Worm Farms to Make Worm Castings

Worm farms are an excellent solution for
the disposal of kitchen waste and you can use them in small areas so if you’re
living in a town house you could put one in a courtyard if you were living in an
apartment you could even put one on your balcony and this is a typical stackable
worm farm it comes with a number of compartments and the lower one is a
leachate tank, the top ones are where the worms live and where you put in all of
your kitchen waste. This is the tap that’s on the leachate, tank and we have
this constantly open the reason that the tap is open all of the time is so that
moisture and worm wee doesn’t collect in the bottom of the leachate tank,
because if it does it can tend to go anaerobic it can smell, and that’s really
not good for your worm farm. This is the next tank up this is the one we’re all
all the worm castings are starting to concentrate, what happens is that you put
on one of these tanks you put in your kitchen waste and your worms, and
there’ll be instructions for this when you buy a worm farm, and the worms work
their way through it digest and eat all of that kitchen waste and you’re left
with worm castings. You will see that the worms aren’t eating some things
eggshells for example although you can put them in your worm farm the worms are
never going to digest those right down there are other things like hard
avocados skins the worms will have a lot of difficulty with those as well you can
still put them in your worm farm but don’t expect them to disappear
completely. And this is the stuff that you’re going to use in your garden, you
don’t spread it around on the surface of the garden the best way to use it is to
put it in a new planting hole put the plant in on top and then water in the
plant. You’ll find that worm castings are an excellent plant stimulant you get
great growth if you use the worm castings. The other way to use worm
castings is in a new area where you remove some of the top of the soil, you
mix the worm castings in a layer below the top of the soil then you put the
topsoil back on this means that all of the microbes
that are actually in the worm castings aren’t exposed to the air and they’ll
keep working. So let’s move to the top tank this is where all of the kitchen
waste goes you can see that we’ve got old lettuces we’ve got potato peels
we’ve got apple cores and we’ve got banana skins all of that sort of thing.
What you don’t use is citrus you don’t use onions you don’t use meat and you
don’t use dairy products, all of these things can cause your worm farm to smell
or the worms just simply don’t like them. So when the lower tank fills up what
you’re going to do is to put another one on top, the worms will work their way up
into the new tank and start eating the kitchen waste there. Most of these worm
farms have a leachate tank and three other tanks on top it’s always the
bottom one that you’re taking out to use the worm castings. When you’ve emptied
that you wash it out and when the top tank is starting to fill up
you put the empty clean tank back on the top. The worms will find their way up to
the top you’ll also notice that you’re not seeing many worms on the top of this
this is because worms don’t like light but they’re actively working down below
and you can see lots and lots of worms in there if you look carefully. So one of
the other things that you can do is you can put a blanket over the top that can
be a blanket of newspaper or it can be a special worm blanket, the newspaper works
fine what this does it creates a dark environment and encourages the worms to
come closer to the top. You don’t necessarily have to do that, however it
will speed things up a little bit. The lid goes on the top that helps to keep
things dark and you’ll notice that it’s got some little air vents in there as
well, however we tend to cover this lid with a
sheet of corrugated iron and the reason we do this is this stops water from
getting in through the air vents and also through the joins where the tanks
sit on top of each other keeps all the extra water out especially in wet
weather, stops the worm farm from getting flooded.
You’ll also notice that you can see a few ferns around the worm farm that’s
because we keep our worm farm in a shady area it helps keep it cool and it keeps
the worms happy. Worm farms are an excellent way of disposing of kitchen
waste if you’d like to know more about how to make compost or perhaps how to
make leafmold how to grow vegetables or some wonderfully interesting garden
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regular updates and as always good luck with your gardening.

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