to help get those babies started. Now, you might be thinking
“John, I have seen that compost inoculating stuff you could buy.. should I buy that stuff?”
. No! Don’t waste you’re money on that stuff. Just get some fresh compost because this has
everything you need. You don’t have to buy gimmick like that. You just need to buy this
bin. And once you have got that in there, you are just going to go ahead and close it
up and spin it. Now, it might be kind of heavy at first because all the liquid is clumped
up, nut these pellets will expand and kind of make it more fluffy. And as it gets going
is going to get a little bit lighter. But this is definitely a good hard work in here.
Alright, so we have spun it a bunch, so let’s check out what we have now. This is how we
are making our compost here. One of the tips I want to give you guys, if you have like
bad lettuces and cabbage leaves going bad is always best you tear them up or make your
compost as small in size as possible before adding it to your compost. Now, this is not
required and some of you girls might not want to get your hands dirty. You don’t have to
do this but it is best. If you want to be really anal you could actually take everything
you are composting, put it in a vitamix and then pour it in here. That way it will break
down even faster. The bacteria like food like we like food. We like food that is in its
mashed baby food state, that has been chewed really well. And that is the same thing with
the bacteria. If we just swallow a whole piece of cabbage loaf here we are not going to get
optimal digestion. I mean, the bacteria will work on it. And it will take them longer but
it will finally break it down. So, it’s best to tear this stuff up, to fraction it, cut
it up into small pieces and put smaller pieces in.
You can compost your paper towel. I recommend you guys use like non-bleached, recycled paper
towels and if you are going to do the paper towels, once again, it is best to tear them
up. If you don’t want to tear them up, because I know sometimes the might be nasty, what
I like to do is that I just like to add them and take a really small shovel and just break
them up a little bit. That will help the composting to happen faster.
So, I guess the next thing we are going to do… Kyle is going to come out whenever he
has the food waste dump it in here and dump in some of the pine pellets and just spin
it every day. And when this side is full then he is going to just stop using this side,
he is going to keep it locked up and he is going to continue to spin it every day when
he comes out to fill up the next side, which is empty. The whole process should be like
this: fill up this whole side… ok, it is full, keep spinning it every day or whenever
you fill up the other side. And while you are filling this side up, by the time this
is full and you have been spinning this one continuously… when this one is full then
you go to this one and you should have some nice compost ready. So, the compost that you
are going to make in the compost bin here it is actually going to look like a nice,
kind of coffee grounds consistency. It is going to be reach and some of the pine pellets
plus also the decomposed matter… oh, you are going to fill this up to like 80-90% full
and leave a little bit of air space so that when you spin it, some of the air could get
in this. It has a nice air tube in the middle that will aerate the compost but is very important
to turn your compost. And another thing that is going to be really
cool, just in a few days Kyle will be able to come out here and put his hand on the composter
or open this up… it might even be steaming if it is getting hot. That is a good sign,
that the compost is working. And if it is not steaming or getting at least warm, then
maybe one of the ratios is not right. Maybe just adding too much nitrogen or not enough
carbon in the form of pine pellets. But, normally, if you just do this, keep it at this ratio
and it is going to work fairly well. Another thing you can get is a compost thermometer
to see where you are at. But if you put your hand there and feel some heat it is definitely
working. The system Kyle used to collect his food scraps
was really good based on the fact that he wanted to take it out and then throw it away
in the garbage, which I don’t recommend. But, as you can see this bag was starting to break
and it is hard to lift it out and for composting this would not be a good idea because if you
keep going through a lot of plastic bags you actually have to end up throwing them out
or, hopefully, even recycling it. But it is kind of nasty to do that.
The thing that we are going to do now is aerate the compost. Now that we have added the minerals
and the compost starter we are just going to add the food scraps and the pine pellets
each and every time. So, instead of having to add the pine pellets manually, like I did
this time in the bag, what recommend to Kyle is to get a whole new system for collecting
his compost. And that is as simple as what we have right here: this is just a standard
5 gallon bucket. He bought this at a home depot, but if you go to a deli, they often
have pickles that come in these and they often just throw away the bucket. So, if you go
to a bakery a lot of the ice things and the frost things that are so toxic… they come
in these things and I got to read the ingredients in those… it is really nasty. But we just
bought one, have a nice one that is nice and clean and besides getting the bucket you also
want to get a lid. So, we got a nice lid here and the lid also has a rubber gasket in here.
This is very important because inside you don’t want to have an open bucket; you are
going to have fruit flies covering around, but if you put the lid on the bucket — it
has the nice rubber gasket, you are going to keep the fruit flies out.
So, he is going to collect his compost into the bucket. But, besides collecting the compost
into the bucket, what you have to do and what I recommend is actually taking some of the
pine pellets and… because we have to mix the pine pellets with the compost, we just
put in like 10% of the pine pellets in the bucket. Now, why this is good is because:
number one, it pre-mixes the pine pellets and now all you have to do is fill this up
to the top, bring it out, dump it and spin it. Then you are just going to come and put
more pine pellets in and then just keep filling it up. So, really easy. That is all you have
to do right now. Just fill this up, put pine pellets, dump, spin, repeat until is full.
Then you can move to the other side, then you are going to inoculate it with one cup
of minerals and some of the compost. And the other reason why this is easy because
it is pre-mixed, but also the pine pellets… those guys absorb at least their weight in
water. You will see, you will put in like wet, mushy banana peels, strawberries that
have gone bad and stuff. And instead of all the water from the food licking in the can
and making the can nasty, the pine pellets will absorb it, so they will also keep the
bottom of your bucket cleaner. I am not saying that you won’t have to wash this up, but it
will keep it a lot cleaner than getting stuff frosted on the bottom; because we have got
the pine pellets in here. And then, that is pretty much how easy it is. You are just going
to continue to fill this up, keep spinning and in about a month, a month and a half you
should have some compost, provided, you know, you do it right. And you can!
So, once again, we have the life time composter that was 149.99 at Costco. This guys hold
like 100 gallons, which is actually quite large. If you do want the better one, this
is probably the most affordable largest one you can get locally… the better one I have
been using in my home is called the Joraform Composter and that one is actually a 70 gallon
for 369 dollars. But it is significantly more money and it holds less. Or you could get
the Joraform for 100 which is like 700 dollars. Well better, but is it twice as good as this?
Or three times as good as this because is three times the price? I would say not. But
if you are really into composting and want it to happen even faster than this — because
the other one is isolated, is metal, is going to last a life time once you get that one.
For the budget minded person that just wants to start composting I think it is probably
one of the best deals out there. Hopefully, after this episode you will now
be a prepared Raw Food-ist, being able to compost your waste. Instead of putting it
in the garbage, in the landfill and wasting your precious resource. Because another thing
I want you guys to do as Raw Food-ists in to start growing your own food. Food that
you grow, especially using your own compost, comes nowhere near close to the quality of
the rest. I mean that is far sub-standard to thee stuff you can grow in your garden.
Pick fresh, put it right in your mouth, pick it fresh, put it in your juice. And it just
tastes too great too. And that truly is the end-game in Raw foods in my opinion… is
growing all your own food with your own compost and your own waste.
So, as you guys you can see we have got the composter set up and I am happy that Kyle
bought the composter and let me set him up on how to do this. Do you have any last word
Kyle? K.: yeah… I had a lot of money before John
showed up a few days ago. J.: hehe… and you don’t have to let it stay
in your house, you can put it in your garden and start composting your stuff…
K.: but it is an investment that I am so happy to make and I am just excited about having
a garden and being able to compost and stuff. That is awesome!
J.: having your own garden, making your own compost is, in my opinion, one of the best
investments you can make, is something priceless. It is your health. We are the quality of the
foods we eat! Even if we are buying food at the co hub and get organic food is always
better to grow your own. You can ask anybody. Home-grown is always the best. Especially
if you have got nutrients in that soil, like I have set Kyle’s up here… to make his own
quality compost and also… check my other channels: growingourgreens.com on how to set
up a grid garden out of just standard plastic grids.
So, if somebody wants to learn more about your work, more about you — I know you are
a runner and stuff, you like to kick some butt running… how could somebody hold on
to you and learn more about what you do? K.: well you can just follow me at tangelorunner
on facebook and I post, like, updates on my races… I am going to be doing a lot of races
this season. And I worked for the marathon in the last few months and now I am going
to do a lot of short, fun, fast races. J.: alright, sounds good! Now, all you have
got to do now is come out, fill this small bucket with 10%… fill this all with your
food scraps, dump it, spin it and compost. K.: cool, thanks John!
J.: alright, man! I am glad I could set you up Kyle. So, I hope you guys enjoyed this
episode, setting up Kyle with his composter. Hopefully, you too will also be inspired to
go out to Costco, get some pine pellets and start composting your own food scraps. And
you can use it in your garden. If you are not gardening yet, that is alright, give it
to your friends that do. I know you must have other people into the plant based diet that
do gardening because there are so many of us out there and we are all starting gardening…
and people that don’t eat plant based, just give them your compost, it is plant based.
Give them a message because unfortunately most composters are animal based, which I
am not a big fan of. Once again, this is John Kohler with okraw.com
and we will see you next time. And remember: keep eating fresh fruits and
vegetables, they are the best!

97 thoughts on “Turn Your Raw Food Scraps into Plant Fertilizer with a Compost Tumbler

  1. I own that model of composter and it works great. For the money, it has been the best composter solution for my gardens.

  2. Too bad about your service experience from The Ground Up. That customer service is really important for a business and so many businesses just don't get it.
    Hey, John, do you have any idea where I can be vegan compost in bulk in the San Diego area? Anyone out there have an answer? Thanks!

  3. One of the best alternatives I have found to outdoor composting is the use of Effective Microorganisms in 3 – 5 gallon buckets under the kitchen sink. Much faster and far more convenient with a little added expense.

  4. First, that pile of food should probably only last 2-3 days tops, and with almost all calories coming from the banana fats…. almost no greens… obviously you can survive on that, but I don't think that's optimal. I'm sure John would agree. Second, nobody should base their decisions on the China Study, it's bad science and people should get their food education elsewhere. That study is so flawed that it's a joke to cite it. There's plenty of better sources for food education.

  5. If earthworm ranching seems a hassle, know they are mankind's best friends and will enrich both compost and soil to produce decidedly superior plants. Don't bother with them unless you only want the very best.

  6. "The food scraps have nitrogen and not carbon" This statement is entirely wrong. There are probably other reasons why it improves the composting time or quality but it is NOT because food scraps don't have carbon.

  7. John, isn't your 80 gallon composter the one that you busted the lid on before you picked up that JoraForm?

    I love that you make recommendations for products that your not being paid for. It is very helpful.

  8. i have noticed that leaving whatever you r composting left out in the sun to dehydrate dry really superspeeds up the process also for example, i love composting leaves i make sure there is no water around i pile them up on concrete not soil to prevent dampness in direct hot sunlight,this completly dries them out alowing me to crush them down almost to dust then i just sweep them up and add a little wood chips makes great mulch then that continues to break down when i lay on top of the soil

  9. Great video on composting. I have two of the box composters and they are challenging to turn; I just end up piling the stuff in and hope for the best. I figure it's better to do that then put it out on trash day. I just hope the bears don't come around this summer… I'd love to have a tumbler but I find the assembly quite daunting. If it took both of you guys several hours, it's going to take me all day, plus blood, sweat & tears! John, how does Alaska in the summer sound? 😉

  10. Great video John! I met Kyle at the Fruit Fest, good guy!
    How lucky he is to have you visiting and helping with all your knowledge & work!
    If you are ever in Northeast Pa, we'd love to have you!
    Peace & health to you, Itsy

  11. I LOVE FLOWER pollen, which is what the bees collect to make bee pollen. I would MUCH rather eat the flowers to get pollen and the other flavinoids contained within the flowers.

  12. Yes, but for BEST results you need to chop or cut it up into small pieces. it would tend to fill up the composter quicker due to the volume.

  13. I recently got a worm inn, but I dont think its going to be able to keep up with my waste output. I think im going to be making a trip to costco!

  14. And what is your academic background? What are you basing your criticism of the China Study on? Your own personal understanding or just repeating what you heard someone else say? We have no particular reason for trusting you in this regard.

  15. Interesting, I will have to check this out. Is Effective Microorganisms a brand name? No room in my little place for a giant drum. I do grow some herbs and veggies in pots, as well as wheatgrass. It would be nice to be able to make use of at least some of my scraps to make compost.

  16. John, thank you for this video. Very informative and educational.You're a good teacher.
    I have tried composting many times with different techniques and always a messy experience. This system looks much easier and a wonderful investment. Blessings.

  17. John your videos are always full of great information. Thank you very much for taking your time to help us. You are a GREAT teacher.

  18. I live here in Houston as well. How do I buy a share at Rawfully Organic and how much? Please message me asap.

  19. I don't know what you mean by minor but, in GREEN foods there is up to 30x more carbon than nitrogen or slightly less, a typical wet Green like scraps would be 20x more carbon than nitrogen. A typical Brown might be 100x more carbon or more. The goal is to get a final mixture that is 30-50x more carbon than nitrogen so you have enough energy there without a lot of ammonia created.

  20. Ph.D. Molecular Biochemistry. I'm not saying that the overall concepts in what they are doing are wrong, in terms of eating a healthy diet, but rather that the China Study is bad science, of which, extensive critical reviews exist that show why the study was extremely flawed, and there is a reason it's a book and was not published in a peer-reviewed journal, but rather by a third party. rawfoodsos blog did 2 reviews on it as a starting point for you, but there's a lot of science reading.

  21. I'm of the opinion that there is a difference between doing the right thing for the right reason versus doing the right thing for the wrong reason. One is thoughtful and one is accidental. I won't debate whether the extremes of raw veganism are a good idea, as that is a very very long conversation about the evidence, however even within that framework of healthful eating, I feel it's crucial to not just stumble into health, but to reject false evidence EVEN IF the resultant is the right way

  22. John actually has numerous videos where he explains not all options within the framework of raw vegan are healthy or right. I respect him a great deal because he presents almost all of his views backed with hard science, with a few mistakes/mysticism thrown in once in a great while. He is careful not to alienate his viewers or those he is interviewing, so sometimes nonsense slips through. I am one of those people who will correct these small details so people have the tools to review the claims.

  23. John, Awesome video, so much important step by step information to start composting. I have been trashing my food scraps wishing that I knew how to compost, and now I do! Thanks, Michelle

  24. Kyle's story is so similar to mine, being a runner I just couldn't eat meat before a run it was too heavy and didn't make me feel good in general so i cut back more and more then when it came time to improve upon that I found Michael Arnstein and that is all she wrote.

  25. Whether or not it is perfect science, it's inspired many people to get off the unhealthy flesh diet and those people have inspired many others through writing, making movies etc., saving and improving thousands and thousands of lives. I've met many of them, myself. By the way,our compost is breaking down very nicely. Take Care.

  26. Strawman Fallacy man… none of those ideas are the purpose of what I stated. Of course he's inspired people, and that's a good thing, and of course ANY compost composed of any combination of browns and greens will break down just fine… that was not the point. The point was to correct a piece of factual information for people to become more educated.

  27. any suggestions for composting in an apartment? I have a lot of fruit scraps that i hate throwing in the garbage. i know there's vermiculture but i don't think the worms could keep up to the amount of compostable materials i'm creating.

  28. So glad you bought the composter. This is the best composter how to video I have seen on youtube. I'm excited now! I think I can! 😀

  29. You are the best John… Thank you so much for this video. I am super new to gardening and stuff but I am learning every day……. from you!!!!

  30. Scratch that!! I recommend THIS-> ana-white . com /2012 /06 /plans / food-storage-shelf (without the spaces) which is healthier, more eco-friendly and economical than those shelves, which I assume are wire shelves! 😉
    I am so hyped about building this DIY Food Storage Unit!

  31. Using cat litter is the worst shit you can do to your compost! C'mon man! You're making people spend money to compost? Grass, dry leaves, newspaper, cardboard, fruits and veggie scraps and that's it. No stinking cat litter or horse bedding?!!!!!! CMON MAN!!!!?????

  32. I've seen a few of your compost videos. You use different carbon sources including leaves,  pellets, shredded junk mail  or news paper (not waxy) , and horse bedding. Is one better than the other or healthier than the other? Thxs for mentioning the different sources because composting is not one size fits all…. we have different needs and the variety makes it appeal to much broader an audience!

  33. I don't get why you are using the pine pellets. They aren't free and plus its a wasted resource for them to kill tree and waste energy producing and shipping it to be used for compost. Its easier just to use leaves as the carbon source plus they're free.

  34. Good gawd dude, you wasted 10 minutes before you even emptied the trash can!!!  This could be a simple 10-12 minute video and still get all the "good" information out!

  35. can someone help me with this questions?
    what is the temperature I should keep the compost at ?
    And in winter months in dallas Tx. how do we continue with the compost temperature ?

  36. Lovely channel. At the moment i grow carolina reaper world hottest chili and that's inside under artificial light 400watt hps and 70 watt led from the side as a support light. No fruits yet but i'm only like 2 months in to grow and the plant is only 40 cm in hight. I can't wait to get my own garden with my own mushrooms and vegs. Your channel made me hooked on it and so you earned a new subscriber and a new like.

  37. Nice demo but you need to get more to the point and not go off topic you basically just waist time don't mean to sound rude

  38. Tip. Try putting the scraps container on it's side with your foot on it and pull the bag out.  Much easier. Less ripping of bag.

  39. I agreed, he yaps too much in all of his videos. It's like he's talking to someone who has no clues on what to do, each and every videos…. I guess he likes to talk.

  40. I don't add to mine every day. I fill it up and let it roll. I do tumble it regularly though. So, since i don't add, should I be adding water? I usually dont but it takes FOREVER to get done. And, if I do need to add water, how much would be good?

  41. i herd it was bad to compost orange scraps is that true? i have lots of oranges and i would think it would be ok to add to my compost.

  42. John you do a great video. I like all the comments which they think they have better way. The prices would make you compost.

  43. Aloha John! Two apologies–first off, I wrote the lengthy comment below, but unbeknownst to me, the YouTube on this phone I share with my 10 year old son Kalana Limkin was still under his name! Sorry, I switched it back to my name, Olga Limkin. And secondly, I misspelled your name. Sorry! Anyway I would love to have you guys as neighbors and inspirational residents of Hilo, Hawaii! We need your energy, guidance and wisdom here! Mayor Billy Kenoe and his well–paid buddies have been drowning our precious town in gallons of roundup! The vegetation all over Hilo is diseased, stunted or dead and there is an unnatural overgrowth of pests. We need to ban Monsanto,Syngenta and all other biotech companies with their GMOs and nasty, destructive chemicals and poisons and fake crap from these beautiful islands! We need more community activism and support to enact direct democracy for immediate positive change through citizen participation! #BernieTulsi2016!🐢🐢🐢🐢

  44. Hey John, for the azomite, should we add it only once from the start of the compost bin? Also, you recommended to add compost soil to speed up the process. The issue is I don't have any compost laying around so can I buy anything from the store? I saw a dr. Earth organic (no manure) vegetable planting mix. Would this work? Thanks.

  45. Question: I have read somewhere (I can't remember where) that if you use the pine pelleted bedding, that if you use it on tomatoes, it kills them. Can you verify?

  46. too loud indoors. if you want to speak to the neighbour….best go next door, ot shout through the walls

  47. Feline Pine is a great company and I've been using their product as my Cats litter for many years. No New Trees are cut to make their pine pellets.

  48. Update on Costco – they have terminated their relationship with American Express, as of mid-2016, and now accept only CitiCard VISA.
    Costco being a membership-only retailer, you apply for that card when you join them, as used to be the case for their AmEx card.

  49. For the price you would pay for the horse bedding, or pine kitty litter you could buy a bag of compost at the local garden center… I don't see the savings? Also after factoring in the tumbler it would take years and years before you would start seeing a savings opposed to purchasing bags of compost even without having to buy bedding, or pine kitty litter. Am I wrong? I am trying to convince myself to get into composting but I just can't see the savings?

  50. WOW, great video, but at the 10 minute mark, I would eat half of what was thrown away. When Susan preps the fruits and veggies it go through the compost and eat most of it before it reaches the back door. You guys are great !! Thanks for a fantastic video.

  51. Thanks for all the info!
    Ignore the negative comments.
    I have a question, if this is still monitored.
    What do you do with your compost; and can continue to compost, once your needs are met for this season? I.E. can you bury it/store it in the earth until next year? Does that make sense? I want to start composting after realizing how much I spent filling my raised bed this year, but I won't need more soil until next year.

  52. Ha, I work for lifetime products, but just bought me one of those. Lifetime has the best quality products around, we manufacture everything from canoes kayaks, portable tables and chairs, lawn furniture, sheds, playgrounds, paddleboards, coolers, raised plant beds, kids toys, premium basketball stands etc.. ( we sell more basketball stands than any other company). Made in america in clearfield Utah. www.lifetime.com

  53. Thank you guys. I’ve started composting too but instead of buying pine pellets as brown I made a deal with my friend’s pet rabbits Roger that I help him compost his manure with all the pine pellets bedding that comes with it. I read rabbit stuff is the best since it comes with urine too. Whenever there is a vegetable harvest Roger is sure to have some share of greens.

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