Virginia Home Grown Garden Tools; Food Cannery


>>YOUR VIEWERSHIP HELPS MAKE HOME HOME A SUCCESS — HELPS MAKE VIRGINIA HOMEGROWN A SUCCESS. FOR INFORMATION ON HOW TO BECOME A FINANCIAL PARTNER OF “VIRGINIA HOME GROWN,” PLEASE CONTACT LANNY FIELDS AT 804-560-8226 OR [email protected] THANK YOU.>>PEGGY: I’M PEGGY SINGLEMANN, HOST OF “VIRGINIA HOME GROWN,” AND IN THE FIRST HALF OF OUR SHOW, WE’RE GOING TO LEARN HOW TO BE KINDER TO OURSELVES AS GARDENERS AS WE USE OUR TOOLS IN THE GARDEN.>>JOHN: AND IN THE SECOND HALF OF OUR SHOW, WE’RE GOING TO THE PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY CANNERY TO VISIT VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS TO LEARN ABOUT THEIR PROCESSES AND SERVICES. AS ALWAYS, REMEMBER TO SEND IN YOUR QUESTIONS VIA PHONE AND EMAIL AND STAY TUNED FOR “VIRGINIA HOMEGROWN.”>>>IT’S BEEN ANOTHER BEAUTIFUL SUNNY DAY AND ALL OF THOSE MAY SHOWERS SURE BROUGHT A LOT OF JUNE FLOWERS. I’M PEGGY SINGLEMANN. AND I’M JOHN THOMPSON. WE’RE LOOKING FOR YOUR QUESTIONS. IN THE SECOND HALF OF OUR SHOW, WE’LL BE GOING TO THE PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY CANNERY.>>WE’RE GOING TO LEARN MORE HOW TO USE THE GARDENING TOOLS AND BE KINDER TO OURSELVES. LET’S TAKE A LOOK.>>PEGGY: SUZANNE, I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR COMING OUT TO MAYMONT BECAUSE WE HAVE A LOT OF GARDENING WORK TO DO HERE, AND WE NEED TO LEARN TO DO IT A LITTLE GENTLER TO OURSELVES. SO TELL ME WHAT YOU DO.>>SUZANNE FLINT: I’M AN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST, AND I’M ALSO A GARDENER OF MANY YEARS. AND PROFESSIONALLY IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, WE’RE WORKING ON KEEPING PEOPLE SAFE WHILE THEY’RE DOING THINGS, AND THIS GARDENING IS ONE OF THOSE THINGS WHERE YOU CAN INJURE YOURSELF.>>PEGGY: SO LET’S TALK ABOUT FIRST A VERY COMMON TASK THAT WE DO AS GARDENERS, IS WE RAKE A LOT.>>SUZANNE: YES, WE DO.>>PEGGY: AND I KNOW I MYSELF HAVE INJURED MYSELF RAKING, SO WHAT IS TRULY THE BEST WAY TO HOLD A RAKE TO BE ABLE TO DO THIS TASK?>>SUZANNE: WELL, TO HOLD THE RAKE, I THINK EVERYONE’S NATURAL INSTINCT IS TO DO THIS AND YOUR RAKE IS VERY NICE BECAUSE IT HAS THIS PADDED HANDLE WHICH IS GOING TO KEEP YOUR GRIP ON THERE WITHOUT YOU HAVING TO WORK SO HARD.>>PEGGY: OK.>>SUZANNE: AND THE THING WE DON’T WANT TO DO IS MAKE THAT RAKE GO WAY OUT THERE AND PULL IT BACK, BECAUSE WE WANT TO KEEP THE RAKE, OUR TOOLS CLOSE TO US SO THAT WE DON’T INJURE.>>PEGGY: OK.>>SUZANNE: WE DON’T WANT TO TURN WAY OVER HERE BECAUSE THAT WOULD BE TWISTING, AND TWISTING IS SOMETHING THAT’S HARD ON OUR BACKS. SO I THINK KEEPING THOSE KEY POINTS IN MIND WILL HELP YOU BE A LITTLE BIT SAFER WHEN YOU’RE — WHEN YOU’RE DOING THE RAKING.>>PEGGY: OK. WELL, SUZANNE, NOW THAT WE’VE RAKED EVERYTHING TOGETHER, WE NEED TO LIFT IT. SO COULD YOU SHOW US THE PROPER LIFTING TECHNIQUE?>>SUZANNE: WELL, WHAT WE FIRST WANT TO THINK ABOUT IS WE WANT TO LIFT THAT, GET CLOSE TO THAT BUCKET AND WE WANT TO USE OUR BIG MUSCLES IN OUR LEGS. SO WE’RE GONNA BEND DOWN AND GET OUR MUSCLES WORKING HERE. NOT JUST STOOP, BUT BEND AND LIFT WITH OUR LEGS, NOT OUR ARMS.>>PEGGY: SO WE HAVE A VERY BAD HABIT OF GRABBING THINGS WITH OUR ARMS AND JUST PULLING WITH OUR BACK.>>SUZANNE: PULLING WITH OUR ARMS.>>PEGGY: BUT WE NEED TO BEND OUR KNEES AND LIFT WITH OUR LEGS.>>SUZANNE: AND LIFT WITH OUR LEGS. OR, YOU COULD PUT ALL YOUR DEBRIS ON A TARP.>>PEGGY: RIGHT.>>SUZANNE: MAKING SURE IT’S NOT SO HEAVY AND PULLING THAT TARP TO WHERE YOU WANT TO TAKE IT. OR YOU COULD USE A CART, WHICH IS MORE STABLE THAN A WHEELBARROW.>>PEGGY: OH, I’VE WRENCHED MY BACK ON A WHEELBARROW SO MANY TIMES BECAUSE I’VE OVER-FILLED IT. AND THAT’S – YOU’VE OVER-FILLED IT AND THAT’S TOO MUCH WEIGHT FOR YOU TO HANDLE, FOR YOUR BACK TO HANDLE, AND MAKE THOSE KEY ADJUSTMENTS THAT YOU NEED TO WHEN YOU’RE TURNING AND TRYING TO PLACE IT SOMEWHERE.>>PEGGY: EXACTLY.>>SUZANNE: SO THOSE TWO THINGS WILL HELP OUT A LOT. BUT THAT LIFTING, DEFINITELY, IN WHATEVER YOU DO – NOT ONLY GARDENING – IT’S THE STICKING YOUR BOTTOM OUT, USING YOUR LEGS TO LIFT. AND THERE YOU GO.>>PEGGY: SOUNDS GOOD. AND I WILL BEND MY KNEES TO TAKE THIS FROM YOU. THANK YOU.>>SUZANNE: OF COURSE YOU WILL.>>PEGGY: AND THEN ANOTHER TASK IS OUR HANDS AND ALL THE HAND TOOLS WE USE. AND I THINK DIGGING OF COURSE IS A VERY COMMON ONE. AND HERE AT MAYMONT WE USE THIS OR GARDEN KNIFE A LOT, BUT A LOT OF PEOPLE USE THE TRADITIONAL TROWEL. SO WHAT ARE OUR DIFFERENCES POSITIVES AND NEGATIVES HERE?>>SUZANNE: WELL, ONE, THIS IS TO MAKE SURE YOU KEEP YOUR WRIST IN A NEUTRAL POSITION. SO IF I SHOOK YOUR HAND –>>PEGGY: RIGHT.>>SUZANNE — THIS WOULD BE A NICE NEUTRAL POSITION.>>PEGGY: OK.>>SUZANNE: SO IF WE CAN USE OUR TOOL LIKE THIS, THAT, AS YOU CAN SEE, KEEPS OUR WRIST IN A NICE DIGGING POSITION, NEUTRAL POSITION.>>PEGGY: I SEE WHAT YOU’RE SAYING. YES.>>SUZANNE: THIS PUTS A LITTLE STRESS ON IT. SO IF YOU HAD TO DO THAT, YOU WOULD PROBABLY NOT WANT TO DO IT SO LONG. YOU MIGHT WANT TO JUST SWITCH BACK TO THIS TECHNIQUE. IT WOULD TAKE SOME OF THE STRESS OFF OF YOUR WRIST. THOSE REPETITIVE INJURIES HAPPEN VERY EASILY WHEN YOU’RE GARDENING.>>PEGGY: YES, YES. SOUNDS GOOD. ALL RIGHTY. WELL, THEN ANOTHER TOOL THAT’S VERY, VERY COMMON IN GARDENING BACK TO MOVING SOIL AROUND, ARE THESE TOOLS. AND THEY USUALLY COME IN A KIT. AND THIS ONE IS TRULY AN ASPARAGUS KNIFE, BUT THIS IS A REALLY NICE, COMMON CULTIVATING TOOL. SO HOW WOULD YOU UTILIZE THIS TOOL?>>SUZANNE: THE SAME TYPE OF WAY. THIS JUST HAS THE WOODEN HANDLE, SO A GLOVE WOULD REALLY HELP YOU. YOU WOULDN’T WANT TO USE IT LIKE THIS, BUT YOU MAY BE ON YOUR HANDS AND KNEES DOING THIS.>>PEGGY: RIGHT.>>SUZANNE: SO IF YOU’RE ON YOUR HANDS AND KNEES, YOU WANT TO BE CAREFUL THAT YOU’RE NOT OVERREACHING AGAIN AND THAT YOU CAN EVEN USE ONE OF THESE KNEELING PADS.>>PEGGY: YES, I WAS JUST GOING TO GRAB IT.>>SUZANNE: FOR YOUR KNEES SO THAT YOU CAN MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE COMFORTABLE. SO THESE ARE VERY TYPICAL TOOLS.>>PEGGY: OK. AND I’M GONNA SAY RIGHT TOOL, RIGHT USE BECAUSE THIS IS AN ASPARAGUS CUTTER, AND IT’S DESIGNED TO CUT RIGHT BELOW THE GRADE OF THE SOIL THE ASPARAGUS SPROUTS. BUT WE AS GARDENERS WANT TO THRUST IT IN AND PULL IT UP TO GET THAT DANDELION WEED.>>SUZANNE: YEAH, WE WANT TO WEED.>>PEGGY: AND I SEE MY WRIST GOING TO THAT 90 DEGREE ANGLE.>>SUZANNE: AND IT’S NOT COMFORTABLE.>>PEGGY: SO RIGHT TOOL, RIGHT JOB. THIS IS NOT THE BEST ONE FOR US. BUT AGAIN, WE SPEND HERE A LOT OF TIME AT MAYMONT PRUNING. WE PRUNE A LOT. AND THE FIRST STEP THAT WE ALWAYS DO IN THE MORNING IS WE SHARPEN OUR CLIPPERS BECAUSE WE WANT TO HAVE NICE SHARP CLIPPERS TO HAVE NICE GOOD, YOU KNOW, EASY CUTS. SO WE SHARPEN UP OUR CLIPPERS. BUT THEN I’VE GOT TWO TYPES OF CLIPPERS HERE; BOTH THE SAME BRAND, BUT ONE OF THEM IS THE, I’LL SAY, THE TYPICAL OR THE STANDARD CLIPPER. BUT THIS ONE HERE MOVES.>>SUZANNE: THIS ONE THAT I HAVE ACTUALLY HELPS YOU GRIP.>>PEGGY: IT CURLS YOUR FINGERS, I SEE THAT.>>SUZANNE: IT CURLS YOUR FINGERS FOR YOU.>>PEGGY: WHICH IS VERY, VERY EASY. HERE, LET’S SWITCH. SO THIS IS MUCH MORE COMFORTABLE TO USE.>>SUZANNE: AND THIS SNAPS. I CAN FEEL IT IN MY HAND.>>PEGGY: THIS ROLLS NICELY.>>SUZANNE: IT ROLLS NICELY.>>PEGGY: YES. SO ERGONOMIC TOOLS ARE SOMETHING TO INVEST IN TO BE ABLE TO HELP THE GARDENER.>>SUZANNE: MMMM HMMM. COMFORT. YOU KNOW, IT’S YOUR OWN COMFORT. TRY THEM FIRST AND SEE IF YOU LIKE THEM.>>PEGGY: YES. AND SPEAKING OF COMFORT, WE DO HAVE TO MOVE SOIL AROUND AS GARDENERS. SO THIS WAS A TOOL THAT I PURCHASED RECENTLY — WELL, MORE THAN A YEAR AGO NOW AND THIS IS A MUCH SMALLER VERSION OF IT FOR DIGGING. BUT THERE ARE SOME VERY DISTINCT DIFFERENCES IN THESE TOOLS.>>SUZANNE: THIS ONE HERE HAS THIS NICE LEDGE TO PUT YOUR FOOT WHEN YOU’RE GOING TO DIG.>>PEGGY: MMM HMMM.>>SUZANNE: SO IF YOU WEAR A NICE FIRM BOTTOM SHOE AND YOU’VE GOT A BIGGER LEDGE, IT’S GOING TO TAKE A LOT OF PRESSURE OFF YOUR FOOT.>>PEGGY: BUT MIND YOU, THIS WILL TAKE UP LESS SOIL, SO IT WON’T WORK YOU AS HARD IN DOING YOUR JOB.>>SUZANNE: RIGHT.>>PEGGY: VERSUS THAT WILL TAKE UP A LOT MORE SOIL WITH EACH SHOVEL FULL.>>SUZANNE: MMM HMMM.>>PEGGY: SO WORK TO YOUR CAPABILITY?>>RIGHT. AND DIGGING IS A HARD JOB, SO DIG A WHILE AND THEN MAYBE GO DO YOUR PRUNING.>>PEGGY: RIGHT.>>SUZANNE: OR, AND THEN MAYBE TRY SOMETHING ELSE. MAYBE PILE YOUR LEAVES IN AND THEN MOVE IT.>>PEGGY: RIGHT.>>SUZANNE: BECAUSE IF YOU DIG AND DIG AND DIG, YOU’RE REPETITIVELY MOVING AND WHICH CAN STRESS YOUR JOINTS.>>PEGGY: AND I’LL BE HONEST, I DIG — THE LONGER I DIG, THE LARGER MY SHOVELFULS ARE BECAUSE I WANT TO GET IT DONE.>>SUZANNE: MMM HMMM, THAT’S RIGHT.>>PEGGY: AND IT SHOULD PROBABLY NOT BE THAT WAY.>>SUZANNE: BE COMFORTABLE.>>PEGGY: YES. WELL, I’VE GOT A FEW MORE TOOLS I WANT TO SHARE AND TALK ABOUT. HERE, LET’S JUST — BECAUSE WE HAVE A TENDENCY TO BUY TOOLS THAT WE THINK ARE WONDERFUL, BUT IF YOU PICK UP THIS ONE AND THEN PICK UP THIS ONE.>>SUZANNE: MMM HMMM, WE HAVE A LOT HEAVIER HERE.>>PEGGY: THIS IS A FULL SHANK SHOVEL. THIS IS A WONDERFUL SHOVEL. YOU CAN’T BREAK THIS. THIS IS A QUARTER SHANK SHOVEL, JUST TO LET PEOPLE KNOW. BUT AGAIN, I’VE GOT A NICE PAD RIGHT HERE ON THIS ONE AND — BUT I — AND I HAVE NICE PADS THERE.>>SUZANNE: MMM HMMM, RIGHT.>>PEGGY: BUT I TELL YOU, THIS WORKS ME TO DEATH.>>SUZANNE: MMM HMM.>>PEGGY: WHERE THAT ONE I CAN WORK FAR LONGER WITH.>>SUZANNE: YES. THE LONGER THE HANDLE, THE LESS STOOPING BASICALLY. YOU GET A BETTER LEVERAGE WITH A LONGER HANDLE. SO YOU HAVE TO BE CAREFUL WITH THESE. SO YOU WANT TO PAY ATTENTION TO NOT DOING THIS WITH YOUR BACK. YOU WANT TO STAY UPRIGHT OR JUST HINGE AT YOUR HIPS BASICALLY, AND THAT WILL HELP KEEP SOME OF THE PRESSURE OFF OF YOUR SPINE.>>PEGGY: SO YOU WANT TO TRY TO KEEP YOUR SPINE AS STRAIGHT AS POSSIBLE.>>SUZANNE: NICE AND STRAIGHT, NICE NEUTRAL POSITION. STANDING UP STRAIGHT AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.>>PEGGY: OKAY. WELL, SUZANNE, THIS HAS HELPED ME A LOT, AND I’VE GOT SOME IDEAS SO THAT WE CAN TRY TO BE MORE GENTLE TO OURSELVES. AND I THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR COMING OUT.>>SUZANNE: YOU’RE VERY WELCOME. IT WAS A PLEASURE.>>BRENDAN CORNWALL, I HAVE TO TELL YOU, I HOPE YOU LEARNED A FEW NEW TIPS ON HOW TO GARDEN BECAUSE I CERTAINLY DID.>>ABSOLUTELY. HOPEFULLY LESSOR DOING IT.>>YOU’VE GOT A LOT OF WONDERFUL PLANTS. ALL OF THEM ARE FOR THE HEAT AND DROUGHT OF OUR SUMMER.>>ABSOLUTELY. THERE’S A LOT OF GREAT CHOICES OUT THERE. BROUGHT SOME OF MY FAVORITES, PEGGY.>>WHY DON’T WE GET GOING. I HAVE TO ENCOURAGE PEOPLE, WE’RE STILL WELCOMING YOUR QUESTIONS VIA EMAIL. SEND THEM IN DURING THE COURSE OF THE SHOW. BRENDON, WHERE ARE WE GOING TO START?>>TO THE LEFT. SOME MORE COMMON, U.S. NATIVES, DROUGHT RESISTANT THAT LOVE THE HEAT THROUGHOUT THE SUMMER. WE HAVE CLASSIC BLACK-EYED SUSANS, CONE FLOWER-I NICE COLORFUL LATE SEASONED BLOOMS.>>VERY FAMILIAR TO OUR VIEWERS>>VERY FAMILIAR TO OUR VIEWERS, HOPEFULLY.>>MAYBE NOT SO MUCH ARE THESE ANNUALS.>>SOME MORE OF THE FUN ONES.>>WHAT DO WE HAVE HERE?>>THIS IS CALLED TWO CAN. IT’S A BRAND NEW SERIES. I LOVE IT BECAUSE IT’S VERY DROUGHT RESISTANT FIRST OFF. TUCKS INTO A LOT OF CONTAINERS, AREAS WHERE YOU’VE HAD TROUBLE GROWING SOMETHING. GET THESE FUN PASTEL COLORS. ITS GOT CAN PINKS, YELLOWS, TOUGH PLANT THAT YOU CAN’T GO WRONG.>>I WANT TO POINT OUT, IT’S EVENING AND ONE HAS CLOSED UP AND THE OTHER HAS OPENED UP. THIS IS WHAT WE USE AT MAYMONT FOR OUR VISITORS TO ENJOY. WE HAVE SOME OTHER ONES HERE. THIS IS A PLANT THAT GROWS AND KEEPS ON GIVING.>>THIS IS BUTTER DAISY, BEAUTIFUL. HAS THE NICE CLASSIC DAISY FEEL TO IT.>>CRISP AND SO CLEAN.>>CRISP AND CLEAN. THE BEAUTIFUL THING ABOUT IT, IT IS AN ANNUAL, IT KEEPS ON GIVING. IT WILL RERESEED ITSELF PRETTY READILY. IT WILL BE A GREAT PLANT FOR YOU.>>GREAT RESEEDER.>>DROUGHT RESISTANT.>>ANOTHER ANNUAL THAT I ENJOY THAT IS NOT A RESEEDER IS THIS ONE HERE.>>UNFORTUNATELY, YOU DO HAVE TO REPLANT THIS EVERY YEAR. THIS IS ANG LONIA, SUMMER SNAPDRAGON AND ARCH SERIES. THE BRANCHES ARE A LITTLE TIGHTER, COMES IN A FEW DIFFERENT COLORS. YOU’VE GOT SOME NICE DEEP DARK PURPLES AND CLASSIC WHITE. LOVES THE SUMMER HEAT.>>I’M GOING TO COMMENT, THE SOIL IN THESE POTS ARE DRY.>>I LEFT THEM DRY TO SHOWCASE HOW MUCH THEY LIKE THAT.>>THEY’RE NOT WATER HOGS.>>OVER HERE YOU HAVE BEAUTIFUL PLANTS AND SOME ARE SHOW STOPPERS IN THE GARDEN.>>OBVIOUSLY IT’S NOT IN BLOOM RIGHT NOW. USUALLY BLOOMS IN AUGUST. EVEN THOUGH IT’S NOT IN BLOOM, IT HAS A NICE FUN TEXTURE ON IT YOU HAVE THE BEAUTIFUL, BEAUTIFUL PURPLE FOLIAGE.>>WHAT IS THIS AGAIN?>>BULL CAN RED. IMPROVED ON A LOT OF THOSE THINGS THAT MAYBE IT LACKED A FEW YEARS AGO. A VERY FUN PLANT, ADDS A LOT OF COLOR, EVEN THOUGH IT’S NOT IN BLOOM. HUMMINGBIRDS ABSOLUTELY LOVE IT>>IT’S NOT A DRY PLANT, NOT LIKE THESE.>>IT CAN HANDLE THE HEAT. IF YOU HAVE A WETTER AREA OR A PROBLEM ATTIC AREA, IT’S GOING TO GROW GREAT IN THAT AREA.>>ANOTHER ONE THAT IS SIMILAR TO THAT.>>I’VE GOT CAN LILY HERE. THIS IS LIKE THE LABILIA. IT’S AN IMPROVEMENT. IT’S CALLED THE CANOVA SERIES. THEY BRED IT TO BE A LITTLE SHORTER. ONLY GETS ABOUT FOUR FEET TALL. IT LIKES THE CARDINAL FLOWER, IT NEEDS A LITTLE WATER BUT GIVES YOU THE TROPICAL FEEL. GREAT IN A CONTAINER AROUND THE POOL, A TOUGH PERENNIAL. GIVES YOU THE FUN SUMMER FEEL. WHEN I THINK SUMMER, I THINK ENJOYING IT ON THE PATIO.>>IT KEEPS BLOOMING FOR YOU.>>ABSOLUTELY, ABSOLUTELY. I’VE HAD IT BLOOM UNTIL OCTOBER AT THE GARDEN CENTER.>>BUT THIS UNFORTUNATELY IS NOT SHOWING ITS COLORS.>>THIS IS OUR TROPICAL HIBISCUS. THIS IS REALLY WAS BRED TO BE A LITTLE TIGHTER BRANCH. BEAUTIFUL LARGE BLOOMS. THESE BUDS DON’T DO THEM JUSTICE. WHEN THEY DO BLOOM, IT WILL BE ALMOST THREE INCHES IN DIAMETER THEY COME IN EVERY COLOR UNDER THE SUN. THIS IS A NICE DEEP RED. YOU HAVE YELLOWS, PINKS, FIVE COLORS, TOO. A GREAT TROPICAL FEEL. PUT IT IN A CONTIPPER AROUND THE POOL.>>WATER IT REGULARLY.>>WATER IT REGULARLY. IT CAN TAKE THE HEAT. IT’S A RAIN FOREST PLANT. IT CAN TAKE THE HEAT, NOT THE DROUGHT. MAKE SURE YOU TURN THE WATERING CAN TO IT>>THIS IS A GREAT EXAMPLE OF THE POTTING SOIL MIX.>>THIS IS GOING TO BE A GOOD ONE FOR YOU. ANY OF THE WATER HOLES, MOISTURE CONTROLS IS GOING TO BE A GOOD ONE FOR YOU.>>ABSOLUTELY.>>ESPECIALLY SEEING THIS THING IN BLOOM IS GOING TO BE SOMETHING YOU WANT TO TAKE WITH YOU. A WONDERFUL, WONDERFUL PLANT.>>A WONDERFUL PLANT IS THE CAT MINT YOU HAVE BLOOMING THERE.>>THAT’S ONE OF YOUR FAVORITIALS AND IS MINE — THAT’S ONE OF YOUR FAVORITE PERENNIALS AS IT IS MINE. I’M A LITTLE FURTHER SOUTH OF RICHMOND SO I HAVE A PROBLEM WITH DEER IN MY YARD. THIS IS EXTREMELY DEER RESISTANT. IT ALSO HAS A LITTLE BIT OF PURPLE AND LAVENDER FLOWERS THAT MINE WILL BLOOM FROM ABOUT MOTHER’S DAY ALMOST UNTIL LABOR DATABASE. A LITTLE BIT OF DEADHEADING. CUT DOWN SOME OF THE SPENT BLOOMS SO IT WILL KEEP BLOOMING FOR YOU. IT’S A WONDERFUL PLANT AND I’VE NEVER WATERED THE ONE IN MY YARD. OVER A YEAR AND A HALF, I HAVE NOT TURNED A WATERING CAN TO IT>>QUITE A STATEMENT. I WOULD WORRY ABOUT THAT ONE DOWN THERE.>>IF YOU’RE LOOKING FOR DROUGHT RESISTANT, ANY OF YOUR SEEDUMS, STONE CROPS WILL BE INCREDIBLY DROUGHT RESISTANT. I LIKE THE ONE FOR THE TEXTURE ON IT. IT HAS A NICE FUN SPONGY TEXTURE TO IT. IT HAS EVERGREEN COLOR.>>THAT’S BEAUTIFUL.>>IT HAS A MYRIAD KALEIDOSCOPE OF GREENS, REDS, ORANGES. STAYS NICE AND LOW. AROUND A WALKWAY OR NEAR SOME HARD ESCAPE WILL REALLY SHINE OUT THERE.>>AT BOULEVARD FLOWER GARDEN, YOU HAVE A FUN PLANT. I’M NOT SAYING I KNOW EVERYTHING, BUT I’VE NEVER SEEN THIS PLANT BEFORE.>>IT’S NEW TO ME. I HADN’T SEEN IT BEFORE LAST YEAR. WE HAVE A BULL VINE. THIS COMES FROM SOUTH AFRICA.>>VERY HOT AND DRY.>>VERY HOT, VERY DRY. COMES FROM THE SOUTHERN PART WHICH IS HOTTER AND DRYER. IT’S REALLY A FUN PLANT THAT GIVES YOU REALLY NICE STALKS OF NICE BRIGHT ORANGE COLOR TO IT. MY BOSS CALLED IT ONE OF THE TOUGHEST PLANTS THAT HE’S EVER COME ACROSS AND HE HAS 60 YEARS OF GARDENING EXPERIENCE. I’LL TAKE HIS WORD.>>I WOULD, TOO. FINISHING UP WITH ANOTHER PLANT THAT I FAVOR ARE THE PANICUMS, OUR NATIVE GRASSES. YOU HAVE ONE THERE BLUSHING WITH A LITTLE BIT OF RED IN OUR JUNE GARDENS.>>I’M NOT A FAN OF ORNAMENTAL GRASSES AND I’LL TELL ANYBODY THAT LISTENS BUT I LOVE THIS. THIS PARTICULAR ONE IS SHENANDOAH. IT’S STARTING TO SEE A LITTLE BIT OF KISS OF FALL COLOR. ONCE THE HEAT OF THE SUMMER STARTS COMING TO IT, YOU’LL SEE SOME RED, DEEP PURPLES. IT WILL START ON THE TIPS AND WORKS ITS WAY DOWN AND GIVES YOU A NICE COLOR. GET A NICE KIND OF AIRY BLOOM ON IT. THAT SOFT TEXTURE, ESPECIALLY IN THE WIND, BEAUTIFUL, IT HELPS.>>I REALLY LOVE THAT I REALLY DO. BRENDON, THIS HAS BEEN WONDERFUL. I KNOW WE HAVE THE LIST AND PUTTING IT ON OUR WEB SIDE IN THE NEAR FUTURE. THANK YOU FOR COMING AND BRINGING THESE PLANTS FOR YOU TO SHARE. TO GIVE YOU AN IDEA OF WHAT WE CAN PLANT IN OUR GARDEN WHEN IT’S VERY, VERY HOT AND DRY AND WE WANT OUR GARDENS TO LOOK AS SPEC LAR AS THEY DO IN THE SPRING. THANK YOU.>>WILL: TODAY WE’RE HERE TODAY TO TALK ABOUT A LOVELY NATIVE WILDFLOWER, HYSSUP SKULLCAP. IT’S ONE OF SIX OR SO SCUTELLARIA SPECIES IN VIRGINIA. ALL OF THEM HAVE A LITTLE HUMP ON THE TOP FLOWER; HENCE THE NAME SKULLCAP. THE PLANT IS VALUED BY NATIVE POLLINATORS, NATIVE BEES AND FLIES AND ONE MOTH SPECIES. IT’S A VERSATILE PLANT FOR GARDENERS AND NATURALISTS. IT GROWS WELL IN A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS. IT CAN GROW IN CLAY SOIL AND IN SANDY SOIL, ON A WOODS EDGE IN DAPPLED LIGHT OR RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE OF A SUNNY FULL SUN MEADOW. IT’S A FINE SPECIES FOR PLANTING IN YOUR GARDEN OR IN RE-NATURALIZING A MEADOW. YOU’LL FIND THAT AS A MEMBER OF THE MINT SPECIES IT HAS A SQUARE STEM WHICH IS CHARACTERISTIC OF MOST MINTS, BUT IT DOESN’T HAVE ANY MINT AROMA. I LIKE THIS COLOR WILDFLOWER. I’M FAIRLY COLOR BLIND, BUT I CAN SEE THIS COLOR A WHOLE LOT MORE EASILY THAN REDS AND ORANGES. SO, FOR ME, IT STANDS OUT LIKE A BEACON IN A SECTION OF UNMOWED FIELD THAT THIS IS. IT WILL SELF-SEED FAIRLY READILY BUT DOES NOT BECOME AN INVASIVE PROBLEM. AND IF YOU EVER WANT TO CONVERT YOUR MEADOW BACK INTO GRASS, YOU CAN JUST MOW IT A COUPLE OF TIMES AND THE PLANTS NOT HERE. BUT WE HOPE YOU’LL LET THEM GO OR COLLECT THE SEEDS AND PLANT THEM DELIBERATELY IN YOUR GARDEN. OF THE NATIVE PLANTS THAT YOU CAN PROPAGATE AT HOME, THIS IS ONE OF THE EASIER ONES BECAUSE IT’S NOT SO PARTICULAR ABOUT THE AMOUNT OF LIGHT IT RECEIVES AND IT’S NOT SO PARTICULAR ABOUT THE KIND OF SOIL YOU GIVE IT. AND IT IS SOMEWHAT DROUGHT TOLERANT. ONCE IT’S ESTABLISHED, YOU DON’T HAVE TO WATER IT. IT’LL COME BACK YEAR AFTER YEAR BY ITSELF. IF YOU’RE FORTUNATE, IT’LL DO SOME SELF-SEEDING AND DO A LITTLE BIT OF SPREADING BY ITSELF. I WON’T SAY YOU CAN’T FAIL WITH THE WILD FLOWER PROPAGATED AT HOME, BUT YOUR SUCCESS WOULD BE PRETTY GOOD. IT WOULD BE A GOOD ADDITION TO YOUR GARDEN OR NATURALIZED MEADOW.>>IT’S SO FUN HERE ON VIRGINIA HOME GROWN TO SHARE PLANTS THAT ARE NOT COMMONLY GROWN. SKULLCAP IS CONSIDERED TO BE ONE IN YOUR GARDEN. YOU CAN LEARN MORE ABOUT PLANTS ON OUR FACEBOOK PAGE. WE WOULD LOVE FOR YOU TO VISIT AND LIKE US ON THAT PAGE WHERE WE RESPOND A LOT OF TIME — WHERE WE SPEND A LOT OF TIME SHARING AND FUN SILLY FACTS AS WELL. COME ON TO OUR FACEBOOK PAGE AND GIVE US A LIKE. WE’VE GOT QUITE A LOT OF QUESTIONS CONSIDERING LIKING RIGHT HERE. THE FIRST ONE IS GOING TO BE, OF COURSE, WE’VE GOT THESE PLANTS TO THE RIGHT AND TO THE LEFT OF ME. BRENDON, YOU’VE BROUGHT MANY, MANY ALONG.>>I LIKE TO BRING A GREAT PARTY.>>YOU DID BRING A GREAT PARTY. OF COURSE HERE TO MY LEFT IS A FAVORITE.>>THAT’S A GREAT GREAT PERENNIAL FOR YOU.>>IT DOES COME IN LARGER AS WELL AS SMALLER.>>ABSOLUTELY. THAT’S ONE OF THE SMALLER. THAT’S ABOUT AS TALL AS IT’S GOING TO GET.>>ABOUT AS TALL. AND THEN OF COURSE TO OUR RIGHT, WE HAVE ANOTHER ONE OF THE ANNUALS. YOU WANT TO SHARE WITH US ABOUT THIS ONE?>>THAT IS ANGELONE I CAN’T, THE SUMMER SNAPDRAGON. MIGHT BE ONE OF MY FAVORITE BUT THIS IS IN THE RUNNING. A STAR FLOWER. IT’S CALLED PENTA. IT’S VERY HEAT RESISTANT, LATE SUMMER ANNUAL. IT WILL BLOOM FROM ABOUT MAY TO SEPTEMBER FOR US. THIS IS DEEP PINK HERE BUT IT DOES COME IN REDS, WHITES, PINKS, PURPLES. COMES IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT COLORS. IT’S ALSO A FAVORITE OF HUMMINGBIRDS.>>BUT YOU HAVE TO MULCH IT VERY WELL BECAUSE IT DOES TAKE A LOT OF WATER. KATHY WAS SAYING, BLACK PLASTIC WILL BE USED TO KILL WEEDS, WILL IT DAMAGE THE PLANTS IN THE FLOWER GARDEN?>>YOU KNOW, IT CAN DAMAGE, DEPENDING ON HOW HOT WE END UP GETTING. IT CAN DAMAGE THEM SLIGHTLY. INSTEAD OF USING BLACK PLASTIC, BUT WITH A TRADITIONAL DARK MULCH THAT HOLDS THE MOISTURE THAT MAKES YOUR PLANTS A LITTLE DROUGHT RESISTANT. A GOOD BOX MULCH WILL BE THE BEST CHOICE.>>MULTIPLE LAYERS OF NEWSPAPER, BUT YOU WET IT FIRST AND LAY IT OUT AND PUT THE BLACK MULCH ACROSS.>>THAT’S A GREAT WAY TO KEEP THE WEEDS DOWN AND ECONOMICAL.>>IF ONE PIECE OF WHITE SHOWS, THE BIRDS THINK IT’S A GRUB SO MULCH HEAVILY. GARDENIAS, THIS IS WHAT YOU CAN HELP US WITH, BRENDON. I’M A NEW YORKER, MY MOM WOULD HAVE GARDENIAS. HERE WE HAVE JENINE, SENT AN E-MAIL AND SHE HAS AN INDOOR GARDENIA AND SHE PLANTED IT OUTSIDE AND IT GETS SIX HOURS OF SUN AND GETS SCORCHED SOME. WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN TO IT?>>IF YOU DO HAVE ANY OF THOSE TROPICAL GARR DEANIAS AND EVEN THE HEARTY ONES, MIGHT WANT TO GET SHADE ON THEM IN THE AFTERNOON. FOUR OR FIVE HOURS IT GREAT SUN YOU’LL GET A LITTLE BIT OF BLEACHING AND IT CAN GET STRESSED OUT. I WILL SAY TROPICAL GARDENIAS ARE NOT HEARTY. SOME OF THE HEARTIER GARDENIAS, HAVE A FROST CLOTH ON HAND WHEN WE SEE SINGLE DIGITS.>>THERE ARE A LOT OF HEARTY GARDENIAS BEING SOLD ON THE MARKET OF DIFFERENT SIZES AND GROWTH HABITS. YOU HAVE TO REALLY DO A LITTLE BIT OF RESEARCH. GO TO YOUR LOCAL GARDEN.>>THANK YOU FOR THAT. GO TO YOUR LOCAL GARDEN CENTER AND ASK QUESTIONS. I ACTUALLY WORK IN THE NURSERY. WE DO HAVE ABOUT FIVE DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS OF GARDENIAS.>>I THINK PEOPLE NEED TO REALIZE THAT. FOLKS WORKING AT THE GARDEN CENTERS, MORE AND MORE ARE CERTIFIED HORTICULTURALISTS. WE NEED TO UTILIZE THE BRAIN TRUST OUT THERE. ANOTHER ONE IS FROM LESLIE FROM MADISON COUNTY. SHE HAS CUCUMBER AND ZUCCHINI LEAVES WILTING, EVEN WITH ALL THE RAIN. ACTUALLY, THAT’S THE PROBLEM. ANYBODY WANT TO CHIME IN ON CUCUMBER WITS? JOHN, ARE YOU EXPERIENCING?>>I’M NOT PERSONALLY EXPERIENCED WITH CUCUMBER WILT. I KNOW WITH CHANGES IN THE WATER STRESSES THE PLANTS. CUCUMBER WILT IS A PROMINENT DISEASE.>>IT’S A TERRIBLE DISEASE. DO YOU HAVE ANYTHING TO SHARE ON IT?>>WE HAVE SEEN A LOT WITH ALL OF THE RAIN WE’VE SEEN, WE’VE SEEN A LITTLE BIT OF ROOT ROT, AT LEAST DOWN MY WAY. WE’VE SEEN ROOT ROT ON ZUCCHINIS. AND STEM ROT THAT HAS A FUNNY SMELL AT THE BOTTOM OF THE STEM IF THAT’S THE CASE, BRING A SAMPLE TO YOUR EXTENSION AGENT IMMEDIATELY AND LET IT GET PROPERLY DIAGNOSED TO SEE IF SOMETHING ELSE IS GOING UP.>>IF YOU HAVE CONTINUING CUCUMBER WILT, YOU HAVE A VASCULAR PROBLEM OR ROOT PROBLEM. AT THIS STAGE OF THE GAME, IT’S BEST TO REMOVE THEM. I’LL BE HONEST, WITH ALL OF OUR HEIRLOOM VARIETIES, THEY’RE BEING ENCOURAGED FOR PEOPLE TO GROW, WE HAVE THE CUCUMBER WILT IS ACTUALLY BRED INTO THE MODERN DISEASES FOR THE CUCUMBERS TO BE RESISTANT. PEOPLE DON’T REALIZE THAT. YOU HAVE TO BE VERY AWARE. AND YOUR CULTURAL PRACTICES HAVE TO CHANGE ACCORDINGLY. WE’VE GOT ONE FROM HONEYBEES AND WE HAVE MIKE McKinney. HOW CAN WE COMBAT PESTS WHILE EXPOSING HONEYBEE TO A MINIMUM OF HARM? THERE’S A LOT OF CONCERN THESE DAYS ABOUT APPLYING PRODUCTS TO OUR GARDENS AND OUR FLOWERS AND HAVE OUR POLLINATORS COME AND BE AFFECTED BY THOSE PRODUCTS. ANY WORD ON THIS?>>IF YOU CAN APPLY IN THE LATE EVENING AS THE HONEYBEES ARE GOING TO BED, SO TO SPEAK, THAT WILL REDUCE THEIR IMPACT. EARLY IN THE MORNING PERHAPS, TOO, BUT THAT DEPENDS ON CONDITIONS. LATE AT NIGHT IS PREFERRED. SO THAT’S PROBABLY THE BEST TWO MAKING SURE YOU ACTUALLY NEED AN APPLICATION. BE SURE YOU HAVE THE PROBLEM, YOU IDENTIFY IT, YOU KNOW HOW TO TREAT IT SO YOU’RE ZEROED IN.>>TRULY.>>JOHN, I’LL PIGGYBACK ON THAT A LITTLE BIT. A LOT OF TIMES WHEN YOU HAVE A PEST, APHIDS ARE A COMMON PEST, THERE ARE GREAT NATURAL PREDATORS OUT THERE. EVEN THOUGH YOU HAVE A PEST, YOU MAY HAVE SOME LADY BUGS OR HOPPER FLIES IN THERE DOING THE JOB FOR YOU SO YOU REALLY DON’T NEED TO SPRAY ANYTHING. TAKE A LOOK AND GET SOME HANDLINGS. THEY’RE WORKING FOR FREE, LET THEM DO THAT.>>A THIRD COMPONENT TO IT IS ALSO UNDERSTANDING THE TIMING OF THE FLOWERING OF YOUR PLANT. IF YOUR PLANT IS AN EARLY SPRING BLOOMER AND IT’S THROUGH BLOOMING AND YOU HAVE A PEST PROBLEM AND IT’S GOTTEN TO THE POINT IT’S BEYOND YOUR COMFORT OR THRESH LEVEL — THRESHOLD OF COMFORT, MAKE THE APPLICATION SO THAT YOU’RE ACTUALLY TOTALLY AVOIDING THE BLOOM SEASON. I KNOW WE DID SOME EARLY APPLICATIONS OF SOME PRODUCTS VERY EARLY IN THE SPRING BECAUSE WE KNEW THEY WOULD BE BLOOMING IN THE FALL. THE CHEMICAL WOULD BE COMPLETELY OUT OF THE PLANT BY THEN. WE HAD TO, IT WAS EXCEEDING THE COMFORT LEVEL OF THE WHOLE STAFF. THAT’S HOW BAD THE INFESTATION WAS. ASK ANOTHER ONE, IF YOU’VE GOT SOME PLANTS THAT ARE SHOWING A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF STRESS, IS IT TOO LATE TO PULL THEM OUT AND PUT SOME IN YOUR GARDEN NOW THAT IT’S THE END OF JUNE BEGINNING OF JULY?>>PLENTY OF TIME ESPECIALLY WITH THE HEAT RESISTANT PLANTS WE WERE TALKING ABOUT EARLIER. WE HAVE PLENTY OF TIME FOR ANNUALS, PERENNIALS. KEEP IN MIND, ANYTHING YOU PLANT A LITTLE LATER, YOU HAVE TO WATER MORE, A LITTLE MORE CARE THIS FIRST YEAR. IT’S A GREAT TIME. I THINK WE’LL BE TALKING ABOUT CANNING TOMATOES LATER. IT’S A GREAT TIME TO PLANT YOUR LATE SEASON TOMATOES SPECIFICALLY FOR THE CANNING SEASON.>>MIGHT BE A GOOD TIME TO PUT IN THE SECOND CROP OF MARIGOLDS>>A GOOD ONE FOR THAT, TOO.>>WE TEND TO FORGET HOW LONG THEY CAN GO AROUND IN THE COMMUNITY. I KNOW YOU BEING MORE SOUTH THAN COLONIAL HEIGHTS THAN HERE IN RICHMOND AND JOHN IN NELSON COUNTY, YOU HAVE THREE DIFFERENT GROWING SITUATIONS. WE ALL HAVE A NICE ELONGATED SEASON FROM THAT.>>A SECOND CROP CAN HELP YOU SOMETIMES AVOID PEST PROBLEMS. THE BUGS MIGHT HAVE ALREADY BEEN THROUGH THE PROCESS SO THAT KIND OF CHEATS MOTHER NATURE A LITTLE BIT, TOO.>>I DID THAT LAST YEAR WITH ZUCCHINI. WE PUT IN A VERY LATE ZUCCHINI CROP AND WE MISSED ALL THE SQUASH BORES. WE HAD ZUCCHINI IN THE FALL BUT THAT WAS OKAY.>>ZUCCHINI BREAD TASTES AS GOOD IN THE FALL.>>BRENDON, THANK YOU FOR COMING IN AND SHARING YOUR EXPERTISE.>>THANK YOU.>>LET’S TAKE CARE OF ALL THE PRODUCE THAT’S GOING TO BE IN OUR GARDENS AND TAKE A LOOK HOW WE CAN HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO CAN AND ALSO HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO PURCHASE SOME PRODUCTS THAT ARE FROM OTHERS AS WELL.>>JOHN: SO WE’RE HERE AT THE PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY CANNERY WITH VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS TO LEARN ABOUT THE PROGRAMS AND OPPORTUNITIES THEY PRESENT FOR FARMERS, AS WELL AS HOME VEGETABLE PRODUCERS TO FURTHER PROCESS THEIR PRODUCTS. SO MISS ALLIE, WHAT CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS AND THE SERVICES YOU PROVIDE?>>ALLIE: THE CANNERY HAS BEEN AROUND FOR QUITE AWHILE, BUT MOST RECENTLY WE HAVE BEEN HELPING COMMERCIAL CLIENTS, WHICH MEANS PEOPLE WHO WANT TO MAKE PRODUCTS FOR RESALE. AND SO THEY DO NOT HAVE TO BE PERSONAL CONSUMPTION ONLY OR SALES ONLY AT THE FARMERS MARKET, BUT SALES THAT COULD ACTUALLY GO THROUGH A GROCERY STORE AND SOLD THROUGH A DISTRIBUTOR OR A THIRD PARTY.>>JOHN: OK.>>ALLIE: AND SO WE HAVE A COUPLE OF INTERESTING WAYS THAT FOLKS CAN USE THIS FACILITY. ONE OF THEM IS WE HAVE A FULL SERVICE CO-PACKING COMPANY. SO A FARMER CAN DROP OFF PRODUCE. LET’S SAY IT’S AN APPLE, THEY CAN DROP OFF APPLES AND WE CAN BOTTLE THE PRODUCT, PUT A LABEL ON IT, PUT THE LID ON IT AND HAVE IT BATCH CODED AND READY FOR RETAIL SALE.>>JOHN: OKAY.>>ALLIE: WE HAVE A BASIC APPLESAUCE RECIPE WITH SUGAR OR WITHOUT SUGAR OR WITH LEMON JUICE OR WITH CINNAMON, SO WE HAVE SOME VARIATIONS THAT ARE TESTED HERE AND THAT WORK WELL WITH OUR EQUIPMENT. OTHER SERVICES THAT WE PROVIDE IS WE RENT OUT THE CANNERY BY THE HOUR. AND SO SOMEONE CAN COME IN, MAKE THEIR PERSONAL RECIPE, TAKE THEIR PERSONAL LABEL, JARS, GET INSPECTED HERE, AND WE HAVE A VERY AFFORDABLE HOURLY RENTAL RATE AND IT COMES WITH ALL KINDS OF FREE ASSISTANCE AND INFORMATION ON HOW TO USE THE EQUIPMENT AND ALL OF OUR SERVICES TO HELP START NEW BUSINESSES IS ALL FREE.>>JOHN: SO WHAT DO YOU SEE AS YOUR BIGGEST CLIENT BASE FOR THE FACILITY?>>ALLIE: SO WE HAVE THREE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CLIENTS. WE HAVE FOOD ENTREPRENEURS WHO DO NOT USE LOCAL PRODUCTS BUT THEY NEED A PLACE TO CREATE A RECIPE IN BULK. AND SO THOSE FOLKS MIGHT SOURCE INGREDIENTS FROM A FOOD SERVICE, BUT THEY WANT TO MAKE PRODUCT YEAR ROUND AND NOT ONLY MAKE PRODUCT WHEN THE FRESH PRODUCE IS IN SEASON. SO WE HAVE THIS TYPE OF CLIENT. THERE ARE ALSO FOOD ENTREPRENEURS WHO DO HAVE A LOCAL PRODUCT, AND HERE’S AN EXAMPLE OF ONE HERE –PO RIVER APIARY. THIS CLIENT HAS HER OWN APIARY AND HER OWN HONEY AND SHE ALSO GROWS HER OWN PEPPERS, SO HERE IS HER HONEY HABANERO SAUCE. SO SHE MAKES THIS IN BATCHES WHEN THE HONEY IS IN AND WHEN THE PEPPERS ARE IN, AND YOU HAVE TO SPECULATE FOR YEAR ROUND SALES. AND THE THIRD TYPE OF CLIENT IS A FARM WHO WOULD LIKE TO MAKE AGAIN A PRODUCT FROM THEIR OWN INGREDIENTS.>>JOHN: OK. SO IF SOMEBODY WANTED TO INTERFACE WITH VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS, WHAT’S THE BEST WAY TO GET THAT KIND OF INFORMATION?>>ALLIE: WE HAVE A WEBSITE AND IT IS WWW.VIRGINIAFOODWORKS.ORG AND THERE YOU CAN SEE THE DETAILED SERVICES AND THE DETAILED PRICING.>>JOHN: AND THEN YOU WILL FURTHER HELP THEM AS THEY CALL IN. YOU’VE GOT THE FULL SERVICE, YOU TALKED ABOUT THE CO-PACK AND THEN PEOPLE CAN RENT AND SHOW UP HERE. THERE’S ALSO PLENTY OF PEOPLE WHO USE THE FACILITY FOR PERSONAL USE. CAN YOU TELL US A LITTLE ABOUT THAT?>>ALLIE: ABSOLUTELY. FOR 40 YEARS NOW, PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY HAS MADE THIS FACILITY AVAILABLE TO HOME GARDENERS OR FOLKS WHO LOVE TO GO TO THE FARMERS MARKET AND BUY CANNER TOMATOES OR GO TO THE LOCAL PRODUCE AUCTIONS AND BUY PRODUCE IN BULK, ANYTHING THAT THEY WANT TO KEEP YEAR ROUND FOR PERSONAL CONSUMPTION, AND THEY CAN COME HERE THREE MORNINGS A WEEK DURING THE SUMMER HOURS AND PUT THINGS INTO CANS. FOR HOME CANNING, YOU ONLY PAY FOR THE CANS USED PLUS A $1 FEE, SERVICE FEE.>>JOHN: REALLY.>>ALLIE: AND THIS IS AVAILABLE MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, AND SATURDAY MORNINGS HERE AT THE CANNERY.>>JOHN: NOW, THAT IS EXTREMELY AFFORDABLE. HOW IS THAT POSSIBLE GIVEN THAT THIS IS A BUSINESS?>>ALLIE: THANKS TO PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY, THEY HAVE BEEN FUNDING THIS CANNERY FOR YEARS, AND THEY HAVE ENABLED THE CONTINUED OPERATION OF THE HOME CANNING SERVICE, AS WELL AS THE EXPANSION INTO COMMERCIAL AND RETAIL. WE’VE ALSO HAD SIGNIFICANT ASSISTANCE FROM THE TOBACCO COMMISSION OF VIRGINIA, WHICH HAS FUNDED A LOT OF OUR PROCESSING EQUIPMENT THAT WE USE FOR MAKING PRODUCTS FOR RESALE. FOR INSTANCE, THEY HAVE FUNDED FILLING MACHINES AND FOOD PUMPS AND CONTINUOUS FLOW CHOPPING MACHINES AND LABEL APPLICATORS AND THOSE TYPES OF MACHINES THAT ALLOW SOMEONE TO TAKE THAT NEXT STEP UP TO MORE EFFICIENT PRODUCTION.>>JOHN: SO IT’S AS AUTOMATED AS YOU CAN POSSIBLY MAKE IT GIVEN THE SERVICES YOU PROVIDE.>>ALLIE: AND THE NICE THING IS THAT BECAUSE WE ARE SMALL, WE CAN HELP SOMEONE WHO ONLY WANTS TO MAKE 50 TO 100 JARS, BUT WE CAN ALSO HELP SOMEONE WHO WANTS TO MAKE A FEW THOUSAND JARS. THAT’S ALL WITHIN THIS NICE MEDIUM SCALE. YOU KNOW, WE ARE NOT YOUR HEINZ AND YOUR DEL MONTE, BUT WE CAN WORK WITH EACH INDIVIDUAL CLIENT, LOOK AT THE TYPE OF PRODUCE THAT THEY’RE GROWING AND WHERE THEY WANT TO TAKE THAT, AND WE CAN TRY TO WORK WITH THE EQUIPMENT THAT’S OFFERED AND MAKE THAT A REALITY.>>JOHN: MAYBE THE NEXT HEINZ IS OUT THERE.>>ALLIE: THAT’S RIGHT.>>JOHN: THEY’VE GOT THE IDEA AND THIS FACILITY IS THE NEXT STEP. WHAT A WONDERFUL IDEA.>>ALLIE: ABSOLUTELY, ABSOLUTELY.>>JOHN: NOW, YOU MENTIONED HOME CONSUMPTION. WHY IS THAT DISTINCTION IMPORTANT?>>ALLIE: VERY GOOD QUESTION, JOHN. THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT DANGER IN BOTULISM, AND SO BOTULISM OCCURS OVER THIS MAGICAL PH NUMBER OF 4.6. SO ANY FOOD PRODUCT THAT FALLS OUTSIDE OF THIS 4.6 RANGE IS ONE THAT WE CANNOT MAKE FOR FURTHER RESALE AS A COMMERCIAL PRODUCT.>>JOHN: ALL RIGHT. NOW, A LOT OF THESE PRODUCTS HAVE AN INGREDIENTS LIST. I WOULD ASSUME THERE’S A RECIPE. SO SOMEONE COULD COME TO YOU WITH THEIR OWN RECIPE; IS THAT CORRECT?>>ALLIE: SO THE USDA AND THE VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS GIVEN VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS AND THE PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY CANNERY FUNDING TO CREATE TEN NEW RECIPES. AND WHAT THIS MEANS IS THAT A FARMER WHO, SAY, GROWS TOMATOES CAN CALL US AND SAY, HOW CAN YOU TAKE MY SECOND TOMATOES AND TURN IT INTO A VIABLE RETAIL PRODUCT?>>JOHN: OK. SO VALUE-ADDED PROCESSING.>>ALLIE: VALUE-ADDED PROCESSING. AND WHAT CAN I TAKE ADVANTAGE OF WHEN I WALK INTO THE DOOR WITHOUT HAVING TO DO IT MYSELF? SO WE ARE DEVELOPING TEN RECIPES, AND EXAMPLES OF THESE RECIPES ARE A TOMATO SOUP THAT IS TO DIE FOR.>>JOHN: OKAY. SO YOU’VE SAMPLED ALL OF THESE.>>ALLIE: WE HAVE, WE HAVE SAMPLED ALL OF THESE. A MUSHROOM VINAIGRETTE USING LOCAL SHITAKE MUSHROOMS AND OTHER TYPES OF MUSHROOMS. WE HAVE A PEPPER JELLY USING SWEET AND OTHER HOT PEPPERS, WHICH IS ONE OF OUR BEST SELLERS SO FAR. WE HAVE BASICALLY PRODUCTS THAT HIGHLIGHT VIRGINIA PRODUCE THAT MAKE A VERY EASY ENTRANCE INTO THE MARKETPLACE. SO ONE DOES NOT HAVE TO COME UP WITH THEIR OWN RECIPE, FIGURE OUT THE INGREDIENTS, THE VOLUME, THE COST TO MAKE IT. BUT IF SOMEONE HAS A SPECIAL GRANDMA’S JAM RECIPE OR A SALSA THAT’S BEEN IN THEIR FAMILY FOR AWHILE, WE CAN DEFINITELY WORK WITH THEM TO TAKE THE STEPS NECESSARY TO TURN THAT INTO A RETAIL PRODUCT. AND TYPICALLY WE WORK WITH VIRGINIA TECH. THEY HAVE A FANTASTIC FOOD INNOVATIONS PROGRAM, AND JOELLE IFORT THERE IS VERY HELPFUL WITH JARS AND LIDS AND LABELS AND ALSO MAKING SURE THAT THE INGREDIENTS AND THE PH OF THAT PRODUCT FALLS WITHIN A SAFE PROCESSING RANGE.>>JOHN: IT’S ALL ABOUT FOOD SAFETY WHEN WE HAVE TO GO THROUGH THOSE STEPS, OK.>>ALLIE: ABSOLUTELY.>>JOHN: WHAT A WONDERFUL SERVICE. I REALLY APPRECIATE THE TIME HERE IN THE CANNERY. PRINCE EDWARD CANNERY HAS BEEN SUCH A WONDERFUL TOUR AND SUCH A NEAT PLACE TO VISIT. SO THANK YOU, ALLIE.>>THANK YOU FOR COMING.>>I APPRECIATE YOUR TIME. IT’S MY DISTINCT HONOR WE’RE LOOKING FORWARD TO YOUR QUESTIONS BY EMAIL AND PHONE. PLEASE SEND THEM IN. WE NEED THOSE QUESTIONS. BUT I’M HERE WITH IAN PASQUARELLI, A FAMILY CONSUMER SCIENCE AGENT WITH VIRGINIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION. WE’RE GOING TO TALK ABOUT FOOD PRESERVATION CANNING. SO I REALLY APPRECIATE YOU SPENDING TIME WITH ME THIS EVENING.>>A PLEASURE BEING HERE, JOHN.>>WE HAVE AN ARRAY OF EQUIPMENT. LET’S START WITH THAT. WHAT HAVE YOU GOT?>>IN FRONT OF US, WE HAVE EVERYTHING WE NEED TO DO HOME WATER BATH CANNING. WE HAVE BEAUTIFUL TOMATOES. WE’LL TALK YOU THROUGH THE BASIC PROCESS ON CANNING TOMATOES AT HOME IN A WATER BATH CANNER. SO THE FIRST STEP IS MAKING SURE YOU HAVE ALL OF YOUR EQUIPMENT. HERE WE HAVE OUR WATER BATH CANNING POT. INSIDE THE POT HERE, WE HAVE OUR RACK.>>OKAY.>>AND WE HAVE SEVEN PINT JARS INSIDE. DIFFERENT KINDS OF PINT JARS YOU CAN USE. YOU CAN HAVE YOUR SMALL MOUTH, WIDE MOUTH JARS. SAME PINT JARS. GOT THOSE, GOT THOSE SET UP. BEFORE YOU START CANNING, YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE YOUR JARS ARE STERILIZED AND CLEAN.>>OKAY.>>YOU WANT TO BOIL THEM IN HOT WATER AND KEEP THEM IN HOT WATER BEFORE YOU FILL THEM UP BEFORE THE REST OF THE CANNING PROCESS>>HOW LONG DO YOU BOIL TO MAKE SURE THEY’RE STERILIZED?>>ABOUT TEN MINUTES IS GOOD. YOU KEEP THEM IN HOT WATER AND MAINTAIN THE HOT JAR. WE HAVE OUR POT, WE HAVE OUR STERILIZED JARS IN THE RACK, THEY’RE READY TO GO. WE HAVE OUR JAR LIDS HERE. THEN WE HAVE THE SCREW TOPS.>>OKAY.>>WE HAVE OUR JAR LIFTER. SO WHEN WE’RE CANNING, IT’S GOING TO BE HOT IN THERE, RIGHT>>RIGHT.>>OBAMAING WATER, DON’T WANT TO — BOILING WATER, DON’T WANT TO TOUCH IT WITH YOUR BARE HANDS. THIS COMES FROM THE TOP, YOU CAN GET IN THERE AND PICK IT UP BECAUSE IT’S A LOT EASIER TO DO IT THAT WAY. WE HAVE OUR JAR LIFTER.>>WANT TO GO BACK TO THESE FOR A SECOND. WE HAVE A RINGS AND THE LIDS. MOST ALL OF THESE ARE REUSABLE. ARE THE LIDS REUSABLE?>>THE LIDS SHOULD ONLY BE USED ONE TIME. BECAUSE OF THAT, INSIDE THE LID HERE, YOU CAN SEE THIS COMPOUND AROUND THE INSIDE, THAT’S WHAT SEALS THE JAR OFF. SO WHEN THAT HEATS UP AND SEALS TO THE JAR THE FIRST TIME, IT REALLY SHOULDN’T BE USED AGAIN BECAUSE CAN’T GUARANTEE IT WILL MAKE A SAFE SEAL THE SECOND TIME AROUND. THE LIDS SHOULD ONLY BE USED ONE TIME. THIS SCREW TOP CAN BE USED AS MANY TIMES AS YOU WANT AS LONG AS IT DOESN’T GET RUSTY, DENTED OR BENT. THESE ARE IN GOOD CONDITION AS LONG AS THEY’RE CLEANED UP AND STERILIZED BEFORE YOU USE THEM. MAKE SURE THEY’RE CLEAN AND STERILIZED TO REUSE THEM.>>IT’S IMPORTANT WITH MONEY, THAT CONSIDERATION. SAFETY FIRST.>>ABSOLUTELY. ONE OF THE MAIN REASONS PEOPLE DO CANNING IS TO SAVE MONEY, GROW THINGS IN THEIR HOME GARDENS. WE’RE ALL ABOUT THAT. REUSE AS MUCH AS YOU CAN.>>YEAH.>>JUST TO CONTINUE ON, THE REST OF THE PIECES WE NEED HERE, WE JUST HAVE OUR MAGNETIC JAR LID LIFTER. THAT’S SO WE DON’T CONTAMINATE THE CLEAN LIDS BEFORE WE PUT THEM ON TO OUR JAR. WE HAVE OUR FILLER THAT GOES ON TO THE JARS TO KEEP US FROM USING OUR HANDS IN TOO CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE PRODUCT. SET IT RIGHT ON AND THAT’S HOW WE FILL IT.>>ALL RIGHT. NOW, WE HAVE SALT HERE AND THIS IS NOT TABLE SALT. CAN I USE TABLE SALT?>>SO YOU REALLY DON’T WANT TO USE TABLE SALT. THIS IS CANNING AND PICKLING SALT. THIS IS DIFFERENT BECAUSE IT’S JUST SODIUM CHLORIDE. IT DOESN’T HAVE ANY OTHER AGENTS IN IT. IF YOU WERE TO USE A TABLE SALT OR JUST A REGULAR IODINE SALT, TABLE SALT CAN HAVE DIFFERENT COMPOUNDS IN IT. SPECIFICALLY ANTI-CAKING AGENTS THAT WILL END UP MAKING IT CLOUDY INSIDE YOUR PRODUCT.>>OKAY.>>SO IT WON’T CAUSE ANY SORT OF HEALTH RISK. HOWEVER, IT WILL CAUSE SOME VISIBLE OCCURRENCES THAT YOU DON’T LIKE. IT MIGHT BE CLOUDY, MIGHT SETTLE AT THE BOTTOM.>>THAT DEFINITELY WON’T WIN AT THE COUNTY FAIR.>>CERTAINLY NOT. ALSO, IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE THE EYEDIZED SALT, THE IODINE COULD POTENTIALLY TURN SOME OF YOUR PRODUCTS A DARKER, BLACKISH COLOR WHICH WON’T LET YOU WIN AT THE FAIR.>>GOT YOU. WE HAVE SOME TOMATOES. I REMEMBER FROM THE CANNERY, THERE’S A LOT OF CONVERSATION ABOUT CERTIFIED FOODS: TOMATOES ARE CERTIFIED FOODS SO THEY MEET THAT. NOT PERFECTLY?>>THEY’RE RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE AND SOMEWHAT IN A GRAY AREA THAT WE WOULD SPECIFY TOMATOES IN. IT WAS PREVIOUSLY BELIEVED THAT TOMATOES WERE AN ACID PRODUCT. HOWEVER, THE ACIDITY OF TOMATOES VARIES RIGHT AROUND BETWEEN 4.4 TO 4.8 ON THE PH SCALE. SO IN ORDER TO BE CONSIDERED AN ACID FOOD, IT NEEDS TO BE BELOW 4.6 ON THE PH SCALE.>>RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE.>>BECAUSE THEY’RE NOT ALWAYS SPECIFIC TOMATO VARIETIES, SOME NEW VARIETIES THAT ARE GROWN NOW HAVE A LITTLE BIT HIGHER PH. SO A PH ABOVE 4.6. WHAT WE NEED TO DO AND FOR ALL CONDITIONING RECIPES, YOU NEED TO ADD AN ACID TO THAT, WHETHER IT BE LEMON OR CITRIC ACID.>>JUST TO MAKE SURE.>>DO NEED TO MAKE SURE WE HAVE THAT ACID TO BE SAFE EVERY TIME>>HOW MUCH OF THAT LEMON JUICE WOULD YOU ADD?>>PER PINT, YOU NEED TO ADD — THIS IS AN EIGHT-OUNCE JAR, PER PINT, YOU NEED TO ADD ONE TABLESPOON OF LEMON JUICE OR A QUARTER TEASPOON OF CITRIC ACID IF YOU’RE CANNING IN A COURT JAR, YOU NEED TO ADD TWO TABLESPOONS OF LEMON JUICE OR HALF A TEASPOON OF CITRIC ACID.>>EXCELLENT. AGAIN, FOOD SAFETY FIRST. ONE QUESTION I’M ALWAYS ASKED, I HAVE A GARDEN, CAN I CAN EVERYTHING IN THAT GARDEN? I’M PRETTY MUCH I KNOW THE ANSWER, BUT WHAT IS THE ANSWER OFFICIALLY TO THAT QUESTION?>>YOU CAN CAN EVERYTHING IN YOUR GARDEN. HOWEVER, YOU CAN’T USE EVERYTHING FOR A WATER BATH CANNER. YOU MAY NEED TO USE A PRESSURE CANNER, SPECIFICALLY FOR LOW ACID VEGETABLES AND FRUITS. AN EXAM WILL APPROXIMATELY OF LOW ACID FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. CARROTS, BEANS. THEIR ACIDITY LEVEL IS NOT BELOW THAT 4.6 ON THE PH SCALE. THE REASON WE’RE WORRIED ABOUT THAT BECAUSE OF A SPECIFIC BACTERIA. THIS CAN CAUSE BOTULISM. IT’S A VERY DEADLY DISEASE. THIS BACTERIA IS PRETTY COMMON IN SOIL SO IT ENDS UP ON A LOT OF VEGETABLES WE MAY GROW IN OUR GARDEN. THIS BACTERIA, WE ACTUALLY EAT A LOT. WE EAT IT ALL THE TIME. HOWEVER IN ITS SPORE FORM, IT’S NOT DANGEROUS. ONCE YOU GET IT INTO A CANNING ENVIRONMENT OR PUT IT INTO A JAR, ONCE IT’S SEALED AND GONE THROUGH, IF YOU WATER BATH CANNED IT AND ASSET SAFE BUT DIDN’T REACH A HIGH ENOUGH TEMPERATURE, IT GROWS WITHOUT OXYGEN. IF IT’S IN AN ENVIRONMENT AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, AND IT DOESN’T HAVE ENOUGH ACIDITY IN THERE TO PREVENT IT FROM GROWING AND LEFT AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, IT CAN GROW AND PRODUCE A TOXIN WHICH CAN BE VERY DEADLY.>>THAT COMPLETELY NEGATES ALL WE’RE AFTER FOR FOOD WANTING TO PROVIDE OUR OWN FOOD FROM OUR OWN GARDEN, PUT THAT ON THE TABLE. NOW WE KNOW IT’S SAFE. BUT IF WE DON’T DO THINGS PROPERLY, WE’VE COMPLETELY DERAILED THAT WHOLE PROCESS.>>ABSOLUTELY.>>PUT PEOPLE IN DANGER.>>WHICH IS WHY IT’S SO IMPORTANT WE USE THE RECIPES CORRECTLY AND USE THE CORRECT FOODS FOR THE CORRECT RECIPES.>>YOU MENTIONED A PRESSURE CANNER. I’VE SEEN ONE OR TWO OF THOSE. I BELIEVE THEY NEED TO BE TESTED. CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT TESTING PRESSURE CANNERS.>>WHAT YOU NEED TO TEST IS THE GAUGE ACCURACY. IF YOU HAVE A GAUGE PRESSURE CANNER, THERE’S TWO DIFFERENT TYPES. THERE’S A WEIGHTED GAUGE AND ALSO A PRESSURE GAUGE. SO THE WEIGHTED GAUGE IS CONSTANT, THAT WON’T CHANGE, THAT’S A LITTLE WEIGHT THAT WILL JIGGLE WHEN IT GETS TO THE RIGHT TEMPERATURE. IF YOU HAVE A PRESSURE GAUGE, YOU HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT PRESSURE IS READING CORRECTLY. YOU CAN BRING IT INTO YOUR LOCAL EXTENSION OFFICE AND MAKE SURE THEY HAVE A PRESSURE GAUGE. THEY CAN TEST IT ON THE PRESSURE GAUGE TESTER. IF IT’S NOT ACCURATE, YOU SHOULD DO IT ONCE A YEAR, IF IT’S NOT ACCURATE, SEND IT INTO THE MANUFACTURER, THEY’LL FIX IT AND SEND IT BACK TO YOU.>>IAN, THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME WE’VE REALLY ENJOYED THIS. NOW IT’S TIME TO GO FOR OUR TIP FROM MAYMONT.>>PEGGY: IT’S EARLY SUMMER AND IT’S TIME TO TAKE CUTTINGS OF THOSE PLANTS THAT YOU WANT TO PROPAGATE THAT ARE IN YOUR LANDSCAPE. TO DO SO REQUIRES JUST A FEW VERY SIMPLE OBJECTS. FIRST OFF, YOU NEED A FLAT AND SOME PACKS. IF YOU’RE GONNA RE-USE THEM, YOU NEED TO GET SOME BLEACH AND MIX IT UP TO ONE TABLESPOON PER GALLON AND SOAK THOSE OLD FLATS AND THOSE PACKS IN THERE FOR A GOOD TEN MINUTES. THE NEXT THING, THOUGH, YOU NEED IS SOME GOOD PLANTING MEDIUM. PEARLITE IS A WHITE VOLCANIC STONE AND IT’S GOT WONDERFUL DRAINAGE CAPABILITIES, BUT IT REALLY DOESN’T HOLD ANY MOISTURE. SO I REALLY DON’T WANT TO USE THAT ONE. ANOTHER POPULAR ONE WAS PEAT MOSS, BUT THE BIGGEST PROBLEM WITH PEAT MOSS IS IT DOESN’T HOLD THAT MOISTURE. THE THIRD ONE, THOUGH, IS A COMBINATION OF THE PEAT MOSS AND THE PEARLITE PLUS SOME OTHER POTTING MEDIA. AND WHILE THIS IS GREAT FOR PUTTING YOUR PLANTS IN, THEY’RE NOT VERY GOOD FOR ROOTING. MY BEST CHOICE IS VERMICULITE. AND VERMICULITE IS A TYPE OF MICA. IT’S A MINERAL AND IT’S GREAT FOR WATER ABSORBING AS WELL AS HOLDING THAT WATER FOR A LONG TIME. AND I’VE ALREADY PUT SOME INTO MY LITTLE CELL BLOCKS RIGHT HERE. THE NEXT THING YOU WANT TO DO IS WET IT THOROUGHLY AND THEN YOU WANT TO TAKE A TOOL AND MAKE LITTLE INDENTATIONS IN IT. THE NEXT STEP OBVIOUSLY IS TO CHOOSE WHAT YOU WANT FROM YOUR GARDEN FOR PROPAGATING. AND I’M GOING TO BE USING SOME CANDYTUFT OR IBERIS SEMPERVIRENS. I’VE TAKEN THE CANDYTUFT AND YOU CAN SEE THIS ONE HERE HAS ALL THE LEAVES AND THE SHOOTS COMING OFF OF EACH NODE AND I’VE GENTLY PRUNED THEM OFF OR PINCHED THEM OFF RIGHT DOWN TO THE NODE. I’M NOT RIPPING. I’VE JUST GENTLY REMOVED THEM. THE MOST IMPORTANT STEP IS YOU NEED TO HAVE SOME ROOTING HORMONE, AND THIS HORMONE ACTUALLY INVIGORATES THE CELLS TO MAKE ROOTS RATHER THAN SHOOTS. AND THIS IS VERY STRONG, VERY CONCENTRATED, SO YOU WANT TO TAKE AS MUCH OFF AS YOU CAN AND BLOW IT AS WELL. THEN YOU WANT TO PLACE IT INTO ONE OF THOSE HOLES THAT YOU MADE AND PINCH IT DOWN IN WITH THAT VERMICULITE SEALING CLOSE AROUND IT. YOU WANT TO WATER IT AGAIN VERY THOROUGHLY, AND THEN I ALWAYS TAKE A LITTLE MARKER AND I PUT IT IN TO LET ME KNOW WHAT DATE THAT I’VE DONE THIS SO I CAN CHECK THEM LATER. WELL, I’VE GOT A LITTLE BIT OF A GREENHOUSE BACKGROUND AND I LIKE TO MAKE HOMEMADE GREENHOUSES. SO I GET A NICE DRY CLEANERS BAG AND I SLIDE THE TRAY IN, AND THEN I GET A PIECE OF WIRE THAT I’VE FOUND IN MY GARAGE AND I PUT IT IN THERE SO I HAVE A WAY OF SUPPORTING THE PLASTIC UP AROUND THE PLANTS. AND I TAKE GOOD OLD FASHIONED TWIST TIES AND I CLOSE IT UP. I’LL THEN PUT THIS IN THE SHADE OUTSIDE AND I’LL CHECK IT REGULARLY TO SEE IF IT NEEDS TO BE RE-MOISTENED WITH SOME NICE FINE MIST. AFTER ABOUT FOUR WEEKS, YOU SHOULD HAVE SOME VERY NICE ROOTED CUTTINGS THAT YOU CAN TAKE OUT AND POT UP AND THEN EVENTUALLY NURSE THEM OUT INTO THE SUN. SO WITH THESE VERY SIMPLE STEPS, YOU CAN MAKE A HOMEMADE GREENHOUSE SO THAT YOU TOO CAN HAVE SUCCESS WITH ROOTING YOUR CUTTINGS AT HOME. YOU KNOW, GETTING IDEAS ON HOW TO DO THINGS AT HOME IS A FUN PART OF GARDENING. AND ALSO, QUESTIONS COME UP AS YOU GO ALONG. IF QUESTIONS ARISE DURING THE MONTHS BETWEEN SHOWS, YOU CAN THROW THEM TO RICHMOND TIMES DISPATCH AND ASK RICHARD. WHO KNOWS, MAYBE IT WILL SHOW UP IN ONE OF THE SUNDAY’S PAPERS AND HAVE YOUR QUESTION SHARED WITH OTHERS. THE INFORMATION IS RIGHT ON YOUR SCREEN FOR YOU TO UTILIZE. SPEAKING OF QUESTIONS, WE HAVE QUITE A LOT. WE’RE GOING TO GET ROLLING WITH THEM. A NUMBER OF THEM DEAL WITH CANNING. THE FIRST ONE IS A QUESTION THAT MANY PEOPLE HAVE NEAR AND DEAR TO MY HEART. HOW CAN YOU REDUCE THE SUGAR USAGE FROM CANNING FOR THOSE CHALLENGED WITH DIABETES AND THINGS LIKE THAT?>>SPECIFICALLY WITH JAM, YOU CAN ADJUST YOUR SUGAR RATIO WITH CERTAIN TYPES OF PECK TIN. CERTAIN PECK TINS REQUIRE SUGAR TO ACTIVATE THE PECK TIN. HOWEVER, THERE ARE OTHER BRANDS SUCH AS A POMONA PECK TIN THAT ALLOWS YOU TO HAVE NO SUGAR OR SPLENDA OR SMALL AMOUNTS OF GRAN LATED SUGAR BUT STILL HAVE THE PECK TIN WORK TO THICKEN THE JAM.>>FOR THOSE NOT FAMILIAR, PECTIN IS THE THICKENER.>>I’M SORRY.>>WHERE IS THE CANNERY LOCATED>>THE CANNERY IS LOCATED IN PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY IN FARMVILLE, VIRGINIA. IT’S CENTRALLY LOCATED. WE HAVE CLIENTS FROM ALL OVER VIRGINIA, NORTHERN VIRGINIA, NORFOLK, VIRGINIA BEACH AND SOUTHERN AND WESTERN. IN FACT, THE PRODUCT THAT WE WERE MAKING THAT DAY IS A CLIENT FROM WESTMORELAND. THIS IS A BLACK BERRY PRESERVE WHICH IS THEIR LOCAL BLACK BERRIES AND THEY’RE OUR BEST CLIENTS AT THE CANNERY.>>IT’S DELICIOUS. I SNUCK A TASTE.>>I’M THINKING FRENCH VANILLA ICE CREAM. ANYWAY, ARE THERE ANY OTHER CANNERIES HERE IN THE CENTRAL VIRGINIA AREA? BECAUSE OUR VIEWING AUDIENCE IS PRETTY BROAD.>>THE HANOVER CANNERY WHICH IS FABULOUS. CAROL VAN GORE THERE HAS BEEN AROUND FOR AWHILE. SHE CAN HELP FOLKS MAKE ANY PRODUCT. THEY HAVE A WEBSITE WHERE YOU CAN LOOK UP THEIR OPEN HOURS. I HIGHLY RECOMMEND THE HANOVER CANNERY. SHE’S BEEN VERY HELPFUL WITH US GETTING STARTED WITH COMMERCIAL>>WONDERFUL. AS A HOMEOWNER, WHY WOULD I WANT TO BRING MY PRODUCE TO THE CANNERY AND WORK IN THE CANNERY SAY I HAVE A PLETHORA OF TOMATOES AND I’VE BEEN SLAVING AND SWEATING IN THE KITCHEN, WHICH I’VE DONE, PLEASE TELL ME THE ATTRIBUTES AND POSITIVES OF BRINGING IT TO THE CANNERY?>>AS YOU CAN SEE IN THE SEGMENT, WE HAVE GREAT EQUIPMENT. EQUIPMENT CAN SPEED UP THE PROCESS TREMENDOUSLY. IN A COUPLE OF HOURS USING THE EQUIPMENT THERE, YOU CAN MAKE 50 TO 100 CANS OF SOMETHING. WHEN YOU’RE DONE, YOU HOSE IT ALL DOWN THAT YOU CAN’T DO AT YOUR OWN –>>YOU COULD BUT…>>IT’S VERY AFFORDABLE AS WELL BUT COMPARED TO HOME, YOU MAY PURCHASE CANS THERE SO YOU DON’T HAVE TO KEEP A STOCK OF JARS OR LIDS. YOU CAN ALSO MEET OTHER FOLKS AND CAN WITH THEM, SO IT’S A WONDERFUL COMMUNITY BUILDER. YOU CAN LEARN NEW RECIPES AND JUST GIVE IT A SHOT. IT’S SUCH A FUN EXPERIENCE. I HIGHLY, HIGHLY RECOMMEND IT TO ANYBODY. APPLES TO APPLESAUCE TO TOMATOES TO TOMATO SOUP.>>SOUNDS FUN. I LOVE THE FUN PART OF IT. NOTHING BORING THAN CANNING BY YOURSELF. JOANNE ASKED, CAN VOLUNTEERS HELP WITH YOUR ORGANIZATION?>>JOANNE, WE’RE A NON-PROFIT, VIRGINIA FOOD WORKS THAT WORKS WITH PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY CANNERY. WE ACTUALLY NEED LOTS OF VOLUNTEERS. WE HAVE A LOT OF MARKETING NEEDS WHERE WE LIKE TO REACH OUT AND TELL FARMERS HOW WE CAN HELP THEM OR HOW FOOD ENTREPRENEURS CAN USE OUR PRODUCT. WE’RE DESPERATELY LOOKING FOR PEOPLE TO PITCH IN. WE ALSO HAVE A BOARD WHICH RUNS OUR NON-PROFIT. WE’RE LOOKING FOR A COUPLE OF NEW BOARD MEMBERS. PLEASE CONTACT US IF SOMEONE IS INTERESTED IN JOINING US. WE MEET A COUPLE OF TIMES A YEAR. VERY LOW COMMITMENT BUT WE LOVE ALL INPUT.>>FANTASTIC. SOUNDS LIKE A GOOD OPPORTUNITY FOR PEOPLE WHO REALLY ENJOY FOOD AND PUTTING FOOD BY. NOT STEALING THE TITLE OF A BOOK I USE. AND FINALLY, JOHN, YOU MENTIONED THE PRODUCT THAT YOU WERE MAKING. HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO USE THE CANNERY TYPICALLY? GIVE IT A ROUGH RANGE.>>ABSOLUTELY. WE HAVE HOME CANNING SERVICES AND HOPE CANNING IS A COST TO ENTER THE DOLLAR AND THE COST TO ENTER THE CAN, THAT’S ALL. FOR COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS, FOR MAKING FOODS FOR RESALE, IF SOMEONE WANTS TO RENT THE CANNERY, THE ENTIRE FACILITY WE RENT BY A HOUR. YOU CAN PAY ANYWHERE FROM 16 TO $25 AN HOUR. THE 16 IS IF YOU LIVE IN THE SOUTHERN VIRGINIA REGION. $20 AN HOUR IF YOU LIVE IN VIRGINIA BUT YOU USE ONE LOCAL INGREDIENT. WE’RE TRYING TO ENCOURAGE AGRE BUSINESS. AND $2500 AN HOUR IF YOU MAKE A FOOD PRODUCT THAT DOESN’T HAVE ANY VIRGINIA INGREDIENTS. WE’RE TRYING TO ENCOURAGE. WE ALSO HAVE THE CONTRACT PACKING SERVICE WHERE FOUR MONTHS TO DROP OFF FOOD AND HAVE IT TURNED INTO A FINISHED PRODUCT. WE HAVE A UNIT PRICE AND WE ALSO HAVE AN HOURLY PRICE. THE HOURLY PRICE IS $120 AN HOUR RIGHT NOW. WHAT THAT INCLUDES IS THE CANNERY RENTAL. IT INCLUDES FOUR TRAINED EMPLOYEES AND THE INSURANCE AND UTILITIES.>>FANTASTIC. THAT SOUNDS GREAT. ABSOLUTELY. I HAVE TO SEGWAY FROM CANNERY TO ROSES TO ROSE HIPS. WE HAVE TO BE ABLE TO MAKE ROSE HIP JAM.>>SOUNDS DELICIOUS.>>IT ACTUALLY IS. WE DO STREET A QUESTION ON ROSES. ALL-IE, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR SHARING ALL OF THIS WITH US. IT’S A TOPIC I THINK WE NEED TO EMBRACE AND LEARN MORE ABOUT AS WE INCREASE THE SIZE OF OUR VEGETABLE GARDENNENS AND TRY TO SUSTAIN OURSELVES WITH OUR OWN GARDENS AS WELL AS BUYING LOCALLY AT OUR LOCAL FARMERS MARKET. IT’S A GREAT SERVICE THAT YOU OFFER. WITH ROSES, WE’VE GOT, AGAIN, ALL THE RAIN. WE DID HAVE THE WETTEST MONTH IN MANY, MANY DECADES HERE. SO OUR ROSES, WE HAVE A PROBLEM WITH BARBARA IN RICHMOND. SHE HAS LEAVES ON HER ROSES AND THEY HAPPEN TO BE KNOCKOUTS. THEY HAPPEN TO BE ANYTHING. THEY’RE CURLING UP. BRENDON, DO YOU KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON WITH THE ROSES?>>BARBARA, THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION, ONE WE GET A LOT. A FEW DIFFERENT THINGS CAN CAUSE THAT. KNOCKOUT ROSES ARE NOTORIOUSLY DISEASE RESISTANT. THEY’RE VERY TOUGH. RESISTANT IS THE RIGHT WORD, THEY’RE NOT IMMUNE. THEY CAN GET A BLACK SPOT. IF YOU’RE SEEING CUPPING AND SPOTTING, THEY CAN GET SEVERAL DIFFERENT PATHOGENS ON THERE. WITHOUT SEEING IT, IT WOULD BE DIFFICULT TO TELL. I WOULD ASSUME WITH ALL THE RAIN, WE GOT A LITTLE TOO MUCH, GETTING STRESSED OUT THERE. YOU CAN ALWAYS CHECK THE ROOT SYSTEM IN THERE. ACTUALLY STICK YOUR HAND IN THE SOIL, IF THERE’S A SLIMY FEELING, YOU MAY HAVE A ROOT ROT. RAISE IT UP OR ADD SOMETHING IN THE SOIL TO KEEP IT DRYER.>>THAT HAPPENS WITH OUR ROSES. WHEN I SEE THE LEAVES STARTING TO CUP, I THINK OF PATTERN MILDEW. THAT’S SOMETHING TO DEAL WITH HORT HORTICULTURAL OIL.>>YOU HAVE EVENING RAINFALL WITH WARMER NIGHTS AND POWDERY MILDEW LOVES THAT.>>IN ONE SENTENCE OR LESS, MY FRIEND, WE HAVE SUE WHO SENT IN AN EMAIL TO PLEASE NAME, AGAIN, THIS PLANT THAT’S SITTING NEXT TO ME.>>THAT IS A VARIETY OF PENTA CALLED DEEP PINK IN THE BUTTERFLY SERIES. PENTA BUTTERFLIES.>>THAT’S WHAT SHE LIKES. REALLY QUICK QUESTION TO YOU, MY FRIEND, JOHN. TICKS, IF YOU HAVE A TICK PROBLEM, WHAT ARE SOME OF THE PRACTICES YOU CAN DO?>>THERE ARE CHEMICALS THAT CAN BE USED IF THAT’S THE ROUTE YOU WANT TO GO. WE CAN TREAT THE YARD AND KILL THEM OUT. LYME WILL OCCASIONALLY WORK TOO THEY LIKE MOIST AREAS. IF WE CAN DRY THE AREA DOWN, THAT WILL HELP. IF YOU’RE RURAL, CHICKENS, THEY LOVE TICKS.>>TWO SECONDS OR LESS, WHAT ARE WE DOING NEXT MONTH?>>GOING TO SEE MR. STANK DRIVER TO LEARN ABOUT HOPS PRODUCTION.>>WE’RE GOING DOWN TO THE LOW LINE. WE HOPE YOU CAN JOIN US NEXT MONTH ON “VIRGINIA HOME GROWN.” THANKS FOR WATCHING. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING “VIRGINIA HOME GROWN” FOR INFORMATION ON HOW TO BECOME A FINANCIAL PARTNER OF VIRGINIA HOME GROWN PLEASE CONTACT LANNY FIELDS AT (804) 560-8226 OR LFIE

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